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Farmington, ME, United States

The University of Maine at Farmington, established in 1864 as Maine's first public institution of higher education, is a public liberal arts college, and a founding member of the Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges offering programs in teacher education, human services and arts and science as a part of the University of Maine System. The school is also at times referred to as UMaine Farmington or UMF for short. Wikipedia.

Spector J.E.,University of Maine, United States | Cavanaugh B.J.,University of Maine at Farmington
Remedial and Special Education | Year: 2015

A disproportionate number of students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are below grade level in reading. This trend may be due in part to characteristics of the disability, but it may also reflect lack of access to the instructional conditions needed for success in beginning reading. In this study, we surveyed special education teachers to investigate the conditions of reading instruction for K-3 students with ASD. Consistent with recommendations regarding beginning reading, teachers (n = 66) indicated that the vast majority of students with ASD (n = 226) participated in daily reading instruction and received more comprehensive instruction than the sight word approach that has been used in the past. Findings of concern included frequency of use of paraprofessionals to provide primary instruction, teachers’ relatively low self-efficacy for teaching reading to students with ASD, and provision of less than the recommended instructional time for K-3 reading. © 2015, © Hammill Institute on Disabilities 2015. Source

Nolan M.C.,Arecibo Observatory | Magri C.,University of Maine at Farmington | Howell E.S.,Arecibo Observatory | Benner L.A.M.,Jet Propulsion Laboratory | And 7 more authors.
Icarus | Year: 2013

We determine the three-dimensional shape of near-Earth Asteroid (101955) Bennu based on radar images and optical lightcurves. Bennu was observed both in 1999 at its discovery apparition, and in 2005 using the 12.6-cm radar at the Arecibo Observatory and the 3.5-cm radar at the Goldstone tracking station. Data obtained in both apparitions were used to construct a shape model of this object. Observations were also obtained at many other wavelengths to characterize this object, some of which were used to further constrain the shape modeling. The lightcurve data, along with an initial determination of the rotation period derived from them, simplified and improved the shape modeling.Below we briefly describe the observations and shape modeling process. We discuss the shape model and the implications for the possible formation and evolution of this object. We also describe the importance and limitations of the shape model in view of the fact that this object is the target of the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft mission. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

O'brien L.M.,Colby College | Polacsek M.,Maine Harvard Prevention Research Center | Macdonald P.B.,One Public | Ellis J.,11 Health | And 2 more authors.
Journal of School Health | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: Health-related, school-based interventions may serve to prevent disease and improve academic performance. The Healthy Maine Partnerships (HMP) initiative funded local school health coordinators (SHCs) as a part of Maine's Coordinated School Health Program (CSHP) beginning in January 2001. SHCs established school health leadership teams and implemented annual work plans to address health risk behaviors. This study evaluates the impact of the Healthy Maine Partnerships SHC (HMPSHC) intervention on school policies and student risk behaviors after its first 5 years. METHODS: Data sources include the Maine School Health Profiles Survey and the Maine Youth Drug and Alcohol Use Survey/Youth Tobacco Survey. Cross-sectional analyses were performed on 2006 data to assess physical activity, nutrition, and tobacco-related policy associations with the HMPSHC intervention. Finally, policy and student behavior analyses were conducted to assess associations. RESULTS: Intervention schools were more likely to be associated with physical activity intramural offerings, improved nutritional offerings, and tobacco cessation programs. In intervention schools, supportive school policies were associated with decreased soda consumption, decreased inactivity, and decreased tobacco use. Required school health education curricula were more predictive of decreased risk behavior in intervention schools than in nonintervention schools. CONCLUSIONS: In schools with SHCs, there exists a stronger association with improved school programs. Improved policies and programs were associated with decreases in risk behavior among students in intervention schools. The HMPSHC intervention may be a viable CSHP model to replicate and evaluate in other settings. © 2010, American School Health Association. Source

Prentiss N.K.,University of Maine at Farmington | Harris L.H.,Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
Italian Journal of Zoology | Year: 2011

As part of a general polychaete survey of St. John, United States Virgin Islands, an analysis was conducted on macrofaunal polychaete assemblages found in sediments trapped within the stinking vase sponge (Iricinia campana Lamarck, 1814) growing in shallow water at less than 4 m depth. Higher species numbers and greater abundances were found within the sponges than in adjacent sand. Polychaetes comprised over 90% of all macrofauna found in the two habitats, with 41 species within 21 families: Acoetidae, Amphinomidae, Capitellidae, Chrysopetalidae, Cirratulidae, Dorvilleidae, Eunicidae, Euphrosinidae, Glyceridae, Hesionidae, Maldanidae, Nereididae, Oenonidae, Orbiniidae, Opheliidae, Sabellidae, Sigalionidae, Spionidae, Syllidae, Terebellidae, and Trichobranchidae. Univariate statistics, community ordination (nonmetric multidimensional scaling) and a multiple response permutation procedure revealed differences in assemblage compositions between vase sponge sediments and open sand. Seven polychaete species found in vase sponges were not found in any other habitats in the survey area. Vase sponges appear to be population refugia for many soft-bottom polychaete species scarcely found or absent in adjacent reef habitats, by supplying protection from predators and currents, finer and more organically enriched sediments within the concavities, and food derived from the sponges. © 2011 Unione Zoologica Italiana. Source

Rivkin A.S.,Johns Hopkins University | Howell E.S.,Arecibo Observatory | Vervack R.J.,Johns Hopkins University | Magri C.,University of Maine at Farmington | And 5 more authors.
Icarus | Year: 2013

We present observations of the binary near-Earth Asteroid (175706) 1996 FG3 in the 2-4. μm spectral region, obtained on multiple nights using the SpeX instrument on the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility (IRTF). We find evidence for an absorption band of ~5-10% (depending on the night and details of continuum choice), diagnostic for hydrated/hydroxylated minerals on the asteroid surface. This demonstrates that the optical surface of 1996 FG3 has not been heated to dehydrating temperatures. Sample-return missions targeting 1996 FG3 will likely find relatively fresh areas for sampling. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

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