Ladang Seri Kundang, Malaysia
Ladang Seri Kundang, Malaysia

Universiti Malaysia Kelantan or UMK is a public university located in Kelantan in Malaysia. The formation of the university was mooted during the tabling of the Ninth Malaysia Plan and approved by the cabinet of Malaysia on June 14, 2006. The launching ceremony was held at the end of 2006 by Prime Minister, Y.A.B. Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi. The first students were enrolled with the commencement of the June 2007 semester.The Prime Minister of Malaysia announced the government’s approval to establish a university in Kelantan under the Ninth Malaysia Plan on 31 March 2006. On 14 June 2006, a Cabinet Meeting approved the establishment of the university. Taglines such as “Entrepreneurship is Our Thrust” and “Entrepreneurial University” are used to promote the philosophy of the university. Studies are grouped into three fields: Entrepreneurship and Business ; Creative Technology and Heritage; Agro-Industry and Science of Natural Resources.Apart from the three fields of study, emphasis is given to acquiring language and soft skills. The Growth of the universityThe temporary campus of UMK at Taman Bendahara began its official operation on 1 July 2007 with the registration of 295 pioneering students. On its second year of operation, beginning July 2008, the university registered 332 students.The first Vice-Chancellor of University Malaysia Kelantan was Prof. Dato’ Ir. Dr. Zainai bin Mohamed, who was appointed on 1 October 2006.UMK operates in three campuses from its main campus in Bachok, second campus in Jeli and also their temporary campuses in Pengkalan Chepa. Wikipedia.


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Wei L.S.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | Wee W.,University of Malaysia, Terengganu
Iranian Journal of Microbiology | Year: 2013

Background and Objectives: This paper describes chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Cymbopogon nardus citronella essential oil against Edwardsiella spp. (n = 21), Vibrio spp. (n = 6), Aeromonas spp. (n = 2), Escherichia coli (n = 2), Salmonella spp. (n = 2), Flavobacterium spp. (n = 1), Pseudomonas spp. (n = 1) and Streptococcus spp. (n = 1) isolated from internal organs of aquatic animals. Due to the ban of antibiotics for aquaculture use, this study was carried out to evaluate the potential of citronella essential oil as alternative to commercial antibiotic use against systemic bacteria in cultured aquatic animals. Materials and Methods: The essential oil of C. nardus was prepared by using the steam distillation method and the chemical composition of the essential oil was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (-C-MS). Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the essential oil tested against bacterial isolates from various aquatic animals and ATCC type strains were determined using two-fold broth micro dilution method with kanamycin and eugenol as positive controls. Results: A total of 22 chemical compounds were detected in C. nardus essential oil with 6-octenal, 3, 7-dimethyl- or citronellal representing the major compounds (29.6%). The MIC values of the citronella oil ranged from 0.244 μg/ml to 0.977 μg/ml when tested against the bacterial isolates. Conclusion: The results of the present study revealed the potential of C. nardus essential oil as alternative to commercial antibiotics for aquaculture use.


Tham L.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | Nazar R.,National University of Malaysia | Pop I.,Babes - Bolyai University
International Journal of Thermal Sciences | Year: 2014

Steady mixed convection boundary layer flow from an isothermal horizontal circular cylinder embedded in a porous medium filled with a nanofluid has been studied for both cases of a heated and cooled cylinder using the Buongiorno-Darcy mathematical nanofluid model. The resulting system of nonlinear partial differential equations is solved numerically using an implicit finite-difference scheme. The solutions for the flow and heat transfer characteristics are evaluated numerically for various values of the governing parameters, namely the constant mixed convection parameter λ, the traditional Lewis number Le, the buoyancy ratio parameter Nr, the Brownian motion parameter Nb and the thermophoresis parameter Nt. It is found that in the present case of the porous medium flow, the separation is always suppressed at negative values of λ. When λ changes from -2.1 to 0, one has a "heating" of the cylinder, but a heating in the negative range of λ (λ < 0). However, for a clear (Newtonian) fluid, Merkin (1977) found that heating the cylinder (λ > 0) delays the separation of the boundary layer and if the cylinder is hot enough (large values of λ > 0), then it is suppressed completely at a positive value of λ, somewhere between 0.88 and 0.89. On the other hand, cooling the cylinder (λ < 0) brings the boundary layer separation point nearer to the lower stagnation point and for a sufficiently cold cylinder (large values of λ < 0) there will not be a boundary layer on the cylinder. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Sambasivan M.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | Siew-Phaik L.,Campus Management | Abidin Mohamed Z.,Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia | Leong Y.C.,University Putra Malaysia
International Journal of Production Economics | Year: 2013

