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Luzern, Switzerland

The University of Lucerne is a public university with a campus in Luzern, Switzerland. 1231 undergraduates and 1061 postgraduate students attend the university, which makes it Switzerland's smallest university.Despite its size, it holds an international reputation in several areas. For instance, the Institute for Jewish-Christian Research has acquired renown. The university evolved over time: Since the early 17th century, courses in philosophy and theology have been taught in the city. The faculty of Theology was established in 1938, whereas the department of history was founded August 1, 1989. In 1993, the faculty of humanity was established. After a popular vote, the University of Lucerne was established in 2000. Wikipedia.

Malti T.,University of Toronto | Killen M.,University of Maryland College Park | Gasser L.,University of Lucerne
Child Development | Year: 2012

Adolescents' social judgments and emotion attributions about exclusion in three contexts, nationality, gender, and personality, were measured in a sample of 12- and 15-year-old Swiss and non-Swiss adolescents (N=247). Overall, adolescents judged exclusion based on nationality as less acceptable than exclusion based on gender or personality. Non-Swiss participants, however, who reflected newly immigrated children to Switzerland, viewed exclusion based on nationality as more wrong than did Swiss participants and attributed more positive emotions to the excluder than did Swiss participants. Girls viewed exclusion in nationality and personality contexts as less legitimate than did boys, and they attributed less positive emotions to excluder target in the nationality context than did boys. The findings extend existing research on exclusion by focusing on both emotion attributions as well as judgments and by investigating exclusion in a sample that included a recent immigrant group. © 2011 The Authors. Child Development © 2011 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

Bickenbach J.,University of Lucerne
Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics | Year: 2013

Often advocates for persons with disabilities strongly object to the claim that disability essentially involves a decrement in health. Yet, it is a mystery why anyone with an impairment would ever deny, or feel uncomfortable being told that, their impairment is at bottom a health problem. In this paper, I investigate the conceptual linkages between health and disability, relying on robust conceptualizations of both notions, and conclude it makes no conceptual sense to insist that a person can be seriously impaired yet still be, or become, "perfectly healthy." But that cannot be the end of it since this kind of error is commonly made, and I try to tease out the reason why not only disability advocates but agencies like the WHO and the CDC fall victim to it. I conclude by conceding that there are indeed sound political reasons for being cautious about the alignment of disability and ill-health, but suggest that the price we pay in conceptual confusion may be too high to allow those reasons to dictate policy. © 2013 American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, Inc.

Making decisions is an important component of everyday living, and issues surrounding autonomy and self-determination are crucial for persons with intellectual disabilities. Article 12 (Equal Recognition before the Law) of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities addresses this issue of decision-making for persons with disabilities: the recognition of legal capacity. Legal capacity means recognizing the right to make decisions for oneself. Article 12 is also moving in the direction of supported decision-making, as an alternative to substituted decision-making. The objective of this paper is to show conceptually the connection between supported decisionmaking and the preservation of personal autonomy for persons with intellectual disabilities. This paper discusses supported decision-making based on Bach and Kerzner's model: (a) legally independent status, (b) supported decision- making status, and © facilitated decision-making status. Arguments will be made based on John Stuart Mill's concept of autonomy and arguments against it using Sarah Conly's argument for paternalism. © 2013 American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, Inc.

Gutzwiller-Helfenfinger E.,University of Lucerne
New directions for child and adolescent development | Year: 2010

How children make meaning of their own social experiences in situations involving moral issues is central to their subsequent affective and cognitive moral learning. Our study of young children's narratives describing their interpersonal conflicts shows that the emotions and judgments constructed in the course of these real-life narratives differ from the emotions and judgments generated in the context of hypothetical transgressions. In the narratives, all emotions mentioned spontaneously were negative. In contrast, emotions attributed in the interview part covered a broader spectrum. One's own real-life transgressions were judged less severe and more justified than hypothetical transgressions. © Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Bickenbach J.,University of Lucerne
American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation | Year: 2012

This article offers preliminary reflections on the potential application of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) to the developing literature on disability ethics. As an epidemiologic tool-an international standard language of functioning and disability-the ICF has instrumental ethical significance as its application is governed by standard bioethical concerns of informed consent, confidentiality, and respect for persons. However, the ICF also has an intrinsic ethical significance, so far untapped, arising from three conceptual features of its model of functioning and disability, namely universalism, the interactional model, and etiologic neutrality. The future of the ethical dimension of ICF is briefly explored. Copyright © 2011 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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