The University of Miami is a private, nonsectarian university located in Coral Gables, Florida, United States. As of 2012, the university currently enrolls 15,613 students in 12 separate colleges, including a medical school located in Miami's Civic Center neighborhood, a law school on the main campus, and a school focused on the study of oceanography and atmospheric science on Virginia Key. These colleges offer approximately 115 undergraduate, 114 master's, 51 doctoral, and two professional areas of study. Over the years, the University's students have represented all 50 states and close to 150 foreign countries. With more than 13,000 full and part-time faculty and staff, UM is the sixth largest employer in Miami-Dade County.Research is a component of each academic division, with UM attracting $346.6 million per year in sponsored research grants. UM offers a large library system with over 3.1 million volumes and exceptional holdings in Cuban heritage and music. UM also offers a wide range of student activities, including fraternities and sororities, a student newspaper and radio station. UM's intercollegiate athletic teams, collectively known as the Miami Hurricanes, compete in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association, and its football team has won five national championships since 1983. Wikipedia.
University of Miami | Date: 2016-09-02
A dual, imaging and radiation system provides for finely aligned movement of a subject through the use of a computer controlled mounting stage having separate, non-gantry translational and rotational controllable movement. The system cycles a subject tissue between a treatment position where radiation doses are applied and an imaging position where high-quality computed tomography (CT) imaging is performed. Selective dose profiles and dose depths are achievable around an isocenter of the system.
University of Miami | Date: 2016-09-19
A slotted microfilter is coated with a phase changeable material having a hydrophobic state under a first temperature and a hydrophilic state under a second temperature. An example coating material is poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PIPAAm). The microfilter can be controlled to switch between a capture state where circulating tumor cells are captured by the microfilter and a release state, where viable tumor cells are released from capture for analysis, e.g., single cell phenotypic and genomic analysis, or for ex vivo culture growth.
University of Miami | Date: 2016-10-28
Compositions and methods for reducing inflammation in the central nervous system (CNS) of a mammal that has been subjected to a stroke, traumatic injury to the CNS such as traumatic brain injury (TBI), spinal cord injury (SCI), or having an autoimmune or CNS disease have been developed. The compositions and methods described herein include antibodies that specifically bind to at least one component (e.g., ASC, NALP1) in a mammalian inflammasome (e.g., the NALP1 inflammasome) and have use as treatments for SCI, TBI, stroke, and autoimmune and CNS diseases in a mammal. In a rodent model of SCI, therapeutic neutralization of ASC using a polyclonal antibody that specifically binds to ASC inhibited the inflammasome, reduced caspase-1 activation, XIAP cleavage, and interleukin processing, resulting in significant tissue sparing and functional improvement. Additionally, in a rodent model of TBI, neutralization of ASC after TBI reduced caspase-1 activation and XIAP cleavage. Further, in a rodent thromboembolic stroke model, neutralization of NLRP1 resulted in reduced histopathological damage in mice and reduced cytokine activation, suggesting that the inflammasome complex forms in the brain after stroke and is a therapeutic target for reducing the detrimental consequences of post-stroke inflammation.
University of Miami | Date: 2016-11-03
Methods of inhibiting the growth of tumors comprising administering chimeric fusion molecules comprising endostatin mutants and all or a portion of anti-Her2 or anti-EGFR antibodies.
University of Miami | Date: 2016-10-17
An alginate-polyacrylamide IPN hydrogel formulation for 3D printing using a dual syringe system where the components that initiate polymerization of each network remain separated until printing. The dual syringe system may use a single motor and mixing head to combine both parts of the hydrogel formulation for controlled polymerization of the material. The elastic and time-dependent viscoelastic properties (stress relaxation) are tuned to match mammalian tissues by changing the crosslink density and monomer concentration. The fracture energy of the material may be increased by soaking in a calcium chloride solution. The resulting IPN polymer material may find application in soft tissue medical simulation devices, particularly because the mechanical properties may be tuned to mimic the elastic and viscoelastic properties of muscle tissue and may be 3D printed in the shape of anatomical parts.
University of Miami | Date: 2016-10-05
Nanoparticle-based compositions, assays, kits, methods and platforms for delivering an antigen (peptides, proteins) or a nucleic acid encoding an antigen to professional APCs (PAPCs) result in the generation of autologous APCs that present a natural peptide repertoire of the antigen for use in assessing the efficacy of a vaccine (e.g., a cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response to a particular antigen) or other therapy or intervention (cell-based therapy, adjuvant therapy, etc.). The compositions, kits, assays and methods also can be used for delivering a drug or biologic or portion thereof to APCs for assessing the immunogenicity of drugs and biologics. The composition, kits, assays and methods involve the combined use of MHC targeting, universal DR binding peptides (e.g., PADRE, HA) with charged (e.g., positively-charged) highly branched polymeric dendrimers (e.g., PAMAM and other dendrimers) as vehicles for the targeted delivery of nucleic acids, peptides, biologics, drugs, or polypeptides to APCs, giving rise to a new nanoparticle-based method for assessing the immune response (CTL response) to a vaccination or other therapy or intervention, or for assessing the immunogenicity of a biologic or drug. Targeted delivery of nucleic acids, peptides, biologics, drugs, or polypeptides to APCs for effective expression and processing generates more physiologically relevant target antigens for evaluation of cell-mediated immune responses to vaccination, for example, and provides a low-cost approach for rapid generation of reagents and development of assay systems for more accurate profiling of immunological responses to infection, immunization, and other therapies or interventions. Immunoevaluation kits using targeted nanoparticle-based antigen delivery are described herein.
University of Miami | Date: 2017-05-31
CoQ1O has a stimulatory effect on fibroblasts and keratinocytes, increases ATP production, decreases pain. The formulations are useful for promoting acute wound healing, fatique and treatment of acute and chronic pain.
Uddin L.Q.,University of Miami
Nature Reviews Neuroscience | Year: 2015
The brain is constantly bombarded by stimuli, and the relative salience of these inputs determines which are more likely to capture attention. A brain system known as the 'salience network', with key nodes in the insular cortices, has a central role in the detection of behaviourally relevant stimuli and the coordination of neural resources. Emerging evidence suggests that atypical engagement of specific subdivisions of the insula within the salience network is a feature of many neuropsychiatric disorders. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Hansell D.A.,University of Miami
Annual Review of Marine Science | Year: 2013
Marine dissolved organic carbon (DOC) exhibits a spectrum of reactivity, from very fast turnover of the most bioavailable forms in the surface ocean to long-lived materials circulating within the ocean abyss. These disparate reactivities group DOC by fractions with distinctive functions in the cycling of carbon, ranging from support of the microbial loop to involvement in the biological pump to a hypothesized major source/sink of atmospheric CO2 driving paleoclimate variability. Here, the major fractions constituting the global ocean's recalcitrant DOC pool are quantitatively and qualitatively characterized with reference to their roles in carbon biogeochemistry. A nomenclature for the fractions is proposed based on those roles. © 2013 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.
Barber G.N.,University of Miami
Trends in Immunology | Year: 2014
STING (STimulator of INterferon Genes) has recently been identified as being essential for controlling host defense countermeasures triggered by microbial cytosolic DNA and subsequently cyclic dinucleotides (CDNs). However, chronic STING activation may also be responsible for initiating certain inflammatory diseases manifested by self DNA. Recent studies have also revealed a key role for cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) in STING activation. Although a full understanding of the mechanisms of STING activation requires further studies, new insights into STING function afford the opportunity of designing novel compounds aimed at facilitating vaccine development or new therapies for the treatment of inflammatory disease. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.