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Duarte-Simoes C.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery
Savoirs et Clinique

Through specific combinations of various ways of expression and iconic elements, the Brazilian film maker, Sandra Werneck, shows in the dramatization of her documentary, Mcninas, Gravidez na adolescência (2006) the privileged links she entertains with psychoanalysis. Source

From his analytical practice with children, the author examines the symptom and the structure. Taking into account some of the contributions of Levistraussian anthropology and Freudian and Lacanian psychoanalysis, are posed and surveyed the major articulations concerning the family and the subject, the child's symptom, and the terms of assumption of a singular subject of desire. Consequently, the distinctiveness of the child's symptom and the universal structure of the subject are highlighted. Correlative to the structure of language and speech, the structure of the subject is able to reveal the function and the unconscious effects of the family as well as the value of truth of the child's symptom. © ERES. Source

Tardieu L.,Montpellier SupAgro | Roussel S.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery | Roussel S.,Montpellier University | Salles J.-M.,French National Center for Scientific Research
Ecosystem Services

The purpose of this paper is to broaden the Terrestrial Transport Infrastructure (TTI) assessment process into the field of Ecosystem Services (ES), i.e., the benefits people derive from ecosystems. Taking into account ES in an ex ante assessment of public infrastructure projects is of critical importance for the improvement of transportation decision-making tools, such as Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA). For EIA, the integration of an ES based approach opens the possibility of measuring a loss in ES supply (and its economic value); this provides a means of selecting among different possible pathways for the infrastructure. For CBA, since the ES loss induced by the selected pathway is expressed in monetary terms, it can be integrated as a standard social cost in the analysis, permitting a more efficient control of natural capital loss. We illustrate these points by assessing the loss of a global climate regulation service due to the soil tillage and sealing caused by a TTI construction, using the example of a high-speed rail in Western France. We select three optional routes among the proposed routes and analyse which route has the least impact on the global climate regulation service and its economic value. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

Baeza-Velasco C.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Gely-Nargeot M.C.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery | Vilarrasa A.B.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Bravo J.F.,University of Chile
Rheumatology International

Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS), also known as Ehlers-Danlos III, is an inherited disorder of connective tissue, characterised by an exceptional increase in the joint's mobility and the presence of musculoskeletal and other symptoms. It is a benign syndrome if compared with the other types of Ehlers-Danlos, but it can become disabling particularly because it is a signiWcant source of pain and distress. The purpose of this work is to describe some common problems in JHS that render psychological intervention in their overall management relevant. Chronic pain, associated psychopathological factors such as anxiety, depression and somatosensory ampliWcation, and problems arising from a lack of recognition and knowledge of the syndrome, are frequent among those aVected, having a negative impact on their quality of life. We emphasise the relevance of addressing JHS from a biopsychosocial approach. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source

Allart P.,University of Bordeaux Segalen | Soubeyran P.,Institute Bergonie | Cousson-Gelie F.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery

Background Haematological cancers differ from other cancers mainly with regard to treatment strategies: surgery is used for diagnostic purposes but rarely for treatment, whereas chemotherapy is of central importance and, in some cases, cures patients. This article reviews studies that examine the relationships between psychosocial factors and quality of life (QoL) in haematological cancer patients. Methods A review of the literature was conducted from the databases 'PsycInfo', 'Medline' and 'Science Direct' using the keywords 'lymphoma', 'leukaemia', 'myeloma', 'quality of life', 'psychosocial factors', 'coping', 'social support', 'personality', 'anxiety,' 'depression', 'locus of control' and 'alexithymia'. Results Fourteen studies were analysed. One study found positive relationships between sense of coherence and health-related QoL, whereas another showed a positive link between self-esteem and QoL. Another study suggested that a high external health locus of control was related to a better QoL. Fighting spirit had a positive impact on QoL for two studies, and helplessness-hopelessness was positively related to emotional distress in one study. Two studies indicated the relationships between emotional distress and QoL. Satisfaction with information about disease determined emotional distress in another study. Social support, general health perceptions, global meaning or spirituality were found to improve QoL in four other reports. Conclusion Literature about the relationships between psychosocial factors and QoL is lacking. Sense of coherence, self-esteem and health locus of control, coping strategies, social support, global meaning or emotional distress are associated with QoL. Results concerning coping and social support should be interpreted with caution because of level II evidence in studies. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

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