Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IRSES | Award Amount: 688.80K | Year: 2014
The research project intends to contribute actively to the cooperation between Europe and China, investigating opportunities for mutual integration in the healthcare sector. Cooperation and potential synergies will be examined from a comprehensive perspective, including policies at national and local level, the legal environment, medical practices, healthcare industries and related businesses. An interdisciplinary approach is followed. Researchers in the social science and humanities areas will compare the European and Chinese healthcare systems at different levels, including value systems and ethical issues. The economic expert will analyse the integration reached so far, in the healthcare industries (i.e. technologies, pharmaceutical products, etc.) on the basis of foreign direct investments, trade and micro economic data. The typical cost-benefit tools will be used to evaluate the economic impact of integrating Western Medicine (WM) and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) practices, supporting the medical team of experts. The legal instruments will help define obstacles and plausible solutions that can be generated by the regulatory environment, as well as appropriate solutions to enhance collaboration both at institutional, medical practices and business levels. The team of experts in the medical field will investigate best practices of traditional medical systems using a modern science framework. The team will develop a process of recognition and scientific validation of TCM versus Complementary Alternative Medicine, at different levels. CHETCH is based on the idea that a Europe-China partnership could be a win-win strategy. Europe and China have complementarities that could help each other face their specific needs in the long run.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IRSES | Award Amount: 718.20K | Year: 2013
The research project aims at integrating and combining economic, legal and engineering competencies to analyze the level of economic cooperation reached so far between China and Europe in the renewable energy and the environment industries and to identify specific areas to boost partnership opportunities. Using a multi disciplinary approach, the exchanged staff will work on three main research areas. The first one is focused on trade and investment flows and aims at identifying critical issues, gaps, and potentials in Europe-China relationships. Major effects of Europe-China agreements on foreign direct investments (FDI) and trade flows are examined. Problems encountered and opportunities to be seized at firm level will also be analyzed. The economic perspective is supported and enriched by the engineering and legal perspectives. Engineering knowledge is fundamental to defining concretely the sectors, products and processes which have high deployment potential. Engineering research activity is focused on two main research areas, both related with energy efficiency and carbon dioxide reduction: mobility and the transportation sector and low carbon buildings. The legal knowledge is relevant to understanding obstacles due to the regulatory environment, as well as to identifying appropriate solutions to enhance collaboration. Main investigation areas will be: offshore oil and gas and renewable energy; anti-dumping; environmental and social standards and corporate social responsibility. POREEN aims at increasing the availability of interdisciplinary studies, with a comprehensive overview of Europe-China relations. Developing integrated knowledge is fundamental to provide useful and reliable information to support EU and local policymakers, as well as companies working in/with China. POREEN should lay the ground for further related studies on this topic and establish integrated and interdisciplinary research links between European and Chinese centres of excellence.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: H2020-TWINN-2015 | Award Amount: 1.18M | Year: 2016
The ALHTOUR project aims to strengthen and stimulate scientific excellence, and innovation capacity in technologies for independent living, applied to the health tourism at UL (Portugal) , by preparing for the set-up of a Health Tourism Living Lab, identified as a key driver for territorial development. The Twinning action will activate a process of knowledge transfer which leverages on academic excellence of KUL (Belgium), UM (Netherlands) and UNIMC (Italy), as well as on complementarities and synergies among Smart Specialization Strategies (SSS) of the 4 regions involved. In this way, ALHTOUR will help strengthening the triple helix cooperation skills of UL and supports SSS implementation in the UL region. As a result, this twinning could become an example of territorial development for other regions and knowledge organisations in Europe. To achieve these objectives, ALHTOUR is developed in two action phases characterised by: - a multidisciplinary approach, supported by social science and humanities disciplines; - a constant and active involvement of different stakeholders and the business community; - a mutual learning and cooperation process, to benefit all partnering institutions. The plan of collaborative activities includes: staff exchanges, academic symposiums, Job shadowing and cross functional mentoring, joint business seminars, lunch & learn events, summer school, Venture Lab on health tourism. With regards to the Work Programme, ALTHOURT makes a contribution to the priority given to personalising health and care as a form of responding to the Health, demographic change and well-being societal challenge. Synergies are relevant also within Smart cities and communities. Finally, ALTHOUR is in line with the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing, the objectives of the Ambient Assisted Living Joint Programme and the attention devoted by the EC to the opportunities offered by Silver Economy.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 900.00K | Year: 2017
The challenges facing society in urban wastewater management cannot be solved by any one sector alone. ALICE (AcceLerate Innovation in urban wastewater management for Climate changE) will accelerate innovation by bringing together and exchanging knowledge between the key players who can, together, address the future techno-economic, governance and societal challenges arising from climate change. It will boost international and interdisciplinary skills, as well as careers perspective of Experienced Researchers, Early Stage Researchers, and the workforce of industry, water utilities and public organizations. The results will 1) benefit water utilities, 2) support political and managerial decisions in wastewater, 3) benefit wastewater equipment manufacturers, identifying new market opportunities in the EU, 4) benefit EU citizens from the improved wastewater infrastructure, the environment and job creations. Higher precipitation and more frequent storms will require change in sewer water management. Moreover, higher risks of water scarcity and droughts require increased wastewater reuse, currently at 20% of its potential in the EU. These changes will lead to increased energy demand in a sector that is already a major contributor of carbon emissions. ALICE will promote effective solutions based on innovative technologies, green infrastructures, climate vulnerability assessments, governance and economic models, embracing stakeholders and citizens views to overcome barriers to the acceptance and uptake of new technologies. The excellence of the project lies in the joined-up thinking of different perspectives and disciplines. Academic and non-academic partners along the wastewater value-chain will exchange knowledge, develop training, research and innovation activities. ALICE will build lasting knowledge and cooperation networks and will provide the non-academic sector with practical solutions to respond in innovative ways to the challenges posed by climate change.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IRSES | Award Amount: 182.40K | Year: 2013
Undertaking the problem of culture of trust in the use of information and communication technology in education is justified by an increase in the number of available technological tools and associated with this the valuation and educational usefulness of digital information. The main task of the project is to learn the elements of the culture of trust in order to understand the behavior of educational entities in situations of the usage of ICT tools and programs in globalizing societies. The object of study is formal education, non-formal and informal. The research will be carried out in diverse environments in terms of education, history, economy, politics and religion from a perspective of: critical and emancipator pedagogy (Poland), multimedia learning (Norway), sensory learning (Germany), value pedagogy (India), pedagogical aspects of evaluation (China), pragmatic pedagogy and social constructivism (USA). It is important to discover the elements of a culture of trust in consideration of diverse media messages because of their source (who is the author of the information, opinion, appeal, advice), content (what is the subject of information, opinion, appeal, advice), motives, objectives and circumstances of resorting to the transmissions (why in what situation). The project will result in: 1) educational rapprochement of cultures, 2) breaking down of stereotypes, 3) preparation of professional teacher training standards in establishing a culture of trust in the use of digital media.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2014 | Award Amount: 828.00K | Year: 2014
The EU has to face many challenges in achieving a more balanced regional development and sustainable economic recovery. Many of those challenges have to do with the ageing population trend, urbanization and environment under distress. More liveable and efficient communities is a target to be reached in Europe, where the silver hair trends can become a challenging opportunity, from a social, economic and cultural perspective. Despite those challenges are strongly interlinked, solutions provided in urban contexts not often pay due attention to the social process underlying urban trends and to the needs and behaviour of elderly citizens. GRAGE intends to contribute to fill this gap, developing winning ideas to promote an active, harmonious and inclusive citizenship for elderly people living in urban contexts. The consortium gathers ground-breaking expertise from different scientific background (legal, economic, humanities, engineering), from academic and non academic institutions, belonging to several countries (from EU and Ukraine). Using a mix of methodologies, the research and innovation programme of the project will evolve around the idea of citizenship as a collector of interest, healthy environment and suitable urban solutions for an aging society. Main themes will be: green buildings, food and urban agriculture, information and language technology. Researcher will analyze their role in transforming cities in environments that support green and healthy lifestyles for elderly people. GRAGE intents to boost dialogue through Europe, both strengthening the academic and non-academic collaboration and a practical understanding of elderly living across Europe. Such a cooperation can have a series of returns for Europe, ranging from a more effective solution to strategic challenges (sustainable cities and demographic change) to new business opportunities for European firms, offering solutions and products for smart/inclusive/ageing societies at global level.
Hale W.W.,University Utrecht |
Crocetti E.,University of Macerata |
Raaijmakers Q.A.W.,University Utrecht |
Meeus W.H.J.,University Utrecht
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines | Year: 2011
Background: Accumulating studies have demonstrated that the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED), a modern youth anxiety questionnaire with scales explicitly designed to map onto specific DSM-IV-TR anxiety disorders, has good psychometric properties for children and adolescents from various countries. However, no study has yet been conducted as to the overall strength of the psychometric properties found in these studies. Methods: Studies were collected from the PsycINFO, PubMed, SSCI, SCI-Expanded, ERIC, and A&HCI databases from the year of the SCARED's first publication (1997) to the present. The inclusion criteria focused on all studies that examined the psychometric properties of the SCARED. Results: We retained 21 articles, reporting a total of 25 studies from predominately Europe (Belgium, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands) and the USA, as well as South Africa and China, which matched our inclusion criteria. It was found that the psychometric properties were robust for the SCARED scales related to the symptoms of DSM-IV-TR anxiety disorders, that females scored significantly higher than males and that age had a moderating effect on male and female score differences. Conclusions: This meta-analysis suggests that the SCARED can be utilized as a screening instrument for DSM-IV-TR anxiety disorder symptom dimensions for children and adolescents from various countries. © 2010 The Authors. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. © 2010 Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health.
Minervini L.F.,University of Macerata
Telecommunications Policy | Year: 2014
Unparalleled growth in wireless communications has increased the pressure for more spectrum to support more users, more uses and more capacity. To alleviate that pressure, major regulatory changes were introduced in several countries in two key areas of spectrum management, namely spectrum assignment and allocation. This paper analyzes those changes and discusses strategies and tactics for deregulating the use of radio spectrum. Spectrum management reforms are considered within the theoretical framework of transition economics, which is concerned with optimal reform speed and sequencing. The paper shows how Anglo-Saxon and European countries have been implementing gradual reforms. Meanwhile, Central American reformers have chosen a fast transition from command-and-control regulation to market mechanisms. Transition economics is used to evaluate the advantages and drawbacks of different spectrum reform strategies. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Cerqueti R.,University of Macerata
Journal of Global Optimization | Year: 2012
This paper deals with a theoretical stochastic dynamic optimization model for the external financing of firms. We aim at searching for the best intensity of payment that a financier has to apply to a company in order to have a loan repaid. The techniques involved are related to the optimal control theory with exit time. We follow a dynamic programming approach. Our model also presents a distinction between the legal and the illegal financier, and a theoretical comparison analysis of the results is presented. Some numerical examples provide further validation of the theoretical results. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012.
Buonanno F.,University of Macerata
Biologia | Year: 2011
It is known that the microturbellarian Stenostomum sphagnetorum, a common ciliate predator, is very sensitive against different types of toxins produced by other ciliates for chemical defense, and consequently, it is not able to capture and ingests these ciliates. In particular, when the predator tries to attack one of these toxin-secreting ciliates, it is forced to regurgitate the captured prey in response to the toxin discharged from the ciliates. In this study it is shown that after repeated attacks by S. sphagnetorum against two species of toxic ciliates (Spirostomum ambiguum and Spirostomum teres), the predator acquires a behavior of prey selection that leads to the exclusion of these ciliates among the possible prey and to the distinction between edible and inedible (toxic) ciliates. This learned behavior, which is maintained for days, is lost only after the asexual reproduction of the microturbellarian. In addition, S. sphagnetorum learns to recognize and avoid specimens of S. ambiguum and S. teres artificially deprived of their toxins, strongly suggesting that the toxins are not exclusively associated in the prey recognition of the microturbellarian. © 2011 Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien.