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Gul S.,University of Haripur | Naz A.,University of Haripur | Fareed I.,University of Kurdistan Hewler | Irshad M.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology
Polish Journal of Environmental Studies

Recently problems relating to environmental pollution and the need to protect and preserve the environment from further deterioration has drawn increasing research attention. The goal of any remediation based on soil amendments is to achieve maximum reduction in the bioavailability of heavy metals by immobilization in soils. Modern remediation approaches increasingly focus on in situ environment-friendly techniques. Different organic and inorganic amendments have been used to treat heavy metals-contaminated soils. These included municipal solid waste compost, biosolid compost, cow manure, sheep manure, sewage sludge, bark chips, woodchips, vegetable waste, vermicompost, red mud, lime, beringite, zeolites, charcoal, fly ash; and biochar etc. This review focuses on the effectiveness of soil amendments to reduce toxicity of heavy metals by reducing available fractions that may ultimately reduce the heavy metal transfer to plants. © 2015, Pol. J. Environ. Stud. All rights reserved. Source

Aziz M.,University of Balochistan | Jadoon S.,PCRWR | Sh. Z.,University of Kurdistan Hewler
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition

The object of this study was to evaluate the nutritive composition of different verities of apples for this twenty different verities of apples commonly available in Balochistan namely Amri, Bluish golden, Bonza, Discovery, Elastar, Florina, Gala, Gloster 69, Golden delicious Grany Smith, Green Sleeves, Ida Red, Kidds orange, Mushadi, Red delicious, Summer red, Tydes Menearly, Samootree, Kaja and Spartan have been quantitatively analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy, Flame Photometry and other chemical methods. Results show that the fat soluble vitamin A is 0.89mg/100gm (mean) on the other hand the concentration of water soluble vitamin C is 3.8mg/100gm, The mean composition of different mineral is as follows sodium 10.06mg/100gm, potassium 84.43mg/100gm, calcium 15.67mg/100gm, magnesium 11.08mg/100gm, Iron 5.78mg/100gm and phosphorus 12.19mg/100gm. Average Weight and volume of amri apple were comparatively higher i.e., 104.6 gm and 129mL as compared with others. The median pH value is 3.91, the median percentage of moisture, ash and brix is 81.95%, 1.63% and 15.02%, respectively. The percentage of Fat lies between 0.2-5.15%, Fiber lies b/w 1.13 -8.60%, protein lies b/w 0.17-0.74% and pectin lies b/w 0.43-1.63%. The highest value of total sugar of Samootree is comparatively high i.e., 20.13, the concentration of reducing sugar in kaja were comparatively low i.e., 7.10 and the concentration of non reducing sugar in Green Sleevesis was comparatively higher than other verities i.e., 7.92. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2013. Source

Jadoon S.,University of Kurdistan Hewler | Karim S.,University of Punjab | Akram M.R.,University of Sargodha | Kalsoom Khan A.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Analytical Chemistry

Currently, the clinical use of sweat as biofluid is limited. The collection of sweat and its analysis for determining ethanol, drugs, ions, and metals have been encompassed in this review article to assess the merits of sweat compared to other biofluids, for example, blood or urine. Moreover, sweat comprises various biomarkers of different diseases including cystic fibrosis and diabetes. Additionally, the normalization of sampled volume of sweat is also necessary for getting efficient and useful results. © 2015 Saima Jadoon et al. Source

Sabeen M.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology | Mahmood Q.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology | Irshad M.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology | Fareed I.,University of Kurdistan Hewler | And 5 more authors.
BioMed Research International

The potential of Arundo donax L. for phytoextraction of cadmium (Cd) from contaminated soil and water was probed. The plants were grown under greenhouse conditions in pots containing a nutrient solution or soil with increasing doses of Cd (0, 50, 100, 250, 500, 750, and 1000 μg L-1) for 21 days. The growth and physiology of plants were evaluated at the end of the experiment. The maximum Cd content in root was 300 μg g-1 during hydroponics experiments over 230 μg g-1 in soil experiment. Cd concentration in stem was 262 μg g-1 at 750 μg L-1 supplied Cd in hydroponics over 191.2 μg g-1 at 1000 in soil experiment. The maximum Cd concentration in leaves from hydroponics was 187 μg g -1. Relatively low Cd uptake occurred during soil experiment with low translocation factor (TF) values. Both Bioaccumulation Factor (BF) and TF values for hydroponics were greater than 1. The IC50 values of ABTS and DPPH showed that both time and increasing Cd concentrations affected the production of antioxidants with lower half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) value on the 21st days. A. donax showed better potential for Cd remediation of aquatic environments. © 2013 Maria Sabeen et al. Source

Jadoon S.,University of Kurdistan Hewler | Karim S.,University of Punjab | Asad M.H.H.B.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology | Akram M.R.,University of Sargodha | And 4 more authors.
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity

The exposure to ultraviolet radiations (UVR) is the key source of skin sunburn; it may produce harmful entities, reactive oxygen species (ROS), leading to aging. The skin can be treated and protected from the injurious effects of ROS by using various pharmaceutical formulations, such as cream. Cream can be loaded with antioxidants to quench ROS leading to photo-protective effects. Moreover, modern medicines depend on ethnobotanicals for protection or treatment of human diseases. This review article summarizes various in vivo antioxidant studies on herbal creams loaded with phyto-extracts. These formulations may serve as cosmeceuticals to protect skin against injurious effects of UVR. The botanicals studied for dermatologic use in cream form include Acacia nilotica, Benincasa hispida, Calendula officinalis, Camellia sinensis, Camellia sinensis, Nelumbo nucifera, Capparis decidua, Castanea sativa, Coffea arabica, Crocus sativus, Emblica officinalis Gaertn, Foeniculum vulgare, Hippophae rhamnoides, Lithospermum erythrorhizon, Malus domestica, Matricaria chamomilla L., Moringa oleifera, Morus alba, Ocimum basilicum, Oryza sativa, Polygonum minus, Punica granatum, Silybum marianum, Tagetes erecta Linn., Terminalia chebula, Trigonella foenum-graecum, and Vitis vinifera. The observed anti-aging effects of cream formulations could be an outcome of a coordinating action of multiple constituents. Of numerous botanicals, the phenolic acids and flavonoids appear effective against UVR-induced damage; however the evidence-based studies for their anti-aging effects are still needed. © 2015 Saima Jadoon et al. Source

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