Open University of Kaohsiung

of Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Open University of Kaohsiung

of Kaohsiung, Taiwan
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Kao I.,Open University of Kaohsiung | Chang L.,National Taipei University
Educational Gerontology | Year: 2017

We examined whether a 12-week leisure education program could promote leisure autonomy and leisure competence and reduce stress in older adults. Forty subjects were randomly assigned to either an experimental group or a control group. Before the experiment, pretest data were collected using leisure autonomy, leisure competence, and stress scales. After the experiment, posttest data were collected using the same scales; follow-up test data were collected a year later. These data were evaluated through an analysis of covariance. The results indicated that the average posttest and follow-up test scores of leisure autonomy and leisure competence in the experimental group were significantly higher than the corresponding scores in the control group and that the average posttest and follow-up test scores of stress in the experimental group were significantly lower than the corresponding scores in the control group. In the experimental group, the average posttest and follow-up test scores of leisure autonomy and leisure competence were significantly higher than the average pretest scores of leisure autonomy and leisure competence, whereas the average posttest and follow-up test scores of stress were significantly lower than the average pretest scores of stress. Therefore, health care practitioners should adopt the provision of leisure education as a priority to promote leisure autonomy and leisure competence and reduce stress in older adults. © 2017 Taylor & Francis


Kao I.-C.,Open University of Kaohsiung
MATEC Web of Conferences | Year: 2017

This study regarded adult in-service students who are familiar with project management courses as the subjects and collected data through questionnaires for confirmatory factor analysis and reliability analysis. The aim is to construct a "C Theory" questionnaire scale that encompasses the essence of Chinese management philosophy like decision-making of Taoism, leadership of Legalism, tactics of School of Military Strategists, creativity of Mohism, and coordination of Confucianism. Furthermore, management performance scales were constructed for learning and growth, internal operation, customer satisfaction, and financial control, while the questionnaires and statistical analyses were expected to probe into the impact of "C Theory" on project management performance. This study found that the application and practice of "C Theory" have a high and positive correlation with project management and a significant influence on the improvement of performance. It is therefore suggested that management methods in "C Theory" be appropriately used in project management in order to enhance the efficiency of project management and facilitate the achievement of project management targets. © The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017.


Kao I.-C.,Open University of Kaohsiung
MATEC Web of Conferences | Year: 2017

On the basis of the 46 competence elements in the International Project Management Association (IPMA) ICB Version 3.0 and the PMP competence guidelines in PMBOK® Guide - Fifth Edition by the Project Management Institute, this study formulates a "Preliminary Draft of the Taiwan Project Management Competence Scale". After expert review, a pretest was developed for the Taiwan Project Management Competence Scale. With adult students in adult education institutions as the respondents, a pretest was conducted in order to collect data. Confirmatory factor analysis, and reliability analysis were then conducted to construct the "Taiwan Project Management Competence Scale", which covers the four dimensions of project management of cognitive and conceptual competences, behavioral and technical competences, contextual competences, and moral and ethical competences. It is intended that this scale could be used as reference in future investigations into and measurement of project management competence in Taiwan, thus, facilitating the diagnosis, improvement, and refinement of performance in terms of project management competence. © The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017.


This study treated adult in-service students of adult education institutions as the subjects and collected data through a questionnaire survey. This study conducted confirmatory factor analysis, and reliability analysis in order to develop questionnaire on "Occupational Performance of Teachers in Adult Education Institutions" and "Instructional Satisfaction in Adult Education Institutions". The collected data were analyzed to discuss the occupational performance and instructional satisfaction in adult education institutions, as well as the correlation between the two and their predictability. It is found that occupational performance and instructional satisfaction in adult education institutions are highly positively correlated and greatly predictable. It is therefore suggested that teachers in adult education institutions work actively to deliver their occupational performance so as to enhance instructional satisfaction and help students to achieve their learning objectives in an effective manner. © The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017.


