Manila, Philippines
Manila, Philippines

The University of Manila is a private university in the heart of Sampaloc District in Manila, Philippines. It was founded on October 5, 1913, by Apolinario G. de los Santos, Mariano V. de los Santos, Maria de los Santos, Buenaventura J. Bello and Manuel Montilla. The first three were brothers. They named their school Instituto de Manila, after the city of Manila and Apolinario G. de los Santos was elected as the first director of the school.Its Vision and Mission Statements read: VISION--The University of Manila strives to strengthen its resolve and commitment to academic excellence by competing with other schools, locally and internationally, using modern technology in education. MISSION --The University of Manila aims to teach love of country, love of science, and love of virtue and to make the life for others better, brighter, lighter, and more livable. Wikipedia.

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Mak K.-K.,University of Hong Kong | Lai C.-M.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Watanabe H.,Osaka University | Kim D.-I.,Seoul National University | And 6 more authors.
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking | Year: 2014

Internet addiction has become a serious behavioral health problem in Asia. However, there are no up-to-date country comparisons. The Asian Adolescent Risk Behavior Survey (AARBS) screens and compares the prevalence of Internet behaviors and addiction in adolescents in six Asian countries. A total of 5,366 adolescents aged 12-18 years were recruited from six Asian countries: China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Participants completed a structured questionnaire on their Internet use in the 2012-2013 school year. Internet addiction was assessed using the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and the Revised Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS-R). The variations in Internet behaviors and addiction across countries were examined. The overall prevalence of smartphone ownership is 62%, ranging from 41% in China to 84% in South Korea. Moreover, participation in online gaming ranges from 11% in China to 39% in Japan. Hong Kong has the highest number of adolescents reporting daily or above Internet use (68%). Internet addiction is highest in the Philippines, according to both the IAT (5%) and the CIAS-R (21%). Internet addictive behavior is common among adolescents in Asian countries. Problematic Internet use is prevalent and characterized by risky cyberbehaviors. © 2014 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Zeng D.,China University of Mining and Technology | Chen D.,University of Manila
Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering | Year: 2013

This paper puts forward a scientific industrial design method-oriented user experience (UE). Combined with investigation and UE relative theory, this thesis considers industrial design knowledge composed of five layers such as strategy, value, structure, framework, and representation. This hierarchical relationship is a mechanism of top-down decision from concepts to details. Due to delivery of knowledge among layers, the system of knowledge nodes is built. Through knowledge input and output in each node, the resolution of industrial design gradually becomes clear. With the study of practical application, the hierarchical knowledge mechanism-oriented UE efficiently comprehends and reuses valuable information and easily finds out product innovation gap. © 2013 Springer-Verlag.

Javate R.M.,Orbital and Oculofacial Plastic Surgery Section | Pamintuan F.G.,University of Manila | Cruz R.T.,Orbital and Oculofacial Plastic Surgery Section
Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery | Year: 2010

Purpose: To describe a new endoscopic procedure to restore the passage of tears in an obstructed lacrimal drainage system and to compare its efficacy with the standard external dacryocystorhinostomy (SE-DCR). Methods: Patients with complete and partial primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO) were randomly allocated to 2 treatment groups using completely randomized design. The first group was treated using endoscopic lacrimal duct recanalization (ELDR), while the second group was treated using SE-DCR. Follow-up was conducted for at least 6 months and evaluated for anatomical and functional patency. Complications were also noted for both groups. Results: A total of 86 patients underwent ELDR, 60 of whom had complete PANDO, while 26 patients had partial PANDO. Eighty patients underwent SE-DCR; 58 had complete PANDO, and 22 had partial PANDO. The combined success rate in terms of anatomical patency for ELDR was 93.02% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.88-98) compared with 93.75% (95% CI, 0.87-90) for SE-DCR (p = 0.85). Meanwhile, the combined success rate (functional patency) for ELDR is 84.88% (95% CI, 0.77-93) versus 90.00% (95% CI, 0.83-97) for SE-DCR (p = 0.32). Conclusions: ELDR using microendoscope is as efficacious as SE-DCR, without its associated major complications. © 2010 The American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inc.

Muslim M.,University of Manila | Koesmaryono Y.,Bogor Agricultural University
Jurnal Teknologi | Year: 2016

Modification of surface and urban morphological changes, resulting in disruption of thermodynamic and dynamics properties in sub lowest layer of atmosphere, lead air temperature in downtown area higher than suburban. Study aims to analyze components of energy balance dense area of Jakarta using single-layer urban canopy model. H flux in solid area was dominant at noon. LE flux from dense area was very low Maximum intensity nocturnal heat island in dense areas was 2.5 °C. Higher value of h/w, S↓ received by wall and road decreases, causing H flux emitted by surface weakened. Instead L↑ emission trapped increases. The most dominant component that controls the balance of radiation and energy dense area are S↓ radiation, and H emission. Roof and road most active to respond heat during the day, and wall at night. Energy received or emitted by roof and road are greater than wall, due to shadowing effect. Surface temperature of urban areas is strongly influenced by local buildings configuration. Walls surfaces are less active emiting H at night for the h/w increasingly large. H emission from road surface decreases with increasing h/w. Increasing breadth of walls surfaces causing L↓ trapped in the canyon becomes higher, thus canyon temperatures remain high. © 2016 Penerbit UTM Press. All rights reserved.

Kaushik R.D.,University of Manila | Rathi P.,University of Manila | Malik R.,University of Manila | Singh J.,University of Manila | Manila,University of Manila
International Journal of ChemTech Research | Year: 2014

This paper reports the studies made on the reaction series, MnII catalysed periodate oxidation of aromatic amines in acetone-water medium. Twenty aromatic amines were subjected to oxidation by periodate in presence of MnII catalyst. The progress of reactions was followed spectrophotometrically by recording the absorbance of the reaction mixture at pre-determined absorption maxima of the reaction intermediate at different time. From the rate constants determined at four different temperatures, the values of thermodynamic parameters, viz., activation energy (ΔE), entropy of activation (ΔS#), Arrhenius frequency factor (A), free energy of activation (ΔG#) and enthalpy of activation (ΔH#) were determined using Arrhenius equation and other well known equations. The reactions of series are characterized by small value of activation energy and large negative value of entropy of activation. The value of ΔG# was temperature dependent. A high negative value of ΔS# is suggestive of solvent interactions with the reactive species and of the probability that the transition state may be solvated. Small value of activation energy is characteristic of catalysed reaction. The reaction series under consideration, follows the isokinetic relationship suggesting that the same interaction mechanism may be followed in the oxidation of these substituted anilines. The isokinetic temperature as evaluated from the slope of the isokinetic line is 273.5 K.

Bringula R.P.,University of Manila | Basa R.S.,University of Manila
Educational Technology and Society | Year: 2011

The study investigated the factors that might significantly affect web portal usability. Results of the study were intended to serve as inputs for faculty web portal development of the University of the East-Manila. Descriptive statistics utilized questionnaire data from 82 faculty members. The data showed that most of the respondents were relatively young, were Master's degree holders, were skilled in using the computer and the internet, had internet access at home, and were committed to using the web portal. Respondents perceived that the different web portal design-related factors were moderately evident in the existing faculty web portal. Multiple regression analysis showed that information content as a web portal design-related factor was the only significant predictor of web portal usability. Thus, the null hypothesis stating that faculty-related and web portal design-related factors do not significantly affect faculty web portal usability is accepted except Information Content. The study also discussed the guidelines for web portal developers, as well as the limitations and implications of the study for future research. © International Forum of Educational Technology & Society (IFETS).

Objectives. This study aims to determine the effect of nutrition education and counseling training on complementary feeding, on the knowledge and counseling practices of pediatric residents and on the knowledge and feeding practices of caregivers. Methods. Twenty (20) pediatric residents and 60 caregiver-infant pairs were purposively selected from the outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital. The pediatric residents attended a six-hour nutrition education and counseling training on complementary feeding, which serves as the intervention. A pre-test and post-test interview schedule was used to obtain nutrition knowledge and self-reported counseling practices of residents, and nutrition knowledge and feeding practices of caregivers. Nutrition counseling sessions of the residents were video-taped and evaluated. Paired t-test was used to compare pre-test end post-test scores of residents and caregivers before and after the residents' training. Results. Among the residents, statistically significant increases were observed in (a) knowledge scores, 4.7 points (95% Cl 3.28-6.12) (p=0.0000), (b) self-reported practice on complementary feeding, 4.05 points (95% Cl 0.6 - 7.5) (p = 0.0238), and (c) counseling skills, 1.85 points (95% Cl 1.06 - 2.64) (p= 0.0001). The caregivers' knowledge scores increased significantly by 1.15 points (95% Cl 0.76 - 1.54) (p=0.0000), while the self-reported practice score on complementary feeding decreased by 0.25 points (95% Cl 1.63 - 1.13) (p = 0.71) although this was not statistically significant. Conclusions. Nutrition education and counseling training on complementary feeding among pediatric residents significantly improved their personal knowledge and counseling practices as well as the knowledge of caregivers. The caregivers' feeding practices remained the same from baseline to two weeks after the consultation. Recommendations. An experimental design and longer time for follow-up among caregiver is recommended to control confounders and document the stages of behavior change in feeding practices, respectively.

