Boukhalfa C.,University of Mentouri Constantine
Desalination | Year: 2010
Sulfate removal from aqueous solutions by hydrous iron oxide freshly prepared in the presence of some heavy metals cations and some anions has been investigated in batch systems by varying the pH and concentrations of various ions. Infrared spectroscopic analyses have been performed to characterize the effect of these ions on the mechanism of sulfate interaction with the surface of the hydrous oxide. The results of macroscopic studies show that in the binary systems, copper and zinc ions inhibit the sulfate removal at pH higher than 5.5. In the presence of oxalate and phosphate ions, significant competitive effects are observed contrary to acetate ions. The IR spectra of the solids obtained show that among the studied ions, only phosphate ions have an effect on the sulfate interaction with the surface of the oxide. In their presence, the formation of outer sphere complex is more probable. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Barkat O.,University of Mentouri Constantine
Progress in Electromagnetics Research | Year: 2012
An analytical model is presented to investigate the performances of an annular-ring patch etched on a two layered dielectric substrate and is covered by a dielectric superstrate, by using a full-wave spectral domain technique in conjunction with the complex resistive boundary condition. Galerkin's method and Parseval's theorem are used to obtain the resonant frequency and bandwidth. To validate the theoretical results, a study has been performed for an annular-ring patch on a single layer, with air gap, and cover layer. The computed data are found to be in good agreement with results obtained using other methods. Variations of the resonant frequency and bandwidth with the high temperature superconducting (HTS) thin film are also presented. The proposed model is simple, accurate and thus should help a designer for practical applications.
Gomri R.,University of Mentouri Constantine
Energy Conversion and Management | Year: 2010
Owing to the serious environmental problems and the price of the traditional energy resources the use of industrial waste heat or the renewable energy, especially the solar energy, as the driving force for vapour absorption cooling systems is continuously increasing. A particular attention was given to single effect cycle. The main objective of higher effect cycle is to increase system performance when high temperature heat source is available. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the potential for the application of single effect double effect and triple effect absorption cooling cycles for production chilled water. For the three systems identical cold output of 300 kW is used. Simulation results were used to study the influence of the various operating parameters on the performance coefficient, exergetic efficiency and the ratio of mass flow rate of refrigerant generated to the heat supplied of the three systems. It is concluded that the COP of double effect system is approximately twice the COP of single effect system and that the COP of triple effect system is slightly less than thrice the COP of single effect system. The exergetic efficiency of double effect system and triple effect system increase slightly compared to the exergetic efficiency of single effect system. It is found that for each condenser and evaporator temperature, there is an optimum generator temperature. At this point the COP and exergetic efficiency of the systems become maximum. Triple effect system generates more vapour refrigerant per unit heat supplied as compared with single effect and double effect systems. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Layeb A.,University of Mentouri Constantine
International Journal of Bio-Inspired Computation | Year: 2011
This paper presents a new inspired algorithm called quantum inspired cuckoo search algorithm (QICSA). This one is a new framework relying on quantum computing principles and cuckoo search algorithm. The contribution consists in defining an appropriate representation scheme in the cuckoo search algorithm that allows applying successfully on combinatorial optimisation problems some quantum computing principles like qubit representation, superposition of states, measurement, and interference. This hybridisation between quantum inspired computing and bioinspired computing has led to an efficient hybrid framework which achieves better balance between exploration and exploitation capabilities of the search process. Experiments on knapsack problems show the effectiveness of the proposed framework and its ability to achieve good quality solutions. Copyright © 2011 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.
Djerrou Z.,University of Mentouri Constantine
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines | Year: 2014
Aim: The current study was undertaken to assess anti-hyperlipidemic activity of Pistacia lentiscus fatty oil (PLFO) in rabbits following a hyperlipidemic diet. Method: Twenty healthy female (WNZ) rabbits were divided into four groups of five animals each: (a) normal control (NC group) receiving standard diet, (b) hyperlipidemic control (EY) group receiving standard diet and gavaged daily with egg yolk (10 mL), (c) hyperlipidemic + PLFO (EY + PLFO) group receiving as the EY group and treated daily with PLFO (2 mL/kg BW, (d) hyperlipidemic + simvastatin (EY + SVS) group receiving as the EY group and treated once daily with 2.5 mg/kg BW of simvastatin. At the end of the six-week experimental period, the lipidemic profiles of the different groups were investigated. Results: In the EY group, the egg yolk resulted in a significant increase of total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), HDL-C, LDL-C, and the LDL-C/HDL-C ratio. Both the EY + PLFO and EY + SVS groups, when compared to the EY group, showed a significant decrease of TC, TG, LDL-C, and the LDL-C/HDL-C ratio. However, with respect to HDL-C the differences were not significant. The TGs were significantly lower (P < 0.001) in the simvastatin-treated group when compared to rabbits treated in the PLFO group. Conclusion: The study concludes that P. lentiscus fatty oil (PLFO) possesses anti-hyperlipidemic properties at least in reducing total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides. © 2014 China Pharmaceutical University.