Lodz, Poland
Lodz, Poland

The University of Łódź was founded May 24, 1945 in Łódź, Poland, as a continuation of educational institutions functioning in Łódź in the interwar period — the Teacher Training Institute , the Higher School of Social and Economic science and a division of the Free Polish University .The University of Łódź is a fully accredited, state-owned, traditional university. It is one of 18 institutions of its type in Poland.It has more than 47,000 students and 2,600 teachers.Its international cooperation includes 385 partner institutions from all over the world.A range of BA, MA, and postgraduate courses held in English as a language of instruction are offered to Polish and overseas students.As a result of widespread cooperation with universities all over the world, including Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3, Université François – Rabelais , University of Texas at Austin, Westfälische Wilhelms – Universität Münster, University of Baltimore, the R. H. Smith School of Business, University of Maryland, Centria University of Applied science , and the Towson University, students of the University of Łódź can graduate with dual diplomas. Wikipedia.

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Disclosed is a method of determining the transport activity level of the ABCG2 protein, particularly in a studied mammalian cell, and use of 2-aminoethyl diphenylborinate to perform such a method.

Kaminski T.,University of Lodz
Energy Policy | Year: 2017

Chinese Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs) are new instruments of Chinese ‘Go Global’ strategy and the politics of maintaining raw materials and energy security. Europe has lured 60% of the total USD 27.3 billion invested by Chinese SWFs in the energy sector globally, which provokes the question as to how important SWF investments are in the political sense and what security concerns they bring. This paper is the first that presents a comprehensive picture of Chinese SWF investments in the European energy market and one of the very few papers about SWFs based on multiannual, comprehensive empirical data. The author argues that Chinese SWFs are different players on the energy market than private investors, could be potentially harmful for some European interests. By installing representatives on the company boards, China gains access to sensitive information that could be then transferred to Chinese competitors. Moreover, through its SWFs China could take control over energy companies or critical infrastructure and increase its political influence in European countries, making them more vulnerable to political pressure. Therefore, the European policy-makers should consider taking special steps to monitor and maybe limit Chinese SWFs expansion in the energy sector. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd

Kolodziejczyk-Czepas J.,University of Lodz
Journal of Ethnopharmacology | Year: 2012

Background: Despite of the fact that clovers (family: Fabaceae; genus: Trifolium) have been known for many centuries as important forage plants and valuable herbs in folk medicine, their phytochemical characteristics and biological activity remain only partly established. Aim of the study: The presentation of the current knowledge of physiological effects, therapeutic action, new trends in the investigation of Trifolium plants and suggestions for the future applications of these herbs in therapy of various disorders. Methods: A critical review of literature on the biological activity of Trifolium plants, with the indication on important gaps, was performed. The compilation of existing information on physiological effects and medicinal value of clovers, derived from both traditional medicine recommendations and scientific reports, is presented. Results: The available data indicate on the abundance of biologically active substances in Trifolium plants, including numerous flavonoids, saponins, clovamides and phenolic acids. The best known clover - Trifolium pratense L. (red clover) - is used for the production of herbal medicines, an alternative to the conventional hormonal replacement therapy. The biological activity and potential therapeutic effects of other Trifolium species have gained a considerable scientific interest; extracts obtained from various clovers have been shown to possess antioxidative and antiinflammatory activities, inhibiting angiogenesis and displaying anti-cancer properties. Conclusions: Clovers other than T. pratense also seem to be a promising source of valuable phytochemicals, such as isoflavones and various flavonoids. However, the therapeutic use of these Trifolium species is significantly limited by the lack of clinical evidence; thus further studies are needed. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Morgan J.L.W.,University of Virginia | Strumillo J.,University of Virginia | Strumillo J.,University of Lodz | Zimmer J.,University of Virginia
Nature | Year: 2013

Cellulose, the most abundant biological macromolecule, is an extracellular, linear polymer of glucose molecules. It represents an essential component of plant cell walls but is also found in algae and bacteria. In bacteria, cellulose production frequently correlates with the formation of biofilms, a sessile, multicellular growth form. Cellulose synthesis and transport across the inner bacterial membrane is mediated by a complex of the membrane-integrated catalytic BcsA subunit and the membrane-anchored, periplasmic BcsB protein. Here we present the crystal structure of a complex of BcsA and BcsB from Rhodobacter sphaeroides containing a translocating polysaccharide. The structure of the BcsA-BcsB translocation intermediate reveals the architecture of the cellulose synthase, demonstrates how BcsA forms a cellulose-conducting channel, and suggests a model for the coupling of cellulose synthesis and translocation in which the nascent polysaccharide is extended by one glucose molecule at a time. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

Olas B.,University of Lodz
Chemico-Biological Interactions | Year: 2014

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a well known toxic gas that is synthesized from the amino acids: cysteine (Cys) and homocysteine (Hcy) by three enzymes: cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS), cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) and mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3-MST). Hydrogen sulfide, like carbon monoxide (CO) or nitric oxide (NO) is a signaling molecule in different biological systems, including the cardiovascular system. Moreover, hydrogen sulfide plays a role in the pathogenesis of various cardiovascular diseases. It modulates different elements of hemostasis (activation of blood platelet, and coagulation process) as well as proliferation and apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells. However, the biological role and the therapeutic potential of H2S is not clear. This review summarizes the different functions of hydrogen sulfide in hemostasis. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 3.72M | Year: 2015

The aim of the GRACE (Gender and Cultures of Equality in Europe) project is to systematically investigate the cultural production of gender equalities within Europe. Extending the success of GEMMA, the Erasmus Mundus Masters of Excellence in Womens and Gender Studies, the central objective of GRACE is to become the programme of reference for innovative interdisciplinary doctoral training for early career researchers. Previous scholarly work focuses on European gender equality policies. GRACE draws on innovative and interdisciplinary methodologies to investigate an under-examined aspect of those processes, namely the production of cultures of equality that underpin, enable and constrain those changing policy and legislative frameworks. Our methodological approach understands culture as neither normative frameworks nor ways of representing the world, but more fundamentally as the process through which people create the worlds they inhabit. The GRACE project will recruit, employ and provide advanced training for 15 ESRs who will research the production of cultures of gender equality across five specific sites where cultures of gender equalities are produced and contested by differently situated social agents. These five sites form the core of our research and training Work Packages, and are focused as follows: mediated cultures of gender equality (WP 1); urban cultures of gender equality (WP 2); intellectual and activist cultures of gender equality (WP 3); textual and artistic cultures of gender equality (WP 4); employing cultures of gender equality (WP 5). In sum, GRACE is designed to: equip the next generation of ESRs to play a leading role in developing advanced techniques for investigating the production of cultures of gender equality; translate creative and critical capacities into innovative cultural practices within and beyond academia; and enable them to take up positions as experts in producing new gender equalities cultures.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: H2020-TWINN-2015 | Award Amount: 999.48K | Year: 2016

The objective of this Twinning project is to significantly strengthen the research in Riga Stradins University (RSU; Latvia) in the smart specialization area of Latvia bio-medicine, medical technologies, and biotechnologies with application to immunotherapy of cancer through building an up-rising connections with two internationally leading research institutions, Institute of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology, Karolinska Institutet (Sweden) and the Department of General Biophysics, University of Lodz (Poland). Both represent centers of excellence in the design, testing and clinical applications of a wide class of immunotherapeuticals, with focus on technologies exploiting naked nucleic acids.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: REV-INEQUAL-07-2016 | Award Amount: 4.89M | Year: 2016

There is an increasing need for developing European Union Cohesion Policy in terms of greater sensitivity towards territorial specificities, more supportive of community-based development and the facilitation of greater civic participation. This also relates to the concern over decreasing identification with the European project among the population. Place-based development, endogenous regional development and territorial capital are some of the policy approaches that have been invoked to facilitate a reorientation of Cohesion Policy and territorial development policy. These need to be connected more specifically to notions of the local and localism. RELOCAL will target this objective by exploring in depth the two dimensions underlying the challenge described in the Call text. The project will be based on case studies of local contexts (e.g. cities and their regions) that exemplify development challenges in terms of spatial justice. Among the research questions that have been identified are the following: - How can spatial justice be conceptualised, operationalised, adapted? - How processes of territorial inequalities in different localities be understood and analysed? - How does the local relate to cohesion in an EU context? - What factors and filters are operating that enhance or limit the relation between the local and cohesion? What might bridge abstract notions of spatial justice and local practises on the one hand and CP on the other? - Is there a territorial trap in thinking locally, endogenously? Can enhanced autonomy contribute to spatial justice? How can processes of place-making be related to spatial justice? - What is the scope for alternative development, stabilisation, sustainability, solidarity models/scenarios?

Andrzejewski K.,University of Lodz
Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics | Year: 2014

Dynamical systems invariant under the action of the l-conformal Newton-Hooke algebras are constructed by the method of nonlinear realizations. The relevant first order Lagrangians together with the corresponding Hamiltonians are found. The relation to the Galajinsky and Masterov [24] approach as well as the higher derivatives formulation is discussed. The generalized Niederer's transformation is presented which relates the systems under consideration to those invariant under the action of the l-conformal Galilei algebra [25]. As a nice application of these results an analogue of Niederer's transformation, on the Hamiltonian level, for the Pais-Uhlenbeck oscillator is constructed. © 2014 The Author.

Abramczyk H.,University of Lodz | Brozek-Pluska B.,University of Lodz
Chemical Reviews | Year: 2013

There is strong interest in the development of highly sensitive imaging optical technologies that would shift medical diagnosis to the next level of state-of-the-art in biomedical diagnostics, pathogen detection, gene identification, gene mapping, and DNA sequencing. The optical imaging systems are ideally suited for early detection of intraepithelial diseases, including most cancers, and to assess tumor margins and response to therapy. Optical methods offer several significant advantages. Raman scattering is inelastic scattering, and measuring the difference between the energy of the incident photons and scattered photons, one can obtain information about the vibrational energy and frequencies. The energy of the scattered photon can be shifted to lower frequencies when the incident photon gives part of its energy to the environment bath or to higher frequencies when the incident photon gets the energy from the bath.

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