Maiduguri, Nigeria
Maiduguri, Nigeria

The University of Maiduguri is located in Maiduguri, a city in Borno State in northeast Nigeria. The university was created by the federal government in 1975, with the intention of its becoming one of the country's principal higher-education institutions. It enrolls about 25,000 students in its combined programs, which include a college of medicine and faculties of agriculture, arts, Dentistry, education, engineering, law, management science, Pharmacy, science, social science, and veterinary medicine. With the encouragement of the federal government, the university has recently been increasing its research efforts, particularly in the fields of agriculture and conflict resolution, and expanding the university press. The total budget is ₦1,920,660,623.11. The university is the major higher institution of learning in the north-eastern part of the country. It has a serene environment for learning, a very efficient teaching hospital. Wikipedia.

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Adegoke B.O.A.,University of Ibadan | Oyeyemi A.L.,University Of Maiduguri
Journal of Physical Activity and Health | Year: 2011

Background: This study assessed the prevalence of physical inactivity and the influence of sociodemographic variables on physical activity categories, highlighting the correlates of physical inactivity in Nigerian young adults. Methods: A representative sample of young adults age 16 to 39 years (n = 1006) from a Nigerian University were categorized using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire as physically inactive, moderately active, and highly active. Prevalence rates were computed for the activity categories and the independent associations of sociodemographic correlates on each category were determined using the multinomial logistic regression. Results: Physical inactivity prevalence was 41%. More likely to be inactive were females (OR = 1.93; CI: 1.49-2.49), those of Hausa ethnicity (OR = 2.29; CI: 1.08-5.84), having BMI > 30 kg/m 2 (OR = 2.88; CI: 1.16-7.17), and those whose parents' annual income was < 180,000 NAIRA (OR = 1.69; CI: 1.04-2.95). Less likely to be moderately active were females (OR = 0.71; CI: 0.61-0.95), those with BMI between 25.0 to 29.9 kg/m 2 (OR = 0.46; CI: 0.23-0.92), and those of Hausa ethnicity (OR = 0.17; CI: 0.04-0.74). Conclusion: Important sociodemographic variables that can contribute to the preliminary analysis of correlates of physical inactivity among Nigerian young adults were identified. © 2011 Human Kinetics, Inc.

Gidado A.,University Of Maiduguri
Journal of complementary & integrative medicine | Year: 2012

The aim of this study was to determine the possible underlying mechanism of the hypoglycaemic activity of the ethanolic extract of Nauclea latifolia leaves in rats. The extract, glibenclamide or water was administered orally in a glucose, sucrose and maltose tolerance tests. In addition, the effect of the extract on α-glucosidase enzymes was also studied. The ethanolic extract at 200mg/kg body weight inhibited the increase in glucose level after both oral and intraperitoneal glucose loads as did glibenclamide. The extract also dose dependently inhibited both maltase and sucrase activities in vitro but not in vivo. The hypoglycaemic effect of N. latifolia leaf ethanolic extract thus appears to be most probably exerted through a mechanism similar to that of glibenclamide which is related to increased insulin release from pancreatic β-cells.

Oyeyemi A.L.,University Of Maiduguri
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise | Year: 2016

PURPOSE: Development of valid measures of built environments relevant for physical activity is an important step toward controlling the global epidemic of physical inactivity-related non-communicable diseases and deaths. This study assessed the construct validity of a self-report neighborhood environment walkability scale adapted for Africa (NEWS-Africa), by examining relationships with self-reported walking for transportation and recreation using pooled data from six sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS: NEWS was systematically adapted to assess urban, peri-urban and rural environments in sub-Saharan Africa. Adults (n=469, 18-85 years, 49.7% women) from Cameroon, Ghana, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Africa and Uganda were purposively recruited from neighborhoods varying in walkability and socioeconomic status, with some from villages. Participants completed the 76-item (13 subscales) NEWS-Africa by structured interview and reported weekly minutes of walking for transport and recreation using items from the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. RESULTS: The overall ‘walkability’ index had a positive relationship with both walking for transportation (eta=0.020, p=0.005) and recreation (eta=0.013, p=0.028) in the pooled analyses. The mixed-use access and stranger-danger scales were positively related with transport walking (eta=0.020, p=0.006 and eta=0.021, p=0.040, respectively). Proximity of recreational facilities (eta=0.016, p=0.015), road/path connectivity (eta=0.025, p=0.002), path infrastructure (eta=0.021, p=0.005), and overall places for walking and cycling (eta=0.012, p=0.029) scales were positively related to recreational walking. Country-specific results were mostly non-significant except for South Africa and Uganda. CONCLUSIONS: Seven of 14 NEWS-Africa scales were significantly related to walking behavior in pooled analyses, providing partial support for the construct validity of NEWS-Africa. However, effect sizes appeared to be lower than those from other continents. Further study with larger and more diverse samples is needed to determine whether the instrument performs well in each country. © 2016 American College of Sports Medicine

