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Ladang Seri Kundang, Malaysia

Universiti Malaysia Kelantan or UMK is a public university located in Kelantan in Malaysia. The formation of the university was mooted during the tabling of the Ninth Malaysia Plan and approved by the cabinet of Malaysia on June 14, 2006. The launching ceremony was held at the end of 2006 by Prime Minister, Y.A.B. Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi. The first students were enrolled with the commencement of the June 2007 semester.The Prime Minister of Malaysia announced the government’s approval to establish a university in Kelantan under the Ninth Malaysia Plan on 31 March 2006. On 14 June 2006, a Cabinet Meeting approved the establishment of the university. Taglines such as “Entrepreneurship is Our Thrust” and “Entrepreneurial University” are used to promote the philosophy of the university. Studies are grouped into three fields: Entrepreneurship and Business ; Creative Technology and Heritage; Agro-Industry and Science of Natural Resources.Apart from the three fields of study, emphasis is given to acquiring language and soft skills. The Growth of the universityThe temporary campus of UMK at Taman Bendahara began its official operation on 1 July 2007 with the registration of 295 pioneering students. On its second year of operation, beginning July 2008, the university registered 332 students.The first Vice-Chancellor of University Malaysia Kelantan was Prof. Dato’ Ir. Dr. Zainai bin Mohamed, who was appointed on 1 October 2006.UMK operates in three campuses from its main campus in Bachok, second campus in Jeli and also their temporary campuses in Pengkalan Chepa. Wikipedia.

Chen C.K.,Sarawak General Hospital | Nizar A.J.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan
Korean Journal of Pain | Year: 2011

Background: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a regional musculoskeletal pain disorder that is caused by myofascial trigger points. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of MPS among chronic back pain patients, as well as to identify risk factors and the outcome of this disorder. Methods: This was a prospective observational study involving 126 patients who attended the Pain Management Unit for chronic back pain between 1st January 2009 and 31st December 2009. Data examined included demographic features of patients, duration of back pain, muscle(s) involved, primary diagnosis, treatment modality and response to treatment. Results: The prevalence of MPS among chronic back pain patients was 63.5% (n = 80). Secondary MPS was more common than primary MPS, making up 81.3% of the total MPS. There was an association between female gender and risk of developing MPS (χ 2 = 5.38, P = 0.02, O.R. = 2.4). Occupation, body mass index and duration of back pain were not significantly associated with MPS occurrence. Repeated measures analysis showed significant changes (P ≤ 0.001) in Visual Analogue Score (VAS) and Modified Oswestry Disability Score (MODS) with standard management during three consecutive visits at six-month intervals. Conclusions: MPS prevalence among chronic back pain patients was significantly high, with female gender being a significant risk factor. With proper diagnosis and expert management, MPS has a favourable outcome. © The Korean Pain Society, 2011.

Soon J.M.,Royal Agricultural College | Soon J.M.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | Baines R.N.,Royal Agricultural College
Food Control | Year: 2012

Food safety training is mainly focused towards food service establishments. Therefore, this paper aims to develop food safety educational and training materials for fresh produce farm workers. The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) model was used to investigate handwashing intentions among fresh produce farm workers. The findings in this study showed an immediate increase in knowledge gained between pre- and post-training, suggesting that the educational and training programme was successful in improving food safety knowledge of participants. The overall farm food safety knowledge gain was significant at t(41) = -6.95, p < 0.001. Generally, all the participants preferred the You Tube video and hand hygiene demonstration, reiterating the fact that practical and hands-on sessions will create a much more vivid experience for workers. The TPB has provided a useful framework for understanding fresh produce farm workers' adherence to hand hygiene practices where the multiple regression model explained approximately 57% of the variance in handwashing intention (p < 0.001). Furthermore, perceived behavioural control was identified as the significant predictor of handwashing intention (p < 0.001). This suggests that participants were more likely to wash hands before harvesting or packing fresh produce when they perceived fewer barriers to wash hands. The findings here also suggest that for handwashing behaviour, intention is not considered to be wholly within the fresh produce farm workers' control as the working environment is different from a food service establishment which have easier access to handwashing facilities and potable water at all times. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Tham L.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | Nazar R.,National University of Malaysia | Pop I.,Babes - Bolyai University
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer | Year: 2013

