Ladang Seri Kundang, Malaysia

University of Malaysia, Kelantan
Ladang Seri Kundang, Malaysia

Universiti Malaysia Kelantan or UMK is a public university located in Kelantan in Malaysia. The formation of the university was mooted during the tabling of the Ninth Malaysia Plan and approved by the cabinet of Malaysia on June 14, 2006. The launching ceremony was held at the end of 2006 by Prime Minister, Y.A.B. Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi. The first students were enrolled with the commencement of the June 2007 semester.The Prime Minister of Malaysia announced the government’s approval to establish a university in Kelantan under the Ninth Malaysia Plan on 31 March 2006. On 14 June 2006, a Cabinet Meeting approved the establishment of the university. Taglines such as “Entrepreneurship is Our Thrust” and “Entrepreneurial University” are used to promote the philosophy of the university. Studies are grouped into three fields: Entrepreneurship and Business ; Creative Technology and Heritage; Agro-Industry and Science of Natural Resources.Apart from the three fields of study, emphasis is given to acquiring language and soft skills. The Growth of the universityThe temporary campus of UMK at Taman Bendahara began its official operation on 1 July 2007 with the registration of 295 pioneering students. On its second year of operation, beginning July 2008, the university registered 332 students.The first Vice-Chancellor of University Malaysia Kelantan was Prof. Dato’ Ir. Dr. Zainai bin Mohamed, who was appointed on 1 October 2006.UMK operates in three campuses from its main campus in Bachok, second campus in Jeli and also their temporary campuses in Pengkalan Chepa. Wikipedia.

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Kamaruzzaman N.F.,Royal Veterinary College University of London | Kamaruzzaman N.F.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | Kendall S.,Royal Veterinary College University of London | Good L.,Royal Veterinary College University of London
British Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2017

Infectious diseases continue to threaten human and animal health and welfare globally, impacting millions of lives and causing substantial economic loss. The use of antibacterials has been only partially successful in reducing disease impact. Bacterial cells are inherently resilient, and the therapy challenge is increased by the development of antibacterial resistance, the formation of biofilms and the ability of certain clinically important pathogens to invade and localize within host cells. Invasion into host cells provides protection from both antibacterials and the host immune system. Poor delivery of antibacterials into host cells causes inadequate bacterial clearance, resulting in chronic and unresolved infections. In this review, we discuss the challenges associated with existing antibacterial therapies with a focus on intracellular pathogens. We consider the requirements for successful treatment of intracellular infections and novel platforms currently under development. Finally, we discuss novel strategies to improve drug penetration into host cells. As an example, we discuss our recent demonstration that the cell penetrating cationic polymer polyhexamethylene biguanide has antibacterial activity against intracellular Staphylococcus aureus. Linked Articles: This article is part of a themed section on Drug Metabolism and Antibiotic Resistance in Micro-organisms. To view the other articles in this section visit © 2016 The British Pharmacological Society

Khanam Z.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | Singh O.,Aligarh Muslim University | Singh R.,University of Agriculture and Technology | Bhat I.U.H.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan
Journal of Ethnopharmacology | Year: 2013

Ethnopharmacological relevance: Safed musli (Chlorophytum borivilianum) is an eminent medicinal plant of India and considered as a 'white gold' or 'divya aushad' in Indian systems of medicine. In Ayurveda, Chlorophytum borivilianum belongs to the group of "Vajikaran Rasayana" corroborated to its rejuvenating, aphrodisiac, natural sex tonic properties and effective in alleviating sexual disorders. It is largely used as ethnic medicine by local healers of indigenous communities of India. Materials and methods A thorough bibliographic investigation was carried out by analyzing worldwide accepted scientific data base (Pub Med, SciFinder, Scopus and Web of Science), thesis, recognized books, non impact and non indexed journals. Results: Traditionally, Chlorophytum borivilianum is well known for treating male impotency in India. The multi therapeutic and nutritional importance of Chlorophytum borivilianum is attributed to the rich source of phytochemicals particularly saponins. Recently, Chlorophytum borivilianum has gained a well established domestic (Indian) and international market for being the herbal alternative of "Viagra" without any side effects. Under the trade name 'Nai Chetna', the state government of Gujarat, India, has launched a novel potency drug from Chlorophytum borivilianum. Modern pharmacological studies of Chlorophytum borivilianum have demonstrated a wide range of pharmacological activities, most importantly aphrodisiac, immunomodulatory and anticancer activities. Conclusion: The increased commercial exploitation of Chlorophytum borivilianum and low productivity of this endangered plant has raised the concern over its conservation. It has been envisaged that efforts should be made to standardize, encourage and popularize the cultivation of Chlorophytum borivilianum as a commercial crop. The analysis of previous pharmacological investigations suggested lack of substantial scientific evidences in various studies and do not stand the test of critical assessment. Due to high economic value, Chlorophytum borivilianum has also encountered a problem of adulteration with closely resembling medicinally inferior species. The studies available on toxicity, safety and quality of Chlorophytum borivilianum are inadequate for providing information on commercial utilization. Thus, the present review summarizes comprehensive information on Chlorophytum borivilianum and possible scope for future research to fill the existing lacunae on its different aspects of the study. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Al Mamun A.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan
Advanced Science Letters | Year: 2017

