Nantes, France
Nantes, France

The University of Nantes is a French university, located in the city of Nantes. In addition to the several campuses scattered in the city of Nantes, there are two satellite campuses located respectively in Saint-Nazaire and La Roche-sur-Yon. Currently, the University is attended by approximately 34,500 students. More than 10% of them are international students coming from 110 countries.The University of Nantes was ranked between 600-650th in the QS World University Rankings of 2013. On a national scale and regarding the professional insertion after graduation, the University of Nantes oscillates between the ranks 3rd and 40th out of 69 universities depending on the field of studies. On overall, the university is ranked 45th out of 76 universities in France. Among its noticeable alumni are the former French Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault as well as one of the French Ministers of Agriculture. Wikipedia.


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Patent
University of Nantes and French National Center for Scientific Research | Date: 2015-03-18

Disclosed are magnetic and fluorescent nanoassemblies having reverse architectures. Especially, the nanoassemblies include an organic fluorescent inner core and magnetic nanoparticles contacting the surface of the fluorescent core. The nanoassemblies may further be coated by a polymer adsorbed at its surface, the polymer being optionally functionalized. Also described is a process for manufacturing the nanoassemblies, as well as use of the nanoassemblies, especially for multimodal imaging; in vitro and/or in vivo diagnostics through multimodal imaging; ex vivo sensing and/or extraction; and/or therapy.


Patent
Novea Energies and University of Nantes | Date: 2015-03-27

The invention relates to a system which includes: a plurality of batteries (B1, B2) connected in parallel by a pair of first (1^(+)) and second (1^()) power conductor, each battery being connected to a device (BMS1, BMS2) for managing the battery; a device (EMS) for global energy management; a generator (101) suitable for applying an alternating signal to the power conductors (1^(+), 1^()); and a plurality of transmitter-receiver circuits (M) respectively connected to the various management devices (EMS, BMS1, BMS2), each transmitter-receiver circuit (M) being connected to the power conductor (1^(+), 1^()) and being suitable, in order to transmit data, for switching the impedance thereof between the power conductors (1^(+), 1^()) between two states, and, in order to receive data to detect whether a value representing the amplitude of the alternating signal on said power conductors (1^(+), 1^()) is higher or lower than a threshold.


Patent
University of Nantes, French National Center for Scientific Research and University Los Andes | Date: 2017-01-11

The invention relates to a system for assessing chloride concentration at one predetermined area of a porous or composite material, such as a reinforced concrete structure, comprising a sensor (1) embedded in the predetermined area of the material, an analyser (2) connected to the sensor, and a processing module (4) connected to the analyser. The sensor (1) comprises two facing or coplanar electrodes (11), called electrodes, an intermediate layer (13) arranged between said electrodes, said intermediate layer being in contact with the material of the first area of the structure and comprising calcium aluminates. The analyser (2) is configured to apply an alternate current between the electrodes and output an impedance value or capacitance value of the intermediate layer. The processing module (4) is configured to compute a chloride concentration assessment in the predetermined area of the material based on the impedance value or capacitance value outputted by the analyser.


Current collector for electrochemical devices comprising a metal support in contact with an electrolyte containing a bistriflimide anion, hereafter named as TFSI^(-), characterized in that said metal support comprises an electro-active surface which is functionalized with linear or branched fluorinated carbon chains, such as a perfluoroalkyl chains, in the form of a molecular layer which improves the corrosion resistance of said functionalized surface compared to a non-functionalized surface. The invention also relates to the use of said current collector in a storage energy device, such as a lithium-ion, sodium-ion, aluminum-ion, calcium-ion or magnesium-ion battery, in a supercapacitor, in a photo-battery, or in an electro-chromic device, and to the process of functionalizing the active surface of the current collector.


Patent
University of Nantes and French National Center for Scientific Research | Date: 2017-03-08

The present invention relates to a method and a device for encoding a current frame of a video sequence, said current frame being encoded block by block. According to the invention, a current block of the current frame is encoded by performing the following steps:- applying (S1) a texture synthesis to said video sequence in order to generate a set of n candidate blocks for replacing the current block, said n candidates blocks. being similar to the current block according to a predefined criterion,- encoding (S3) the candidate blocks in order to generate encoded candidate blocks and computing a coding cost for each encoded candidate block, and- selecting (S4) as encoded block for the current block the encoded candidate block having the lowest coding cost.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 1.60M | Year: 2017

The GHaNA project aims to explore and characterize a new marine bioresource, for blue biotechnology applications in aquaculture, cosmetics and possibly food and health industry. The project will determine the biological and chemical diversity of Haslea diatoms to develop mass-scale production for viable industrial applications by maximising biomass production and associated high-value compound production, including terpenoids, marennine-like pigments, lipids and silica skeletons. The genus Haslea species type H. ostrearia, produces marennine, a water-soluble blue pigment used for greening oysters in Western France, which is also a bioactive molecule. Haslea diatoms have thus a high potential for use in (1) existing oyster farming, (2) production of pigments and bioactive compounds with natural antibacterial properties, (3) application as a colouring agent within industry, and (4) use of silica skeletons as inorganic biocharges in the formulation of new elastomeric materials. This will be achieved through fundamental and applied-oriented research to isolate fast- growing strains of Haslea, optimising their growth environment to increase marennine and other high-value compound productivity; to develop blue biotechnology specifically applied to benthic microalgae (biorefinery approach, processes); and to develop industrial exploitation of colouring and bioactive compounds through commercial activities of aquaculture, food, cosmetics and health.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SCC-03-2016 | Award Amount: 7.50M | Year: 2016

