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Khartoum, Sudan

The University of Medical science and Technology is a mainly medical oriented college in Khartoum, Sudan. It is located in the Riyad district of Khartoum. It first opened its doors in 1995 with a student body of only forty students and two faculties. It is now home to over one thousand students and eleven faculties.The UMST began as a private, non-profit making educational institution, in Khartoum, Sudan, which was established in 1996 to serve the educational needs of Sudanese, African and Arab students. In a few years the Academy has expanded to ten faculties, namely, Medicine, Pharmacy, Medical Laboratory science, Dentistry, Dental Technology, Nursing, Computer science, Administrative & Financial science Biomedical Engineering and Anaesthetic science. It became a full university in 2007.The UMST offers two master degrees in Nursing and a master degree in Public and Tropical Health. Wikipedia.

Jiffri E.H.,University of Medical Sciences and Technology
Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics | Year: 2012

Uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) regulates insulin secretion and may play an important role in linking obesity to diabetes type 2 (T2D) that represents a major public health problem in Saudi Arabia. The present study aimed to evaluate the association between the 45-bp insertion/deletion (ins/del) in 3'UTR exon 8 within the UCP2 gene as risk factors in T2D and obesity. This study assessed the body mass index (BMI) in 113 Saudi subjects (46 T2D, 38 obese and 29 healthy controls). The study genotyped for the UCP2 ins/del polymorphism using polymerase chain reaction, evaluated its association with T2D and obesity, and compared its prevalence with those reported for other ethnic populations. The genotype frequencies were 63% for the del/del genotype, 32% for the ins/del genotype and 4% ins/ins genotype. The ANOVA between groups and within groups in T2D, obese, and healthy controls is non-significant (p> 0.05). The genotype distributions were figured in-between compared to those ethnic populations reported in the literature. Based on this Saudi study, the genetic variant UCP2 45-bp insertion/deletion do not influence T2D and obesity risks. These results were similar, but the insertion allele was modest relative to other ethnic populations. © 2012. Source

Alawad A.A.,University of Medical Sciences and Technology
Ethiopian journal of health sciences | Year: 2014

The use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in treating breast cancer has shown efficacy in downstaging primary tumors, and allows breast conservative surgery to be performed instead of mastectomy. This study aims to evaluate patterns of clinical and pathological response after two cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced breast cancer. This is a prospective study. Ninety-eight patients who presented from April 2009 through May 2011 with locally advanced breast cancer and treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy were included. The clinical response rate was 83%; 11 patients (11.2%) had a complete clinical remission (cCR); 71 had a partial remission (72.4%); 13 had stable disease (13.3%), and 3 had progressive disease (3.1%). Seven patients had complete pathological response. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy can achieve a high objective response rate in patients with locally advanced breast cancer even after two cycles. We recommend further research to find predictors for response. Source

Mackenzie C.D.,Michigan State University | Homeida M.M.,University of Medical Sciences and Technology | Hopkins A.D.,DoNation | Lawrence J.C.,DoNation
Trends in Parasitology | Year: 2012

Human onchocerciasis, a parasitic disease found in 28 African countries, six Latin American countries and Yemen, causes blindness and severe dermatological problems. In 1987, efforts to control this infection shifted from vector approaches to include the mass distribution of ivermectin - a drug donated by Merck & Co. for disease control in Africa and for disease elimination in the Americas. Currently, almost 25 years later, with the Americas being highly successful and now approaching elimination, new evidence points towards the possibility of successful elimination in Africa. We suggest several major changes in the programmatic approach that through focused goal-directed effort could achieve global elimination of onchocerciasis by 2025. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Rajia S.,University of New South Wales | Chen H.,University of New South Wales | Chen H.,University of Medical Sciences and Technology | Morris M.J.,University of New South Wales
Journal of Neuroendocrinology | Year: 2010

Maternal obesity has long-term consequences for the development of hypothalamic neurones involved in energy homeostasis and the metabolic profile in offspring. In the present study, we compared the effects of maternal obesity induced by longstanding high-fat diet (HFD) with milder postnatal overfeeding during suckling induced by litter size reduction. Female Sprague-Dawley rats consumed chow (C) or HFD. On postnatal day 1, litters from chow dams were adjusted to three per dam (small litter, CS) versus 12 control (normal litter, CN). Litters from HFD dams were adjusted to 12 per dam and fed HFD after weaning to induce obesity (HN). Thus, two degrees of maternal overnutrition were produced (CS and HN). To test whether postweaning diet can amplify the effects of maternal obesity, male offspring weaned onto chow or HFD were followed to 21 weeks. Maternal postnatal overnutrition (CS) and HFD-induced maternal obesity (HN) increased body weight and fat mass in offspring compared to those from control dams (CN). Significant glucose intolerance was induced by both degrees of maternal overnutrition, but only in offspring consuming HFD. HFD-induced maternal obesity (HN) was linked to increased offspring leptin, insulin, lipids, insulin resistance and hyperphagia, and was exaggerated by postweaning HFD. No effect of maternal postnatal overnutrition (CS) was seen on these parameters. Hypothalamic signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 and suppressor of cytokine signalling-3 mRNA were significantly elevated by maternal HFD (HN) in the HFD-fed offspring. The data obtained suggest that even mild maternal overnutrition (CS) led to increased adiposity, glucose intolerance and altered brain appetite regulators in offspring. A greater impact of HFD-induced maternal obesity was evident. Marked additive effects were observed when animals consumed a HFD postweaning. © 2010 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

Suliman I.I.,Sultan Qaboos University | Elawed S.O.,University of Medical Sciences and Technology
Radiation Protection Dosimetry | Year: 2013

This study was performed to measure the entrance surface air kerma (ESAK) for optimisation of chest X-ray examination of children in general radiography hospitals in Khartoum. ESAK was estimated using the X-ray tube output exposure and patient-specific exposure parameters collected during routine examinations. The estimated ESAK values per radiography ranged from 17 to 89 μGy, 32 to 161, 67 to 242, 77 to 278; and from 95 to 389 μGy for Newborn, 1, 5, 10 and 15 y children, respectively. Doses are comparable with a previous study and are somewhat higher than the UK reference dose levels. The study demonstrated the necessity to follow guidelines for quality radiograph as a key element in the optimisation of X-ray examination of children. Frequent dose measurements are of particular importance for the optimisation of X-ray examination of children in general radiography hospitals. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Source

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