Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

University of Mostar
Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

The University of Mostar is the second largest university in Bosnia and Herzegovina, established in 1977, and it is situated in Mostar. The University is the only Croatian language university in Bosnia and Herzegovina and world. Its original name was University Džemal Bijedić of Mostar, named after Yugoslav prime minister Džemal Bijedić, but it was renamed in 1992 during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.The University of Mostar has ten faculties and one Academy of Fine Arts, with 50 different majors, 46 specialisations and 70 study groups. This made the University of Mostar one of the most diversed university in the country.It's the fastest growing university in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with around 10,712 students, out of which 17% are students from neighbouring Croatia. Wikipedia.

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Buhovac M.,University of Mostar
Psychiatria Danubina | Year: 2016

The criminal protection of human health, public health is based on the punishment procedures doctor, pharmacist, ordinary citizen, manufacturers and merchants. It is justified to singleout these crimes in a special group of criminal offenses within the particular part, which is particularly true for those offenses where the focus is not on false threats to the health of a particular individual, but when it may lead to more people lose their lives or get to poor health of more people. This paper will point out the fundamental characteristics of these criminal offenses, their justification to identify a separate chapter in the criminal law, the importance of respect ethical standards in scientific activity, the criminal liability of doctors as fundamental carriers of health activities with regard to the offenses for which the perpetrators appear primary doctor. © Medicinska naklada - Zagreb, Croatia.

Raspudi C V.,University of Mostar
IFMBE Proceedings | Year: 2017

Beside the possibility to actively control the amount of damping in artificial joints, modern prosthetic devices should have the ability to generate power. This would enable persons with amputation to achieve biologically realistic kinematics and dynamics of locomotion.Recent development in prosthetics is primarily influenced by new knowledge and research performed in the field of human body biomechanics. Tracking of human body motion is based on the use of appropriate optical or magnetic markers, which are placed on specific landmark points, and real-time estimating of their spatial coordinates. With the improvements introduced in computer monitoring of human motion, it is important to lay emphasis on the significance of combining motion capture data with commercial CAD packages, in order to conduct detailed motion analysis and evaluate the mechanical performance of prosthetic design using CAD virtual models.This paper presents a method of determining the functional dependence of relevant kinematic parameters on prosthetic devices, in order to define a set of data for the development of appropriate control systems for achieving the desired movement pattern. The functional dependence of change in length and velocity of linear actuators built into the knee and ankle joint of the powered transfemoral prosthesis has been analysed. These data can be used to enhance the control systemduringthe stance period of stair ascent, in order to achieve biologically equivalent locomotion. © Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017.

Rakic K.,University of Mostar
Proceedings of 2016 International Conference on Smart Systems and Technologies, SST 2016 | Year: 2016

Today, information and communication technology (ICT) is almost unavoidable factor in all aspects of human life. When the functionalities of ICT are applied to the process of teaching and learning they form a special educational paradigm, the paradigm of e-learning. Guided by the objective of implementing the e-learning system independent of the living teacher, we set our focus on the evaluation of students' knowledge. As an instrument of knowledge measurement we chose objective test questions, testing method which minimizes the influence of subjective factors that threaten metric characteristics of knowledge evaluation. Objective test questions are strongly reliant on natural language, and their meaning and significance are highly dependent on the correct grammatical structure. Therefore, their use as an instrument for knowledge evaluation, necessarily requires the natural language on which the system should be based. To enable wider application of the proposed system we will adjust it to a situation where the domain knowledge is described by ontology. © 2016 IEEE.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MG-9.5-2015 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2016

ETNA2020 is a 48-month Coordination and Support Action with the overall aim of facilitating trans-national co-operation among NCPs for Smart, Green and Integrated Transport, identifying and sharing good practices, and raising the general standard of the support to programme applicants across the EU and globally. To reach the objective above, the project will develop five main activity axes, corresponding to the projects specific objectives: 1)raise understanding of EU Transport R&I landscape; 2)capacity building of NCPs; 3)upgrade the set of tools for NCP assistance; 4)strengthen the participation of relevant stakeholders to Horizon 2020 funding opportunities; 5)support networking opportunities within the Smart, Green and Integrated Transport constituency. Cross-cutting activities of dissemination and communication will addup to this main set of activities, helping to enhance their impact. ETNA2020 is the continuation and evolution of the precedent network, ETNA Plus, whose results and lessons learnt have been taken into consideration with the logic of improving the future network and in order to valorize the networks strengths. ETNA2020 will also take into account the paradigmatic change brought by Horizon 2020. This will be reflected in ETNA2020 activities, and, in particular, in a stronger attention of the network in terms of multidisciplinary competences, consideration of related societal challenges, and linkage with other EU relevant initiatives, funding programmes and policies. Finally, the network will seek further opening to a wider target of stakeholders and businesses in the Transport field. ETNA2020 consortium comprises 16 beneficiaries, with a good mix of well-experienced and less experienced NCPs coming from Member States and Associated Countries. Besides beneficiaries, the project services will be offered to all officially appointed H2020 Transport NCPs, who will be involved as Associated partners.

