Campobasso, Italy

University of Molise
Campobasso, Italy

The University of Molise , also known as UNIMOL, is an Italian public university located in Campobasso, Italy. It was founded in 1982 by the Law n.590 according to the plan for development and institution of new universities; the campuses of this university are all set in the region of Molise and they are: in Campobasso , Isernia, Pesche and Termoli. Wikipedia.

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENV.2011.2.1.6-1 | Award Amount: 8.85M | Year: 2011

The vital environmental and socio-economic role of European forests is well documented and acknowledged in policy documents of both the European Union and its member states. However, there are critical incoherencies within and between trans-national, national and local forest-related land use policies, the central issue being mismatches between the policies and their implementation at the landscape level. Hence, there is a need to improve existing policy and management approaches capable of delivering a better balance between multiple and conflicting demands for forest goods and services. Diminishing mismatches and providing a new policy and management approach that is sensitive to ecological, socioeconomic and political issues of are the main objectives of INTEGRAL. The objectives are achieved by following a research approach with 3 phases: diagnostic analysis of the status-quo (phase 1), participatory development and evaluation of scenarios (phase 2), and problem-solving oriented back-casting for policy development and evaluation (phase 3). The research design will be applied in a total of 20 landscapes in 10 European countries that differ in key characteristics, such as ownership, the importance of forestry and forest-based industries and the priorities of allocation and management of new and existing forest lands. The involvement of national and local stakeholder groups all the way through the project plays a decisive role in the project. The most important long term impact of INTEGRAL consists of the knowledge and competence base for integrating international, national and local levels in participatory decision and planning processes. This includes the development of manuals for how to conduct such processes, methods for utilizing quantitative decision support tools in the participatory process, and the establishment of a body of knowledge among those participating in the extensive case studies. Thus, the consistency of implemented forest policies can be enhanced.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-EID | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 2.84M | Year: 2016

The Directive 2009/128/EC sets rules in EU for the sustainable use of pesticides to reduce the risks and impacts of pesticide use on peoples health and the environment. Among the listed actions there is the promotion of low pesticide-input management including non-chemical methods. In parallel several chemical active ingredients have been banned because of toxicity concerns. The result is that growers are left with few control tools against pests. On the other hand most of the available alternative control methods have several limitations, especially in term of efficacy. Several new ideas are not reaching the industry and are confined in the academic would. The concept behind this EIT is to explore new approaches to identify new cutting edge solutions for pest control based on new non classical approaches in strict collaboration with industrial partner and to train 10 highly skilled early stage researchers (ESR) through a doctoral programme that integrates 5 academic research with concept-driven product development in 5 EU companies with a strong curriculum in development and innovation within a large interdisciplinary environment. Microorganisms are often used so far as replacement of chemical active ingredients. The innovative aspect of this EID is to base the new pest control solutions on interactions of microorganisms with plants and insects rather than using them as plant protection products. Microorganisms unsurpassed inclination towards the association with eukaryotic macro-organisms determines traits and qualities in the host that harbours them. Microbial symbionts ability to profoundly transform their living habitat paves the way for unexplored outlooks in the ability to use microbial symbioses as sustainable and renewable tools to improve production and quality in agriculture. Microorganisms are key players in shaping several insects semiochemicals, in particular kairomones indicating a food source or oviposition site for some insect species.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FoF-ICT-2011.7.4 | Award Amount: 6.68M | Year: 2012

RLW Navigator aims to develop an innovative Process Navigator to configure, integrate, test and validate applications of Remote Laser Welding (RLW) in automotive assembly addressing todays critical needs for frequently changing operating conditions and product-mix provisions. Thus, RLW Navigator will crucially serve as an enabler for future energy efficient smart factories. RLW is emerging as a promising joining technology for sheet metal assembly due to benefits on several fronts including reduced processing time, (50-75%) and decreased factory floor footprint (50%), reduced environmental impact through energy use reduction (60%), and providing a flexible process base for future model introduction or product change. Currently, RLW systems are limited in their applicability due to an acute lack of systematic ICT-based simulation methodologies to navigate their efficient application in automotive manufacturing processes. The project aims to address this by developing a Process Navigator simulation system that will deal with three key challenges thereby allowing manufacturers to utilize the advantages of the RLW system.\nFirstly, the most critical obstacle that currently prevents the successful implementation of RLW is the need for tight dimensional control of part-to-part gap during joining operations, essential to ensure the quality of the stitch.\nSecondly, the existing assembly system architecture must be reconfigured to provide the opportunity to evaluate the RLW system in terms of its feasibility to perform all required assembly tasks. This will provide crucial information about the most advantageous workstation/cell reconfiguration, which will serve as the basis for optimal robot path planning to reduce joining process time and workstation level efficiency assessment.\nFinally the project will develop systematic evaluation and learning methods to assess and improve the overall performance, cost-effectiveness and eco-efficiency of the RLW system.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2011-1 | Award Amount: 3.21M | Year: 2011

This proposal is presented by a consortium of regional research clusters whose core members are already pursuing research and technology development (RTD) in programmes that map on to their local or regional transport policy priorities. Common themes of expertise within the consortium apply to the fields of Traffic, Health and Environment (THE); the objective of the project is to apply this research base to achieve Intelligent Solutions for Sustaining Urban Economies. (ISSUE). This proposal truly addresses THE ISSUE. Several research areas are identified that deal directly with headline themes of this FP7 Call, namely: -transport impacts on urban mobility, -transport greening; -health, safety and security of citizens, -associated economic impacts. Diverse technologies and research applications will be brought to bear on the above issues, including: Computer intelligence solutions and real-time satellite navigation data integrated into existing operational urban traffic management systems. Space and in-situ measurements to help mitigate risk to citizens health from traffic-induced air pollution. Technology demonstration and pre-operational real time trials of a hydrogen fuel cell powered car operating in a city environment (2012). THE ISSUE programme will create a vibrant partnership of regional research clusters to bring together and coordinate already-existing and projected RTD programmes relevant to Traffic, Health and Environment both within the clusters and more widely in the broader European research community. In parallel, consultations will be held with participating regional and local authorities to identify economic priorities of those regions, specific to the themes of Traffic, Health and Environment. Tensioning RTD actions against regional economic objectives will be the next step. This approach paves the way to shape the application of research outputs towards delivery of regional strategies by developing a framework for coordinating research actions and exploitation. The coordination process requires proactive knowledge exchange between core partners through a focussed dissemination programme and a structured approach for mentoring and knowledge transfer to regions with less well developed research structures. The core partners are East Midlands, UK, Mazovi Region, Poland, MOLISE REGION, Italy, Midi Pyrenees and Aquitaine regions, France. In each case we can identify active regional research clusters with programmes and expertise in relevant thematic areas. Each core partner can satisfy the triple helix requirement. A wider network of new regional clusters will also be built up. Their regional representatives and research teams will be encouraged to participate in THE ISSUEs series of workshop and dissemination events and to become active partners in downstream RTD actions that THE ISSUE will be seeking to develop. Promotion of the new cluster programme will be facilitated, in part, through nationally-based knowledge transfer and innovation networks as well as the transnational NEREUS regional network. The expected outcome will be a Europe-wide research forward look and implementation plan for the exploitation and further development of relevant economy-driving, environmentally-sensitive traffic and transport initiatives for more sustainable transport economies in the cities, towns and regions of Europe.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: KBBE.2012.1.2-07 | Award Amount: 3.85M | Year: 2012

Forest management can lead to continuous carbon sequestration, while timber as a renewable energy source can used as a substitute for fossil fuel, thus multiplying this mitigation effect. FORMIT aims to develop forest management scenarios for carbon sequestration in Europe, including mitigation measures and management strategies for different regions, and accounting for trade-offs with other forest functions. FORMIT will bring new insights into options for carbon storage in forests accounting for historical management practices, regional differences, and management scenarios and modes of operation. This includes options for biofuel use, links between biodiversity conservation and management strategies, and economics of timber production. Mitigation encompasses carbon storage in forests, carbon in forest products, and substitution of fossil fuel. Stand and forest type estimates will be scaled up to a European-wide assessment using available forest inventory data. Forest management options aimed at mitigation will be proposed, accounting for trade-offs between forest functions, and including selection of tree species and mixtures, rotation and silviculture techniques. Based on current knowledge, the expected impact of climate change on tree growth and forest functioning will be assessed, accounting for site differences and regional climate change. In quantifying and analysing the trade-offs between carbon mitigation strategies and other forest functions, we will involve a user panel with representatives of major forest management agencies and associations in Europe. The panel will also provide input for a multicriteria analysis to identify consistent and flexible scenarios for forest management. The project will deliver management options and implementation strategies for European forests, focusing on mitigation while safeguarding other forest functions, and accounting for regional differences in environmental and socio-economic conditions.

Di Costanzo A.,University of Molise
La Radiologia medica | Year: 2014

The discrimination between recurrent glioma and radiation injury is often a challenge on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We verified whether adding and combining proton MR spectroscopic imaging ((1)H-MRSI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) information at 3 Tesla facilitate such discrimination. Twenty-nine patients with histologically verified high-grade gliomas, who had undergone surgical resection and radiotherapy, and had developed new contrast-enhancing lesions close to the treated tumour, underwent MRI, (1)H-MRSI, DWI and PWI at regular time intervals. The metabolite ratios choline (Cho)/normal( n )Cho n , N-acetylaspartate (NAA)/NAA n , creatine (Cr)/Cr n , lactate/lipids (LL)/LL n , Cho/Cr n , NAA/Cr n , Cho/NAA, NAA/Cr and Cho/Cr were derived from (1)H-MRSI; the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) from DWI; and the relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) from PWI. In serial MRI, recurrent gliomas showed a progressive enlargement, and radiation injuries showed regression or no modification. Discriminant analysis showed that discrimination accuracy was 79.3 % when considering only the metabolite ratios (predictor, Cho/Cr n ), 86.2 % when considering ratios and ADC (predictors, Cho/Cr n and ADC), 89.7 % when considering ratios and rCBV (predictors, Cho/Cr n , Cho/Cr and rCBV), and 96.6 % when considering ratios, ADC and rCBV (predictors, Cho/Cho n , ADC and rCBV). The multiparametric 3-T MR assessment based on (1)H-MRSI, DWI and PWI in addition to MRI is a useful tool to discriminate tumour recurrence/progression from radiation effects.

The use of renewable energy sources for the production of electric power brings huge benefits both in terms of environmental protection as well as savings in non-renewable resources. Photovoltaic stands out from other renewable energy sources for its simplicity and the modularity of its energy conversion system. To date, the most highly developed technology for the construction of solar cells is one based on mono and polycrystalline silicon. An alternative production line is currently under development to produce, thin-film modules. There are currently a variety of processes and materials available to make thin-film cells but their relative costs and performance differ. Therefore, it would be useful to make a comparative evaluation of the different processes using a multiple criteria method. This paper proposes an application of an outranking methodology to assess a selection of production processes of thin-film solar technology. As this work demonstrates, multi-criteria analysis can provide a technical-scientific decision making support tool that is able to justify its choices clearly and consistently in the renewable energy sector. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

The energy produced by thermal solar plants does not have to be limited solely to hours of sunlight. It is possible to conceive a storage system and it is possible to extend the production of heat beyond the hours of full sunshine. The main aim of this paper is to propose and test the validity and effectiveness of the proposed fuzzy multi-criteria method (TOPSIS fuzzy) to compare different heat transfer fluids (HTF) in order to investigate the feasibility of utilizing a molten salt. The thermal processes involved in CSP will not analyzed. The use of molten salt offers the potential to reduce electricity production cost and to increase the energy performance in an eco-compatible way. Salt is less expensive and more environmentally benign than currently used HTFs but unfortunately the high freezing point leads to significant O&M challenges and requires an innovative freeze protection system. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.

Trematerra P.,University of Molise
Food Control | Year: 2013

There are a number of tools available for pest management in stored product protection and in the food industry, but often the effectiveness of these approaches and how best to integrate them into a coherent and effective Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programme are not well understood. Many questions remain about the use of these tools, from the very practical issues such as how many traps are needed and which types work best, to fundamental issues concerning the relationship between trap captures and pest population density, distribution and level of product infestation. Limited acceptance of IPM in food facilities is partially explained by a combination of: costs of responsive pest control interventions; difficulty in sampling properly, combined with unreliable sampling data; calculations of action thresholds being too simplistic. In operational practice precise treatment thresholds and economic injury levels have not been developed, and standards and rejection criteria are inconsistent and difficult to apply. As a result, treatments based on an economic threshold are not typically performed and control strategies are often applied preventively, even when using tactics that do not have any residual effect. In current practice, many locations still rely on calendar-based pesticide applications and have little understanding of the basis of pest management. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

University of Molise | Date: 2016-08-17

The present invention is relative to the creation of a cigarette lighter that functions using organic hydrogen from the processes of fermenting microbes, using renewable fermentable biomasses such as agricultural residuals or wastewater. The biological ways of producing hydrogen are represented by the fermentation of organic substances in the presence (photo-fermentation) or in the absence of light (dark-fermentation) . Organic hydrogen gas lighter of the present invention comprises a container having a refill valve, a release valve of the gas to be turned on and a button that controls the release valve, and ignition means suitable to trigger the combustion of hydrogen with oxygen outside air, and is characterized in that the container has a partition wall permeable to only gas which divides said container into two sections, a first section containing a support on which adheres a biomass consisting of fermenting liquids mixed in microorganisms such as heterotrophic bacteria or anaerobic non-photosynthetic bacteria/photosynthetic algae, that in said first section the refill valve is positioned and a second section that contains the hydrogen gas produced by said microorganisms and the release valve of the gas that is opened by the manual device.

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