Integration of various theories is essential to completely understand and explain strategic alliances in a supply chain. The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework by integrating the features of transaction cost theory, resource-based theory, contingency theory, social exchange theory, and Kelley's personal relationship theory and test the framework through empirical research. The present study addresses the impact of strategic alliance motives, environment, asset specificity, perception of opportunistic behavior, interdependence between supply chain partners, and relational capital on strategic alliance outcomes. Besides, the study has also tested the role of relational capital as a central mediating construct. A sample of 2156 companies representing different industries in manufacturing in Malaysia was selected for the distribution of questionnaire. We tested the structural model using structural equation modeling (SEM). Based on the results, we conclude the following significant relationships: (1) strategic alliance motives and perception of opportunistic behavior on interdependence and relational capital, (2) interdependence on relational capital, (3) environment on strategic alliance motives, (4) relational capital on strategic alliance outcomes, and (4) the mediating role of relational capital. The current study adds significantly to the body of knowledge on strategic alliances and can help managers identify factors that influence the success of strategic alliances and provide a proper direction to develop robust and effective collaborative relationships between supply chain partners. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


A scientific expedition carried out by the Department of Minerals and Geoscience Malaysia and Malaysian Geological Heritage Group in May 2015 has revealed the hidden geological and potential geoheritage features in the upstream of the Pertang River, in the dense and pristine rainforest of Taman Negara Kuala Koh (National Park), Kelantan, Malaysia. The river offers outstanding geological features that make the area important to be exposed in terms of geoheritage values. This paper discusses the geological aspects of the river and its potential geoheritage resources. The area consists of the Lotong Sandstone from the Gagau Group which, based on the field observation, mainly comprises two lithofacies: pebbly sandstone–sandstone facies and sandstone–siltstone–mudstone facies. The prominent potential geoheritage resources of the area are some beautiful waterfalls, the Pertang canyon/gorge, and plant fossils. All these features possess geoheritage values, including scientific (and educational), aesthetic, and recreational values. Geoheritage evaluation of this area has been conducted by using the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats analysis. Conservation and development efforts should be applied to this remote area so that this area can be utilized properly such as for research and educational activities as well as geotourism development mainly in the state of Kelantan. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Soon J.M.,Royal Agricultural College | Soon J.M.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | Baines R.N.,Royal Agricultural College
Food Control | Year: 2012

Food safety training is mainly focused towards food service establishments. Therefore, this paper aims to develop food safety educational and training materials for fresh produce farm workers. The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) model was used to investigate handwashing intentions among fresh produce farm workers. The findings in this study showed an immediate increase in knowledge gained between pre- and post-training, suggesting that the educational and training programme was successful in improving food safety knowledge of participants. The overall farm food safety knowledge gain was significant at t(41) = -6.95, p < 0.001. Generally, all the participants preferred the You Tube video and hand hygiene demonstration, reiterating the fact that practical and hands-on sessions will create a much more vivid experience for workers. The TPB has provided a useful framework for understanding fresh produce farm workers' adherence to hand hygiene practices where the multiple regression model explained approximately 57% of the variance in handwashing intention (p < 0.001). Furthermore, perceived behavioural control was identified as the significant predictor of handwashing intention (p < 0.001). This suggests that participants were more likely to wash hands before harvesting or packing fresh produce when they perceived fewer barriers to wash hands. The findings here also suggest that for handwashing behaviour, intention is not considered to be wholly within the fresh produce farm workers' control as the working environment is different from a food service establishment which have easier access to handwashing facilities and potable water at all times. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


Chen C.K.,Sarawak General Hospital | Nizar A.J.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan
Korean Journal of Pain | Year: 2011

Background: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a regional musculoskeletal pain disorder that is caused by myofascial trigger points. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of MPS among chronic back pain patients, as well as to identify risk factors and the outcome of this disorder. Methods: This was a prospective observational study involving 126 patients who attended the Pain Management Unit for chronic back pain between 1st January 2009 and 31st December 2009. Data examined included demographic features of patients, duration of back pain, muscle(s) involved, primary diagnosis, treatment modality and response to treatment. Results: The prevalence of MPS among chronic back pain patients was 63.5% (n = 80). Secondary MPS was more common than primary MPS, making up 81.3% of the total MPS. There was an association between female gender and risk of developing MPS (χ 2 = 5.38, P = 0.02, O.R. = 2.4). Occupation, body mass index and duration of back pain were not significantly associated with MPS occurrence. Repeated measures analysis showed significant changes (P ≤ 0.001) in Visual Analogue Score (VAS) and Modified Oswestry Disability Score (MODS) with standard management during three consecutive visits at six-month intervals. Conclusions: MPS prevalence among chronic back pain patients was significantly high, with female gender being a significant risk factor. With proper diagnosis and expert management, MPS has a favourable outcome. © The Korean Pain Society, 2011.