Zeljko-Penavic J.,University of Mostar
Psychiatria Danubina | Year: 2013

Psoriasis vulgaris is a multifactorial, heterogeneous disease that is associated with problems in skin image and feelings of shame and stigmatization. The aim of this study was to analyze psychopathological traits in patients with psoriasis and a comparative group. A total of 254 dermatological patients participated in the study: 124 patients with confirmed diagnoses of psoriasis vulgaris and 130 patients with melanocytic and non-melanocytic nevi on covered parts of the body. Psychometrically mensural and standardized instruments were used in the study: list of general data, appendix of disease data, Beck Depression Inventory test, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Measure of psychological stress and Eysenck's Personal Questionnaire. There is a significant statistical difference in the result of psychometric tests between the study groups. Patients with psoriasis have more severe symptoms of depression, more physical symptoms of anxiety and higher results on the anxiety scale as a state and as a trait p=0.000. Eysenck's personal questionnaire showed higher results on the psychoticism scale p=0.000 and lower results on the extraversion scale p=0.035 among psoriatic patients.

Professionalism has been a hot topic in medical education and in medicine in general. Professionalism in medicine embodies the relationship between medicine and society as it forms the basis of patient-physician relationships and the mutual expectations patients and physicians have of each other. Education on professionalism in medicine and professionalism in medical education are two important liasions. Increasing efforts have focused on fostering professionalism in medical education. Medical faculties have long taught the theoretical and technical aspects of medicine, but teaching professionalism in medicine and healing qualities has been a recent trend. The concept of professionalism has evolved over time by a process of exploration and reflection. It seems that medical professionalism has been changing from paternalism to partnership with patients and mutuality, from tribalism to collegiality, and from self-sacrifice to shared responsibility. There is still no consensus on how professionalism in medicine should be defined as and about the best methods for teaching medical professionalism. The aim of this "landscape" review is to promote the complete integration of a culture of professionalism into the educational and research body, including staff, faculty, residents and students.

Comorbidity and multimorbidity represent one of the greatest chalenge to academic medicine. Many disorders are often comorbidly expressed in diverse combinations. In clinical practice comorbidity and multimorbidity are underrecognized, underdiagnosed, underestimated and undertreated. So that one can speak about comorbidity and multimorbidity anosognosia. Comorbidities and multimorbidities are indifferent to medical specializations, so the integrative and complementary medicine is an imperative in the both education and practice. Shifting the paradigm from vertical/mono-morbid interventions to comorbidity and multimorbidity approaches enhances effectiveness and efficiency of human resources utilization. Comorbidity and multimorbidity studies have been expected to be an impetus to research on the validity of current diagnostic systems as well as on establishing more effective and efficient treatment including individualized and personalized pharmacotherapy.

Inflammation can be a process significant to the development of schizophrenia and metabolic disorders that are frequently found in patients suffering from schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to determine the values of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and fibrinogen concentration and to establish their possible association with MS and its components in schizophrenic patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 subjects who were divided into two groups. The study group consisted of schizophrenic patients from the University Clinical Hospital Mostar (n=100), while the control group consisted of healthy subjects who came for systematic medical examinations at the infirmary of the Health Center Mostar (n=100). The diagnosis of MS was made according to NCEP-ATP III criteria, and on that basis subjects from both groups were divided into two subgroups, one with and one without MS. Inflammatory indicators that were determinated were erythrocyte sedimentation rate and fibrinogen concentration. Statistically, MS was significantly more frequent in schizophrenic subjects (46.0%) compared to the control group (29.0%) (p=0.013). Schizophrenic subjects with MS had statistically higher sedimentation rate and fibrinogen concentration compared to the schizophrenic subjects without MS, as well as compared to the control subgroup without MS. The most significant correlations discovered were for the relation of sedimentation rate with systolic (r=0.41) and diastolic (r=0.34) blood pressures. Routine monitoring of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and fibrinogen concentration might have an important role in forecasting MS development and consequent adverse cardiovascular events which are the leading cause of mortality in schizophrenic patients.

Babic R.,University of Mostar
Psychiatria Danubina | Year: 2013

Although the connection between body and soul is written in the Bible, research papers haven't given much attention to it until the past few decades. Recently, both here and abroad, there have been more studies that investigate the prevalence of various somatic disorders in psychiatric patients, including metabolic syndrome. The objective of this study was to establish the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and it's components in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Metabolic syndrome and its components were investigated in 60 patients with chronic PTSD conditioned by the war and in 60 patients treated for somatic problems by their family physician in Mostar. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was statistically significantly higher in patients with PTSD (48.3%) than in the control group (25%) (P=0.008) and the number of its individual components (test group 2.38±1.30 compared to control group 1.72±1.24) (P=0.005). PTSD patients diagnosed with metabolic syndrome had significantly more frequent hyperglycemia (P=0.010) and abdominal obesity (P=0.044) compared to the control group. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome increased in patients with PTSD compared to the control group.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP-SICA | Phase: ENV.2009. | Award Amount: 3.31M | Year: 2010

ImpactMin will develop new methods and a corresponding toolset for the environmental impact monitoring of mining operations using Earth Observations. Novel technology will be proposed for the combined use of satellite remote sensing, aerial lightweight measurements and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). The proposed methods will be validated at four demonstration sites in Sweden, Bosnia&Herzegovina, Romania and Russia. The theoretical advancement in science and technology will be made public knowledge with the help of a free multimedia e-learning programme whereas the tools and foreground knowledge will be commercialised by the participating SMEs. The scientific challenge is to use remote sensing technologies to develop cost-effective, reliable and repeatable approaches for monitoring the impact of mining activities on the environment through time, in order to identify, predict and prevent potentially serious consequences for the natural and human environment. On the one hand it is of great importance that the amount of detail obtained from these data sources is sufficient to monitor relatively small changes through time. On the other hand it is essential that the methods used are sufficiently flexible to operate under different circumstances at acceptable cost. The composition of project partnership and the selection of demonstration sites correspond to European interests in both accessing strategic minerals needed for the European economy and the need to monitor and control environmental pollution from these sources.

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