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Kirkuk, Iraq

The University of Kirkuk is an Iraqi university established in 2003 in Kirkuk, Iraq.The University of Kirkuk included eight faculties/colleges when it was established in 2003. These were Engineering, Medicine, Law, Management & Economics, Science, Education, Nursing, and Agriculture. These Faculties has changed much since its inception, represented by the achievements of the mixed ethnic/religious students, in the various disciplines as well as academic/research programs provided by the faculty. After the creation of three new Colleges/Faculties of Medicine, Engineering and Agriculture, the college of Education was established with its five Departments: Qur'anic science, Geography, Physical Education, Kurdish language, and Turkish Language. The Faculty of science was established with four Departments: Biology, Physics, Chemistry, and Earth science. In the Faculty of Management and Economics was established to include the Departments of Business Administration and Statistics. Besides the development of the Faculty of Medicine with its nine disciplines/Branches: Microbiologist, Biochemistry, Surgery, Anatomy, Diseases, Internal Medicine, Physiology Medicine, Community Medicine. In the academic year , the Branch of Child Medicine was established. In the academic year , the Department of Mechanical Engineering was introduced to the College of Engineering. The UoK intends to exercise its best efforts to develop a cooperation program, establishing ties of friendship, promoting mutual academic/research collaboration, cultural and personnel/training exchanges, and working toward more specific and binding agreements. Wikipedia.

Awaz B.M.,University of Kirkuk
International Journal of Environmental Research | Year: 2015

In Iraq, waste generation was increased after 2003 war events due to intensepopulation development and economic growth. The limitation of designable system for Municipal SolidWaste (MSW) management led to serious problems regarding environment and human health. Sanitary landfill in the south of Kirkuk is the first kind of effective system for municipal solid waste management in Iraq. In the first effort to assess the pollution potential of leachate and its impact on ground water, leachate samples from pre-treatment basin, post treatment basin and leachate pond were analyzed for physico-chemical characteristics (pH, EC, TSS, TDS, BOD, COD, Cl-, SO4 -2, PO4 -3, NO3 - and NO2 -) and heavy metals (Pb, Cu, Mn, Ni and Cd). Similar analysis was done on two monitoring wells around landfill site (MW1, directed leachate pond and MW2 directed landfill site). The leachate pollution index (LPI) was also determined. The results showed that the main concentrations of BOD, COD, SO4 -2, PO4 -3, and NO3 - in the monitoring well samples are above the permissible limits of WHO standards regarding drinking water quality. It may particularly be due to the impact of leachate outflows on groundwater quality and surface drainage during rainy season. Analytical results of leachate samples indicate the early acidic biodegradation stage of Kirkuk landfill. The high LPI value of 6.651 was recorded for leachate before treatment indicating the role of leachate treatment to minimize the levels of pollutants. © 2015, University of Tehran. All rights reserved. Source

Organophosphate compounds can bind to carboxylesterase, which may lower the concentration of organophosphate pesticides at the target site enzyme, cholinesterase. It is unclear from the literature whether it is the carboxylesterase affinity for the organophosphate and/or the number of carboxylesterase molecules that is the dominant factor in determining the protective potential of carboxylesterase. The fundamental dilutions and kinetic effects of esterase enzyme are still poorly understood. This study aims to confirm and extend our current knowledge about the effects of dilutions on esterases activities in the blood for birds with respect to protecting the enzyme from organophosphate inhibition. There was significantly higher esterases activities in dilution 1: 10 in the all blood samples from quail, duck, and chick compared to other dilutions (1: 5, 1: 15, 1: 20, and 1: 25) in all cases. Furthermore, our results also pointed to the importance of estimating different dilutions effects prior to using in birds as biomarker tools of environmental exposure. Concentration-inhibition curves were determined for the inhibitor in the presence of dilutions 1: 5, 1: 10, plus 1: 15 (to stimulate carboxylesterase). Point estimates (concentrations calculated to produce 20, 50, and 80% inhibition) were compared across conditions and served as a measure of esterase-mediated detoxification. Results with well-known inhibitors (malathion) were in agreement with the literature, serving to support the use of this assay. Among the thiol-esters dilution 1: 5 was observed to have the highest specificity constant (k cat / K m), and the K m and k cat values were 176 M and 16,765 s - 1, respectively, for S-phenyl thioacetate ester, while detected in dilution 1: 15 was the lowest specificity constant (k cat / K m), and the K m and k cat values were 943 M and 1154 s - 1, respectively, for acetylthiocholine iodide ester. © 2014 Kasim Sakran Abass. Source

Yusaf T.,University of Southern Queensland | Al-Juboori R.A.,University of Southern Queensland | Al-Juboori R.A.,University of Kirkuk
Applied Energy | Year: 2014

This paper reviews various non-conventional techniques for microorganism disruption. Microorganism disruption plays a pivotal role in various agricultural applications such as disinfection of irrigation water, processing of crops and livestock products and the newly emerging area of bioenergy production for agricultural uses. Methods of treatment to destroy microorganisms for the purposes of disinfection or extraction of bio-products can be generally categorized as either thermal treatment methods or non-thermal treatment methods. The thermal methods for microbial disruption are not favorable in many applications such as food processing and water treatment due to its negative impact on product quality and process performance. The discussion of thermal methods for microorganism disruption will not be included in this review. Non-thermal treatments are divided into two groups; chemical and physical treatments. Owing to the concerns of the health organisations with regards to the use of chemical methods for microorganism disruption, the recent research efforts have been directed towards exploring alternative physical methods for rupturing microorganisms. The common alternative physical methods for microorganism disruption include mechanical and non-mechanical treatments. This paper discusses in details the use of the common mechanical treatments for cell disintegration. Such methods include ultrasound, shock wave, High Pressure Homogenization (HPH), Hydrodynamic Cavitation (HC), shear stress, bead milling and micro-fluidizer. The application of the non-mechanical methods for microbial disruption such as electrical treatment, non-thermal plasma, Ultra-Violet (UV), non-conventional chemical methods and some other treatments are also briefly addressed in this paper. Due to the importance of the mechanical methods in the current cell disruption research, more attention is directed to these methods in this work. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

The nuclear structures of 18O and 18F nuclei are studied using particle-particle Tamm-Dancoff approximation (pp TDA) and particle-particle random phase approximation (pp RPA). All possible single-particle states of the allowed angular momenta are considered in the 0p and 1s-0d shells. The Hamiltonian is diagonalized in the presence of Warburton and Brown interactions. The results containing energy-level schemes and transition strength B(E2) are compared with the available experimental data. © Indian Academy of Sciences. Source

Al-Luhaibi M.S.,University of Kirkuk
Scientific World Journal | Year: 2015

This paper presents the approximate analytical solutions to solve the nonlinear gas dynamics and coupled Burger's equations with fractional time derivative. By using initial values, the explicit solutions of the equations are solved by using a reliable algorithm. Numerical results show that the new iterative method is easy to implement and accurate when applied to time-fractional partial differential equations. © 2015 Mohamed S. Al-luhaibi. Source

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