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Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo

The University of Lubumbashi is one of the largest universities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is located in Lubumbashi, the capital city of Katanga province.The campus is located in the northern part of the city, west of the airport.The university was created in 1955 as the official university of Congo and Rwanda-Urundi by the University of Liège and opened in 1956. It was one of the institutions merged into the National University of Zaire in 1971. It was re-established as an autonomous university in 1981 when the National University of zaire was split up.In May 1990 Zaire's government violently suppressed student protests on the campus, killing several students and destroying parts of the campus. Wikipedia.

Lutandula M.S.,University of Lubumbashi | Maloba B.,CAMEC Group
Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering

In the Katanga province of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), effluents from flotation of oxidised ores of copper and cobalt are stored in settling ponds in view separation of tailings and the mill wastewaters, which are sent in the rivers. Tailings consist of the gangue minerals accompanied by the uncovered metals of interest. In some cases, tailings may contain copper and cobalt to concentrations that can be economically recovered. The present research aims at recovering copper and cobalt through reprocessing of tailings from flotation of oxidised ores of copper and cobalt achieved at the Kambove Concentrator (DRC). It focuses on the determination of the reagents' dosage that enables obtaining the highest recovery of copper (44.80%) and cobalt (88.30%) through flotation of the studied tailings. Based on both the achievable recovery of the metals of interest and the concentrate grade (3.31% Cu and 2.22% Co), it was concluded that the reprocessing of tailings from the Kambove Concentrator through flotation appears to be an attractive practice because it could enable minimising the footprint of the mineral processing industry on the environment. It could also contribute to the resources conservation through the recovery of metals from the minerallurgical processes wastes. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Introduction: The transmission of infectious agents such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and syphilis is the greatest threat to transfusion recipient safety. The purpose of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of infectious markers with a view to contributing to transfusion safety by selecting donors. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the medical records of blood donors covering the period 1 January to 31 December 2008 was conducted. The global seroprevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis was, respectively, 2.9%, 1.6%, 0.2% and 0.2%. A high seroprevalence was found in the 16-25 and 46-55-year age groups, while there was a high prevalence of syphilis in the 16-25-year age group. Results: The results confirm the presence of infection by hepatitis B in Kamina and provide an initial insight into the circulation of the hepatitis C virus, the HIV virus and syphilis in the blood donor population. Discussion: Rigorous selection and screening procedures among blood donors are needed to ensure transfusion recipient safety. © S.F.S.P.. Tous droits réservés pour tous pays. Source

Arung W.,University of Lubumbashi | Meurisse M.,University of Liege | Detry O.,University of Liege
World Journal of Gastroenterology

Peritoneal adhesions represent an important clinical challenge in gastrointestinal surgery. Peritoneal adhesions are a consequence of peritoneal irritation by infection or surgical trauma, and may be considered as the pathological part of healing following any peritoneal injury, particularly due to abdominal surgery. The balance between fibrin deposition and degradation is critical in determining normal peritoneal healing or adhesion formation. Postoperative peritoneal adhesions are a major cause of morbidity resulting in multiple complications, many of which may manifest several years after the initial surgical procedure. In addition to acute small bowel obstruction, peritoneal adhesions may cause pelvic or abdominal pain, and infertility. In this paper, the authors reviewed the epidemiology, pathogenesis and various prevention strategies of adhesion formation, using Medline and PubMed search. Several preventive agents against postoperative peritoneal adhesions have been investigated. Their role aims in activating fibrinolysis, hampering coagulation, diminishing the inflammatory response, inhibiting collagen synthesis or creating a barrier between adjacent wound surfaces. Their results are encouraging but most of them are contradictory and achieved mostly in animal model. Until additional findings from future clinical researches, only a meticulous surgery can be recommended to reduce unnecessary morbidity and mortality rates from these untoward effects of surgery. In the current state of knowledge, pre-clinical or clinical studies are still necessary to evaluate the effectiveness of the several proposed prevention strategies of postoperative peritoneal adhesions. © 2011 Baishideng. All rights reserved. Source

This article presents an ethnographic study of the pseudonymous Saint Amand Hospital in Lubumbashi (Democratic Republic of Congo) and of the way in which struggles for control of the hospital's resources contributed to shape certain practices that were damaging to the institution. We examine how, following the disengagement of both the State and a large bankrupt mining enterprise, the 'atypical' governance of the hospital and the institutional instability it generated led to professional vulnerability among care providers. We also look at how, in turn, this situation exacerbated the vulnerability of the helpless and uneducated patients attending that hospital. © The Author(s) 2012. Source

Tetanus is still a public health problem in developing countries including the Democratic Republic of Congo. The objective of this study was to determine the prognosis of patients with tetanus admitted in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of Provincial Hospital Jason Sendwe, Lubumbashi, DR Congo. This is a descriptive study which collected information from registers and medical records of patients admitted for tetanus in the ICU of Jason Sendwe Hospital, between January 2005 and December 2009. We calculated the parameters of position, dispersion as well as frequencies. We used the test of independent association of prognosis (death versus survival). Tetanus constituted 2.1% of admissions in the ICU during the 5-year period. The average age of patients was 39.38 ± 17; majority of patients were males (95.5%). The majority of patients lived the townships of Kampemba (27.3%), Kenya (22.7%), and Annexe (18.2%). All patients presented the generalized form of the infection. The door of entry was detectable in 71.5% of cases, localized mainly to the lower limbs (61.9%). The average length of stay was 11.29 ± 11.39 days. Mortality was observed in 52.4% of cases. This mortality was statistically significant in patients aged more than 40 years (p=0.029) but not not related to the length of stay (p=0.080) nor the location of point of entry(p=0.28). In our environment the prognosis of tetanus remains severe. This disease is still frequent in the city of Lubumbashi; sensibilisation of population on preventive strategies as well as setting up appropriate structures for better management of cases is required. Source

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