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Lod, Poland

Pieczonka A.M.,University of Lod | Mloston G.,University of Lod | Heimgartner H.,University of Zurich
Helvetica Chimica Acta | Year: 2012

The reaction of 1H-imidazole-4-carbohydrazides 1, which are conveniently accessible by treatment of the corresponding esters with NH 2NH 2·H 2O, with isothiocyanates in refluxing EtOH led to thiosemicarbazides (=hydrazinecarbothioamides) 4 in high yields (Scheme 2). Whereas 4 in boiling aqueous NaOH yielded 2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3- thiones 5, the reaction in concentrated H 2SO 4 at room temperature gave 1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-amines 6. Similarly, the reaction of 1 with butyl isocyanate led to semicarbazides 7, which, under basic conditions, undergo cyclization to give 2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazol-3-ones 8 (Scheme 3). Treatment of 1 with Ac 2O yielded the diacylhydrazine derivatives 9 exclusively, and the alternative isomerization of 1 to imidazol-2-ones was not observed (Scheme 4). It is important to note that, in all these transformations, the imidazole N-oxide residue is retained. Furthermore, it was shown that imidazole N-oxides bearing a 1,2,4-triazole-3-thione or 1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-amine moiety undergo the S-transfer reaction to give bis-heterocyclic 1H-imidazole-2-thiones 11 by treatment with 2,2,4,4-tetramethylcyclobutane-1,3- dithione (Scheme 5). Copyright © 2012 Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta AG, Zürich, Switzerland. Source


Bartczak M.,University of Sheffield | Oginska-Bulik N.,University of Lod
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics | Year: 2012

The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between workaholism and mental health among 126 Polish academic workers. The participants' mean age was 45.9 years, 51.6% of them were women. The participants completed 2 questionnaires: the work addiction risk test and the general health questionnaire. Even though 66% of the subjects were classified in the group of moderate-to-high risk of workaholism, the overall state of mental health was categorized as average. The results revealed that workaholism was associated with poorer mental health. Employees with higher levels of workaholism had worse state of health, i.e., more somatic symptoms, higher levels of anxiety, insomnia, social dysfunction and symptoms of depression. Emotional arousal/perfectionism was the strongest predictor of the state of general health and was mostly responsible for harmful effects on mental health. However, the general effect of workaholism on health was not as strong as expected. Source


Nowicka-Krawczyk P.,University of Lod | Zelazna-Wieczorek J.,University of Lod | Otlewska A.,Lod University of Technology | Kozirog A.,Lod University of Technology | And 4 more authors.
Science of the Total Environment | Year: 2014

Aerial phototrophs colonize materials of anthropogenic origin, thus contributing to their biodeterioration. Structures preserved at the former Auschwitz II-Birkenau concentration and extermination camp show signs of degradation by cyanobacteria and algae. In order to protect the Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial Site, diversity of aerial phototrophs growing on the historic buildings has been studied. Analyses of cyanobacterial and algal biofilms growing on various construction substrates were carried out in summer and winter. Multivariate data analyses were used to: characterize the diversity of cyanobacteria and algae growing in brick and wooden camp buildings depending on the research season, indicate preferences of cyanobacteria and algae in colonizing substrates, and to predict the environmental factor that most determines the growth of phototrophs. The biofilms were formed mainly by cyanobacteria, green algae and diatoms. The amount of cyanobacteria and algae in the biofilms was varied, which resulted from changes in climatic conditions, the type of substrate and the height at which the biofilms developed. In the summer, the ratio of cyanobacteria and algae groups was balanced, while in the winter, green algae and diatoms were dominant. Green algae showed a preference for colonizing plaster, wood and concrete, of which the walls and doors of the buildings were made. Their participation was correlated with a height gradient. Cyanobacteria and diatoms grew on bricks and soil on the floor of the buildings and temperature and relative humidity were the factors that modified their amount. Green algae were more cosmopolitan-occurred in dry places, potentially inaccessible to other organisms; therefore, they have been identified as the pioneer group in the prevailing climatic conditions. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source


Gonera C.,University of Lod | Wodzislawski M.,University of Lod
Nuclear Physics B | Year: 2012

R-matrix method is used to construct supersymmetric extensions of Θ-Euclidean group preserving N=12 supersymmetry and its three-parameter generalization. These quantum symmetry supergroups can be considered as global counterparts of appropriately twisted Euclidean superalgebras. The corresponding generalized global symmetry transformations act on deformed superspaces as the usual ones do on undeformed spaces. However, they depend on non(anti)commuting parameters satisfying (anti)commutation relations defined by relevant R matrix. © 2012. Source


Stephan C.,Urologic | Wilkosz J.,Medical University of Lod | Rozanski W.,Medical University of Lod | Ecke T.H.,Helios Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine | Year: 2015

Background: In 2013, thiosulfate in urine has been proposed as promising prostate cancer (PCa) biomarker. However, a missing comparison with other proven PCa markers suggested a re-evaluation study. Therefore, together with the authors from the initial study, the diagnostic accuracy of thiosulfate was compared with that of urinary prostate cancer associated 3 (PCA3), serum prostate health index (Phi), and percent free prostate-specific antigen (%fPSA). Thiosulfate was further measured in a multicenter approach to exclude center-related biases. Methods: Thiosulfate, calculated as ratio of thiosulfate to urinary creatinine (TS/Crea ratio), was measured in two cohorts in a total of 269 patients. In the retrospective study (n=160) PCA3, Phi, PSA, and %fPSA were compared with the TS/Crea ratio between patients with and without PCa according to the prostate needle biopsy results. The second prospective cohort included 109 patients from four centers. Results: The median TS/Crea ratio was not statistically different between the patients with and without PCa. The receiver-operating characteristics showed that the TS/Crea ratio was unable to discriminate between patients with and without PCa in contrast to %fPSA, Phi, and PCA3. In all four centers, the low median TS/Crea ratios (<1 mmol/mol) in both patient cohorts were confirmed and thiosulfate was again not able to distinguish between them (p-values, 0.13-0.90). Conclusions: This study could not confirm the previously observed high median TS/Crea ratio in PCa patients in comparison to non-PCa patients. Thiosulfate subsequently failed as PCa biomarker while PCA3 and Phi showed the expected diagnostic improvement. © 2015 by De Gruyter. Source

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