Terrien A.,ETU |
Figueiredo A.S.,University Of Lisboalisbon Portugal |
Clara Goncalves M.,University Of Lisboalisbon Portugal |
De Pinho M.N.,University Of Lisboalisbon Portugal
Polymer Composites | Year: 2015
Mixed matrix asymmetric membranes were prepared by the addition of silver nanoparticles to cellulose acetate/acetone/formamide casting solutions with ratios acetone/formamide varying from 1.44 to 2.77 to prepare ultrafiltration/nanofiltration membranes covering a wide range of hydraulic permeabilities. Binding of the silver nanoparticles to the polymer matrix is revealed through comparison of the FTIR spectra of the cellulose acetate and the Ag/cellulose acetate membranes. In the later, there is a decrease of the ratio between the bands intensities at 2,000-2,500 cm-1. Membrane surface charge of the mixed matrix membranes varies with the pore size and pH, and when compared with cellulose acetate membranes there is a decrease of the negative surface charge densities. The silver nanoparticles in all mixed matrix membranes results in an enhancement of the hydraulic permeabilities, ranging from 10.8 kg m-2 h-1 bar-1 to 67.1 kg m-2 h-1 bar-1. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers.