Garcia-Lorenzo M.L.,Complutense University of Madrid |
Martinez-Sanchez M.J.,University of Murcia |
Perez-Sirvent C.,University of Murcia |
Lopez-Sanchez J.,University of Murcia |
And 2 more authors.
Environmental Forensics | Year: 2015
The objective of this study was to determine the As and Sb contents in soils from the Murcia Region of Spain and the possible relationship between the mineralogical composition, soil properties, and As and Sb concentrations. In this study, 490 samples were selected from areas with different characteristics in order to study As and Sb variability. Results show that As and Sb concentrations are positively correlated with the phyllosilicate and quartz content but negatively correlated with the calcite content. The generic reference level (GRL) for these elements was determined according to the Spanish legislation. Established GRL values vary according to the established mineralogical groups, suggesting that GRL has to be determined considering the lithological characteristics of the study area. © 2015, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Pinero-Madrona A.,Virgen Of La Arrixaca University Hospitalmurcia |
Castellanos-Escrig G.,Virgen Of La Arrixaca University Hospitalmurcia |
Abrisqueta-Carrion J.,Virgen Of La Arrixaca University Hospitalmurcia |
Canteras-Jordana M.,University of MurciaMurcia
Journal of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2016
Background and Objectives: Postoperative seroma after axillary lymphadenectomy leads to an increased use of resources and an impaired quality of life of patients. This randomized clinical trial was designed to assess the value of a hemostatic and sealing agent for decreasing seroma occurrence after axillary lymphadenectomy. Methods: A prospective, randomized, blind study was conducted on 91 axillary lymphadenectomies distributed into a control group (n = 47) and a test group in which a collagen sponge coated with human coagulation factors was used (n = 44). Primary end-points were number of days before removal of axillary drainage, axillary drainage output, and occurrence of seroma, wound infection, haematoma, or wound dehiscence, within 8 weeks of surgery. Bivariate and multivariate analyses on seroma occurrence were performed. Results: Seroma occurred in 29 patients (31.86%). A significant direct relationship (P = 0.002) was only noted between use of the hemostatic and sealing agent and nonoccurrence of seroma. In the multivariate study, the only variable found to be significantly related to seroma occurrence was use of the above agent (P = 0.046; odds ratio: 3.365 [95%CI: 1.024–11.060]). Conclusions: Use of a collagen sponge coated with human coagulation factors following axillary lymphadenectomy was associated to a lower incidence of postoperative seroma. J. Surg. Oncol. 2016;114:423–427. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Espin L.,University of MurciaMurcia |
Marquina M.,University of MurciaMurcia |
Hidalgo V.,University of Valencia |
Salvador A.,University of Valencia |
Gomez-Amor J.,University of MurciaMurcia
Psychoneuroendocrinology | Year: 2016
Generalized Social Phobia (GSP) is a common anxiety disorder that produces clear social life disruptions. There is no consensus on the specific processes involved in its development, but the role of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been suggested. This study analyzed the effects of the cortisol response to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) on the memory retrieval of pictures with different emotional valences in 45 non-treated young students with GSP and 50 non-anxious (NA) subjects (mean = 19.35 years, SD = 0.18). No differences were found in the cortisol response of GSP and NA subjects to the TSST and control sessions. In addition, psychosocial stress impaired memory retrieval in both the GSP and NA groups, with no differences between them. Regarding the sex factor, no effects were found in the cortisol response to the TSST. However, during the encoding session, GSP men had higher cortisol levels than GSP women and NA subjects. There was also a significant interaction between sex and stress exposure on memory retrieval. Women recognized more unpleasant and neutral pictures than men; however, under stress, the women's advantage disappeared, and the men's performance improved. Sex also interacted with social phobia on positive mood, with GSP women exposed to the TSST showing the lowest positive mood. These results suggest that GSP subjects do not present an HPA axis sensitization to psychosocial stress, and they emphasize the importance of Sex in understanding stress effects on memory. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
Garcia-Hernandez M.P.,University of MurciaMurcia |
Rodenas M.C.,University of MurciaMurcia |
Cabas I.,University of MurciaMurcia |
Garcia-Alcazar A.,Spanish Institute of Oceanography |
And 2 more authors.
