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Bordeaux, France

Montesquieu University – Bordeaux IV is a French university, based in Pessac, the suburbs of Bordeaux, in the domaine universitaire. It is under the Academy of Bordeaux.The University of Montesquieu - Bordeaux IV is the successor of the former Law and Economics Faculty, whose origins go back as far as the 15th century. It incorporates long-standing teaching programmes and institutes which have an established reputation in the academic specialities of the University, notably law, political science, and economics and management.It is organised into 6 departments in the areas of economics and management, law, and economic and social administration , as well as an Institute of Business Administration , 2 University Institutes of Technology . In addition, the Bordeaux Institute of Political Studies is also annexed to the University.The University boasts 14,000 students and has a staff of 400 teachers and researchers with a non-academic staff of 300. It awards 4,100 diplomas each year at the various sites in Bordeaux itself as well as at the satellite sites of Agen and Périgueux. The increasingly evident research potential of the University can be measured in figures: 3 Doctoral Schools and 57 masters. Individual research projects come together to make up the 12 government-recognised research centres, some of which are attached to large research organisations such as the CNRS and the National Foundation of Political Science. It would be impossible in a few words to cover the diversity and the quality of the research; let us simply stress that the University of Montesquieu - Bordeaux IV has an open approach to the local economy, a fact much appreciated by researchers, and it has acquired an unquestionable reputation, nationally and internationally, in a number of academic areas where it is regarded as a centre of excellence. Without presenting an exhaustive list, the following areas are just a few examples of this: international finance; comparative foreign law and politics ; regional economic development, local management and administration and town and country planning; social and health legislation; community law; public administration and company management.The University of Montesquieu - Bordeaux IV is well-established within its region and open to the world outside. It is committed to diversification and modernisation and with this in mind has recently increased its range of vocational training programmes available to students. The University is proud if its rich past and perfectly equipped to provide teaching of quality while remaining at the leading edge of academic research. Wikipedia.

Senaha M.L.H.,University of Montesquieu | De Mattos Pimenta Parente M.A.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
Behavioural Neurology | Year: 2012

The Japanese language is represented by two different codes: syllabic and logographic while Portuguese employs an alphabetic writing system. Studies on bilingual Portuguese-Japanese individuals with acquired dyslexia therefore allow an investigation of the interaction between reading strategies and characteristics of three different writing codes. The aim of this study was to examine the differential impact of an acquired brain lesion on the reading of the logographic, syllabic and alphabetic writing systems of a bilingual Portuguese-Japanese aphasic patient (PF). Results showed impaired reading in the logographic system and when reading irregularly spelled Portuguese words but no effects on reading regular words and nonwords in syllabic and alphabetic writing systems. These dissociations are interpreted according to a multi-route cognitive model of reading assuming selective damage in the lexical route can result in acquired dyslexia across at least three different writing codes. © 2012 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved. Source

Kechidi M.,Toulouse 1 University Capitole | Talbot D.,University of Montesquieu
International Journal of Technology Management | Year: 2010

In this paper, we propose to expound the various dimensions of proximity with a view to emphasising the institutional and organisational dimensions of inter-firm relations. To that end, we set out to define, in a first part, the various forms of geographic, institutional and organisational proximity, and to put them into perspective. The dual role of geographic proximity as a source of conflicts and resource for collective action is underlined. We then intend to show that the institution generates a so-called form of institutional proximity which, for the actors, refers to common meanings they have to share, as well as to the setting of complementary roles they have to play in collective action. As for organisational proximity, it is understood as a particular form of institutional proximity combining cognitive coordination with political coordination. In a second part, we propose to apply the theoretical framework so conceived to analyse the vertical relations between Airbus and its subcontracting network. Copyright © 2010 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Source

Roussel S.,University of Montesquieu
ReCALL | Year: 2011

Many studies about listening strategies are based on what learners report while listening to an oral message in the second language (Vandergrift, 2003; Graham, 2006). By recording a video of the computer screen while L2 learners (L1 French) were listening to an MP3-track in German, this study uses a novel approach and recent developments in computer technology to examine objectively what learners do while listening. The videos of the participants' screens show the movements of the mouse and its time-course, and therefore the pauses and the backward or forward movements learners do in order to master their listening task. In this study, "self-regulation" indicates the capacity of the listener to exercise physical control over the listening input by using the mouse. Our point is that the recorded physical movements of the mouse during the listening task are a good indicator of metacognitive activity. This is independent of what the learner reports. The data and the time-courses of the mouse were then analyzed, from both a psycholinguistic and a linguistic point of view. This enabled us, on the one hand, to define a typology of listening strategies depending on the initial level of the participants and to show that, on the whole, the opportunity to have personal control over information input/intake does improve all the learners' information processing. On the other hand, tracking the movements of the mouse while a learner individually listens to an oral text on a computer also has a methodological interest and equally allowed us to verify some precise research hypotheses about the links between linguistic features, for example, place of German compounds and final position of the verb in a subordinate clause, self-regulation strategies and comprehension. © Copyright European Association for Computer Assisted Language Learning 2011. Source

Sterzi V.,University of Montesquieu | Sterzi V.,Bocconi University
Research Policy | Year: 2013

The relationship between ownership structure and the quality of academic inventions has not been deeply analysed, despite its relevance for the literature on IPR and university-industry knowledge transfer. This paper fills the gap by using a novel dataset of academic patents in the UK, both university-owned and corporate-owned for the period 1990-2001. The main results may be summarized as follows. (1) Controlling for observable inventor and patent characteristics, academic patents owned by business companies receive more citations in the first years after the filing date than those owned by universities or other public research organizations, but this difference diminishes when considering a longer time window, and it disappears when considering only later citations. Interestingly, (2) change of ownership is an indicator of patent quality: academic patents owned by companies but originally assigned to universities or other public research organizations show a noticebly higher quality premium. Finally, (3) professor's scientific quality appears slightly correlated with patent quality. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

Epicoco M.,University of Montesquieu | Epicoco M.,University of Milan
Research Policy | Year: 2013

This article examines the technological capabilities that national organizations generated and accumulated throughout the long-term evolution of the miniaturization trajectory, the main direction of technological change in the semiconductor industry. Having built an original dataset of patents granted between 1976 and 2008, and using three algorithms for the analysis of citation networks, we first map the pattern of technological knowledge underlying the advancement of the miniaturization trajectory. We identify three different dimensions of that pattern and characterize them in terms of distinctive knowledge properties. Second, we analyse the geographical and organizational distribution of the knowledge pattern. The results provide evidence of significant differences in the technological capabilities of national organizations, as revealed by the magnitude and properties of the technological knowledge that those organizations generated over time. We find, inter alia, that while US organizations remained strong throughout the whole time period, the capabilities of European organizations were considerably eroded in the most recent years by the emergence of latecomer Asian countries like South Korea and Taiwan. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

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