Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

The University of Mostar is the second largest university in Bosnia and Herzegovina, established in 1977, and it is situated in Mostar. The University is the only Croatian language university in Bosnia and Herzegovina and world. Its original name was University Džemal Bijedić of Mostar, named after Yugoslav prime minister Džemal Bijedić, but it was renamed in 1992 during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.The University of Mostar has ten faculties and one Academy of Fine Arts, with 50 different majors, 46 specialisations and 70 study groups. This made the University of Mostar one of the most diversed university in the country.It's the fastest growing university in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with around 10,712 students, out of which 17% are students from neighbouring Croatia. Wikipedia.

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Sekulic D.,University of Split | Spasic M.,University of Split | Mirkov D.,University of Belgrade | Cavar M.,University of Mostar | Sattler T.,University of Ljubljana
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research | Year: 2013

Sekulic, D, Spasic, M, Mirkov, D, Cavar, M and Sattler, T. Gender-specific influences of balance, speed, and power on agility performance. J Strength Cond Res 27(3): 802-811, 2013-The quick change of direction (i.e., agility) is an important athletic ability in numerous sports. Because of the diverse and therefore hardly predictable manifestations of agility in sports, studies noted that the improvement in speed, power, and balance should result in an improvement of agility. However, there is evident lack of data regarding the influence of potential predictors on different agility manifestations. The aim of this study was to determine the gender-specific influence of speed, power, and balance on different agility tests. A total of 32 college-aged male athletes and 31 college-aged female athletes (age 20.02 ± 1.89 years) participated in this study. The subjects were mostly involved in team sports (soccer, team handball, basketball, and volleyball; 80% of men, and 75% of women), martial arts, gymnastics, and dance. Anthropometric variables consisted of body height, body weight, and the body mass index. Five agility tests were used: a t-test (T-TEST), zigzag test, 20-yard shuttle test, agility test with a 180-degree turn, and forward-backward running agility test (FWDBWD). Other tests included 1 jumping ability power test (squat jump, SQJ), 2 balance tests to determine the overall stability index and an overall limit of stability score (both measured by Biodex Balance System), and 2 running speed tests using a straight sprint for 10 and 20 m (S10 and S20, respectively). A reliability analysis showed that all the agility tests were reliable. Multiple regression and correlation analysis found speed and power (among women), and balance (among men), as most significant predictors of agility. The highest Pearson's correlation in both genders is found between the results of the FWDBWD and S10M tests (0.77 and 0.81 for men and women, respectively; p < 0.05). Power, measured using the SQJ, is significantly (p < 0.05) related to FWDBWD and T-TEST results but only for women (20.44; 20.41). The balance measures were significantly related to the agility performance for men but not for women. In addition to demonstrating a known relationship between speed and agility in both genders, and a small but statistically significant relationship between power and agility in women, these results indicate that balance should be considered as a potential predictor of agility in trained adult men. © 2013 National Strength and Conditioning Association.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MG-9.5-2015 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2016

ETNA2020 is a 48-month Coordination and Support Action with the overall aim of facilitating trans-national co-operation among NCPs for Smart, Green and Integrated Transport, identifying and sharing good practices, and raising the general standard of the support to programme applicants across the EU and globally. To reach the objective above, the project will develop five main activity axes, corresponding to the projects specific objectives: 1)raise understanding of EU Transport R&I landscape; 2)capacity building of NCPs; 3)upgrade the set of tools for NCP assistance; 4)strengthen the participation of relevant stakeholders to Horizon 2020 funding opportunities; 5)support networking opportunities within the Smart, Green and Integrated Transport constituency. Cross-cutting activities of dissemination and communication will addup to this main set of activities, helping to enhance their impact. ETNA2020 is the continuation and evolution of the precedent network, ETNA Plus, whose results and lessons learnt have been taken into consideration with the logic of improving the future network and in order to valorize the networks strengths. ETNA2020 will also take into account the paradigmatic change brought by Horizon 2020. This will be reflected in ETNA2020 activities, and, in particular, in a stronger attention of the network in terms of multidisciplinary competences, consideration of related societal challenges, and linkage with other EU relevant initiatives, funding programmes and policies. Finally, the network will seek further opening to a wider target of stakeholders and businesses in the Transport field. ETNA2020 consortium comprises 16 beneficiaries, with a good mix of well-experienced and less experienced NCPs coming from Member States and Associated Countries. Besides beneficiaries, the project services will be offered to all officially appointed H2020 Transport NCPs, who will be involved as Associated partners.

