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Bogota, Colombia

The University of La Sabana , is a Colombian private higher education institution founded in 1979. It is located in the municipality of Chía, 7 km north of Bogotá. The university has been given the High Quality Institutional Accreditation by the National Ministry of Education. One of the university's characteristics is the integral formation of the student. Apart from enhancing the student's intellectual growth, the university has implemented initiatives to ensure success in the development of a student as a whole. One such program is Personalized Academic Counseling that aims to promote the development of the person as a unique individual. Another program, Pharos, is aimed at students who are in search of excellence, leadership and solidarity.La Sabana has 21 research groups classified by Colciencias, the government office that certifies the quality of research groups in Colombian universities. There are also 20 emerging groups that promote “semilleros de investigación” for students in all programmes.The university currently runs 18 undergraduate programmes. There are also 31 specialization programmes and five master’s programmes: Master in Education, Master in Process Management and Direction, Master in Business Administration , Master of Nursing, and Master in English Language Teaching – Autonomous Learning Environments. The university expects to have 17 masters programmes and two Ph.D. programmes in the future. Wikipedia.

Sanabria A.,University of La Sabana
Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) | Year: 2010

Cholecystectomy is a common surgical procedure. In the open cholecystectomy area, antibiotic prophylaxis showed beneficial effects, but it is not known if its benefits and harms are similar in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Some clinical trials suggest that antibiotic prophylaxis may not be necessary in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. To assess the beneficial and harmful effects of antibiotic prophylaxis versus placebo or no prophylaxis for patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We searched the The Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library (Issue 3, 2010), MEDLINE (1985 to August 2010), EMBASE (1985 to August 2010), SCI-EXPANDED (1985 to August 2010), LILACS (1988 to August 2010) as well as reference lists of relevant articles. Randomised clinical trials comparing antibiotic prophylaxis versus placebo or no prophylaxis in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Our outcome measures were all-cause mortality, surgical site infections, extra-abdominal infections, adverse events, and quality of life. All outcome measures were confined to within hospitalisation or 30 days after discharge. We summarised the outcome measures by reporting odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI), using both the fixed-effect and the random-effects models. We included eleven randomised clinical trials with 1664 participants who were mostly at low anaesthetic risk, low frequency of co-morbidities, low risk of conversion to open surgery, and low risk of infectious complications. None of the trials had low risk of bias. We found no statistically significant differences between antibiotic prophylaxis and no prophylaxis in the proportion of surgical site infections (odds ratio (OR) 0.87, 95% CI 0.49 to 1.54) or extra-abdominal infections (OR 0.77, 95% CI 0.41 to 1.46). Heterogeneity was not statistically significant. This systematic review shows that there is not sufficient evidence to support or refute the use of antibiotic prophylaxis to reduce surgical site infection and global infections in patients with low risk of anaesthetic complications, co-morbidities, conversion to open surgery, and infectious complications, and undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Larger randomised clinical trials with intention-to-treat analysis and patients also at high risk of conversion to open surgery are needed. Source

Cardenas V.H.G.,University of La Sabana
Revista Colombiana de Anestesiologia | Year: 2012

Massive transfusion is considered a key component in the acute management of massive hemorrhage. While the existing protocols do not standardize its use, they do recommend its timely administration and a dose adjusted to the type of blood product, a proportionate ratio between hemocomponents and appropriate adjuvant drug support, in addition to techniques that promote bleeding control and prevent syndromes that could trigger a fatal outcome. This non-systematic reviewis intended to summarize the current concepts on the acute management of massive bleeding in trauma, from a non-surgical perspective. The search was limited to the articles of the last 10 years and included primary and secondary data basis, leading to a snowball technique. © 2012 Published by Elsevier España. Source

When dealing with non-State actors such as terrorists or guerilla groups, States often have to act in a grey area between International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and International Human Rights Law (IHRL). The constant question is which of these two legal regimes is applicable and what their relationship is. Colombia, a veteran in dealing with non-State actors and internal conflicts, has recently set out to answer that question by applying a new approach of combining IHL and IHRL in a hybrid model. The legal basis for this approach is the new operational law for the Colombian armed forces, which offers guidance to the acting soldiers in the field. The Colombian approach is novel and unique and has to be scrutinized and analysed against the broader background of States' struggles with non-State armed groups. © Oxford University Press 2011; all rights reserved. Source

Bernal G.A.G.,University of La Sabana
Revista Romana de Bioetica | Year: 2013

From its origins, bioethics has been called upon to play a guiding role in the dialogue between the positive sciences and the human sciences. Doing so requires a reference system that allows bioethics to communicate with biotechnology in a way that enables both these disciplines to be mutually supportive and empowering, as opposed to suffocating each other. The suggestion in this article is that a realist-based philosophical anthropology founded on virtue should be adopted as that reference system. Thus, bioethics can aid and advance the permanent mission of every human being, which is to improve as a person who is capable of ethical conduct and, consequently, is able to interact properly with others and with the environment. Source

This study focuses on the problematic situations adolescents have to face resulting from their own alcohol use. These situations were described according to their type and frequency of occurrence, and possible explanatory variables were explored. In particular, we considered the effect of perceived peer intake of alcohol, social and family permissiveness, patterns of use and parental norms. The sample comprised 9276 adolescents from nine cities and municipalities in Colombia, with an average age of 14. Results indicate that the most common problematic situations experienced by the adolescents are: getting drunk, vomiting, and having problems at home or with one's boyfriend or girlfriend because of the drinking. As in previous studies, the behavior of peers is associated with severity of the drinking-related problems experienced by the adolescents. The study also suggests that easy access to alcohol is related to the perception that their peers use it, and appears to be more closely associated with the possibility of accessing alcohol at parties and among friends than with the perception that it is easy to buy it. It was also found that excessive drinking habits were associated with greater likelihood of negative consequences, that in Colombia the presence of alcohol use in the family is associated with fewer reports of extreme and difficult situations, and that having problems at home because of alcohol use is associated with a larger number of problems such as drunkenness and vomiting, among others. Source

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