Ribadu D.Y.,University Of Maiduguri
The Nigerian postgraduate medical journal | Year: 2010

To assess the possible role of poverty as a cause and a consequence of blindness among blind individuals in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Eighty-five consenting blind individuals living within 4 wards of Maiduguri had ocular examination to determine the cause of their blindness with a view to determining the avoidable nature (preventable and/or curable, were adequate resources available) of their blindness. A semi-structured questionnaire which captured their demographic data, antecedents of blindness and interventions (medical and rehabilitative) sought, access to welfare support services was also administered. Socio-economic status of the respondents was explored through information sought on educational attainment, employment status, means of livelihood, possession of personal assets, and estimates of monthly income. Blindness from the main causes were avoidable as they were either curable (cataract 41, 48%) or preventable (xerophthalmia 20, 23.5%; glaucoma 12, 14.1%; and trachoma 5, 5.1%). Only 8.2% of the subjects were employed, majority (75.3%) roamed the streets begging; and 69% lived on less than a dollar a day. Over three-quarters had no access to any form of welfare support. Majority (70.6%) did not have any personal asset. More than two-thirds had no formal education and over three-quarters had no access to health services. CONCLUSIONS & RECOMMENDATION: The avoidable nature of blindness in 78 (90%) of the subjects implicates poverty as a causative factor. In turn, the subjects' subsequent existence in poverty and destitution appear directly related to their blindness. We recommend an effective and comprehensive eye care service, and an intensification of poverty-alleviation measures.

Yahya S.J.,University Of Maiduguri
Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: Tobacco is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States; responsible for more than 400,000 deaths annually. There have been few reports in the literature about the association between these diseases and cigarette smoking from African countries, which may indicate that these diseases are not common in Africans. There is a dearth of knowledge about the smoking habit among adolescents and factors influencing it in Africa. This is a survey of the factors influencing the onset of cigarette smoking among adolescents in Konduga local government area. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 400 randomly selected subjects from the four districts of the local government who responded to a modified version of the standard WHO questionnaire (WHO/SMO, 1984) for surveying smoking habit. RESULTS: The study showed that friends/peers (57%) as the major factor for initiating the smoking habit in adolescents. Others were pleasure (24%), stress (13%), family members (4%) and cigarette adverts (1%). The study also revealed that the adolescents continued to smoke even though they were aware of the health consequences of smoking. The majority of the respondents (70%) advocated outright ban on tobacco sales by the government as the most effective way to check this world's major preventable health hazard. CONCLUSION: The study showed that friends/peer groups were the dominant factor influencing the onset of cigarette smoking among adolescents. This underscores the need for targeting the group in behaviour change communication.

Ali N.,University Of Maiduguri
Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria | Year: 2012

Acute appendicitis and its complications is still the most common cause of acute abdominal pain that will require surgical intervention in most parts of the West African sub-region. This study is a review of our management and outcome of acute appendicitis in the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital [UMTH]. A retrospective and prospective audit of all patients with acute appendicitis seen and managed over an 8- year period [2002-2009 inclusive] in the UMTH is presented. Materials used included patients demographic variables, clinical presentation, laboratory data, operative findings and treatment outcome. One thousand two hundred and fifty-seven patients were studied. These were 426 (33.9%) males and 831 (66.1%) females; a male to female ratio of 1:2. The mean age was 32.4 15.0 years. All the patients were admitted with abdominal pain that was initially located at the right iliac fossa in 480 (38.2%), periumbilical in 393 (31.3%) and diffused in 351(27.9%) patients. Vomiting 85.7%, fever 73.0% and anorexia 49.0% were the most frequent symptoms. The mean duration of illness was 72 hours. Right iliac fossa pain and tenderness were present in 1112 (88.46%) patients. The total white cell count was significantly raised (p < 0.05). All the patients had appendicectomy, 295 (23.47%) of the appendices were perforated at operation and 200 (15.9%) of the removed appendices had no histological evidence of inflammation. The complication rate was 36.2% and wound infection (28.30%) was the most common. The mean hospital stay was 3 days. There were 12 deaths; a mortality rate of 0.9%; mostly patients with ruptured appendix and peritonitis. The diagnosis of appendicitis is clinical and supported by a raised total white cell count with neutrophilia. The negative appendicectomy rate of 15.9% falls below the range reported in other studies. More than a fifth of the appendices were perforated and mortality was low.

