Richomme G.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery |
Richomme G.,CNRS Montpellier Laboratory of Informatics, Robotics and Microelectronics
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2017
G. Fici proved that a finite word has a minimal suffix automaton if and only if all its left special factors occur as prefixes. He called LSP all finite and infinite words having this latter property. We characterize here infinite LSP words in terms of S-adicity. More precisely we provide a finite set of morphisms S and an automaton A such that an infinite word is LSP if and only if it is S-adic and all its directive words are recognizable by A. © Springer International Publishing AG 2017.
Monnier C.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery |
Bonthoux F.,Pierre Mendès-France University
British Journal of Developmental Psychology | Year: 2011
The present research was designed to highlight the relation between children's categorical knowledge and their verbal short-term memory (STM) performance. To do this, we manipulated the categorical organization of the words composing lists to be memorized by 5- and 9-year-old children. Three types of word list were drawn up: semantically similar context-dependent (CD) lists, semantically similar context-independent (CI) lists, and semantically dissimilar lists. In line with the procedure used by Poirier and Saint-Aubin (1995), the dissimilar lists were produced using words from the semantically similar lists. Both 5- and 9-year-old children showed better recall for the semantically similar CD lists than they did for the unrelated lists. In the semantic similar CI condition, semantic similarity enhanced immediate serial recall only at age 9 but contributed to item information memory both at ages 5 and 9. These results, which indicate a semantic influence of long-term memory (LTM) on serial recall from age 5, are discussed in the light of current models of STM. Moreover, we suggest that differences between results at 5 and 9 years are compatible with pluralist models of development. © 2011 The British Psychological Society.
Prevost B.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery |
Rivaud A.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery
Ecosystem Services | Year: 2016
The World Bank considers itself as "a leader in piloting payments for ecosystem services". This article explores how the World Bank gradually integrated environmental and legal issues within its strategic framework with a particular focus on its economic theoretical influences.In the early 1990s, the New Institutional Economics became the main influence concerning the analysis of institutional arrangements and legal issues. We distinguish between different branches within the NIE. One remained very close to the mainstream or orthodox economics and tended to focus on private property rights as the central legal issue. We demonstrate that this branch fitted with both the market-friendly policies supported by the WB, and with the theoretical and statistical tools used by the WB's economists. It induced a very specific analysis of legal and institutional issues. It also involved a kind of theoretical path dependency, which influenced a market-oriented analysis of ecosystem services and impoverished the institutional and legal debates concerning the WB's environmental strategy.We suggest that the other branch of the NIE, as developed by the Bloomington School, offered another framework to tackle environmental issues regarding the diversity of institutional and legal arrangements.We conclude on the ambiguous use of economic theory for addressing environmental and legal issues. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
Dawes S.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery
Theory, Culture & Society | Year: 2014
Taking technological developments in urban mapping and the megacity phenomena of rapid change and sprawling space as its starting point, this essay provides a history of the present through a genealogy of maps of Montpellier in France, a rapidly growing modern city that provides examples from the earliest printed maps of the 16th century through to the most recent innovations in public-sponsored 3D mapping. By tracing the shifting correlations of narrative elements, it places in historical perspective the relationship between those concepts, such as verticality and horizontality, and perception and representation, which are problematized in the contemporary contexts of megacities and digital technology. © 2014, SAGE Publications. All rights reserved.
Baeza-Velasco C.,Autonomous University of Barcelona |
Gely-Nargeot M.C.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery |
Vilarrasa A.B.,Autonomous University of Barcelona |
Bravo J.F.,University of Chile
Rheumatology International | Year: 2011
Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS), also known as Ehlers-Danlos III, is an inherited disorder of connective tissue, characterised by an exceptional increase in the joint's mobility and the presence of musculoskeletal and other symptoms. It is a benign syndrome if compared with the other types of Ehlers-Danlos, but it can become disabling particularly because it is a signiWcant source of pain and distress. The purpose of this work is to describe some common problems in JHS that render psychological intervention in their overall management relevant. Chronic pain, associated psychopathological factors such as anxiety, depression and somatosensory ampliWcation, and problems arising from a lack of recognition and knowledge of the syndrome, are frequent among those aVected, having a negative impact on their quality of life. We emphasise the relevance of addressing JHS from a biopsychosocial approach. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.
Allart P.,University of Bordeaux Segalen |
Soubeyran P.,Institute Bergonie |
Cousson-Gelie F.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery
Psycho-Oncology | Year: 2013
Background Haematological cancers differ from other cancers mainly with regard to treatment strategies: surgery is used for diagnostic purposes but rarely for treatment, whereas chemotherapy is of central importance and, in some cases, cures patients. This article reviews studies that examine the relationships between psychosocial factors and quality of life (QoL) in haematological cancer patients. Methods A review of the literature was conducted from the databases 'PsycInfo', 'Medline' and 'Science Direct' using the keywords 'lymphoma', 'leukaemia', 'myeloma', 'quality of life', 'psychosocial factors', 'coping', 'social support', 'personality', 'anxiety,' 'depression', 'locus of control' and 'alexithymia'. Results Fourteen studies were analysed. One study found positive relationships between sense of coherence and health-related QoL, whereas another showed a positive link between self-esteem and QoL. Another study suggested that a high external health locus of control was related to a better QoL. Fighting spirit had a positive impact on QoL for two studies, and helplessness-hopelessness was positively related to emotional distress in one study. Two studies indicated the relationships between emotional distress and QoL. Satisfaction with information about disease determined emotional distress in another study. Social support, general health perceptions, global meaning or spirituality were found to improve QoL in four other reports. Conclusion Literature about the relationships between psychosocial factors and QoL is lacking. Sense of coherence, self-esteem and health locus of control, coping strategies, social support, global meaning or emotional distress are associated with QoL. Results concerning coping and social support should be interpreted with caution because of level II evidence in studies. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Awono A.,Center for International Forestry Research |
Awono A.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery |
Somorin O.A.,Center for International Forestry Research |
Somorin O.A.,Wageningen University |
And 2 more authors.
Environmental Science and Policy | Year: 2014
The new climate change mitigation scheme for developing countries known as Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) has been proposed as a way of reducing carbon emissions in the forest sector, whilst also protecting and improving the livelihoods and wellbeing of communities. This paper argues that it is important to resolve tenure ambiguity and ensure that communities participate in the REDD+ process by engaging them in project development and implementation. Drawing on data collected in six villages under two REDD+ projects targeted in Cameroon, this paper addresses four questions: (1) What are the tenure conditions at the two study sites? (2) How have the project proponents perceived the tenure and other challenges and how do they plan to address those challenges? (3) What have the proponents done to engage communities in the process of establishing REDD+? (4) Are communities informed about and satisfied with the process of establishing REDD+? The paper shows that while the proponents have worked to resolve tenure issues and engage communities, there is still frustration among project participants because of a lack of progress toward implementing compensation and benefit sharing system. The paper concludes that it is crucial to safeguard the rights, access and participation of local communities, and benefits to them, throughout the design and implementation of REDD+ projects. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Duarte-Simoes C.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery
Savoirs et Clinique | Year: 2014
Through specific combinations of various ways of expression and iconic elements, the Brazilian film maker, Sandra Werneck, shows in the dramatization of her documentary, Mcninas, Gravidez na adolescência (2006) the privileged links she entertains with psychoanalysis.
Berger F.F.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery
Cliniques Mediterraneennes | Year: 2015
From his analytical practice with children, the author examines the symptom and the structure. Taking into account some of the contributions of Levistraussian anthropology and Freudian and Lacanian psychoanalysis, are posed and surveyed the major articulations concerning the family and the subject, the child's symptom, and the terms of assumption of a singular subject of desire. Consequently, the distinctiveness of the child's symptom and the universal structure of the subject are highlighted. Correlative to the structure of language and speech, the structure of the subject is able to reveal the function and the unconscious effects of the family as well as the value of truth of the child's symptom. © ERES.
Gutherz X.,University of Montpellier 3 Paul Valery
Archeo-Nil | Year: 2013
This article presents an overview of the principal results of a research program set up in the Horn of Africa during the last twelve years. The aim of this program is the study of the Neolithic process with an emphasis on fieldwork documentation that has heen inadequate and unreliable to date. The Horn of Africa is characterized by a great diversity of ecosystems. Excavations undertaken during the recent years give the opportunity to describe different forms of adaptation during the Early and Middle Holocene, which appear to be largely dependent on environmental conditions. The first evidence of breeding that has just been reported in Djibouti dates to the second half of the Third Millennium BC. It appears to be the first secure evidence of a productive economy. However, if we assume that plant collection and consumption have also played a major role, food resources of human groups who practiced early cattle and goat breeding, remained mainly based on fishing and hunting. However except for grinding tools, no plant remains can confirm this. The adoption of pottery during the third millennium BC in the Gobaad Basin could match with the development of storage and transformation of fishing/gathering material. The large chronological gap between the first evidence of animal domestication in the Nile Valley or in the Sudan plains, compared with the Horn of Africa, is probably related to several factors, including the difficulties of circulation in the Ethiopian relief the existence of parasitic diseases of cattle and a strong cultural inertia. This is particularly visible in the mountains of South-Western Ethiopia where excavations of Moche Borago cave and some other recent studies have highlighted the very late onset of breeding and also probably of agriculture.