Luzern, Switzerland

University of Lucerne
Luzern, Switzerland

The University of Lucerne is a public university with a campus in Luzern, Switzerland. 1231 undergraduates and 1061 postgraduate students attend the university, which makes it Switzerland's smallest university.Despite its size, it holds an international reputation in several areas. For instance, the Institute for Jewish-Christian Research has acquired renown. The university evolved over time: Since the early 17th century, courses in philosophy and theology have been taught in the city. The faculty of Theology was established in 1938, whereas the department of history was founded August 1, 1989. In 1993, the faculty of humanity was established. After a popular vote, the University of Lucerne was established in 2000. Wikipedia.

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News Article | February 23, 2017

CHICAGO, IL--(Marketwired - February 23, 2017) - The Association of American Law Schools (AALS) is the nation's largest organization for legal education. This year, Professor Mark Wojcik of The John Marshall Law School, is serving as a Chair of an AALS Section for the 10th time. This year Wojcik is chairing the AALS Section on International Legal Exchange, a section that he previously chaired in 1998. The Section promotes communication and understanding by helping to promote foreign educational exchange programs for faculty and law students in the United States and in foreign nations. "Being involved in the AALS allows me to work with law professors from across the country and around the world," said Wojcik, who practiced customs and international trade law before joining John Marshall's faculty in 1992. "I'm grateful for the confidence that my colleagues have in me when they elect me as Chair of an AALS Section." At John Marshall, Wojcik teaches International Law, International Business Transactions, Lawyering Skills, Torts, and Sexual Orientation Law. He has taught and lectured in 11 foreign countries, including at the University of Lucerne in Switzerland, the Free La Faculty of Monterrey in Mexico, Vytautas Magnus University School of Law in Lithuania and the University of Cagliari in Sardinia, Italy. Wojcik chaired the AALS Section on North American Cooperation last year and in 2004-2005 and also has twice chaired the Section on Graduate Programs for Non-U.S. Lawyers. He has chaired the Section on International Human Rights; the Section on International Law; the Section on Legal Writing, Reasoning and Research; and the Section on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity issues. He has also served as an officer of the Section on Art Law and a member of the Executive Committee of the Section on Defamation and Privacy. Wojcik is currently serving as Diversity Officer for the Section of International Law of the ABA. He is President-elect of Scribes-The American Society of Legal Writers. He also served on the governing boards of the Chicago Bar Association and the Illinois State Bar Association. He is the author and co-author of numerous law review articles, book chapters and books, including the first casebook on AIDS Law, the first legal writing text for non-native speakers of English and Illinois Legal Research. Wojcik also founded the Global Legal Skills Conference, an international legal skills conference that has been held in the United States, Costa Rica, Mexico and Italy. The Chicago Bar Foundation presented him with awards for outstanding service to the legal profession and for pro bono service. He was also inducted into the Chicago LGBT Hall of Fame. The John Marshall Law School, founded in 1899, is an independent law school located in the heart of Chicago's legal, financial and commercial districts. The 2017 U.S. News & World Report's America's Best Graduate Schools ranks John Marshall's Lawyering Skills Program 5th, its Trial Advocacy Program 19th and its Intellectual Property Law Program 21st in the nation. Since its inception, John Marshall has been a pioneer in legal education and has been guided by a tradition of diversity, innovation, access and opportunity.

Malti T.,University of Toronto | Killen M.,University of Maryland College Park | Gasser L.,University of Lucerne
Child Development | Year: 2012

Adolescents' social judgments and emotion attributions about exclusion in three contexts, nationality, gender, and personality, were measured in a sample of 12- and 15-year-old Swiss and non-Swiss adolescents (N=247). Overall, adolescents judged exclusion based on nationality as less acceptable than exclusion based on gender or personality. Non-Swiss participants, however, who reflected newly immigrated children to Switzerland, viewed exclusion based on nationality as more wrong than did Swiss participants and attributed more positive emotions to the excluder than did Swiss participants. Girls viewed exclusion in nationality and personality contexts as less legitimate than did boys, and they attributed less positive emotions to excluder target in the nationality context than did boys. The findings extend existing research on exclusion by focusing on both emotion attributions as well as judgments and by investigating exclusion in a sample that included a recent immigrant group. © 2011 The Authors. Child Development © 2011 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

Gasser L.,University of Lucerne | Malti T.,University of Toronto | Buholzer A.,University of Lucerne
Child Development | Year: 2014

Children's judgments about inclusion and exclusion of children with disabilities were investigated in a Swiss sample of 6-, 9-, and 12-year-old children from inclusive and noninclusive classrooms (N = 422). Overall, the majority of children judged it as morally wrong to exclude children with disabilities. Yet, participants were less likely to expect the inclusion of children with mental or physical disabilities in academic and athletic contexts compared to social contexts. Moreover, older children more consistently coordinated disability type with context of exclusion. There were also significant differences depending on the type of classroom. The findings extend existing research on exclusion by investigating exclusion based on disability across different age groups and educational settings. Child Development © 2014 The Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

Gutzwiller-Helfenfinger E.,University of Lucerne
New directions for child and adolescent development | Year: 2010

How children make meaning of their own social experiences in situations involving moral issues is central to their subsequent affective and cognitive moral learning. Our study of young children's narratives describing their interpersonal conflicts shows that the emotions and judgments constructed in the course of these real-life narratives differ from the emotions and judgments generated in the context of hypothetical transgressions. In the narratives, all emotions mentioned spontaneously were negative. In contrast, emotions attributed in the interview part covered a broader spectrum. One's own real-life transgressions were judged less severe and more justified than hypothetical transgressions. © Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Bickenbach J.,University of Lucerne
Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics | Year: 2013

Often advocates for persons with disabilities strongly object to the claim that disability essentially involves a decrement in health. Yet, it is a mystery why anyone with an impairment would ever deny, or feel uncomfortable being told that, their impairment is at bottom a health problem. In this paper, I investigate the conceptual linkages between health and disability, relying on robust conceptualizations of both notions, and conclude it makes no conceptual sense to insist that a person can be seriously impaired yet still be, or become, "perfectly healthy." But that cannot be the end of it since this kind of error is commonly made, and I try to tease out the reason why not only disability advocates but agencies like the WHO and the CDC fall victim to it. I conclude by conceding that there are indeed sound political reasons for being cautious about the alignment of disability and ill-health, but suggest that the price we pay in conceptual confusion may be too high to allow those reasons to dictate policy. © 2013 American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, Inc.

