University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery
Mende, France

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Muelder C.W.,University of California at Davis | Crnovrsanin T.,University of California at Davis | Sallaberry A.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery | Ma K.-L.,University of California at Davis
Proceedings - 2013 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2013 | Year: 2013

Large dynamic graphs occur in many fields. While overviews are often used to provide summaries of the overall structure of the graph, they become less useful as data size increases. Often analysts want to focus on a specific part of the data according to domain knowledge, which is best suited by a bottom-up approach. This paper presents an egocentric, bottom-up method to exploring a large dynamic network using a storyline representation to summarise localized behavior of the network over time. © 2013 IEEE.

Baeza-Velasco C.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Gely-Nargeot M.C.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery | Vilarrasa A.B.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Bravo J.F.,University of Chile
Rheumatology International | Year: 2011

Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS), also known as Ehlers-Danlos III, is an inherited disorder of connective tissue, characterised by an exceptional increase in the joint's mobility and the presence of musculoskeletal and other symptoms. It is a benign syndrome if compared with the other types of Ehlers-Danlos, but it can become disabling particularly because it is a signiWcant source of pain and distress. The purpose of this work is to describe some common problems in JHS that render psychological intervention in their overall management relevant. Chronic pain, associated psychopathological factors such as anxiety, depression and somatosensory ampliWcation, and problems arising from a lack of recognition and knowledge of the syndrome, are frequent among those aVected, having a negative impact on their quality of life. We emphasise the relevance of addressing JHS from a biopsychosocial approach. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

Allart P.,University of Bordeaux Segalen | Soubeyran P.,Institute Bergonie | Cousson-Gelie F.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery
Psycho-Oncology | Year: 2013

Background Haematological cancers differ from other cancers mainly with regard to treatment strategies: surgery is used for diagnostic purposes but rarely for treatment, whereas chemotherapy is of central importance and, in some cases, cures patients. This article reviews studies that examine the relationships between psychosocial factors and quality of life (QoL) in haematological cancer patients. Methods A review of the literature was conducted from the databases 'PsycInfo', 'Medline' and 'Science Direct' using the keywords 'lymphoma', 'leukaemia', 'myeloma', 'quality of life', 'psychosocial factors', 'coping', 'social support', 'personality', 'anxiety,' 'depression', 'locus of control' and 'alexithymia'. Results Fourteen studies were analysed. One study found positive relationships between sense of coherence and health-related QoL, whereas another showed a positive link between self-esteem and QoL. Another study suggested that a high external health locus of control was related to a better QoL. Fighting spirit had a positive impact on QoL for two studies, and helplessness-hopelessness was positively related to emotional distress in one study. Two studies indicated the relationships between emotional distress and QoL. Satisfaction with information about disease determined emotional distress in another study. Social support, general health perceptions, global meaning or spirituality were found to improve QoL in four other reports. Conclusion Literature about the relationships between psychosocial factors and QoL is lacking. Sense of coherence, self-esteem and health locus of control, coping strategies, social support, global meaning or emotional distress are associated with QoL. Results concerning coping and social support should be interpreted with caution because of level II evidence in studies. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Alonso N.,University of Lleida | Perez Jorda G.,GI Arqueobiologia | Rovira N.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery | Lopez Reyes D.,Av. del Pelag
Quaternary International | Year: 2016

The multiple archaeobotanical studies from the east Iberian Peninsula from 2800 cal.BC to 200 BC have provided around twenty wild fruit taxa of varying importance. The aim of this work is to present these taxa and analyse the most important wild fruits, some of them being cultivated since the First Iron Age. Considering sites with comparable sampling methods, a quantitative difference is not observed between wild species exploited in the several life zones represented in this synthesis: Thermo-, Meso-, Supra- and Montane-Mediterranean zones. Three taxa are common in the three life zones considered: Quercus sp., Sambucus sp. and Rubus sp. More thermophilic taxa, Ficus carica and Olea europaea, are present in the two lower zones, although their values decrease to the north we go and with height, in contrast to what happens with Vitis vinifera. The exploitation of wild resources as a food supplement, in addition to other uses, developed during the 2600 years with several differences. These differences are explained in part by the plants that grow in each of the territories and in part by the organization of the human groups and the forms of land exploitation. Protohistoric human groups would have exploited nearby resources as in the previous periods, and all data confirm the continuity of this fundamental activity. However, gathering seems to have had a fairly small economic importance when considering the low rates of ubiquity of these plants in contrast to those of staple crops. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.

Awono A.,Center for International Forestry Research | Awono A.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery | Somorin O.A.,Center for International Forestry Research | Somorin O.A.,Wageningen University | And 2 more authors.
Environmental Science and Policy | Year: 2014

The new climate change mitigation scheme for developing countries known as Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) has been proposed as a way of reducing carbon emissions in the forest sector, whilst also protecting and improving the livelihoods and wellbeing of communities. This paper argues that it is important to resolve tenure ambiguity and ensure that communities participate in the REDD+ process by engaging them in project development and implementation. Drawing on data collected in six villages under two REDD+ projects targeted in Cameroon, this paper addresses four questions: (1) What are the tenure conditions at the two study sites? (2) How have the project proponents perceived the tenure and other challenges and how do they plan to address those challenges? (3) What have the proponents done to engage communities in the process of establishing REDD+? (4) Are communities informed about and satisfied with the process of establishing REDD+? The paper shows that while the proponents have worked to resolve tenure issues and engage communities, there is still frustration among project participants because of a lack of progress toward implementing compensation and benefit sharing system. The paper concludes that it is crucial to safeguard the rights, access and participation of local communities, and benefits to them, throughout the design and implementation of REDD+ projects. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Duarte-Simoes C.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery
Savoirs et Clinique | Year: 2014

Through specific combinations of various ways of expression and iconic elements, the Brazilian film maker, Sandra Werneck, shows in the dramatization of her documentary, Mcninas, Gravidez na adolescência (2006) the privileged links she entertains with psychoanalysis.

Berger F.F.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery
Cliniques Mediterraneennes | Year: 2015

From his analytical practice with children, the author examines the symptom and the structure. Taking into account some of the contributions of Levistraussian anthropology and Freudian and Lacanian psychoanalysis, are posed and surveyed the major articulations concerning the family and the subject, the child's symptom, and the terms of assumption of a singular subject of desire. Consequently, the distinctiveness of the child's symptom and the universal structure of the subject are highlighted. Correlative to the structure of language and speech, the structure of the subject is able to reveal the function and the unconscious effects of the family as well as the value of truth of the child's symptom. © ERES.

Poy R.,University of León | Gonzales-Aguilar A.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery
RISTI - Revista Iberica de Sistemas e Tecnologias de Informacao | Year: 2014

Massive online open courses (MOOC) are reshaping e-learning organizations worldwide. E-learning strategists have begun increasingly to utilize and integrate MOOC platforms in their online learning systems. MOOC, one of the tools that have emerged from the combination of e-learning courses and social networks models, has been integrated into many educational programmes. Since MOOC are a relatively new learning technology, this paper is intended to identify and measure its critical success factors from the review of scientific literature and the statistics shown for major platforms. In line with the literature, four factors were identified and measured, namely, educational software design, dropout rates, universal scope, and business strategy. A sample of 35 MOOC platforms with more than 7000 courses was used to review the proposed analytical factors. The two areas that appear to be most critical are low interactivity and a business strategy designed without adequate participation of the educational community.

Panckhurst R.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery
ASCILITE 2012 - Annual conference of the Australian Society for Computers in Tertiary Education | Year: 2012

Pilot studies using online social networks within a French University postgraduate course were conducted over a five-year period in order to explore and evaluate the relative advantages and challenges of such tools for tertiary education. Students were following a curriculum as part of a second-year predominantly off-campus Master’s degree. In this paper, after having defined pedagogical eLearning exchange networks (eLENs), and how they can be implemented by using social learning objects, the latest case study analysis is focused on providing solutions for effective tutoring in the digital era. © 2012 Rachel Panckhurst.

Gutherz X.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery
Archeo-Nil | Year: 2013

This article presents an overview of the principal results of a research program set up in the Horn of Africa during the last twelve years. The aim of this program is the study of the Neolithic process with an emphasis on fieldwork documentation that has heen inadequate and unreliable to date. The Horn of Africa is characterized by a great diversity of ecosystems. Excavations undertaken during the recent years give the opportunity to describe different forms of adaptation during the Early and Middle Holocene, which appear to be largely dependent on environmental conditions. The first evidence of breeding that has just been reported in Djibouti dates to the second half of the Third Millennium BC. It appears to be the first secure evidence of a productive economy. However, if we assume that plant collection and consumption have also played a major role, food resources of human groups who practiced early cattle and goat breeding, remained mainly based on fishing and hunting. However except for grinding tools, no plant remains can confirm this. The adoption of pottery during the third millennium BC in the Gobaad Basin could match with the development of storage and transformation of fishing/gathering material. The large chronological gap between the first evidence of animal domestication in the Nile Valley or in the Sudan plains, compared with the Horn of Africa, is probably related to several factors, including the difficulties of circulation in the Ethiopian relief the existence of parasitic diseases of cattle and a strong cultural inertia. This is particularly visible in the mountains of South-Western Ethiopia where excavations of Moche Borago cave and some other recent studies have highlighted the very late onset of breeding and also probably of agriculture.

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