Time filter

Source Type

Campobasso, Italy

The University of Molise , also known as UNIMOL, is an Italian public university located in Campobasso, Italy. It was founded in 1982 by the Law n.590 according to the plan for development and institution of new universities; the campuses of this university are all set in the region of Molise and they are: in Campobasso , Isernia, Pesche and Termoli. Wikipedia.

Trematerra P.,University of Molise
Journal of Pest Science | Year: 2012

Considerable progress has been made in the monitoring and control of stored-product pests, mainly Lepidoptera and Coleoptera, by pheromones, which are used in mass trapping, attracticide and mating disruption methods. In integrated pest management programmes of stored-product protection, the use of pheromones can lead to a reduction in chemical treatments, with economic advantages and the improvement of food-product quality. In this article, I report some promising results offering efficient detection and control of stored-product pests based on pheromones and line up a number of remaining questions to be answered to improve the reliability and competitiveness of the methods used. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. Source

Despite the crucial roles of flavin cofactors in metabolism, we know little about the enzymes responsible for the turnover of flavin mononucleotide (FMN) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) and their subcellular localization. The mechanism by which mitochondria obtain their own flavin cofactors is an interesting point of investigation, because FMN and FAD are mainly located in mitochondria, where they act as redox cofactors of a number of dehydrogenases and oxidases that play a crucial function in both bioenergetics and cellular regulation. In this context, the capability of yeast mitochondria to metabolize externally added and endogenous FAD and FMN was investigated and use was made of purified and bioenergetically active mitochondria prepared starting from the Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell. To determine whether flavin metabolism can occur, the amounts of flavins in aliquots of neutralized perchloric extracts of both spheroplasts and mitochondria were measured by HPLC, and the competence of S. cerevisiae mitochondria to metabolize FAD and FMN was investigated both spectroscopically and via HPLC. FAD deadenylation and FMN dephosphorylation were studied with respect to dependence on substrate concentration, pH profile and inhibitor sensitivity. The existence of two novel mitochondrial FAD pyrophosphatase (diphosphatase) (EC and FMN phosphohydrolase (EC activities, which catalyse the reactions FAD+H 2O→FMN+AMP and FMN+H 2O→riboflavin+Pi respectively, is here shown by fractionation studies. Considering cytosolic riboflavin, FMN and FAD concentrations, as calculated by measuring both spheroplast and mitochondrial contents via HPLC, probably mitochondria play a major role in regulating the flavin pool in yeast and in relation to flavin homeostasis. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.. Source

For long time a quantitative assessment of the productivity of Italian researchers has been lacking; the first and unique assessment was the Three-Year Research Evaluation for the period 2001-2003. Italian Law 240/2010, ruling the organization of research and universities, requires a system for the evaluation of the scientific productivity of Italian researchers. In 2011, both the National Agency for the Evaluation of Universities and Research Institutes (ANVUR) and the National University Council (CUN) proposed a set of evaluation criteria based on a bibliometric approach with indexes calculated using the information from the Thomson Reuters Web of Science (WOS) or the Elsevier SciVerse SCOPUS databases. The aim of this study is twofold: (i) to present the results of an assessment of the global aggregated scientific productivity of the Italian forestry community for 1996-2010 using the SCOPUS data available from the on-line SCIMAGO system; and (ii) to compare the WOS and SCOPUS databases with respect to three indexes (number of publications, number of citations, h-index) of the scientific productivity for university forest researchers in Italy. Two subcategories of forestry were considered: AGR05 - forest management and silviculture, and AGR06 - wood technology. Out of a total of 84 authors, 76 were considered in the analysis because not affected by unresolved homonymity or duplication. Overall, the trend in scientific productivity for Italian forestry is promising. Italy ranked 10th in terms of the h-index with an increasing trend in importance relative to other European countries, though the scientific contribution of authors was largely heterogeneous. Both WOS and SCOPUS databases were suitable sources of information for evaluating the scientific productivity of Italian authors. Although the two databases did not produce meaningful differences for any of the three indexes, the advantages and disadvantages of the two sources must be carefully considered if used operationally to evaluate the Italian scientific productivity. © SISEF. Source

The use of renewable energy sources for the production of electric power brings huge benefits both in terms of environmental protection as well as savings in non-renewable resources. Photovoltaic stands out from other renewable energy sources for its simplicity and the modularity of its energy conversion system. To date, the most highly developed technology for the construction of solar cells is one based on mono and polycrystalline silicon. An alternative production line is currently under development to produce, thin-film modules. There are currently a variety of processes and materials available to make thin-film cells but their relative costs and performance differ. Therefore, it would be useful to make a comparative evaluation of the different processes using a multiple criteria method. This paper proposes an application of an outranking methodology to assess a selection of production processes of thin-film solar technology. As this work demonstrates, multi-criteria analysis can provide a technical-scientific decision making support tool that is able to justify its choices clearly and consistently in the renewable energy sector. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

The energy produced by thermal solar plants does not have to be limited solely to hours of sunlight. It is possible to conceive a storage system and it is possible to extend the production of heat beyond the hours of full sunshine. The main aim of this paper is to propose and test the validity and effectiveness of the proposed fuzzy multi-criteria method (TOPSIS fuzzy) to compare different heat transfer fluids (HTF) in order to investigate the feasibility of utilizing a molten salt. The thermal processes involved in CSP will not analyzed. The use of molten salt offers the potential to reduce electricity production cost and to increase the energy performance in an eco-compatible way. Salt is less expensive and more environmentally benign than currently used HTFs but unfortunately the high freezing point leads to significant O&M challenges and requires an innovative freeze protection system. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Discover hidden collaborations