La Rochelle, France

University of La Rochelle

www.univ-larochelle.fr
La Rochelle, France

The University of La Rochelle is a French university, based in La Rochelle. It is under the Academy of Poitiers.The university was founded in 1993, and is the newest university in France. The first stone was laid by François Mitterrand and Helmut Kohl. It strives to stand out by offering innovative courses in business law and the Asian-Pacific world. At the start of the year 2000 there were 6000 students. Alongside these university courses there are other colleges like the hotel school, the law school, the business school, the School of Mass Communications etc.The university contains at present three schools: languages, arts, and human science. It also offers courses and exchanges tied to Asia/Pacific, and the Americas. With 64 international agreements on 5 continents and 30% of the academic studies in foreign languages, the Graduate Schools of Commerce and Mass Communications of La Rochelle offers programs leading to the Masters and Doctor of Arts degree.Its goal is to become one of the best independent schools in France and in Europe, especially in terms of recognition from companies. It offers online studies in cooperation with the City University Graduate Center CUNY, State University of New York SUNY.In 2009, it creates with University of Poitiers, ENSI Poitiers, ENSMA, ENSCI and University of Limoges the PRES Limousin Poitou-Charentes. Wikipedia.

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The invention relates to a composition comprising at least one XAP peptide, in which X is the empty set or a valine, for use thereof in preventing and/or treating pathological conditions associated with alpha-glucosidase. The invention also relates to the use of a hydrolysate of at least one protein, said protein comprising or consisting of at least 0.05% to (FR)Linvention concerne une composition comprenant au moins un peptide XAP, dans lequel X reprsente lensemble vide ou une valine, pour son utilisation dans la prvention et/ou le traitement de pathologies lies lalpha-glucosidase. Linvention concerne aussi lutilisation dun hydrolysat dau moins une protine, ladite protine comportant ou tant constitue dau moins 0,05%


The invention relates to a composition containing at least one mixture of molecules obtained from at least Chrysanthellum indicum, Cynara scolymus, et Vaccinium myrtillus. Said mixture of molecules also contains piperine. Said composition is particularly useful as a nutritional product or health product for preventing and/or combatting human or animal glucide and/or lipid metabolism disorders.


Patent
Valbiotis, University Blaise Pascal, University of La Rochelle and Cnrs | Date: 2016-10-18

The subject of the invention is a composition comprising at least a mixture of molecules obtained at least from: This composition is particularly useful as a nutritional product or health product for preventing and/or combating carbohydrate and/or fat metabolism disorders in humans and animals.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: EeB.NMP.2013-4 | Award Amount: 9.92M | Year: 2013

Today, Building Energy Performance Simulation (BEPS) analysis tends to show a large discrepancy with real energy performance. Most cases are due to gross mistakes rather than fundamental inadequacy of available technology and methods. The reasons are manifold. Highly simplified calculation methods are used far beyond their domain of validity. Assumed boundary conditions such as occupant behaviour are not in accordance with actual usage; gross malfunctions in control and HVAC systems are left undetected in the commissioning process, while thermal bridges and distribution system losses are left without attention. Moreover, metered and sub-metered data are not used efficiently in calculation tools and engineering based simulation models during the Measurement and Verification (M&V) phase. TRIBUTE aims at minimizing the gap between computed and measured energy performances through the improvement of the predictive capability of a state-of-the-art commercial BEPS. TRIBUTE will extend the use of this tool to the commissioning and operation stages of a building. For existing buildings, M&V techniques will be developed and deployed to connect the BEPS model in real time to the pivotal wireless sensing and control systems of a monitored building. This involves modelling building systems to a higher fidelity than done today, developing technology for on-line identification of building key parameters, and automatically adapting the on-line, real time BEPS to the actual buildings state. In addition, BHM and EFM application will compare measured data to the then improved predicted metrics and will enable detecting building deviations. Advanced data mining methods will help evaluate these deviations. Subsequent Energy Efficiency Diagnostic Rules and optimization methods will provide cost effective and corrective retrofit actions accordingly. The methodology and tools will be evaluated in the context of three different building types and locations.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-SICA | Phase: NMP.2012.2.2-3 | Award Amount: 4.62M | Year: 2013

The overall objective is the development of new coatings for supercritical steam power plants for efficient and clean coal utilization. A significant reduction of emissions is expected by increasing efficiencies to > 50%. Currently, an efficiencies of 45% have been achieved in the last 30 years from subcritical 180 bar/540C to ultra-supercritical 300 bar/600-620C corresponding to a specific reduction of 20% of CO2 emissions. Efficiencies of 50% and more can be achieved by further raising the temperature, but conventional ferritic steels are not sufficiently oxidation resistant, since the temperature designed for operation was 550 C. From the mechanical properties perspective, ferritic steels can be used at temperatures up to 650 C and for higher temperatures austenic steels and Ni base alloys are being considered. One of the main objectives of this project is therefore to develop advanced coatings for steam environments which can resist the chemical attack of steam and fireside corrosion at temperatures higher than 620C employing materials with the required high temperature mechanical properties in particular creep strength. Ferriticmartensitic steels will be considered as substrate materials for up to 650 C whereas, austenitic steels will be explored for higher temperatures. In general higher temperatures mean higher oxidation rates, in particular when the oxidant is water vapour instead of oxygen. The introduction of carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technologies also aiming to reduce emissions in power generation has also increased the interest in developing new material solutions able to reduce the economical and environmental penalty associated to energy production systems when CO2 is generated. For instance oxy-fuel combustion takes place in a N2 free atmosphere so oxygen is burned in near stoichiometric conditions with the fuel (pulverized carbon) producing and exhaust gases mainly composed of CO2 and H2O.


