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Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Nguien Hieu T.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy
Oral health and dental management | Year: 2012

Several studies have shown a large diversity in the prevalence, extent and severity of gingival recession as well as controversial conclusions of its associated factors. Therefore, the aim of this pilot study was to evaluate gingival recession with predisposing factors in young Vietnamese. A cross-sectional study using clinical examination was performed in 120 dental students. Oral hygiene status, tooth malposition and fraenal attachment were recorded. The width of keratinised gingiva was measured after mucosa staining with Lugol's iodine solution. Measurements of gingival recession were performed on labial tooth surfaces. Chisquare test, t-test and Pearsonâs correlation were used for data analysis. The prevalence of gingival recession was 72.5% of the studied population. The extent of affected teeth was 11.1% of the examined teeth. The proportion of root-surface exposure was statistically higher (P<0.05) in the maxilla (12.5%) than in the mandible (9.6%). Premolars and right canines were the teeth most frequently and most seriously associated with gingival recession, respectively. There was a strong negative correlation between narrow width of keratinised gingiva and gingival recession (P<0.001). The recession was statistically associated with tooth malposition (P<0.001) but it was not related to high fraenal attachment and gender. A high prevalence of gingival recession was found in Vietnamese dental students. Gingival recession was associated with narrow width of keratinised gingiva, tooth malposition and maxillary teeth. Further studies performed in larger populations with more extended age groups are needed to confirm these findings.

Khue N.T.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy
Annals of Global Health | Year: 2015

Background The prevalence for diabetes, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes in Vietnam are low relative to other parts of the world, but they are increasing at alarming rates. These changes have occurred in the setting of economic and cultural transitions. Objectives The aim of this study was to provide relevant information depicting the diabetes burden in Vietnam. Methods Literature was reviewed using PubMed and local Vietnamese sources, including papers published in the Vietnamese language. Findings In 2012, the prevalence of diabetes was 5.4% and prediabetes 13.7%. In 2005, the prevalence of obesity was 1.7%. There is a dual burden of over- and undernutrition observed in Vietnam. Diabetes is associated with an increased waist-to-hip ratio despite normal body mass index. Nutritional transitions occurred with increased protein, fat, and fast foods, and with decreased fresh fruits and vegetables. Tobacco use is very high in Vietnam with 66% of adult men currently smoking. Challenges include endocrinology training, health care coverage, patient education, and lack of coordination among government and specialist agencies. Conclusion Diabetes is a growing problem in Vietnam and is associated with obesity, changes in dietary patterns, and other cultural transitions. More research is needed to better understand this health care problem and to devise targeted interventions. © 2015 The Author. Published by Elsevier Inc.

Pham T.A.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy
Journal of investigative and clinical dentistry | Year: 2012

To examine the associations between oral health status, the presence of N-benzoyl-DL-arginine-2-naphthylamide-positive bacteria, and oral malodor in periodontal patients. A total of 137 periodontitis and 80 gingivitis patients were included in the study. Oral malodor was measured by an organoleptic test and the OralChroma. An oral examination was conducted, including the assessment of decayed teeth, periodontal status, and tongue coating. The presence of N-benzoyl-DL-arginine-2-naphthylamide-positive bacteria in the subgingiva, tongue coating, and saliva was evaluated by the N-benzoyl-DL-arginine-2-naphthylamide test. In the periodontitis group, oral malodor was significantly correlated with decayed teeth, periodontal parameters, and tongue coating. Among the N-benzoyl-DL-arginine-2-naphthylamide test parameters, the highest correlation of oral malodor was found with N-benzoyl-DL-arginine-2-naphthylamide subgingiva, followed by N-benzoyl-DL-arginine-2-naphthylamide tongue coating and N-benzoyl-DL-arginine-2-naphthylamide saliva. In the gingivitis group, oral malodor was significantly correlated with the plaque index, bleeding on probing, and tongue coating. Among the N-benzoyl-DL-arginine-2-naphthylamide test parameters, the highest correlation of oral malodor was found with N-benzoyl-DL-arginine-2-naphthylamide tongue coating, followed by N-benzoyl-DL-arginine-2-naphthylamide saliva and N-benzoyl-DL-arginine-2-naphthylamide subgingiva. Dental plaque, bleeding on probing, tongue coating, and N-benzoyl-DL-arginine-2-naphthylamide-positive bacteria contribute to oral malodor, but with different degrees in periodontitis and gingivitis patients. © 2012 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

Pham T.A.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy
Journal of investigative and clinical dentistry | Year: 2014

AIM: In the present study, the relationship between the turbidity of mouth-rinse water and oral health conditions, including oral malodor, in patients with (n = 148) and without (n = 231) periodontitis was examined.METHODS: The turbidity of 20 mL distilled water that the patients rinsed in their mouths 10 times was measured using a turbidimeter. Oral malodor was evaluated using an organoleptic test and Oral Chroma. Oral health conditions, including decayed teeth, periodontal status, oral hygiene status, proteolytic activity of the N-benzoyl-dl-arginine-2-napthilamide (BANA) test on the tongue coating, and salivary flow rate, were assessed.RESULTS: Turbidity showed significant correlations with oral malodor and all oral health parameters in the periodontitis group. In the non-periodontitis group, turbidity showed significant correlations with oral malodor and oral health parameters, including dental plaque, tongue coating, BANA test, and salivary flow rate. The regression analysis indicated that turbidity was significantly associated with methyl mercaptan and the BANA test in the periodontitis group, and with hydrogen sulfide, dental plaque, tongue coating, and salivary flow rate in the non-periodontitis group.CONCLUSION: The findings of the present study indicate that the turbidity of mouth-rinse water could be used as an indicator of oral health conditions, including oral malodor. © 2013 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

Tran T.Q.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy | Scherpbier A.,Maastricht University | Van Dalen J.,Maastricht University | Wright P.E.,Medical Committee Netherlands Vietnam
BMC Medical Education | Year: 2012

Background: The advantages of using simulators in skills training are generally recognized, but simulators are often too expensive for medical schools in developing countries. Cheaper locally-made models (or part-task trainers) could be the answer, especially when teachers are involved in design and production (teacher-made models, TM). Methods. We evaluated the effectiveness of a TM in training and assessing intravenous injection skills in comparison to an available commercial model (CM) in a randomized, blind, pretest-posttest study with 144 undergraduate nursing students. All students were assessed on both the TM and the CM in the pre-test and post-test. After the post-test the students were also assessed while performing the skill on real patients. Results: Differences in the mean scores pre- and post-test were marked in all groups. Training with TM or CM improved student scores substantially but there was no significant difference in mean scores whether students had practiced on TM or CM. Students who practiced on TM performed better on communication with the patient than did students who practiced on CM. Decreasing the ratio of students per TM model helped to increase practice opportunities but did not improve student's mean scores. The result of the assessment on both the TM and the CM had a low correlation with the results of the assessment on real persons. Conclusions: The TM appears to be an effective alternative to CM for training students on basic IV skills, as students showed similar increases in performance scores after training on models that cost considerably less than commercially available models. These models could be produced using locally available materials in most countries, including those with limited resources to invest in medical education and skills laboratories. © 2012 Tran et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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