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Milan, Italy

The University of Milano-Bicocca is a university located in Milan, Italy.It was established in 1998. Wikipedia.

Bonetti D.,University of Milan Bicocca
PLoS genetics | Year: 2010

Eukaryotic cells distinguish their chromosome ends from accidental DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) by packaging them into protective structures called telomeres that prevent DNA repair/recombination activities. Here we investigate the role of key telomeric proteins in protecting budding yeast telomeres from degradation. We show that the Saccharomyces cerevisiae shelterin-like proteins Rif1, Rif2, and Rap1 inhibit nucleolytic processing at both de novo and native telomeres during G1 and G2 cell cycle phases, with Rif2 and Rap1 showing the strongest effects. Also Yku prevents telomere resection in G1, independently of its role in non-homologous end joining. Yku and the shelterin-like proteins have additive effects in inhibiting DNA degradation at G1 de novo telomeres, where Yku plays the major role in preventing initiation, whereas Rif1, Rif2, and Rap1 act primarily by limiting extensive resection. In fact, exonucleolytic degradation of a de novo telomere is more efficient in yku70Delta than in rif2Delta G1 cells, but generation of ssDNA in Yku-lacking cells is limited to DNA regions close to the telomere tip. This limited processing is due to the inhibitory action of Rap1, Rif1, and Rif2, as their inactivation allows extensive telomere resection not only in wild-type but also in yku70Delta G1 cells. Finally, Rap1 and Rif2 prevent telomere degradation by inhibiting MRX access to telomeres, which are also protected from the Exo1 nuclease by Yku. Thus, chromosome end degradation is controlled by telomeric proteins that specifically inhibit the action of different nucleases. Source

Gambacorti Passerini C.,University of Milan Bicocca
Journal of the National Cancer Institute | Year: 2014

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive lymphomas respond to chemotherapy, but relapses, which bear a poor prognosis, occur. Crizotinib inhibits ALK in vitro and in vivo and was administered as monotherapy to 11 ALK+ lymphoma patients who were resistant/refractory to cytotoxic therapy. The overall response rate was 10 of 11 (90.9%; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 58.7% to 99.8%). Disease status at the latest follow-up is as follows: four patients are in complete response (CR) (months >21, >30, >35, >40) under continuous crizotinib administration; 4 patients had progression of disease (months 1, 2, 2, 2); 1 patient obtained CR on crizotinib, received an allogeneic bone marrow transplant, and is in CR; 2 patients (treated before and/or after allogeneic bone marrow transplant) obtained and are still in CR but they have stopped crizotinib. Overall and progression-free survival rates at 2 years are 72.7% (95% CI = 39.1% to 94.0%) and 63.7% (95% CI = 30.8% to 89.1%), respectively. ALK mutations conferring resistance to crizotinib in vitro could be identified in relapsed patients. Crizotinib exerted a potent antitumor activity with durable responses in advanced, heavily pretreated ALK+ lymphoma patients, with a benign safety profile. Source

Peri F.,University of Milan Bicocca
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2013

Are there general rules to obtain efficient immunization against carbohydrate antigens? Thanks to technological advances in glycobiology and glycochemistry we entered a new era in which the rational design of carbohydrate vaccines has become an achievable goal. The aim of this Tutorial Review is to present the most recent accomplishments in the field of semi and fully synthetic carbohydrate vaccines against viruses, bacteria and cancer. It is also pointed out that the understanding of the chemical and biochemical processes related to immunization allows the modern chemist to rationally design carbohydrate vaccines with improved efficiency. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source

Pacchioni G.,University of Milan Bicocca | Freund H.,Fritz Haber Insitut der MPG
Chemical Reviews | Year: 2013

Electron transfer (ET) is a fundamental process in physics, chemistry, and biology. Charge transfer determines phenomena like oxidation and reduction, bond activation and bond breaking in chemical reactions, formation of radical species, and charge transport and charge trapping in nanoelectronic devices, just to mention a few examples. ET processes are the basis of technologically relevant fields. One of the best characterized systems is MgO, a simple stoichiometric binary oxide with rock-salt structure, which exhibits well-defined surfaces and is stable under operating conditions. Despite this apparent simplicity, a lot of work spanning several decades has been necessary to unravel the atomistic details of reactivity of this material. When going from a (001) single crystal surface, where the number of such sites is negligible, to a powder sample, where these sites represent a significant fraction of the total exposed surface, one observes a complete change of reactivity, from totally inert to highly reactive. Source

Hydro - Quebec, Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Foerdrung der Angewandten Forshung E.V., Consortium for Science, Technology of Materials and University of Milan Bicocca | Date: 2012-09-19

A flexible transparent electrochromic device, which includes the following components, each of which is a flexible film: a working electrode comprising a transparent conducting substrate supporting an working electrode active material; a counter electrode including a transparent conducting substrate supporting a counter electrode active material; a solid polymer electrolyte (SPE) including a solution of a lithium salt in a polymer solvent. A method for preparing an electrochromic device includes the steps of: preparing a working electrode film, preparing a counter electrode film, preparing a polymer electrolyte film, and assembling the electrodes and the electrolyte, the method being implemented continuously.

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