This study examines the level of innovation (i.e., product innovation, process innovation, consumer engagement, and service innovation) across industries (i.e., basic metal; chemicals and petroleum; electrical and electronics; fabricated metal; food, beverage and tobacco; machinery; manufacture of furniture; medical, precision, and optical instruments; non-metallic mineral; paper, printing, and publishing; plastic; recycling; rubber; textile, wearing apparel, and leather; transport; wood and wood products, including furniture; and others) among manufacturing SMEs in Malaysia. This study uses a cross-sectional design and complete data is collected from 360 randomly selected manufacturing enterprises through a structured interview. Findings of this study indicate that the level of product, process, and service innovation differs significantly across the industries. Future studies should focus on identifying the key factors contributing to the low level of innovation in selected industries. SMEs and the development program and policies should focus on providing a supportive platform to promote innovation across the industries in Malaysia. © 2017 American Scientific Publishers. All rights reserved.

Wei L.S.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | Wee W.,University of Malaysia, Terengganu
Iranian Journal of Microbiology | Year: 2013

Background and Objectives: This paper describes chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Cymbopogon nardus citronella essential oil against Edwardsiella spp. (n = 21), Vibrio spp. (n = 6), Aeromonas spp. (n = 2), Escherichia coli (n = 2), Salmonella spp. (n = 2), Flavobacterium spp. (n = 1), Pseudomonas spp. (n = 1) and Streptococcus spp. (n = 1) isolated from internal organs of aquatic animals. Due to the ban of antibiotics for aquaculture use, this study was carried out to evaluate the potential of citronella essential oil as alternative to commercial antibiotic use against systemic bacteria in cultured aquatic animals. Materials and Methods: The essential oil of C. nardus was prepared by using the steam distillation method and the chemical composition of the essential oil was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (-C-MS). Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the essential oil tested against bacterial isolates from various aquatic animals and ATCC type strains were determined using two-fold broth micro dilution method with kanamycin and eugenol as positive controls. Results: A total of 22 chemical compounds were detected in C. nardus essential oil with 6-octenal, 3, 7-dimethyl- or citronellal representing the major compounds (29.6%). The MIC values of the citronella oil ranged from 0.244 μg/ml to 0.977 μg/ml when tested against the bacterial isolates. Conclusion: The results of the present study revealed the potential of C. nardus essential oil as alternative to commercial antibiotics for aquaculture use.

Sambasivan M.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | Siew-Phaik L.,Campus Management | Abidin Mohamed Z.,Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia | Leong Y.C.,University Putra Malaysia
International Journal of Production Economics | Year: 2013

Integration of various theories is essential to completely understand and explain strategic alliances in a supply chain. The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework by integrating the features of transaction cost theory, resource-based theory, contingency theory, social exchange theory, and Kelley's personal relationship theory and test the framework through empirical research. The present study addresses the impact of strategic alliance motives, environment, asset specificity, perception of opportunistic behavior, interdependence between supply chain partners, and relational capital on strategic alliance outcomes. Besides, the study has also tested the role of relational capital as a central mediating construct. A sample of 2156 companies representing different industries in manufacturing in Malaysia was selected for the distribution of questionnaire. We tested the structural model using structural equation modeling (SEM). Based on the results, we conclude the following significant relationships: (1) strategic alliance motives and perception of opportunistic behavior on interdependence and relational capital, (2) interdependence on relational capital, (3) environment on strategic alliance motives, (4) relational capital on strategic alliance outcomes, and (4) the mediating role of relational capital. The current study adds significantly to the body of knowledge on strategic alliances and can help managers identify factors that influence the success of strategic alliances and provide a proper direction to develop robust and effective collaborative relationships between supply chain partners. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

A scientific expedition carried out by the Department of Minerals and Geoscience Malaysia and Malaysian Geological Heritage Group in May 2015 has revealed the hidden geological and potential geoheritage features in the upstream of the Pertang River, in the dense and pristine rainforest of Taman Negara Kuala Koh (National Park), Kelantan, Malaysia. The river offers outstanding geological features that make the area important to be exposed in terms of geoheritage values. This paper discusses the geological aspects of the river and its potential geoheritage resources. The area consists of the Lotong Sandstone from the Gagau Group which, based on the field observation, mainly comprises two lithofacies: pebbly sandstone–sandstone facies and sandstone–siltstone–mudstone facies. The prominent potential geoheritage resources of the area are some beautiful waterfalls, the Pertang canyon/gorge, and plant fossils. All these features possess geoheritage values, including scientific (and educational), aesthetic, and recreational values. Geoheritage evaluation of this area has been conducted by using the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats analysis. Conservation and development efforts should be applied to this remote area so that this area can be utilized properly such as for research and educational activities as well as geotourism development mainly in the state of Kelantan. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Soon J.M.,Royal Agricultural College | Soon J.M.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | Baines R.N.,Royal Agricultural College
Food Control | Year: 2012