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part - C: Toxicology and Pharmacology | Year: 2016
17α-Ethynylestradiol (EE2), which is used in oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy, is a well documented estrogenic endocrine disruptor and an aquatic contaminant. In the present study, adult male specimens of the marine hermaphrodite teleost gilthead (Sparus aurata L.) were fed a diet containing tamoxifen (Tmx), an estrogen receptor ligand used in cancer therapy, alone or combined with EE2, for 25 days and then fed a commercial diet for a further 25 days (recovery period). The effects of short (5 days) and long (25 days) treatments on several reproductive and gonad immune parameters and the reversibility of the disruptive effects after the recovery period were examined. Our data showed that Tmx acted as an estrogenic endocrine disruptor as revealed by the increase in the hepatic transcription of the vitellogenin gene in males, the serum levels of 17β-estradiol and the gonad expression levels of the estrogen receptor α and G protein-coupled estrogen receptor genes, and the recruitment of leukocytes into the gonad, a well known estrogenic-dependent process in gilthead seabream males. On the other hand, Tmx also increased sperm concentration and motility as well as the serum levels of androgens and the expression levels of genes that codify for androgenic enzymes, while decreasing the expression levels of the gene that code for gonadal aromatase. When applied simultaneously, Tmx and EE2 could act in synergy or counteract, each other, depending on the parameter measured. The disruptive effect of EE2 and/or Tmx was not reversible after a 25 day recovery period. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.
Campoy G.,University of MurciaMurcia |
Castella J.,Autonomous University of BarcelonaBarcelona |
Provencio V.,University of MurciaMurcia |
Hitch G.J.,University of YorkYork |
Baddeley A.D.,University of YorkYork
Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology | Year: 2015
The concreteness effect in verbal short-term memory (STM) tasks is assumed to be a consequence of semantic encoding in STM, with immediate recall of concrete words benefiting from richer semantic representations. We used the concreteness effect to test the hypothesis that semantic encoding in standard verbal STM tasks is a consequence of controlled, attention-demanding mechanisms of strategic semantic retrieval and encoding. Experiment 1 analysed the effect of presentation rate, with slow presentations being assumed to benefit strategic, time-dependent semantic encoding. Experiments 2 and 3 provided a more direct test of the strategic hypothesis by introducing three different concurrent attention-demanding tasks. Although Experiment 1 showed a larger concreteness effect with slow presentations, the following two experiments yielded strong evidence against the strategic hypothesis. Limiting available attention resources by concurrent tasks reduced global memory performance, but the concreteness effect was equivalent to that found in control conditions. We conclude that semantic effects in STM result from automatic semantic encoding and provide tentative explanations for the interaction between the concreteness effect and the presentation rate. © 2014, © 2014 The Experimental Psychology Society.
Cordero H.,University of MurciaMurcia |
Cuesta A.,University of MurciaMurcia |
Meseguer J.,University of MurciaMurcia |
Esteban M.A.,University of MurciaMurcia
Fish and Shellfish Immunology | Year: 2016
Skin mucus is increasingly used as a source for determining immunity-related proteins and enzymes. However, the ability to accurately measure some activities may be modified by inadequate handling and storage of the samples. This study aims to measure the effect of freezing and lyophilization at the time of collection on such activities. Fresh, frozen (immediately after collection at −20 °C and −80 °C) and lyophilized skin mucus samples obtained from the same groups of fish specimens of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) were analysed in the assays. The amount of total proteins and sugar residues (determined by lectin binding) present in skin mucus samples fell after both freezing and lyophilization of the samples. While no significant differences were exhibited in the levels of some proteins or enzymes (immunoglobulin M, antiprotease, peroxidase, esterase and alkaline phosphatase) determined in fresh or frozen mucus samples, protease and lysozyme activities were lower in frozen mucus samples than in fresh samples. Lyophilization of the mucus samples drastically decreased the total level of proteins obtained, as well as of protease, peroxidase, lysozyme and alkaline phosphatase activities. The results suggest that freezing skin mucus samples is more suitable than lyophilization if samples are stored before determining enzymatic activities. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
PubMed | Santa Lucía University and University of MurciaMurcia
Type: | Journal: Frontiers in pharmacology | Year: 2017
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of the phenylalkylamine class of the L-type voltage-dependent calcium channel antagonist, verapamil (1.0, 2.5, 5.0, or 10 mg/kg i.p.), administered immediately after the acquisition task, on memory consolidation of the open field habituation task, in male Wistar rats. On the 48 h retested trial, all tested parameters (ambulation in the side wall and in the central areas, number of rearing, time spent grooming and defecation rate) significantly decreased in the saline treated animals. A significant decrease of rearing was observed in all verapamil treated groups. On the retention day, the ambulation in the side wall and central areas significantly decreased in the animals treated with 1 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg of verapamil, while the time spent grooming and the defecation rate significantly decreased only in the group treated with 1 mg/kg of verapamil. According to the change ratio scores that correct the individual behavioral baseline differences during initial and final sessions, habituation deficit was found in animals treated with verapamil as follows: ambulation along the side wall area (1, 2.5, and 5 mg/kg), number of rearing (all used dose) and time spent grooming (2.5, 5, and 10 mg/kg). In conclusion, the present data suggest that the post-training administration of verapamil, parameter- and dose-dependently, impairs the habituation to a novel environment.