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O'Brien P.,Goodmayes Hospital | Tribe R.,University of East LondonLondon
International Journal of Culture and Mental Health | Year: 2014

This paper presents findings from a study exploring how a group of post-2004 Polish migrants reported adapting to life in the UK. Eight participants were interviewed and transcripts were analysed using the qualitative methodology of interpretative phenomenological analysis. Two themes encapsulating the main findings from the study form the focus of the paper: in pursuit of more freedom and disconnection. From the analysis, it appears that this sample is particularly motivated by the opportunity for personal growth, which is perceived as more achievable in the UK. It is contended that this reflects a pre-existing identification with more individualist characteristics associated with ‘Western culture’, which participants, in the post-communist landscape of Poland, have internalised. The sense of disconnection experienced by participants relates to difficulties forming friendships in the UK and is understood as a consequence of differing cultural values associated with social relationships. Contextual factors for each of these domains are considered. The findings represent the reported experiences of this group of participants and may not be generalizable. © 2013, © 2013 Taylor & Francis.

Okoye K.,University of East LondonLondon | Tawil A.-R.H.,University of East LondonLondon | Naeem U.,University of East LondonLondon | Lamine E.,Toulouse 1 University Capitole
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing | Year: 2016

Semantic reasoning can help solve the problem of regulating the evolving and static measures of knowledge at theoretical and technological levels. The technique has been proven to enhance the capability of process models by making inferences, retaining and applying what they have learned as well as discovery of new processes. The work in this paper propose a semantic rule-based approach directed towards discovering learners interaction patterns within a learning knowledge base, and then respond by making decision based on adaptive rules centred on captured user profiles. The method applies semantic rules and description logic queries to build ontology model capable of automatically computing the various learning activities within a Learning Knowledge-Base, and to check the consistency of learning object/data types. The approach is grounded on inductive and deductive logic descriptions that allows the use of a Reasoner to check that all definitions within the learning model are consistent and can also recognise which concepts that fit within each defined class. Inductive reasoning is practically applied in order to discover sets of inferred learner categories, while deductive approach is used to prove and enhance the discovered rules and logic expressions. Thus, this work applies effective reasoning methods to make inferences over a Learning Process Knowledge-Base that leads to automated discovery of learning patterns/behaviour. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016.

Nash C.,University of East LondonLondon | Clough J.,University of East LondonLondon | Gedge D.,The Roof | Lindsay R.,University of East LondonLondon | And 3 more authors.
Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution | Year: 2016

Cities dominated by impervious artificial surfaces can experience a multitude of negative environmental impacts. Restoration of green infrastructure has been identified as a mechanism for increasing urban resilience, enabling cities to transition towards sustainable futures in the face of climate-driven change. Building rooftops represent a viable space for integrating new green infrastructure into high-density urban areas. Urban rooftops also provide prime locations for photovoltaic (PV) systems. There is an increasing recognition that these two technologies can be combined to deliver reciprocal benefits in terms of energy efficiency and biodiversity targets. Scarcity of scientific evaluation of the interaction between PVs and green roofs means that the potential benefits are currently poorly understood. This study documents evidence from a biodiversity monitoring study of a substantial biosolar roof installed in the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park. Vegetation and invertebrate communities were sampled and habitat structure measured in relation to habitat niches on the roof, including PV panels. Ninety-two plant species were recorded on the roof and variation in vegetation structure associated with proximity to PV panels was identified. Almost 50% of target invertebrate species collected were designated of conservation importance. Arthropod distribution varied in relation to habitat niches on the roof. The overall aim of the Main Press Centre building green roof design was to create a mosaic of habitats to enhance biodiversity, and the results of the study suggest that PV panels can contribute to niche diversity on a green roof. Further detailed study is required to fully characterise the effects of PV panel density on biodiversity. © 2015 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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