Pidlisnyuk V.,Matej Bel University |
Pidlisnyuk V.,Kremenchuk National University |
Stefanovska T.,University of Life Science and the Environment |
Lewis E.E.,University of California at Davis |
And 2 more authors.
Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences | Year: 2014
There are many locations where soil quality improvements would be beneficial because of contamination, erosion, flooding, or past human activities. Miscanthus, a C-4 grass related to sugarcane, grows well in mildly contaminated soil and on sites where soil quality is poor, particularly with respect to nitrogen. Because of its high biomass yield, it is of interest as an energy crop, and as a plant to use for simultaneous crop production and phytoremediation. Here we review recent literature on using miscanthus for combined biomass production and phytoremediation of contaminated and marginal lands. We analyze both advantages and disadvantages for production of this crop along with phytoremediation of sites contaminated with metals and petroleum hydrocarbon. Reports of laboratory and field investigations, which use Miscanthus spp. for stabilizing and removing metals are considered. The potential for growing miscanthus commercially at contaminated and marginal sites in the regions of Central and Eastern Europe as well as the United States appears to be good because large quantities of biomass can be produced and effective phyto-stabilization can be achieved with very slow metal removal over time. In addition, soil quality is improved in many cases. © 2014 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.