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Mar del Plata, Argentina

Martines E.V.,University of la Plata 455 | Martines E.V.,Adventist University of Plata | Reggiani P.C.,University of la Plata 455 | Reggiani P.C.,National University of La Plata | And 5 more authors.
Cells Tissues Organs | Year: 2011

There is evidence of the existence of a bidirectional relationship between the thymus gland and the thyroid axis. Since the thymic peptide thymulin possesses hypophysiotropic activity, we undertook the task of assessing the histomorphometric changes induced by thymulin deficiency on the thyrotrope population of normal mice and the action of neonatal thymulin gene therapy on the thyrotropin (TSH)-cells of nude mice. C57BL/6 mice were subjected to immunoneutralization of circulating thymulin from postnatal day 1 to the end of the study (postnatal day 32) by intraperitoneal injections of rabbit anti-factor thymulin serum (α-FTS) and normal rabbit serum in controls. Also, neonatal thymulin gene therapy was implemented in athymic nude mice using an adenoviral vector expressing a gene for thymulin (RAd-FTS). On postnatal day 1, heterozygous (nu/+) and homozygous (nu/nu) pups received a single bilateral intramuscular (i.m.) injection of either RAd-FTS or RAd-GFP (the latter being the control vector). The pituitaries were immunostained for TSH. Thymulin immunoneutralization severely reduced serum thymulin (p < 0.01). We detected a significant (p < 0.05) decrease in cell size (CS) and volume density (VD) with a nonsignificant decrease in cell density (CD) in C57BL/6 in both males and females. A single neonatal i.m. injection of RAd-FTS markedly increased the circulating levels of serum thymulin in the athymic mice and increased the CD (p < 0.05), CS (p < 0.01) and VD (p < 0.01) of the thyrotrope population in nu/nu mice. Thyroid histology was not affected. Our results suggest a possible modulating effect of thymulin on the thyrotrope population. © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Martines E.V.,University of la Plata 455 | Martines E.V.,Adventist University of Plata | Reggiani P.C.,University of la Plata 455 | Reggiani P.C.,University of la Plata | And 8 more authors.
NeuroImmunoModulation | Year: 2013

Objectives: There is clear evidence on the existence of a thymus-pituitary axis which seems to be particularly important during perinatal life. In particular, the thymic peptide thymulin has been shown to be a relevant player in thymus-pituitary communication. Our goal was to explore the effect of thymulin on circulating prolactin (PRL) levels in different animal models. To this end we undertook a series of experiments in rats and mice, implementing adult thymectomy, thymulin immunoneutralization in normal C57BL6 mice and neonatal thymulin gene therapy in nude mice. Methods: We assessed the impact of the above manipulations on PRL secretion and lactotrope morphology by measuring serum PRL by radioimmunoassay and by performing morphometric analysis of the lactotropic cell population in the anterior pituitary gland. Results: Adult thymectomy in female rats slightly increased serum PRL, an effect that was partially reversed by thymulin gene therapy. In mice, thymulin immunoneutralization from birth to age 32 days reduced serum PRL both in males and females. Thymulin immunoneutralization induced a significant (p < 0.01) decrease in lactotrope cell density (CD) and volume density (VD) without changes in cell size (CS). Neonatal thymulin gene therapy markedly increased serum thymulin (p < 0.01) and lactotrope CD, CS and VD in nude mice of both sexes. Conclusions: Our findings suggest a modulatory effect of thymulin on the lactotrope cell population and on serum PRL, particularly during early life. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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