Patent
Valbiotis, University Blaise Pascal, University of La Rochelle and Cnrs | Date: 2015-10-20

The subject of the invention is a composition comprising at least a mixture of molecules obtained at least from: This composition is particularly useful as a nutritional product or health product for preventing and/or combating carbohydrate and/or fat metabolism disorders in humans and animals.


Patent
French National Center for Scientific Research and University of La Rochelle | Date: 2015-01-26

PmxA synthetase involved in polymyxin E synthesis, comprising four adenylation sites, characterized in that the second adenylation site has at least 90% identity with the peptide sequence SEQ ID NO 1:


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-CIG | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-CIG | Award Amount: 75.00K | Year: 2014

Climate change is leading to a rapid decline of sea-ice extent in the Arctic. This modification is bound to profoundly affect the functioning of Arctic marine ecosystems and understanding its impacts on the marine biodiversity is now a major issue raised by several international organizations. Among other threats, the expansion of ice-free areas is opening new shipping routes and increasing opportunities for extractive industries, thereby contributing to enhanced pollution at sea. With the present research project, I therefore propose to lead a comprehensive study of the indirect impacts of shrinking sea-ice cover on the arctic seabird community through the increase in the environment of two main oil-related pollutants levels (the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and the mercury). Study the seabird community is essential as they represent an essential component of Arctic marine ecosystems but are also extremely sensitive to pollution risks. Moreover, impacts of oil-related pollutants on seabirds have never been investigated at community and pan-Arctic scales. More specifically, I will use new and trans-disciplinary approaches combining pollutant analyses, biotelemetry, bioenergetics modelling and field monitoring to (1) evaluate how levels of oil-associated pollutants changed in the Arctic seabird community over the last three decades. (2) I will use field studies to investigate the impacts of these pollutants on the behaviour, ecophysiology, reproductive success and survival of Arctic seabirds from differently exposed regions. (3) I will model how increasing pollutant levels in the Arctic marine environment are modifying the distribution of the seabird community by affecting their energetic niche. (4) I will finally rely on an international and pan-Arctic sampling network to use the Arctic seabird community as bio-indicators of the state of pollution in the Arctic marine environment and to thereby define sensitive hotpots for Arctic marine organisms.


Patent
SR Technics and University of La Rochelle | Date: 2014-01-01

The present invention is directed towards an electrochemical process for stripping corrosion and oxide products and oxidation resistant metallic coatings from a superalloy test sample. The process involves connecting the test sample to a lead of a power supply and submerging a portion of the test sample into a bath of electrolytic stripping solution with a pH less than 1. The test sample is then subjected to combined cycles of anodic and cathodic polarisation steps for a period of time which is effective to strip the corrosion and the oxide products and oxidation resistant metallic coatings from the test sample. The open circuit potential is measured before and after at least one step of the combined cycle of polarisation in order to monitor the progress of the coating removal, and, the test sample is removed from the electrolytic stripping solution when the corrosion and oxide products and oxidation resistant metallic coatings are removed and the open circuit potential is close to that of the original superalloy test sample (or the current value is getting closer to the passivation current value of the base material). The test sample lastly undergoes a final cleaning and rinsing step.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IOF | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IOF | Award Amount: 277.41K | Year: 2014

This fellowship addresses the accuracy of sea level change estimates from tide gauges (TG) and satellite altimetry. In particular, it seeks to make dramatic improvement to the accuracy of vertical land motion (VLM) estimated at TGs by mitigating systematic errors in Global Positioning System (GPS) time series. The majority of sea level studies, including those that form the foundation for syntheses presented by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, use solely models of post-glacial rebound to account for VLM at TGs. These models contain known biases over regional scales (e.g. Europe), and capture only one component of VLM, neglecting various processes that exist over different spatial and temporal scales. Direct observation of VLM using GPS is therefore vital. Despite many advances in this technique, systematic errors remain unaccounted for, limiting the precision that can be achieved. This fellowship seeks: - To improve the precision and accuracy of GPS position time series. This will have a major impact not only to the sea level community, but across a broad range of geosciences (e.g., surface mass loading, reference frames). - To integrate these GPS estimates of VLM into the international satellite altimeter validation process, thus enabling accurate determination of altimeter drift biases. - To derive a VLM velocity field for application to the global network of long-running high quality TGs to improve assessment of long term sea level change at global and regional scales. This fellowship will provide high level training and international exposure from the leading geodesy and altimetry validation group at the University of Tasmania, Australia. It also represents an invaluable opportunity for knowledge transfer back to the University of La Rochelle, France, bringing a significant advance in the understanding of sea level change allowing the Fellow to continue his scientific development at the highest level in Europe.

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