Zeljko-Penavic J.,University of Mostar
Psychiatria Danubina | Year: 2013

Psoriasis vulgaris is a multifactorial, heterogeneous disease that is associated with problems in skin image and feelings of shame and stigmatization. The aim of this study was to analyze psychopathological traits in patients with psoriasis and a comparative group. A total of 254 dermatological patients participated in the study: 124 patients with confirmed diagnoses of psoriasis vulgaris and 130 patients with melanocytic and non-melanocytic nevi on covered parts of the body. Psychometrically mensural and standardized instruments were used in the study: list of general data, appendix of disease data, Beck Depression Inventory test, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Measure of psychological stress and Eysenck's Personal Questionnaire. There is a significant statistical difference in the result of psychometric tests between the study groups. Patients with psoriasis have more severe symptoms of depression, more physical symptoms of anxiety and higher results on the anxiety scale as a state and as a trait p=0.000. Eysenck's personal questionnaire showed higher results on the psychoticism scale p=0.000 and lower results on the extraversion scale p=0.035 among psoriatic patients.

Pravdic D.,University of Mostar
PACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology | Year: 2014

Over the years, an electrocardiogram had become the basic tool to study the heart physiology and pathophysiology. Many authors gave a substantial contribution in understanding the electrophysiological basis for numerous electrocardiographic changes. Some of them were named after authors themselves, or others used the names of scientists who first discovered or explained the nature of a particular electrocardiographic finding. In this article, electrocardiographic phenomena and eponyms used in today's electrocardiography are described. ©2013, The Authors. Journal compilation ©2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Professionalism has been a hot topic in medical education and in medicine in general. Professionalism in medicine embodies the relationship between medicine and society as it forms the basis of patient-physician relationships and the mutual expectations patients and physicians have of each other. Education on professionalism in medicine and professionalism in medical education are two important liasions. Increasing efforts have focused on fostering professionalism in medical education. Medical faculties have long taught the theoretical and technical aspects of medicine, but teaching professionalism in medicine and healing qualities has been a recent trend. The concept of professionalism has evolved over time by a process of exploration and reflection. It seems that medical professionalism has been changing from paternalism to partnership with patients and mutuality, from tribalism to collegiality, and from self-sacrifice to shared responsibility. There is still no consensus on how professionalism in medicine should be defined as and about the best methods for teaching medical professionalism. The aim of this "landscape" review is to promote the complete integration of a culture of professionalism into the educational and research body, including staff, faculty, residents and students.

Comorbidity and multimorbidity represent one of the greatest chalenge to academic medicine. Many disorders are often comorbidly expressed in diverse combinations. In clinical practice comorbidity and multimorbidity are underrecognized, underdiagnosed, underestimated and undertreated. So that one can speak about comorbidity and multimorbidity anosognosia. Comorbidities and multimorbidities are indifferent to medical specializations, so the integrative and complementary medicine is an imperative in the both education and practice. Shifting the paradigm from vertical/mono-morbid interventions to comorbidity and multimorbidity approaches enhances effectiveness and efficiency of human resources utilization. Comorbidity and multimorbidity studies have been expected to be an impetus to research on the validity of current diagnostic systems as well as on establishing more effective and efficient treatment including individualized and personalized pharmacotherapy.

Klaric M.,University of Mostar
Psychiatria Danubina | Year: 2013

Traditionally, research has been focused on the development of symptoms in direct trauma survivors. However, during the last two decades researchers and clinicians have started exploring the way individual traumatic stress exposure affects trauma victims' spouses, children and professional caregivers. Studying trauma within the family is a part of what is called systemic traumatology, a study of groups, institutions and other human systems that show stress reactions directly caused by a traumatic event or series of events. The effect of an individual's traumatic stress on family members and on persons in direct contact is conceptualized as secondary traumatisation. In its narrow sense, secondary traumatisation involves a transfer of nightmares, intrusive thoughts, flashbacks and other Posttraumatic Stress Disorder symptoms, which are typically experienced by individuals suffering from PTSD, onto their immediate surroundings. In its broader sense, the term refers to any kind of distress transfer from a trauma victim to their immediate surroundings, and includes a broad spectrum of distress manifestation along with that resembling Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Beyond that, a family member's PTSD is potentially transferable to subsequent generations, interfering with the psychological development of children.

Inflammation can be a process significant to the development of schizophrenia and metabolic disorders that are frequently found in patients suffering from schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to determine the values of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and fibrinogen concentration and to establish their possible association with MS and its components in schizophrenic patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 subjects who were divided into two groups. The study group consisted of schizophrenic patients from the University Clinical Hospital Mostar (n=100), while the control group consisted of healthy subjects who came for systematic medical examinations at the infirmary of the Health Center Mostar (n=100). The diagnosis of MS was made according to NCEP-ATP III criteria, and on that basis subjects from both groups were divided into two subgroups, one with and one without MS. Inflammatory indicators that were determinated were erythrocyte sedimentation rate and fibrinogen concentration. Statistically, MS was significantly more frequent in schizophrenic subjects (46.0%) compared to the control group (29.0%) (p=0.013). Schizophrenic subjects with MS had statistically higher sedimentation rate and fibrinogen concentration compared to the schizophrenic subjects without MS, as well as compared to the control subgroup without MS. The most significant correlations discovered were for the relation of sedimentation rate with systolic (r=0.41) and diastolic (r=0.34) blood pressures. Routine monitoring of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and fibrinogen concentration might have an important role in forecasting MS development and consequent adverse cardiovascular events which are the leading cause of mortality in schizophrenic patients.

Babic R.,University of Mostar
Psychiatria Danubina | Year: 2013

Although the connection between body and soul is written in the Bible, research papers haven't given much attention to it until the past few decades. Recently, both here and abroad, there have been more studies that investigate the prevalence of various somatic disorders in psychiatric patients, including metabolic syndrome. The objective of this study was to establish the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and it's components in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Metabolic syndrome and its components were investigated in 60 patients with chronic PTSD conditioned by the war and in 60 patients treated for somatic problems by their family physician in Mostar. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was statistically significantly higher in patients with PTSD (48.3%) than in the control group (25%) (P=0.008) and the number of its individual components (test group 2.38±1.30 compared to control group 1.72±1.24) (P=0.005). PTSD patients diagnosed with metabolic syndrome had significantly more frequent hyperglycemia (P=0.010) and abdominal obesity (P=0.044) compared to the control group. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome increased in patients with PTSD compared to the control group.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP-SICA | Phase: ENV.2009. | Award Amount: 3.31M | Year: 2010

ImpactMin will develop new methods and a corresponding toolset for the environmental impact monitoring of mining operations using Earth Observations. Novel technology will be proposed for the combined use of satellite remote sensing, aerial lightweight measurements and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). The proposed methods will be validated at four demonstration sites in Sweden, Bosnia&Herzegovina, Romania and Russia. The theoretical advancement in science and technology will be made public knowledge with the help of a free multimedia e-learning programme whereas the tools and foreground knowledge will be commercialised by the participating SMEs. The scientific challenge is to use remote sensing technologies to develop cost-effective, reliable and repeatable approaches for monitoring the impact of mining activities on the environment through time, in order to identify, predict and prevent potentially serious consequences for the natural and human environment. On the one hand it is of great importance that the amount of detail obtained from these data sources is sufficient to monitor relatively small changes through time. On the other hand it is essential that the methods used are sufficiently flexible to operate under different circumstances at acceptable cost. The composition of project partnership and the selection of demonstration sites correspond to European interests in both accessing strategic minerals needed for the European economy and the need to monitor and control environmental pollution from these sources.

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