Lima, Peru
Lima, Peru

Not be confused with the National University of San Marcos, known colloquially as the "University of Lima' from 1551 until 1946.The University of Lima is a private university in Lima, the capital of Peru. It was founded in 1962. The decision to create the University of Lima was made in the early 1960s by a group of university professors, along with important commerce and industry representatives. It was after two years of effort that they managed to start it. It officially started operating the 25th of April 1962. At the beginning only accounted with 120 students in a small campus in the Jesús María District. Due to the university's quick growth, the campus in the Monterrico area of Surco was inaugurated to serve the university's space needs.Today, the University of Lima has 14,000 students, eleven majors, a postgraduate school, a general studies program and a scientific research institute, along with many services for students, faculty, and the community at large. Wikipedia.

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Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) are often seen as a panacea for a more efficient provision of public services and infrastructure. However, they may have adverse effects especially in weak institutional environments. This paper focuses on how the design and performance of PPP enabling mechanisms such as 'unsolicited proposals' (USP) permit and incentivize rent-seeking behavior in subnational contexts. It aims to elucidate the hazards of USP mechanisms by the incorporation of a perspective on incentives, which is important since it helps to map the environment where corruption and opportunism unfold. It also confronts the design of PPP policies with the specificities of certain political environments. The case-study on a large-scale road infrastructure project shows that the expected reliance on technical expertise and competitive procurement for guaranteeing public interest was outweighed by a number of design flaws. These problems were related to asymmetric, non-transparent and discretionary decision-making that led to a reallocation of unearned rents. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd.

Nieto-Chaupis H.,University of Lima
Proceedings - International Conference of the Chilean Computer Science Society, SCCC | Year: 2017

We use computational simulation to identify, evaluate and relocate pregnant women in a possible scenario of attack of Zika virus (ZIKV) on Peri-urban zones of South American cities. The plausibility of this study is based on the following points: (i) existence of high population of pregnant women in Peri-urban areas of large cities, (ii) appropriate conditions for fast reproduction of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes along hills, and (iii) the potential association of the ZIKV infection to microcephaly in babies. By assuming an attack rate of 15 per 1000 habitants as well as rate of confirmation of 10 cases per day, and rapid intervention based on the displacements of pregnant women to cleaned areas, the simulation yields that at least 2±1 of 100 pregnant women might be infected by ZIKV. The simulations have emphasized the effect of applying rapid intervention expected to be done by the health specialists, that targets to identify as soon as possible all those women in situation of pregnancy few hours after the presence of Aedes is already confirmed. © 2016 IEEE.

Mantari J.L.,University of Lisbon | Mantari J.L.,University of Lima | Guedes Soares C.,University of Lisbon
Applied Mathematical Modelling | Year: 2015

In this paper a 5-unknowns generalized hybrid-type quasi-3D HSDT for the static analysis of functionally graded single and sandwich plates is presented. Generalized hybrid-type modeling can adopted with any kind of shear strain shape functions for the inplane and transverse displacement, and therefore infinite hybrid-type (non-polynomial, polynomial, mixed type) displacement based shear deformation theory complying with the free surface boundary condition can be obtained. The key feature of this theory is that, in addition to including stretching, it has only 5 unknowns in the displacement field modeling as the first order shear deformation theory (FSDT). The generalized hybrid-type theory is also quasi-3D because the 3D Hooke's law equation is utilized, i.e. σzz≠ 0. The generalized governing equations and boundary conditions are derived by employing the principle of virtual works. A generalized Navier-type closed-form solution is obtained for functionally graded single and sandwich plates subjected to transverse load for simply supported boundary conditions. Analytical results from the new generalized hybrid-type quasi-3D higher order shear deformation theory (HSDT) are compared with the FSDT, other quasi-3D HSDTs, and refined HSDTs. The fundamental conclusions that emerge from the present numerical results suggest that: (a) infinite shears strain shape function can be evaluated by using the present theory; (b) polynomial shear strain functions appear to be a good choice for the implementing of a quasi-3D HSDT based on this generalized quasi-3D hybrid type HSDT; (c) this generalized theory can be as accurate as the 6-unknown generalized hybrid-type quasi-3D HSDT; (d) the best HSDT with stretching effect and 5-unknows can be obtained from the present generalized theory, this can be done by optimizing a theory that for example has a given non-polynomial inplane and transverse shears strain shape functions. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.

BACKGROUND: Few studies have described patterns of transmission of viral acute respiratory infections (ARI) in children in developing countries. We examined the spatial and temporal spread of viral ARI among young children in rural Peruvian highland communities. Previous work has described intense social interactions in those communities, which could influence the transmission of viral infections. METHODS: We enrolled and followed children <3 years of age for detection of ARI during the 2009-2011 respiratory seasons in a rural setting with relatively wide geographic dispersion of households and communities. Viruses detected included influenza, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human metapneumovirus (MPV), and parainfluenza 2 and 3 viruses (PIV2; PIV3). We used geospatial analyses to identify specific viral infection hot spots with high ARI incidence. We also explored the local spread of ARI from index cases using standard deviational ellipses. RESULTS: Geospatial analyses revealed hot spots of high ARI incidence around the index cases of influenza outbreaks and RSV outbreak in 2010. Although PIV3 in 2009 and PIV2 in 2010 showed distinct spatial hot spots, clustering was not in proximity to their respective index cases. No significant aggregation around index cases was noted for other viruses. Standard deviational ellipse analyses suggested that influenza B and RSV in 2010, and MPV in 2011 spread temporally in alignment with the major road network. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the geographic dispersion of communities in this rural setting, we observed a rapid spread of viral ARI among young children. Influenza strains and RSV in 2010 had distinctive outbreaks arising from their index cases. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Mantari J.L.,University of Lima
Composite Structures | Year: 2016

In this paper the simplest quasi-3D HSDT with four unknowns is presented. The elegancy of this theory is on its simple displacement field which is similar to the one developed by Reddy but with thickness stretching capabilities, i.e. quasi-3D nature, and just four unknowns. For validation, the principle of virtual work and Navier-type closed-form technique were utilized to formulate and solve the bending problem of functionally graded plates. The results are in concordance with the ones found in the literature. Consequently, it is recommended to be utilized in several physical and case study problems. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

The right to health is recognized as a fundamental human right. Social participation is implied in the fulfillment of health rights since Alma Ata posited its relevance for successful health programs, although a wide range of interpretations has been observed for this term. While Peruvian law recognizes community and social participation in health, it was the GFATM requirement of mixed public-civil society participation in Country Coordination Mechanisms (CCM) for proposal submission what effectively led to formal community involvement in the national response to HIV and, to a lesser extent, tuberculosis. This has not been the case, however, for other chronic diseases in Peru. This study aims to describe and compare the role of health rights discourse and community involvement in the national response to HIV, tuberculosis and cancer. Key health policy documents were identified and analyzed. In-depth interviews were conducted with stakeholders, representatives of civil society organizations (CSO), and leaders of organizations of people affected by HIV, cancer and tuberculosis. A health rights discourse, well established in the HIV field, is expanding to general health discussions and to the tuberculosis (TB) field in particular. Both HIV and TB programs have National Multisectoral Strategic Plans and recognize participation of affected communities' organizations. Similar mechanisms are non-existent for cancer or other disease-focused programs, although other affected patients are starting some organization efforts. Interviewees agreed that reaching the achievements of HIV mobilization is difficult for other diseases, since the HIV response was modeled based on a global movement with strong networks and advocacy mechanisms, eventually succeeding in the establishment of financial sources like the GFATM. Nevertheless, organizations linked to cancer and other diseases are building a National Patient Network to defend health rights. There are new efforts to promote and protect health rights in Peru, probably inspired by the achievements of organizations of people living with HIV (PLHA). The public health sector must consolidate the participation of affected communities' organizations in decision-making processes and implementation of health programs. PLHA organizations have become a key political and social actor in Peruvian public health policy.

Competency-based education is a form of designing, developing, delivering and documenting instruction based on a set of objectives and results that have been recommended for medical education. This article describes the steps in the process of designing and implementing a competency-based curriculum at a new medical school in a Peruvian university. We present the process followed including context analysis, mission design, the professional profile, the content and organization of the curriculum as well as the evaluation and resources for the training. Finally, issues and challenges faced, as well as lessons learned are summarized. © 2014, Instituto Nacional de Salud. All rights reserved.

Jan A.U.,University of Lima | Contreras V.,Cantaros Peruanos
Computers in Human Behavior | Year: 2011

The problem described in this research is to identify which factors influence on engineering students about their acceptance of an academic administrative information system in private universities in Lima, Peru. The objective is to identify factors by proposing a Technology Acceptance Model of an Academic and Administrative Information System. University population is described, both private and public. The investigation is based on two private universities. The results show the relationship between the selected variables. Finally, recommendations are given to act on the variables that determine the acceptance of information technology. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Takano Moron J.,University of Lima
Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica | Year: 2014

This is a review of bibliographic aspects associated to the knowledge about human bartonelosis before and after the death of Daniel Alcides Carrion. Emphasis is placed on stimulus in the development of medical research in Peru by the self-inoculation and subsequent death of Carrion especially in relation to human bartonellosis, conducted by Peruvian researchers and others around the world. The review includes the basic area of knowledge about the bacteria that causes the illness, the host response to infection as well as the biphasic behavior of the disease. The revised bibliography includes contributions to the knowledge of the disease in the last 100 years, now known with the eponym "Carrion's disease".

Mantari J.L.,University of Lima | Granados E.V.,Peruvian National University of Engineering
Composites Part B: Engineering | Year: 2014

This paper presents a thermoelastic bending analysis of functionally graded sandwich plates by using a new quasi-3D hybrid type higher order shear deformation theory (HSDT). The mathematical model contains only 5 unknowns as the first order shear deformation theory (FSDT). The nonlinear term of the temperature field is modeled in such way that can be different from the shape functions of the displacement field. The mechanical properties of functionally graded layers of the plate are assumed to vary in the thickness direction according to a power law distribution. The governing equations for the thermoelastic bending analysis are obtained through the principle of virtual work and solved via Navier-type solution. Results reveal: (a) the good performance of the present generalized formulation; (b) the significant influence of the nonlinear temperature field on the displacements and stresses results. Consequently, discussion on nonlinear temperature field influences should be further considered in the literature. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

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