Nantes, France

University of Nantes

www.univ-nantes.fr
Nantes, France

The University of Nantes is a French university, located in the city of Nantes. In addition to the several campuses scattered in the city of Nantes, there are two satellite campuses located respectively in Saint-Nazaire and La Roche-sur-Yon. Currently, the University is attended by approximately 34,500 students. More than 10% of them are international students coming from 110 countries.The University of Nantes was ranked between 600-650th in the QS World University Rankings of 2013. On a national scale and regarding the professional insertion after graduation, the University of Nantes oscillates between the ranks 3rd and 40th out of 69 universities depending on the field of studies. On overall, the university is ranked 45th out of 76 universities in France. Among its noticeable alumni are the former French Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault as well as one of the French Ministers of Agriculture. Wikipedia.

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Patent
University of Nantes and French National Center for Scientific Research | Date: 2017-03-29

The present invention relates to methods for determining whether a patient will achieve a response after radiation therapy. In particular, the present invention relates to a method for determining whether a patient suffering from a cancer will achieve a response after radiation therapy comprising the steps of i) determining the level of ceramide in a first blood sample obtained from the patient before radiation therapy, ii) determining the level of ceramide in a second blood sample obtained from the patient during or just after radiation therapy, iii) comparing the level determined at step i) with the level determined at step ii) and iv) concluding that the patient will achieve response when the level determined at step ii) is higher than the level determined at step i) or concluding that the patient will not achieve a response when the level determined at step ii) is lower than the level determined at step i).


Patent
University of Nantes and French National Center for Scientific Research | Date: 2017-01-18

The invention relates to a method for controlling an automated orbital sander, in which method an electrically powered orbital sander is moved around automatically, at constant pressure, over the surface of an object, along at least one predefined sanding path so as to perform sanding, characterized in that the instantaneous power consumed by the sander along the sanding path is measured and in that the measurement thus taken is processed in order to deduce therefrom information regarding the level of abrasion along said path and/or to detect any sanding incident that has occurred along the latter.


Patent
Institute Pasteur Of Lille, French National Center for Scientific Research and University of Nantes | Date: 2017-04-19

The present invention relates to methods and pharmaceutical compositions for treating pain in subject in need thereof. In particular, the present invention relates to a method of treating pain in a subject thereof comprising administering the subject with at least one agonist of the type 2 angiotensin II receptors (AT2Rs)-TWIK-related arachidonic acid stimulated K+ channel (TRAAK) pathway.


Patent
University of Nantes and French National Center for Scientific Research | Date: 2017-03-08

The present invention relates to a method and a device for encoding a current frame of a video sequence, said current frame being encoded block by block. According to the invention, a current block of the current frame is encoded by performing the following steps:- applying (S1) a texture synthesis to said video sequence in order to generate a set of n candidate blocks for replacing the current block, said n candidates blocks. being similar to the current block according to a predefined criterion,- encoding (S3) the candidate blocks in order to generate encoded candidate blocks and computing a coding cost for each encoded candidate block, and- selecting (S4) as encoded block for the current block the encoded candidate block having the lowest coding cost.


Patent
University of Nantes, French National Center for Scientific Research and University Los Andes | Date: 2017-01-11

The invention relates to a system for assessing chloride concentration at one predetermined area of a porous or composite material, such as a reinforced concrete structure, comprising a sensor (1) embedded in the predetermined area of the material, an analyser (2) connected to the sensor, and a processing module (4) connected to the analyser. The sensor (1) comprises two facing or coplanar electrodes (11), called electrodes, an intermediate layer (13) arranged between said electrodes, said intermediate layer being in contact with the material of the first area of the structure and comprising calcium aluminates. The analyser (2) is configured to apply an alternate current between the electrodes and output an impedance value or capacitance value of the intermediate layer. The processing module (4) is configured to compute a chloride concentration assessment in the predetermined area of the material based on the impedance value or capacitance value outputted by the analyser.


Current collector for electrochemical devices comprising a metal support in contact with an electrolyte containing a bistriflimide anion, hereafter named as TFSI^(-), characterized in that said metal support comprises an electro-active surface which is functionalized with linear or branched fluorinated carbon chains, such as a perfluoroalkyl chains, in the form of a molecular layer which improves the corrosion resistance of said functionalized surface compared to a non-functionalized surface. The invention also relates to the use of said current collector in a storage energy device, such as a lithium-ion, sodium-ion, aluminum-ion, calcium-ion or magnesium-ion battery, in a supercapacitor, in a photo-battery, or in an electro-chromic device, and to the process of functionalizing the active surface of the current collector.


Patent
University of Nantes | Date: 2017-02-08

The invention relates to an peptide derived from a polymorphic region of donor MHC class II molecules which induces tolerance and thus prevents transplant rejection in a patient in need thereof. The invention relates to isolated peptide of length ranging between 11 and 16 amino acids comprising the amino acid sequence: SDVGEYR (SEQ ID NO: 1) or a function- conservative variant thereof for use as drug. The invention relates to an in vitro method for determining whether a transplanted patient is tolerant, comprising a step of determining the presence of CD8+CD45RClow Tregs in a biological sample obtained from said transplanted patient, wherein the presence of CD8+CD45RClow Tregs is indicative of tolerance.


The invention relates to an isolated interleukin-34 (IL-34) polypeptide for use in preventing or treating graft rejection, autoimmune disease, unwanted immune response against therapeutic proteins and allergy. The invention also provides an in vitro method for determining whether a patient is at risk of transplant rejection, autoimmune diseases, unwanted immune response against therapeutic proteins or allergies, comprising a step of determining the expression level of IL-34 in a biological sample obtained from said patient, wherein the presence of IL-34 is indicative of a reduced risk of transplant rejection, autoimmune diseases, unwanted immune response against therapeutic proteins or allergies.


Patent
Blue Solutions, French National Center for Scientific Research and University of Nantes | Date: 2017-05-24

The invention relates to the field of lithium-sulphur batteries of high energy and power densities. The invention especially relates to a lithium-sulphur battery comprising a biaxially oriented polypropylene porous separator and to the method for the production thereof.


Patent
Blue Solutions, French National Center for Scientific Research and University of Nantes | Date: 2017-01-18

The present invention relates to a positive electrode which includes a composite material, containing sulfur and carbon, as an active material. The invention also relates to the method for manufacturing said electrode, to a lithium-sulfur battery including such a positive electrode, and to the method for manufacturing said battery.

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