Based on a detailed mapping of urban challenges and relevant nature-based solutions (NBS), Nature4Cities aims at developing complementary and interactive modules to engage urban stakeholders in a collective-learning process about re-naturing cities, develop and circulate new business, financial and governance models for NBS projects, as well as provide tools for the impacts assessment, valorisation and follow-up of NBS projects. The different modules are: a database of generic NBS and associated environmental, economic and social performances an observatory of NBS projects best practices / case studies a set of innovative business, financial and governance models for the deployment of NBS in a range of different contexts, together with a tool to help urban stakeholders identify eligible models regarding their NBS project contexts a NBS project impact assessment toolbox providing capabilities for environmental, economic and social impacts evaluation at different stages in the project development cycle from opportunity/feasibility studies to design steps and project follow-up). This toolbox will built on a range of tools, from generic indicator-based assessment for early project stages, down to detailed modelisations of NBS behaviors. These modules that already have a proper purpose on their own, will furthermore be integrated in a NBS dissemination and assessment self-learning platform [N4C Platform] to assist NBS project developers along the entire life cycle of their projects from opportunity studies and project definition down to performance monitoring. Nature4Cities indicators, methodologies, tools and platform will be field tested in real working environments and on real nature-based solution projects and developments in selected cities in Europe, which will be partners of the project and engage their technical urban and environmental planning teams.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: FOF-02-2016 | Award Amount: 7.26M | Year: 2016

COROMA project proposes to develop a cognitively enhanced robot that can execute multiple tasks for the manufacturing of metal and composite parts. COROMA will therefore provide the flexibility that European metalworking and advanced material manufacturing companies require to compete in the rapidly evolving global market. The main output of COROMA project will be a modular robotic system that will perform multitude of different manufacturing tasks in an autonomous way to adapt to the production requirements. The robot will be capable of performing drilling, trimming, deburring, polishing, sanding, non-destructive inspection and adaptive fixturing operations. Using a simple interface the robot will receive basic commands that require a minimum programming effort from the human operator. The robot will autonomously navigate in the workshop and will automatically perceive the manufacturing scene and locate the part that must be manufactured and even handle some of the required tools. Learning from previous experiences during displacement, tool grasping, part localisation and the manufacturing process itself, the robot will improve its performance. It will be able to interact with other machines in the shop floor and to work on a part even while other manufacturing operations are being performed by these other machines. Safe human-robot and machine-robot collaborations will be paramount and the robot will automatically react to the presence of both humans and other machines. The modularity of the COROMA robot will permit to customize it to meet specific requirements from different manufacturing companies. These challenges require a project consortium where the latest robotic technologies meet knowledge from manufacturing experts, including both industry and academia. COROMA project consortium presents a perfect balance between manufacturing and robotics sectors players.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 1.11M | Year: 2017

The overall objective of the project is to establish a top-level scientific network of several institutions and research groups from Europe and Africa on the field of slavery studies. It aims at focusing mutual efforts of 13 partners with extended and complementary competences in their respective research fields and at gathering multidisciplinary expertise in slavery-related issues by encouraging the exchange of young and senior researchers from both continents. This network will be the first of its kind in the world. Our goal is to conduct research on both historical and contemporary slavery and forced labour and to emphasize its international dimension. One of the main goals of this project is to bridge disciplinary and regional area studies or initiatives, to encourage dialogue and to engage in collaborative research. It will involve African and European researchers from various disciplines from different parts of the world with complementary skills. It will enrich the analysis of the underlying local situations and address the impact of slavery and slave trade on population histories in Europe and Africa. This project is composed of three components (training, research, diffusion) and aims to address the main objectives of the RISE programme such as: - The promotion and support scientific and technological cooperation between African and European researchers working in research institutions and universities; - The development of new collaborative linkages that will result in innovative ideas; - The building of the capacities of junior researchers; - The encouragement of exchanges and synergy between researchers, by supporting their mobility and establishing a sustainable network and reach out various communities within and outside academia.


The World Health Organisation (WHO) has included low back pain in its list of twelve priority diseases. Notably, Degenerative disc disease (DDD) presents a large, unmet medical need which results in a disabling loss of mechanical function. Today, no efficient therapy is available. Chronic cases often receive surgery, which may lead to biomechanical problems and accelerated degeneration of adjacent segments. Our consortium partners have developed and studied stem cell-based, regenerative therapies with encouraging results in phase 1 and 2a trials. Patients exhibited rapid and progressive improvement of functional and pain indexes by 50% within 6 months and by 65% to 78% after 1 year with no side effects. In addition, MRI T2 relaxation measurements demonstrated a significant improvement. To develop the worlds first rigorously proven, effective treatment of DDD, RESPINE aims to assess, via a multicentre, randomized, controlled, phase 2b clinical trial including 112 patients with DDD, the efficacy of an allogenic intervertebral mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based therapy. This innovative therapy aims to rapidly (within 3 months) and sustainably (at least 24 months) reduce pain and disability. In addition, the consortium aims to provide new knowledge on immune response & safety associated with allogeneic BM-MSC intradiscal injection. This simple procedure would be cost-effective, minimally invasive, and standardised. The transfer to the clinic will be prepared at a cost below 10k thanks to the strategy of production of allogenic cells, automation & EU standardisation. At the end of the RESPINE trial, we aim to propose a broadly available and clinically applicable treatment for DDD, marketed by European SMEs.

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