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Princess Anne, MD, United States

University of Maryland Eastern Shore located on 1,100 acres in Princess Anne, Maryland, United States, is part of the University System of Maryland. UMES is a historically black university, as well as an 1890 Historically Black Land-Grant University. The University is a member-school of the Thurgood Marshall College Fund. Wikipedia.

Stevens B.G.,University of Maryland Eastern Shore
Journal of Crustacean Biology | Year: 2012

Studies of crustacean growth, including king crabs, have typically used modal analysis rather than growth of individual crabs. I studied the individual growth of several hundred juvenile red king crabs (initial size 1435 mm carapace length, CL) that were captured from a pod in Kodiak, Alaska, in July and August 2000, and retained in the laboratory for up to 14 months. During that period, 295 crabs molted at least once, including a subset of 52 that molted twice, and a subset of 9 that molted three times. Mean molt increment (MI) was 5.5 mm, and did not differ significantly between the three molts. MI increased significantly with premolt size for molt 1, and proportional growth rate at molt 1 was greater than that of molts 2 or 3. The first molt occurred earlier (AugustOctober) and at warmer temperatures among smaller crabs than among larger crabs, which molted in JanuaryFebruary at colder temperatures. Post-molt CL for first molts was a simple ratio: Post-molt CL = 1.25·(Pre-molt CL) (R 2 = 0.9587, df = 291). Growth during the second molt was less than during the first molt, possibly reflecting a limitation imposed by the holding conditions. This is the first study to record growth information for individual juvenile red king crabs in the size range of 1550 mm CL through sequential molts, and results can be used to fill a gap in current growth models. © 2012 The Crustacean Society. Published by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden.

Buzzetto-More N.A.,University of Maryland Eastern Shore
Interdisciplinary Journal of Information, Knowledge, and Management | Year: 2012

The current generation of students entering higher education are digital natives who have been raised in a techno-centric world where omnipresent technologies play an integral role in human life and where new innovations are quickly absorbed and assimilated. In order to develop learning communities with increased student engagement, educators are increasingly adopting the use of social networks to supplement teaching and learning in both fully online as well as traditional classroom learning environments. This paper explores the efficacy of social networking systems as instructional tools by presenting the results of a study that examined the perceptions of management students who completed courses at a U.S. Mid-Atlantic minority-serving university that used Facebook to augment instruction.

Riker G.I.,University of Maryland Eastern Shore
Home Healthcare Nurse | Year: 2013

Polypharmacy-the use of more medications than are clinically indicated-is a problem that affects many older adults. Adults aged 65 years and older make up approximately 13% of the population, but they consume nearly one third of all prescriptions dispensed. Older adults are more prone to adverse drug reactions and drug-drug interactions because of physiological changes and multiple comorbidities. It can be difficult to address the problem because there are many contributing factors, including multiple prescribers and specialists, the use of multiple pharmacies, and gaps in communication. The initial step is to avoid the problem. However, when this does not work, it must be identified and then treated by carefully changing medication regimens to improve the quality of care to patients. The home healthcare nurse has an essential role in this process, which will be reviewed in this article. Some of the barriers that may be encountered and examples of communication with providers are included. © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Elnaiem D.-E.A.,University of Maryland Eastern Shore
Journal of Vector Ecology | Year: 2011

A literature review is provided on the state of knowledge of the ecology and control of the sand fly vectors of Leishmania donovani in East Africa, with a special emphasis on Phlebotomus orientalis. Visceral leishmaniasis caused by L. donovani is a major health problem in several areas in East Africa. Studies conducted in the past 70 years identified P. orientalis Parrot and P. martini Parrot as the principal vectors of L. donovani in Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya and P. celiae Minter as the secondary vector of the parasite in one focus in Ethiopia. Findings on sand fly fauna and other circumstantial evidence indicate that P. martini is also responsible for transmission of L. donovani in VL endemic foci of Somalia and Uganda. Several studies showed that P. orientalis occupy distinct habitat characterized by black cotton soil and Acacia seyal-Balanites aegyptiaca vegetation, whereas P. martini and P. celiae are associated with termite mounds. Little knowledge exists on effective control measures of sand fly vectors of L. donovani in East Africa. However, recent evidence showed that use of insecticide impregnated bednets and insect repellents may reduce exposure to the bites of P. orientalis. © 2011 The Society for Vector Ecology.

Elshahawi S.I.,University of Kentucky | Shaaban K.A.,University of Kentucky | Kharel M.K.,University of Maryland Eastern Shore | Thorson J.S.,University of Kentucky
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2015

A systematic analysis of all naturally-occurring glycosylated bacterial secondary metabolites reported in the scientific literature up through early 2013 is presented. This comprehensive analysis of 15 940 bacterial natural products revealed 3426 glycosides containing 344 distinct appended carbohydrates and highlights a range of unique opportunities for future biosynthetic study and glycodiversification efforts. © The Royal Society of Chemistry.

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