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Al Fulah, Sudan

The University of Western Kordofan is a university in the state of Western Kordofan, Sudan. It is based in Al-Foula, but has campuses in Khartoum, Babanusa, Balnhod and Abozbd. Wikipedia.

Eltayeb N.M.,University of West Kordofan | Wani C.E.,University of Khartoum | Yousif I.A.,University of Khartoum
Asian Journal of Poultry Science | Year: 2010

This study was designed to evaluate broody behavior and its effect on some production traits and the plasma prolactin hormone levels during production, incubation and rearing periods in the native chicken of the Sudan. Two stocks of dwarf (Betwil) and bare neck chicken ecorypes constituting 270 pullets were used in this study. The experimental birds were housed in floor breeding pens individually and the exhibited characteristics of broody behavior were closely observed and recorded on daily bases. Feed intake during broody and non broody periods was recorded. The effect of chicks rearing and egg accumulation in the nest as some managerial practice on broody cycle and hence egg production were also studied. Ninety blood samples representing production, incubation and rearing stages were collected from randomly selected hens (45 for each ecotype) to evaluate prolactin hormone levels and its association with the onset of broodiness. The results indicated that 86.6% of the betwil ecotype exhibited persisted broody behavior in all the measured stages compared to 55.5% for bare neck ecotype in which the signs of broody behavior were observed to be relatively mild compared to those in betwil ecotype. Depriving hens from chicks rearing resulted in significant reduction of broody cycle days. Broodiness significantly affected feed intake and egg production. The average blood prolactin level was found to be significantly (p<0.01) higher in betwil than in bare neck ecotype during the incubation and rearing periods. The highest prolactin level was recorded during incubation period in both ecotypes whereas the lowest was found during rearing period. It was concluded that broodiness can be alleviated by managerial practice to improve egg production potential of the local flock. © 2010 Academic Journals Inc. Source

Muh'd I.B.,Katsina University | Talib Z.A.,University Putra Malaysia | Zainal Z.,University Putra Malaysia | Chyi J.L.Y.,University Putra Malaysia | Mofdal M.E.E.,University of West Kordofan
Journal of Materials Science | Year: 2014

High-quality Cd0.5Zn0.5Se nanoparticles with diameters ranging from 2.6 to 4.3 nm were synthesized via intensive mechanical milling for up to 20 h. The full width at half maximum (FWHM) and broadening of the diffraction peaks increased with increasing ball milling process and later decreased. XRD pattern confirmed a dominant zinc blende phase at (x = 0.5) composition. The optical spectra of the nanoparticles exhibited an onset absorption peak at 349 nm, with maximum absorption at 290 nm. The luminescence properties of the nanoparticles at room temperature were analyzed via photoluminescence spectroscopy, revealing band-edge emission at 354 nm. Photoluminescence (PL) spectra exhibit broad emission band at the range of (380–508) nm photon energy. The PL spectrum has two distinctive shoulders at 403 and 450 nm. Band emissions of 1.74, 1.54 and 1.4 eV at longer wavelengths that were associated with the surface state were also observed. High-transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) revealed the successful annihilation of such defects with continuous milling. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Ahmed H.G.,University of Khartoum | Elmubasher M.B.,Sudan University of Science and Technology | Abdallah Salih R.A.,University of West Kordofan | Osman Elhussein G.E.M.,Senja hospital | Alamin Ashankyty I.M.,Hail University
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2013

Background: Pediatric lymphadenopathy is a challenging medical situation for the child patient, the parents, and the physician. Although the bulk of masses will be benign the fear of malignancy is omnipresent. Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify the common cytopathological patterns of lymphadenopathy among Sudanese children. Methods: One hundred pediatric patients presenting with peripheral lymphadenopathy were included in the study, their ages ranging from 2 to 14 years, with a mean age of 7 years. Demographic characteristics, clinical manifestations and FNA materials were prospectively obtained. Results: FNA was performed in 100 cases (100%). There were no technical complications. All cases confirmed adequacy of specimen. Overall, FNA demonstrated 90 (90%) benign lesions and 10 (10%) malignant diagnosis. The benign lesions were reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (n=64), followed by benign granulomatous disease (n=26). Of the 10 cases diagnosed with malignancy, 7 (7%) were cases of non-Hodgkiǹs lymphoma and the remaining 3 (3%) were Hodgkin's lymphomas. Conclusion: Pediatric lymphadenopathy is common in Sudan. CLA is the common frequent site. Lymphoma represents a major challenge in this setting. Source

Osman R.H.,Yangzhou University | Osman R.H.,University of West Kordofan | Shao D.,Yangzhou University | Liu L.,Yangzhou University | And 9 more authors.
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part - B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology | Year: 2016

Mitochondrion, the power house of the cell, is an important organelle involving in energy homeostasis. Change in mitochondrial mass and function may lead to metabolic disorders. Previous studies indicate that mitochondrial mass loss and dysfunction are associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in human and mouse. However, it is unclear whether mitochondrial genes are involved in the development of goose fatty liver. To address this, we determined the response of goose mitochondrial genes to overfeeding and other fatty liver-related factors (e.g., hyperinsulinemia, hyperglycemia, and hyperlipidemia). We first employed RNA-seq technology to determine the differentially expressed genes in the livers from normally-fed vs. overfed geese, followed by bioinformatics analysis and quantitative PCR validation. Data indicated that a majority of mitochondrial genes in the liver were induced by overfeeding. To understand how these genes are regulated in the context of fatty liver, we treated goose primary hepatocytes with high levels of glucose, fatty acids and insulin. The results indicated that these factors had an influence on the expression of some mitochondria related genes. Together, these findings suggest that the induction of mitochondrial gene expression by overfeeding is required for the development of goose fatty liver, and this induction is partially attributable to hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia and hyperinsulinemia. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

Osman R.H.,Yangzhou University | Osman R.H.,University of West Kordofan | Liu L.,Yangzhou University | Xia L.,Yangzhou University | And 8 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2016

Global prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) constitutes a threat to human health. Goose is a unique model of NAFLD for discovering therapeutic targets as its liver can develop severe steatosis without overt injury. Fatty acid desaturase (Fads) is a potential therapeutic target as Fads expression and mutations are associated with liver fat. Here, we hypothesized that Fads was promoted to provide a protection for goose fatty liver. To test this, goose Fads1 and Fads2 were sequenced. Fads1/2/6 expression was determined in goose liver and primary hepatocytes by quantitative PCR. Liver fatty acid composition was also analyzed by gas chromatography. Data indicated that hepatic Fads1/2/6 expression was gradually increased with the time of overfeeding. In contrast, trans-C18:1n9 fatty acid (Fads inhibitor) was reduced. However, enhanced Fads capacity for long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA) synthesis was not sufficient to compensate for the depleted LC-PUFAs in goose fatty liver. Moreover, cell studies showed that Fads1/2/6 expression was regulated by fatty liver-associated factors. Together, these findings suggest Fads1/2 as protective components are promoted to meet instant need for LC-PUFAs in goose fatty liver, and we propose this is required for severe hepatic steatosis without liver injury. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

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