Kragujevac, Serbia

University of Kragujevac
Kragujevac, Serbia

The University of Kragujevac is a university located in Kragujevac, Serbia. It was founded in 1976 and is organized in 12 faculties.The University of Kragujevac is the fourth largest among six state universities in Serbia, behind the University of Belgrade, the University of Novi Sad and the University of Niš. Wikipedia.

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: | Phase: | Award Amount: 3.21M | Year: 2008

eInfrastructure in Europe has reached a mature state where the GEANT network forms a backbone on top of which a distributed computing infrastructure - the Grid - provides processing and storage services for eScience research. The South-East European eInfrastructure initiatives are committed to ensuring equal participation of the less-resourced countries of the region in European trends. SEEREN initiative has established a regional network and its GEANT connection and the SEE-GRID initiative the regional Grid. Hereby proposed SEE-GRID-SCI will leverage the SEE eInfrastructure to enable new scientific collaborations among SEE user communities. SEE-GRID-SCI will stimulate widespread integrated eInfrastructure uptake by new cross-border user groups extending over the region, fostering collaboration and providing advanced capabilities to more researchers, with an emphasis on strategic groups in seismology, meteorology and environmental protection. The initiative thus aims to have a catalytic and structuring effect on a variety of user communities that currently do not directly benefit from the available eInfrastructures. In parallel, it will enlarge the regional eInfrastructure to cater for demands of the communities: a number of new Grid clusters and countries will be added, engaging a wider range of players and expanding the provider pool. Finally, SEE-GRID-SCI will help mature and stabilise the National Grid Initiatives in the region, allowing them to join the new era of longer-term sustainable Grid infrastructure in Europe. In this context, SEE-GRID-SCI will aim to attract political and financial support for materializing the eInfrastructure vision. In longer term, SEE-GRID-SCI aspires to contribute to the stabilisation and development of South-East Europe, by easing the digital divide and stimulating eInfrastructure development and adoption by new user communities, thus enabling collaborative high-quality research across a spectrum of scientific fields.

Jankovic S.M.,University of Kragujevac | Dostic M.,University of Kragujevac
Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism and Toxicology | Year: 2012

Introduction: Antiepileptic drugs are prescribed to patients of all ages and are commonly prescribed to patients over the age of 65. When prescribing these drugs to patients of this age bracket, treatment should be based not only on the diagnosis and seizure type but also on the propensity of the drugs for adverse effects and their drugdrug interactions. Areas covered: This article reviews antiepileptic drugs currently used for treating the elderly and highlights the adverse effects and potential drugdrug interactions for these treatments. The article was complied through literature searches of the Cochrane database of systematic reviews, MEDLINE and SCindeks. Expert opinion: In elderly patients who have hepatic diseases, antiepileptic drugs that are not metabolized in the liver, such as levetiracetam, are preferred; in patients with moderate and severe renal failure, carbamazepine and valproic acid are the preferred antiepileptic drugs. Phenytoin, fosphenytoin, carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine and lamotrigine should not be prescribed in elderly patients with cardiac conduction abnormalities or a history of ventricular arrhythmia. While the majority of antiepileptic drugs interact with other drugs, hepatic enzymes and plasma proteins, a few newer antiepileptic drugs are free from such interactions (e.g., gabapentin, levetiracetam and tiagabine), which make them suitable candidates for elderly patients. However, in order to make further recommendations regarding the choice and dosing regimens of antiepileptic drugs in elderly patients, more extensive clinical research in this specific population is necessary.

Jakovljevic M.B.,University of Kragujevac | Jakovljevic M.B.,Hosei University
European Journal of Health Economics | Year: 2013

The past 23 years of post-socialist restructuring of health system funding and management patterns has brought many changes to small Balkan markets, putting them under increasing pressure to keep pace with advancing globalization. Socioeconomic inequalities in healthcare access are still growing across the region. This uneven development is marked by the substantial difficulties encountered by local governments in delivering medical services to broad sectors of the population. This paper presents the results of a systematic review of the following evidence: published reports on health system reforms in the region commissioned by WHO, IMF, World Bank, OECD, European Commission; all available published evidence on health economics, funding, reimbursement in world/local languages since 1989 indexed at Medline, Excerpta Medica and Google Scholar; in depth analysis of official website data on medical care financing related legislation among key public institutions such as national Ministries of health, Health Insurance Funds, Professional Associations were applicable, in local languages; correspondence with key opinion leaders in the field in their respective communities. Contributors were asked to answer a particular set of questions related to the issue, thus enlightening fresh legislative developments and hidden patterns of policy maker's behavior. Cost awareness is slowly expanding in regional management, academic and industrial establishment. The study provides an exact and comprehensive description of its current extent and legislative framework. Western Balkans policy makers would profit substantially from health-economics-based decision-making to cope with increasing difficulties in funding and delivering medical care in emerging markets with a rapidly growing demand for health services. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Stefanovic M.,University of Kragujevac
Computers and Education | Year: 2013

The concept of laboratories for distance (e-learning) with remotely controlled laboratory set-ups or virtual laboratories with different simulations have an important role in industrial engineering education and training. Although the concept is not new, there are a number of open issues that should be solved. This paper will present the fundamental objectives of learning through distance learning laboratories as well as the special issues connected with these labs, including their effectiveness. Other important questions will be addressed such as pre requests for remote controlled/virtual labs according to different stakeholders, different architectures will be compared and, finally, evaluations and students' feedback will be presented. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Glisic B.D.,University of Kragujevac | Djuran M.I.,University of Kragujevac
Dalton Transactions | Year: 2014

Interest in antimicrobial gold complexes originated from the work of Robert Koch at the end of 19th century, who demonstrated that potassium dicyanidoaurate(i), K[Au(CN)2], showed activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a causative agent of tuberculosis. Subsequently, a large number of gold(i) and gold(iii) complexes have been evaluated as possible antimicrobial agents against a broad spectrum of bacteria, fungi and parasites. The first part of the present review article summarizes the results achieved in the field of antibacterial and antifungal activity of gold(i) and gold(iii) complexes. The represented gold(i) complexes have been divided into three distinct classes based on the type of coordinated ligand: (i) complexes with phosphine-type ligands, (ii) complexes with N-heterocyclic carbene ligands and (iii) various other gold(i) complexes, while the results related to the antibacterial and antifungal gold(iii) complexes have been mainly focused on the organometallic-type of complexes. The second section of this article represents findings obtained from the evaluation of antimalarial activity of gold complexes against chloroquine-sensitive and chloroquine-resistant strains of Plasmodium falciparum parasite. Antimalarial gold(i) and gold(iii) complexes have been divided into the following classes, based on the nature of the coordinated ligand: (i) complexes with chloroquine and its derivatives, (ii) complexes with N-heterocyclic carbene ligands, (iii) complexes containing functionalised alkynes and (iv) thiosemicarbazonato ligands, as well as (v) other gold(i) and gold(iii) complexes. In the last section of the review, gold(i) and gold(iii) complexes have been reported to be potential agents against parasites that cause amoebiasis, leishmaniasis and trypanosomiasis. A systematic summary of these results could contribute to the future design of new gold(i) and gold(iii) complexes as potential antimicrobial agents. This journal is © the Partner Organisations 2014.

A green, simple and highly efficient method for the synthesis of pyrazole-3-carboxylates and 3,5-disubstituted pyrazoles by cyclization of 4-aryl(hetaryl, alkyl)-2,4-diketoesters and 1,3-diketones with semicarbazide hydrochloride under "on water" conditions has been developed. This method also does not require toxic hydrazine and product purification, eliminating the use of toxic liquid chemicals. © 2015 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Mijailovic V.,University of Kragujevac
Electric Power Systems Research | Year: 2010

The paper suggests a method to optimize the spare amount of power transformer components. The proposed strategy is conceived to provide minimum annual cost consisting of expected failures renewal cost, capital cost for spares and load curtailment cost. The method identifies minor and major failures. Minor failures are repairable, while major failures can be repairable or unrepairable. Power transformer is a complex system, consisting of six components (functional parts). It is assumed that each component has two independent, competing failure modes: wear-out failure mode, modelled by two-parameter Weibull distribution, and a chance failure mode, characterized by an exponential distribution. The application of the method suggested and the benefits it provides are demonstrated for one transformer station (TS) 110/x kV/kV with 2×31.5MVA transformers. In addition, the influence of performing power transformer refurbishment on expected total cost has also been analyzed. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Despotovic M.,University of Kragujevac | Nedic V.,University of Kragujevac
Energy Conversion and Management | Year: 2015

The amount of energy that is transformed in solar collector depends on its tilt angle with respect to horizontal plane and orientation of the collector. In this article the optimum tilt angle of solar collectors for Belgrade, which is located at the latitude of 44°47′N is determined. The optimum tilt angle was found by searching for the values for which the solar radiation on the collector surface is maximum for a particular day or a specific period. In that manner the yearly, biannual, seasonal, monthly, fortnightly, and daily optimum tilt angles are determined. Annually collected energy per square meter of tilted surface is compared for ten different scenarios. In addition, these optimum tilt angles are used to calculate the amount of energy on the surface of PV panels that could be installed at the roof of the building. The results show that for observed case study placing the panels at yearly, seasonal and monthly optimum tilt angles, would yield increasing yearly amount of collected energy by factor of 5.98%, 13.55%, and 15.42% respectively compared to energy that could be collected by putting the panels at current roofs' surface angles. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Jakovljevic M.M.,University of Kragujevac
Journal of Medical Economics | Year: 2016

Objective:The past few decades have been marked by a bold increase in national health spending across the globe. Rather successful health reforms in leading emerging markets such as BRICS reveal a reshaping of their medical care-related expenditures. There is a scarcity of evidence explaining differences in long-term medical spending patterns between top ranked G7 traditional welfare economies and the BRICS nations.Methods:A retrospective observational study was conducted on a longitudinal WHO Global Health Expenditure data-set based on the National Health Accounts (NHA) system. Data were presented in a simple descriptive manner, pointing out health expenditure dynamics and differences between the two country groups (BRICS and G7) and individual nations in a 1995-2013 time horizon.Results:Average total per capita health spending still remains substantially higher among G7 (4747 Purchase Power Parity (PPP) PPP in 2013) compared to the BRICS (1004 PPP in 2013) nations. The percentage point share of G7 in global health expenditure (million current PPP international US) has been falling constantly since 1995 (from 65% in 1995 to 53.2% in 2013), while in BRICS nations it grew (from 10.7% in 1995 to 20.2% in 2013). Chinese national level medical spending exceeded significantly that of all G7 members except the US in terms of current PPP in 2013.Conclusions:Within a limited time horizon of only 19 years it appears that the share of global medical spending by the leading emerging markets has been growing steadily. Simultaneously, the worlds richest countries global share has been falling constantly, although it continues to dominate the landscape. If the contemporary global economic mainstream continues, the BRICS per capita will most likely reach or exceed the OECD average in future decades. Rising out-of-pocket expenses threatening affordability of medical care to poor citizens among the BRICS nations and a too low percentage of GDP in India remain the most notable setbacks of these developments. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

Gutman I.,University of Kragujevac
Chemical Physics Letters | Year: 2012

In addition to the (ordinary) graph energy, which is directly related to the total π-electron energy, scores of other graph energies have been introduced in the last few years. We derive lower and upper bounds, applicable to any of these graph energies. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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