In this paper, the steady mixed convection boundary layer flow about a solid sphere with a constant surface temperature embedded in a porous medium saturated by a nanofluid containing gyrotactic microorganisms in a stream flowing vertically upwards for both cases of a heated and cooled sphere, is studied numerically. One such characteristic of nanofluid is the anomalous high thermal conductivity at very low concentration of nanoparticles and the considerable enhancement of convective heat transfer. However, without external factor introduced, instability occurs and causing the nanoparticles to aggregate and agglomerate. The microorganisms are imposed into the nanofluid to stabilize the nanoparticles to suspend due to a phenomenon called bioconvection. The resulting system of nonlinear partial differential equations is solved numerically using an implicit finite-difference scheme known as the Keller box method. By considering the governing and bioconvection parameters, the numerical results are obtained and discussed for the skin friction coefficient, the local Nusselt number, the local Sherwood number, the local density number of the motile microorganisms as well as the velocity, temperature, nanoparticle volume fraction and density motile microorganisms profiles. It is found that the bioconvection parameters have strong influence towards the velocity and density of motile microorganisms transport rates. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Soon J.M.,Royal Agricultural College | Soon J.M.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | Singh H.,World Health Organization | Baines R.,Royal Agricultural College
Food Control | Year: 2011

This paper reviews foodborne diseases occurring in Malaysia and the strategies taken by the Malaysian government. Half of the foodborne related diseases from the early 1990s until today were associated with outbreaks in institutions and schools, mostly due to unhygienic food handling procedures. Outbreak surveillance and monitoring, training and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) implementation at food service establishments all play a vital role to prevent and/or reduce foodborne diseases. Some of the key agencies from the Malaysian Ministry of Health, academia, industries and research institutions continue to strengthen their collaboration and networking in order to coordinate the prevention and control of foodborne diseases and thus improve public health. Developments to date have shown improvement in surveillance and monitoring. In Malaysia, the main contributing factor to foodborne diseases was identified as insanitary food handling procedures which accounted for more than 50% of the poisoning episodes. Food handlers play a major role in the prevention of food poisoning during food preparation; hence, food handler training is seen as one of the main strategies to increase food safety practices. There are 125 accredited food handlers' training institutes as of September 2010. The application of knowledge and skills from training into the workplace is important and reasons for limitations of training initiatives are discussed. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Wei L.S.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | Wee W.,University of Malaysia, Terengganu
Iranian Journal of Microbiology | Year: 2013

Background and Objectives: This paper describes chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Cymbopogon nardus citronella essential oil against Edwardsiella spp. (n = 21), Vibrio spp. (n = 6), Aeromonas spp. (n = 2), Escherichia coli (n = 2), Salmonella spp. (n = 2), Flavobacterium spp. (n = 1), Pseudomonas spp. (n = 1) and Streptococcus spp. (n = 1) isolated from internal organs of aquatic animals. Due to the ban of antibiotics for aquaculture use, this study was carried out to evaluate the potential of citronella essential oil as alternative to commercial antibiotic use against systemic bacteria in cultured aquatic animals. Materials and Methods: The essential oil of C. nardus was prepared by using the steam distillation method and the chemical composition of the essential oil was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (-C-MS). Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the essential oil tested against bacterial isolates from various aquatic animals and ATCC type strains were determined using two-fold broth micro dilution method with kanamycin and eugenol as positive controls. Results: A total of 22 chemical compounds were detected in C. nardus essential oil with 6-octenal, 3, 7-dimethyl- or citronellal representing the major compounds (29.6%). The MIC values of the citronella oil ranged from 0.244 μg/ml to 0.977 μg/ml when tested against the bacterial isolates. Conclusion: The results of the present study revealed the potential of C. nardus essential oil as alternative to commercial antibiotics for aquaculture use.

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