Bertram S.,University of Ininfria |
Cherubino F.,University of Ininfria |
Bossi E.,University of Ininfria |
Castagna M.,University of Milan |
Peres A.,University of Ininfria
American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology | Year: 2011
The role of intracellular ions on the reverse GABA transport by the neuronal transporter GAT1 was studied using voltage-clamp and [ 3H]GABA efflux determinations in Xenopus oocytes transfected with heterologous mRNA. Reverse transport was induced by intracellular GABA injections and measured in terms of the net outward current generated by the transporter. Changes in various intracellular ionic conditions affected the reverse current: higher concentrations of Na + enhanced the ratio of outward over inward transport current, while a considerable decrease of the outward current and a parallel reduction of the transporter-mediated GABA efflux were observed after treatments causing a diminution of the intracellular Cl - concentration. Particularly interesting was the impairment of the reverse transport observed after depletion of internal Cl - generated by the activity of a coexpressed K +-Cl - exporter KCC2. This finding suggests that reverse GABA transport may be physiologically regulated during early neuronal development, similarly to the functional alterations seen in GABA receptors caused by KCC2 activity. © 2011 the American Physiological Society.