Food safety training is mainly focused towards food service establishments. Therefore, this paper aims to develop food safety educational and training materials for fresh produce farm workers. The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) model was used to investigate handwashing intentions among fresh produce farm workers. The findings in this study showed an immediate increase in knowledge gained between pre- and post-training, suggesting that the educational and training programme was successful in improving food safety knowledge of participants. The overall farm food safety knowledge gain was significant at t(41) = -6.95, p < 0.001. Generally, all the participants preferred the You Tube video and hand hygiene demonstration, reiterating the fact that practical and hands-on sessions will create a much more vivid experience for workers. The TPB has provided a useful framework for understanding fresh produce farm workers' adherence to hand hygiene practices where the multiple regression model explained approximately 57% of the variance in handwashing intention (p < 0.001). Furthermore, perceived behavioural control was identified as the significant predictor of handwashing intention (p < 0.001). This suggests that participants were more likely to wash hands before harvesting or packing fresh produce when they perceived fewer barriers to wash hands. The findings here also suggest that for handwashing behaviour, intention is not considered to be wholly within the fresh produce farm workers' control as the working environment is different from a food service establishment which have easier access to handwashing facilities and potable water at all times. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Chen C.K.,Sarawak General Hospital | Nizar A.J.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan
Korean Journal of Pain | Year: 2011

Background: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a regional musculoskeletal pain disorder that is caused by myofascial trigger points. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of MPS among chronic back pain patients, as well as to identify risk factors and the outcome of this disorder. Methods: This was a prospective observational study involving 126 patients who attended the Pain Management Unit for chronic back pain between 1st January 2009 and 31st December 2009. Data examined included demographic features of patients, duration of back pain, muscle(s) involved, primary diagnosis, treatment modality and response to treatment. Results: The prevalence of MPS among chronic back pain patients was 63.5% (n = 80). Secondary MPS was more common than primary MPS, making up 81.3% of the total MPS. There was an association between female gender and risk of developing MPS (χ 2 = 5.38, P = 0.02, O.R. = 2.4). Occupation, body mass index and duration of back pain were not significantly associated with MPS occurrence. Repeated measures analysis showed significant changes (P ≤ 0.001) in Visual Analogue Score (VAS) and Modified Oswestry Disability Score (MODS) with standard management during three consecutive visits at six-month intervals. Conclusions: MPS prevalence among chronic back pain patients was significantly high, with female gender being a significant risk factor. With proper diagnosis and expert management, MPS has a favourable outcome. © The Korean Pain Society, 2011.

Rao P.V.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | Rao P.V.,Universiti Sains Malaysia | Gan S.H.,Universiti Sains Malaysia
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2014

Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum, and Cinnamon cassia), the eternal tree of tropical medicine, belongs to the Lauraceae family. Cinnamon is one of the most important spices used daily by people all over the world. Cinnamon primarily contains vital oils and other derivatives, such as cinnamaldehyde, cinnamic acid, and cinnamate. In addition to being an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, anticancer, lipid-lowering, and cardiovascular-disease-lowering compound, cinnamon has also been reported to have activities against neurological disorders, such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases. This review illustrates the pharmacological prospective of cinnamon and its use in daily life. © 2014 Pasupuleti Visweswara Rao and Siew Hua Gan.

Esmaeilzadeh P.,Florida International University | Sambasivan M.,Taylors University | Kumar N.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | Nezakati H.,University Putra Malaysia
International Journal of Medical Informatics | Year: 2015

Objective: The basic objective of this research is to study the antecedents and outcomes of professional autonomy which is a central construct that affects physicians' intention to adopt clinical decision support systems (CDSS). The antecedents are physicians' attitude toward knowledge sharing and interactivity perception (about CDSS) and the outcomes are performance expectancy and intention to adopt CDSS. Besides, we include (1) the antecedents of attitude toward knowledge sharing-subjective norms, social factors and OCB (helping behavior) and (2) roles of physicians' involvement in decision making, computer self-efficacy and effort expectancy in our framework. Methods: Data from a stratified sample of 335 Malaysian physicians working in 12 public and private hospitals in Malaysia were collected to test the hypotheses using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Results: The important findings of our research are: (1) factors such as perceived threat to professional autonomy, performance expectancy, and physicians' involvement in making decision about CDSS have significant impact on physicians' intention to adopt CDSS; (2) physicians' attitude toward knowledge sharing, interactivity perception and computer self-efficacy of physicians play a crucial role in influencing their perceived threat to professional autonomy; and (3) social network, shared goals and OCB (helping behavior) impact physicians' attitude toward knowledge sharing. Conclusions: The findings provide a comprehensive understanding of the factors that influence physicians' intention to adopt CDSS in a developing country. The results can help hospital managers manage CDSS implementation in an effective manner. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

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