University of Jan Evangelista Purkynje

Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic

University of Jan Evangelista Purkynje

Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic
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Musilek K.,University of Hradec Kralove | Musilek K.,University of Jan Evangelista Purkynje | Pavlikova R.,University of Hradec Kralove | Marek J.,University of Hradec Kralove | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2011

Carbamate inhibitors (e.g. pyridostigmine bromide) are used as a pre-treatment for the prevention of organophosphorus poisoning. They work by blocking the native function of acetylcholinesterases (AChE) and thus protect AChE against irreversible inhibition by organophosphorus compounds. However, carbamate inhibitors are known for their many undesirable side effects related to the carbamylation of AChE. In this paper, we describe 17 novel bisquaternary compounds and have analysed their effect on AChE inhibition. The newly prepared compounds were evaluated in vitro using both human erythrocyte AChE and human plasmatic butyrylcholinesterase. Their inhibitory ability was expressed as the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) and then compared to the standard carbamate drugs and two AChE reactivators. One of these novel compounds showed promising AChE inhibition in vitro (nM range) and was better than the currently used standards. Additionally, a kinetic assay confirmed the non-competitive inhibition of hAChE by this novel compound. Consequently, the docking results confirmed the apparent π-π or π-cationic interactions with the key amino acid residues of hAChE and the binding of the chosen compound at the enzyme catalytic site. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd.


Komloova M.,Charles University | Komloova M.,University of Jan Evangelista Purkynje | Horova A.,University of Hradec Kralove | Hrabinova M.,University of Hradec Kralove | And 5 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters | Year: 2013

Two series of non-symmetrical bisquaternary pyridinium-quinolinium and pyridinium-isoquinolinium compounds were prepared as molecules potentially applicable in myasthenia gravis treatment. Their inhibitory ability towards human recombinant acetylcholinesterase and human plasmatic butyrylcholinesterase was determined and the results were compared to the known effective inhibitors such as ambenonium dichloride, edrophonium bromide and experimental compound BW284C51. Two compounds, 1-(10-(pyridinium-1-yl)decyl)quinolinium dibromide and 1-(12-(pyridinium-1-yl)dodecyl)quinolinium dibromide, showed very promising affinity for acetylcholinesterase with their IC50 values reaching nM inhibition of acetylcholinesterase. These most active compounds also showed satisfactory selectivity towards acetylcholinesterase and they seem to be very promising as leading structures for further modifications and optimization. Two of the most promising compounds were examined in the molecular modelling study in order to find the possible interactions between the ligand and tested enzyme. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Korabecny J.,Charles University | Musilek K.,University of Hradec Kralove | Musilek K.,University of Jan Evangelista Purkynje | Holas O.,Charles University | And 8 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters | Year: 2010

All approved drugs for Alzheimer disease (AD) in clinical practice ameliorate the symptoms of the disease. Among them, acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) are used to increase the cholinergic activity. Among new AChEI, tacrine compounds were found to be more toxic compared to 7-MEOTA (9-amino-7-methoxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridine). In this Letter, series of 7-MEOTA analogues (N-alkyl-7-methoxytacrine) were synthesized. Their inhibitory ability was evaluated on recombinant human acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and plasmatic human butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). Three novel compounds showed promising results towards hAChE better to THA or 7-MEOTA. Three compounds resulted as potent inhibitors of hBChE. The SAR findings highlighted the C 6-C7 N-alkyl chains for cholinesterase inhibition. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Musilek K.,University of Hradec Kralove | Musilek K.,University of Jan Evangelista Purkynje | Roder J.,Charles University | Komloova M.,Charles University | And 8 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters | Year: 2011

Carbamate inhibitors (e.g., pyridostimine bromide) are used as a pre-exposure treatment for the prevention of organophosphorus poisoning. They work by blocking acetylcholinesterase's (AChE) native function and thus protect AChE against irreversible inhibition by organophosphorus compounds. However, carbamate inhibitors are known for many undesirable side-effects related to the carbamylation of AChE. In this Letter, 19 analogues of SAD-128 were prepared and evaluated as cholinesterase inhibitors. The screening results showed promising inhibitory ability of four compounds better to used standards (pralidoxime, obidoxime, BW284c51, ethopropazine, SAD-128). Four most promising compounds were selected for further molecular docking studies. The SAR was stated from obtained data. The former receptor studies were reported and discussed. The further in vivo studies were recommended in the view of OP pre-exposure treatment. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Komloova M.,Charles University | Musilek K.,University of Hradec Kralove | Musilek K.,University of Jan Evangelista Purkynje | Horova A.,University of Hradec Kralove | And 5 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters | Year: 2011

This paper describes the preparation and in vitro evaluation of 18 newly prepared bis-quinolinium inhibitors on human recombinant acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and human plasmatic butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). Their inhibitory (IC50) and was compared to the chosen standards ambenonium dichloride, edrophonium chloride, BW284c51 and ethopropazine hydrochloride. One novel compound was found to be a promising inhibitor of hAChE (in nM range) and was better than edrophonium chloride or BW284c51, but was worse than ambenonium chloride. This compound also showed selectivity towards hAChE and it was confirmed as a non-competitive inhibitor of hAChE by kinetic analysis. A molecular modelling study further confirmed its binding to the peripheral active site of hAChE via apparent π-π or π-cationic interactions. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Musilek K.,University of Hradec Kralove | Musilek K.,University of Jan Evangelista Purkynje | Komloova M.,Charles University | Holas O.,Charles University | And 6 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2011

Inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase are compounds widely used in the treatment of various diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, glaucoma and Myasthenia gravis (MG). Compounds used in the therapy of MG posses a positive charge in the molecule to ensure peripheral effect of action and minimal blood-brain barrier penetration. The most prescribed carbamate inhibitors are however known for many severe side effects related to the carbamylation of AChE. This paper describes preparation and in vitro evaluation of 20 newly prepared bis-isoquinolinium inhibitors of potential concern for MG. The newly prepared compounds were evaluated in vitro on human recombinant AChE and human plasmatic butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). Their inhibitory ability was expressed as IC 50 and compared to chosen standards ambenonium dichloride, edrophonium chloride, BW284c51 and ethopropazine hydrochloride. Three novel compounds presented promising inhibition (in nM range) of both enzymes in vitro better or similar to edrophonium and BW284c51, but worse to ambenonium. The novel inhibitors did not present higher selectivity toward AChE or BChE. The kinetic assay confirmed non-competitive inhibition of hAChE by two selected promising novel compounds. Two newly prepared compounds were also chosen for docking studies that confirmed apparent π-π or π-cationic interactions aside the cholinesterases catalytic sites. The SAR findings were discussed. © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.


Musilek K.,University of Hradec Kralove | Musilek K.,University of Jan Evangelista Purkynje | Komloova M.,Charles University | Holas O.,Charles University | And 7 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2011

The treatment of organophosphorus (OP) poisoning consists of the administration of a parasympatholytic agent (e.g., atropine), an anticonvulsant (e.g., diazepam) and an acetylcholinesterase (AChE) reactivator (e.g., obidoxime). The AChE reactivator is the causal treatment of OP exposure, because it cleaves the OP moiety covalently bound to the AChE active site. In this paper, fourteen novel AChE reactivators are described. Their design originated from a former promising compound K027. These compounds were synthesized, evaluated in vitro on human AChE (hAChE) inhibited by tabun, paraoxon, methylparaoxon and DFP and then compared to commercial hAChE reactivators (pralidoxime, HI-6, trimedoxime, obidoxime, methoxime) or previously prepared compounds (K027, K203). Three of these novel compounds showed a promising ability to reactivate hAChE comparable or better than the used standards. Consequently, a molecular docking study was performed for three of these promising novel compounds. The docking results confirmed the apparent influence of π-π or cation-π interactions and hydrogen bonding for reactivator binding within the hAChE active site cleft. The SAR features concerning the non-oxime part of the reactivator molecule are also discussed. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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