Making decisions is an important component of everyday living, and issues surrounding autonomy and self-determination are crucial for persons with intellectual disabilities. Article 12 (Equal Recognition before the Law) of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities addresses this issue of decision-making for persons with disabilities: the recognition of legal capacity. Legal capacity means recognizing the right to make decisions for oneself. Article 12 is also moving in the direction of supported decision-making, as an alternative to substituted decision-making. The objective of this paper is to show conceptually the connection between supported decisionmaking and the preservation of personal autonomy for persons with intellectual disabilities. This paper discusses supported decision-making based on Bach and Kerzner's model: (a) legally independent status, (b) supported decision- making status, and © facilitated decision-making status. Arguments will be made based on John Stuart Mill's concept of autonomy and arguments against it using Sarah Conly's argument for paternalism. © 2013 American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, Inc.

Bickenbach J.,University of Lucerne
American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation | Year: 2012

This article offers preliminary reflections on the potential application of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) to the developing literature on disability ethics. As an epidemiologic tool-an international standard language of functioning and disability-the ICF has instrumental ethical significance as its application is governed by standard bioethical concerns of informed consent, confidentiality, and respect for persons. However, the ICF also has an intrinsic ethical significance, so far untapped, arising from three conceptual features of its model of functioning and disability, namely universalism, the interactional model, and etiologic neutrality. The future of the ethical dimension of ICF is briefly explored. Copyright © 2011 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Bickenbach J.,University of Lucerne
Disability and Rehabilitation | Year: 2014

Purpose: The aim of this paper is to review and evaluate the legal and policy feasibility of applying the principles of Universal Design (UD) to create a "universalised disability policy" that targets the needs and circumstances of persons with disabilities in light of universal human rights, conscious of individual differences. Methods: Applying modified versions of the principles of UD to disability social policy and using core interpretative strategies for human rights implementation (used in the United Nations' Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities) to illuminate, by analogy, ways to resolve the dilemma between seeking equality and respecting difference. Results: The aspirations of UD in architecture and planning-namely to design buildings and cities to accommodate the needs of the widest spectrum of abilities as possible-can successfully be applied to social policy that focuses on the needs and circumstances of persons with disabilities, and which underwrites a blueprint for reform in the delivery of social services. Conclusions: "Universal social policy", and UD, are feasible and desirable approaches to their respective domains, if we adopt a strategy derived from the legal interpretation of human rights implementation. The consequence, however, may be a policy that begins a process of social disappearance of disability.Implications for RehabilitationThe well-recognised principles of Universal Design (UD) have analogs for social policy that focuses on the needs of persons with disabilities.Universal social policy is consistent with the rights and aspirations of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.Universalising social policy may lead eventually to the disappearance of c"disability" as a policy category. © 2014 Informa UK Ltd.

Subsequent to the Brundtland Report (World Commission on Environment and Development 1987,Our Common Future), sustainability has been set up in many countries as a mission statement of cross-sectoral policies. Sustainable development carries the normative notions of equity, empowerment and environmentally sensitive economic development. Thus, it seems to suggest a fundamentally different vision to neoliberal dogma, which is at the same time described as dominating all socio-political processes. This paper intends to explore the relation between these two discursive framings of contemporary policies through the example of German spatial planning guidelines. More precisely, it addresses social justice as one pillar of sustainability and how it is operationalised in spatial planning policies in Germany. This may exemplify how the seemingly opposing discourses interact in policy practices. The empirical analysis suggests that the ways in which the German spatial planning report focused on social space in territorial terms promotes an economistic and truncated view of social justice, one which fosters the neoliberal idea of regional competition for global capital and reduces socio-spatial justice to territorially equally distributed economic inclusion. © 2011 The Author Antipode © 2011 Editorial Board of Antipode.

Rubinelli S.,University of Lucerne
Patient Education and Counseling | Year: 2013

Objective: Persuasion plays a critical role in doctor-patient communication. The relevant literature tends to equate persuasion to manipulation as a suboptimal form of interaction. The objective of this paper is to distinguish among different types of persuasion processes and to highlight when their use can be beneficial or risky from the perspective of the patient's autonomy. Methods: This paper presents a conceptual analysis of persuasion based on the analytical and normative frameworks of argumentation theory. Results: Persuasion is a generic term that refers to at least four main forms of persuasion: rational persuasion, unintentional unreasonable persuasion, intentional (without deception) unreasonable persuasion and intentional (with deception) unreasonable persuasion (i.e., manipulation). Conclusion: Rational persuasion can be a process of value for the medical encounter. The other forms of persuasion can negatively impact patients' decision making. They are suboptimal for different reasons that are partly due to the quality of communication, and partly due to ethics of the medical conduct. Practice implications: This paper offers a basis for developing training opportunities that foster deeper understanding of different forms and uses of persuasion. Also, it can inspire the development of educational material for patients targeted to the enhancement of their critical health literacy. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

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