Rao P.V.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | Rao P.V.,Universiti Sains Malaysia | Gan S.H.,Universiti Sains Malaysia
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2014

Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum, and Cinnamon cassia), the eternal tree of tropical medicine, belongs to the Lauraceae family. Cinnamon is one of the most important spices used daily by people all over the world. Cinnamon primarily contains vital oils and other derivatives, such as cinnamaldehyde, cinnamic acid, and cinnamate. In addition to being an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, anticancer, lipid-lowering, and cardiovascular-disease-lowering compound, cinnamon has also been reported to have activities against neurological disorders, such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases. This review illustrates the pharmacological prospective of cinnamon and its use in daily life. © 2014 Pasupuleti Visweswara Rao and Siew Hua Gan.


Hidayania J.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan
Advanced Materials Research | Year: 2014

The effect of CaO on microstructure and dielectric properties of Ba(Zn1/3Ta2/3)O3 (BZT) ceramics was investigated. The addition of CaO disturbed the 1:2 ordering to 1:1 ordering structure of BZT ceramic. The average grain size significantly increased with the addition of CaO and formed a more compacted structure. The relative density increased with the addition of a small amount of CaO, but it decreased when the CaO content was increased. The dielectric constant (εr) value of the BZT significantly improved with the addition of the CaO for the specimens sintered at 1250°C and it could be explained by the increased of the relative density. However, for the specimens sintered at 1300°C, the dielectric constant value decreased with the addition of CaO which is attributed to the decrease of the relative density. The tan δ of the CaO doped with BZT ceramics is lower than pure BZT ceramics, and decreases as the CaO content increases. Meanwhile, for the percentage of bandwidth (%BW) it is shown that the best result is when it is doped with 0.5 mol% CaO and sintered at 1250°C. The best microwave dielectric properties obtained are εr =70.44, tan δ = 0.025 which occur for the 0.5 mol% doped CaO and when sintered at 1250°C/4 h. © (2014) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.


Esmaeilzadeh P.,Florida International University | Sambasivan M.,Taylors University | Kumar N.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | Nezakati H.,University Putra Malaysia
International Journal of Medical Informatics | Year: 2015

Objective: The basic objective of this research is to study the antecedents and outcomes of professional autonomy which is a central construct that affects physicians' intention to adopt clinical decision support systems (CDSS). The antecedents are physicians' attitude toward knowledge sharing and interactivity perception (about CDSS) and the outcomes are performance expectancy and intention to adopt CDSS. Besides, we include (1) the antecedents of attitude toward knowledge sharing-subjective norms, social factors and OCB (helping behavior) and (2) roles of physicians' involvement in decision making, computer self-efficacy and effort expectancy in our framework. Methods: Data from a stratified sample of 335 Malaysian physicians working in 12 public and private hospitals in Malaysia were collected to test the hypotheses using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Results: The important findings of our research are: (1) factors such as perceived threat to professional autonomy, performance expectancy, and physicians' involvement in making decision about CDSS have significant impact on physicians' intention to adopt CDSS; (2) physicians' attitude toward knowledge sharing, interactivity perception and computer self-efficacy of physicians play a crucial role in influencing their perceived threat to professional autonomy; and (3) social network, shared goals and OCB (helping behavior) impact physicians' attitude toward knowledge sharing. Conclusions: The findings provide a comprehensive understanding of the factors that influence physicians' intention to adopt CDSS in a developing country. The results can help hospital managers manage CDSS implementation in an effective manner. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


Nazaruddin D.A.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan
Geoheritage | Year: 2015

Jeli district in the state of Kelantan, Malaysia, has many geological attractions with geoheritage values, including the beautiful geological landforms/landscapes, unique geological phenomena, and precious Earth materials. Systematic studies of geoheritage have been conducted in the district through some general phases including of inventory, characterization, classification, assessment, and evaluation in some potential geoheritage resources such as Gunung Reng (mogote hill), Jeli Hot Spring, Pergau Lake (dam), gold deposits in Kampung Kalai, Lata Janggut (cascade), Sungai Rual (river), Lata Renyok (waterfall), Lata Chenai (cascade), and Setir Cave complex. Detailed characterization and classification showed that potential geoheritage resources in Jeli district are based on landform/landscape features (geomorphological sites), such as river, waterfall, cascades, limestone hills and caves (speleological sites), and lake, and their distinctive rocks (petrological sites). Other features are the hot spring (hydrogeological site), the gold deposits (mineralogical site), and important structural features (structural sites). These geological sites range between small to medium scales. For the assessment, these resources have some geoheritage values such as scientific, educational, aesthetic, recreational, cultural, economic, and functional values, with the local to state levels of significance. Geoheritage evaluation was conducted in this area to determine the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of its potential geoheritage resources as well as to propose some types of geoheritage conservation such as geosite and geomorphosite. All these sites should be conserved and developed, not only for research and education but also to support geotourism development in the state of Kelantan. © 2015 The European Association for Conservation of the Geological Heritage

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