Tsai P.-Y.,National Changhua University of Education | Chen S.,National Taiwan University of Science and Technology | Chang H.-P.,Open University of Kaohsiung | Chang W.-H.,National Changhua University of Education
International Journal of Environmental and Science Education | Year: 2013

Science teachers frequently select science news articles as supplementary teaching materials; however, the literature indicates that students encounter difficulties in examining and evaluating the news content and textual elements. This paper reports an instructional strategy of utilizing science news articles and investigates its effectiveness in enhancing students' cognitive learning outcomes. In this quasi-experimental study, 118 seventh graders from four classes in one secondary school in Taiwan took part in the Science News Instruction (SNI). After eight weeks of instruction about Genetics and Reproduction, all students were requested to present their written arguments to the selected science news article. Two of the classes were prompted to link to their science content knowledge (the CK-SNI group, n=56), whereas their counterpart peers were not instructed to link to their science content knowledge (the SNI group, n=62). The analysis of students' written artifacts revealed that the CK-SNI group performed significantly better on examining the data and claims made in the science news, producing warrants of higher quality to support their reasoning about the relationship between data and claims, and providing better reasons to refute the identified causal textual elements. Furthermore, the results of ANCOVA indicate that the CK-SNI group outperformed the SNI group on the cognitive test, with the largest improvement at Apply level (ηp2=.10). We conclude that prompting students to examine news content based on the content knowledge they learned is effective in fostering students to evaluate the science news critically, and thus make a positive impact on students' cognitive learning. © 2013 IJESE.


Hsueh C.-Y.,Open University of Kaohsiung | Chen K.-H.,National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences | Chen P.-M.,National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences
Proceedings - 11th IEEE International Conference on E-Business Engineering, ICEBE 2014 - Including 10th Workshop on Service-Oriented Applications, Integration and Collaboration, SOAIC 2014 and 1st Workshop on E-Commerce Engineering, ECE 2014 | Year: 2014

In the future, Hotel of M-Commerce Service will be an important management trend and automobile application. Because of the increase in wireless cable speed and the fast development of automobile application, people can use diverse wireless equipment and automobile application to trade and exchange products, services, information and knowledge by M-Commerce Service. Previous research in M-service mainly established on the base of E-service. However, mobile network has different features and function with traditional network and consumers will estimate the service convenience depending on the environment and the setting. Therefore, this research combines the concept of automobile application APP with service convenience and use focused interview as the research method. For the focused interview, we invited 8 people, including APP technology experts, field directors and executives of chain hotel and scholars in related research field, to fully exchange opinions and perspectives on 'The process of inserting APP application to chain hotel'. After the discussion, a verbatim record was compiled from the outcome of the interview. For the service project mentioned in the verbatim record, we classify the items as the base of constructing the scale according to 'before check-in, ' 'during the stay, ' and 'after the stay.' Furthermore, the important factors of developing APP application are provided for related enterprises. © 2014 IEEE.


Lin Y.-L.,I - Shou University | Hsieh J.-G.,I - Shou University | Kuo Y.-S.,Open University of Kaohsiung | Jeng J.-H.,I - Shou University
Neural Computing and Applications | Year: 2016

Robust template design for cellular neural networks (CNNs) implementing an arbitrary Boolean function is currently an active research area. If the given Boolean function is linearly separable, a single robust uncoupled CNN can be designed preferably as a maximal margin classifier to implement the Boolean function. On the other hand, if the linearly separable Boolean function has a small geometric margin or the Boolean function is not linearly separable, a popular approach is to find a sequence of robust uncoupled CNNs implementing the given Boolean function. In the past research works using this approach, the control template parameters and thresholds are usually restricted to assume only a given finite set of integers. In this study, we try to remove this unnecessary restriction. NXOR- or XOR-based decomposition algorithm utilizing the soft margin and maximal margin support vector classifiers is proposed to design a sequence of robust templates implementing an arbitrary Boolean function. Several illustrative examples are simulated to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed method by comparing our results with those produced by other decomposition methods with restricted weights. © 2016 The Natural Computing Applications Forum

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