Montalbo D.L.,University of Manila | Regis R.R.,University of Manila | Quijano C.G.S.,University of Manila | Sarmiento M.J.F.,University of Manila
International Journal of Electronic Commerce Studies | Year: 2014

This study examines which media incorporated in a developed Computer-Aided Instruction (CAI) will be useful for the students taking up Nihongo classes. The CAI program was developed using a tutorial mode of presentation covering basic greetings, sentence patterns, number systems and hiragana characters. Each of these topics will have the following media in the flash lectures: text only, text-graphics, text-graphics-sounds and text-graphics-animation-sounds. Students in class were divided into four groups: the first group used text only media; the second group used text-graphics; the third group used text, graphics and sound; and the last group used text, graphics, sounds and animation. Examination was administered at the end of every lesson. ANOVA was used to determine the significant difference in the performance of students using different types of media. From the four media types of Flash lessons embedded in the system, the most effective media were text with graphics, sounds, and animation. Animations with the right text, graphics and sounds are a useful aid in making lessons meaningful for students. © 2014 International Journal 2 of Electronic Commerce Studies.

PubMed | University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center and University of Manila
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical physics | Year: 2017

To investigate and validate the use of an independent deformable-based contouring algorithm for automatic verification of auto-contoured structures in the head and neck towards fully automated treatment planning.Two independent automatic contouring algorithms [(1) Eclipses Smart Segmentation followed by pixel-wise majority voting, (2) an in-house multi-atlas based method] were used to create contours of 6 normal structures of 10 head-and-neck patients. After rating by a radiation oncologist, the higher performing algorithm was selected as the primary contouring method, the other used for automatic verification of the primary. To determine the ability of the verification algorithm to detect incorrect contours, contours from the primary method were shifted from 0.5 to 2cm. Using a logit model the structure-specific minimum detectable shift was identified. The models were then applied to a set of twenty different patients and the sensitivity and specificity of the models verified.Per physician rating, the multi-atlas method (4.8/5 point scale, with 3 rated as generally acceptable for planning purposes) was selected as primary and the Eclipse-based method (3.5/5) for verification. Mean distance to agreement and true positive rate were selected as covariates in an optimized logit model. These models, when applied to a group of twenty different patients, indicated that shifts could be detected at 0.5cm (brain), 0.75cm (mandible, cord), 1cm (brainstem, cochlea), or 1.25cm (parotid), with sensitivity and specificity greater than 0.95. If sensitivity and specificity constraints are reduced to 0.9, detectable shifts of mandible and brainstem were reduced by 0.25cm. These shifts represent additional safety margins which might be considered if auto-contours are used for automatic treatment planning without physician review.Automatically contoured structures can be automatically verified. This fully automated process could be used to flag auto-contours for special review or used with safety margins in a fully automatic treatment planning system.

Salvador V.B.D.G.,University of Manila | Lozada M.C.H.,University of Manila | Consunji R.J.,University of Manila
Surgical Infections | Year: 2011

Purpose: To review the epidemiology of microbial isolates from bile cultures taken from patients with and without cholangitis admitted to an Asian academic medical center in order to compare antimicrobial sensitivities and to make recommendations for empiric antimicrobial therapy of patients with cholangitis in the Philippines. Methods: Routine aerobic bile culture results and corresponding clinical abstracts of surgical patients admitted to an academic medical center over a three-year period were analyzed. Results: The series consisted of 125 patients, 77 with cholangitis (62%) and 48 (38%) without, which was determined according to the Tokyo Guidelines. Patients with cholangitis were significantly more likely to have positive bile cultures (p = 0.012). Gram-negative bacilli were the most common isolates in both patients with (94%) and patients without (95%) cholangitis. For both groups, Escherichia coli (36%) had greatest sensitivity to amikacin, cefepime, ceftriaxone, gentamicin, imipenem-cilastatin meropenem, and piperacillin-tazobactam; Klebsiella pneumoniae (16%) had greatest sensitivity to amikacin, cefepime, ceftriaxone, gentamicin, imipenem-cilastatin meropenem, and piperacillin- tazobactam; and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (12.5%) was most sensitive to cefepime, gentamicin, imipenem-cilastatin meropenem, and piperacillin-tazobactam. Conclusions: Gram-negative bacilli (or Enterobacteriaceae) (E. coli, K. pneumoniae, P. aeruginosa, and Enterobacter cloacae) were the most common aerobic microbial isolates in bile cultures from patients with cholangitis in the Philippines. Their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns suggest that imipenem-cilastatin (sensitivity 100%), meropenem (100%), amikacin (90-100%), cefepime (75%-100%), ceftriaxone (75%-100%), gentamicin (67%-100%), and piperacillin-tazobactam (50%-100%) would be the most effective antimicrobials for both groups. However, the authors echo the caution from the Surgical Infection Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America against using aminoglycosides as empiric drugs when safer and equally effective regimens are available. © Copyright 2011, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

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