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Jackson, MS, United States

Lo K.S.,Montreal Heart Institute | Wilson J.G.,University of Mississipi Medical Center | Lange L.A.,University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill | Folsom A.R.,University of Minnesota | And 16 more authors.
Human Genetics | Year: 2011

Red blood cell, white blood cell, and platelet measures, including their count, sub-type and volume, are important diagnostic and prognostic clinical parameters for several human diseases. To identify novel loci associated with hematological traits, and compare the architecture of these phenotypes between ethnic groups, the CARe Project genotyped 49,094 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that capture variation in ∼2,100 candidate genes in DNA of 23,439 Caucasians and 7,112 African Americans from five population-based cohorts. We found strong novel associations between erythrocyte phenotypes and the glucose-6 phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) A-allele in African Americans (rs1050828, P<2.0 × 10-13, T-allele associated with lower red blood cell count, hemoglobin, and hematocrit, and higher mean corpuscular volume), and between platelet count and a SNP at the tropomyosin-4 (TPM4) locus (rs8109288, P = 3.0 × 10-7 in Caucasians; P = 3.0 × 10-7 in African Americans, T-allele associated with lower platelet count). We strongly replicated many genetic associations to blood cell phenotypes previously established in Caucasians. Acommon variant of the a-globin (HBA2-HBA1) locus was associated with red blood cell traits in African Americans, but not in Caucasians (rs1211375, P<7 × 10-8, A-allele associated with lower hemoglobin, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, and mean corpuscular volume). Our results show similarities but also differences in the genetic regulation of hematological traits in European- and African-derived populations, and highlight the role of natural selection in shaping these differences. © Springer-Verlag 2010. Source

Suhadev M.,Tuberculosis Research Center | Thomas B.E.,Tuberculosis Research Center | Raja Sakthivel M.,Tuberculosis Research Center | Murugesan P.,Tuberculosis Research Center | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011

Background: Alcohol Use Disorders (AUDs) among tuberculosis (TB) patients are associated with nonadherence and poor treatment outcomes. Studies from Tuberculosis Research Centre (TRC), Chennai have reported that alcoholism has been one of the major reasons for default and mortality in under the DOTS programme in South India. Hence, it is planned to conduct a study to estimate prevalence of alcohol use and AUDs among TB patients attending the corporation health centres in Chennai, India. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional cohort study covering 10 corporation zones at Chennai and it included situational assessment followed by screening of TB patients by a WHO developed Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test AUDIT scale. Four zones were randomly selected and all TB patients treated during July to September 2009 were screened with AUDIT scale for alcohol consumption. Results: Out of 490 patients, 66% were males, 66% were 35 years and above, 57% were married, 58% were from the low monthly income group of 8. Age (>35 years), education (less educated), income ( Source

Lettre G.,Montreal Heart Institute | Lettre G.,University of Montreal | Palmer C.D.,Cambridge Broad Institute | Young T.,Cambridge Broad Institute | And 70 more authors.
PLoS Genetics | Year: 2011

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of mortality in African Americans. To identify common genetic polymorphisms associated with CHD and its risk factors (LDL- and HDL-cholesterol (LDL-C and HDL-C), hypertension, smoking, and type-2 diabetes) in individuals of African ancestry, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in 8,090 African Americans from five population-based cohorts. We replicated 17 loci previously associated with CHD or its risk factors in Caucasians. For five of these regions (CHD: CDKN2A/CDKN2B; HDL-C: FADS1-3, PLTP, LPL, and ABCA1), we could leverage the distinct linkage disequilibrium (LD) patterns in African Americans to identify DNA polymorphisms more strongly associated with the phenotypes than the previously reported index SNPs found in Caucasian populations. We also developed a new approach for association testing in admixed populations that uses allelic and local ancestry variation. Using this method, we discovered several loci that would have been missed using the basic allelic and global ancestry information only. Our conclusions suggest that no major loci uniquely explain the high prevalence of CHD in African Americans. Our project has developed resources and methods that address both admixture- and SNP-association to maximize power for genetic discovery in even larger African-American consortia. Source

Jorge Neto S.D.,University of Sao Paulo | Machado J.S.R.,University of Sao Paulo | Palei A.C.T.,University of Mississipi Medical Center | Martins W.P.,University of Sao Paulo | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine | Year: 2016

Objective: The objective was to evaluate and compare the whole blood nitrite concentration in the three trimesters of pregnancy. Additionally, we investigate whether there is any relation between nitrite concentrations and Doppler ultrasound analysis of some maternal and fetal vessels. Methods: Thirty-three healthy pregnant women were examined at the first (11–14 weeks), second (20–24 weeks) and third trimester (34–36 weeks) of pregnancy. In the three exams, we determined the maternal whole blood nitrite concentration and uterine arteries Doppler analysis to determine pulsatility index (PI), and resistance index (RI). In the second and third trimester we also performed fetal umbilical and middle cerebral arteries PI and RI. We compared the concentrations of nitrite in three trimesters and correlated with Doppler parameters. Results: No difference was observed in the whole blood nitrite concentrations across trimesters: 151.70 ± 77.90 nmol/ml, 142.10 ± 73.50 nmol/ml and 147.10 ± 87.30 nmol/ml; first, second and third trimesters, respectively. We found no difference in correlation between whole blood nitrite concentration and Doppler parameters from the evaluated vessels. Conclusions: In healthy pregnant women, the nitrite concentrations did not change across gestational trimesters and there was also no strong correlation with Doppler impedance indices from maternal uterine arteries and fetal umbilical and middle cerebral arteries. © 2016 Taylor & Francis. Source

Jorge Neto S.D.,University of Sao Paulo | Machado J.S.R.,University of Sao Paulo | Araujo Junior E.,Federal University of Sao Paulo | Palei A.C.T.,University of Mississipi Medical Center | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine | Year: 2016

Objective: To assess the behavior as well as the comparison between maternal circulating level of biochemical markers (matrix metalloproteinases - MMP-9 and MMP-2) and maternal-fetal Doppler parameters in all three trimesters of pregnancy. Methods: We performed a prospective longitudinal study with 33 healthy pregnant women in three periods of pregnancy: A1 (12w0–14w6d), A2 (22w0d–24w6d) and A3 (34w0d and 36w6d). The following maternal Doppler parameters were assessed: mean pulsatility index (PI) uterine artery, resistance index (RI) umbilical artery and RI middle cerebral artery. The maternal plasma concentrations of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were determined by enzyme immunoassay (ELISA). To compare two (A2 and A3) and three assessments (A1, A2 and A3), we used the paired Student t test and linear regression, respectively. To compare the biomechanical markers and maternal-fetal Doppler parameter, we used the Spearman correlation coefficient (ρ). Results: We observed a significant decrease of PI uterine artery Doppler over the three trimesters of pregnancy (p < 0.01) and RI umbilical artery Doppler overt second to three trimester of pregnancy (p < 0.05). We did not observe significant difference in the maternal plasma level of MMP-2 and MMP-9 between the three trimesters. We did not also observe significant correlation between biochemical markers and maternal-fetal Doppler parameters. Conclusion: Maternal circulating level of MMPs did not modify throughout pregnancy and it did not show correlation with maternal-fetal Doppler parameters. © 2016 Taylor & Francis. Source

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