Gali B.M.,University Of Maiduguri
Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria | Year: 2011

Perforated Peptic Ulcer (PPU) is extremely rare in pregnancy. We report a case of perforated peptic ulcer in pregnancy during Ramadan fasting. The patient is a 16 years old primigravida who presented with features of peritonitis at 28weeks of gestation while fasting during Ramadan. Ultrasound scan reported a singleton live fetus at 28 weeks gestation. At laparotomy via upper midline incision; a 1 cm roundish perforation located on the duodenum anteriorly was found with about a litre of gastric juice mixed with blood and food particles in the peritoneal cavity. The perforation was close transversely with omental patch (Modified Graham's patch) and peritoneal lavage done with warm saline. She had a preterm delivery of a 1 kg baby 3 days post-operatively by a spontaneous vaginal delivery, but the baby died 3 days later. Perforated Peptic Ulcer(PPU) though rare in pregnancy can occur and fasting can be a risk factor.

Gali B.M.,University Of Maiduguri
Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria | Year: 2011

Gallbladder perforation (GBP) is rare and as a complication of typhoid fever is extremely rare. We present two consecutive patients with GBP diagnosed incidentally at laparotomy. Information on the management of two patients with gallbladder perforation seen at Federal Medical Centre Azare in June and October 2008 was extracted from their case records. The two patients were both males aged 13 years and 16 years. They both presented with high fever of more than 2 weeks duration; and abdominal pain and distension. Both patients had features of generalised peritonitis. Pre-operative diagnoses of typhoid enteric perforation were made based on a positive Widal test. Intra-operative findings however, were that of bile peritonitis and gallbladder perforation. Both had cholecystectomy. Culture of the bile aspirate yielded Salmonella typhi. Gallbladder perforation secondary to typhoid fever should be considered as a differential diagnosis in patients with suspected typhoid enteric perforation in typhoid fever endemic region.

Ibrahim S.M.,University Of Maiduguri
Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria | Year: 2013

Pregnancy represents a risk factor in the occurrence of vaginal candidiasis. To determine the prevalence and clinical features associated with abnormal vaginal discharge and C. albicans infection in pregnant women. High vaginal swab samples and data on epidemiological characteristics were collected from 400 pregnant women with complaints of abnormal vaginal discharge at booking clinic of University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital. The data was analysed using SPSS 16.0 statistical software. The prevalence of abnormal vaginal discharge in pregnancy was 31.5%. The frequency of abnormal vaginal discharge was 183 (45.8%) among those aged 20-24 years, 291 (72.8%) in multipara, 223 (55.8%) in those with Primary education and 293 (73.2%) in unemployed. Vulval pruritus 300 (75.0%) was significantly related to abnormal vaginal discharge (P < 0.001). The prevalence of C. albicans was 41%. The frequencies of Vulval itching, Dyspareunia and vulval excoriation among those with candidiasis were 151 (50.3%), 14 (56.0%) and 75 (75.0%) respectively (P < 0.001). The prevalence of abnormal vaginal discharge in pregnancy was high in this study and C. albicans was the commonest cause. It is recommended that a pregnant woman complaining of abnormal vaginal discharge be assessed and Laboratory diagnosis done in order to give appropriate treatment.

Bukar M.,University Of Maiduguri
African journal of medicine and medical sciences | Year: 2012

The utilization of cervical cancer screening services is very poor in developing countries. The study was aimed at establishing the determinants of the awareness of cervical cancer, Papanicolaou smear and its utilization among outpatient clinic attendees in north-eastern Nigeria. Cross sectional study among outpatient clinic attendees in two tertiary institutions in north-eastern Nigeria. A total of 235 women of reproductive age were interviewed during the study period. Sixty two (62%) were aware of cervical cancer, while 44.3% were aware of screening with Pap smear. However, overall, only 11.5% had ever been screened for cervical cancer before our study. More than half (54%) of the respondents did not state any reason for not doing the test. Compared with women who were not screened, screened women were aged 30 years and above with a mean age of 29.7 +/- 7.6 years (p = 0.021), better educated (p = 0.046), multiparous and employed outside home (p = 0.000). Determinants of awareness of cervical cancer and Pap smear were higher level of education (O.R. 7.80, 95% CI: 7.2-9.4; O.R. 5.12, 95%; CI: 5.0-6.4) and being civil servants (O.R. 2.01, 95% CI: 2.5-3.0; O.R. 3.23, 95%; CI: 2.9-4.7) respectively, while utilization of Pap smear depended on the age (O.R. 3.25, 95%; CI: 2.7-4.0) and higher educational status (O.R. 2.87, 95%; CI: 2.9-3.2). The utilization of Pap smear among women studied is very low. But the reasons advanced for poor utilization are modifiable. Efforts at addressing these reasons might improve the take up rate of cervical cancer screening in North-eastern Nigeria.

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