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Moscow, ID, United States

The University of Idaho is the U.S. state of Idaho's oldest public university, located in the city of Moscow in Latah County in the northern portion of the state. UI is the state's land-grant and primary research university, and enrolls more national merit scholars than all other institutions in the state combined. In January 2012, the university enrolled the highest number of National Merit Scholars of any school in the Northwest; more than the other institutions in the region with significantly larger enrollments. The University of Idaho was the state's sole university for 71 years, until 1963, and hosts the University of Idaho College of Law, which was established 106 years ago in 1909, accredited by the ABA in 1925, and remained until 2012 the only law school in the state. Formed 126 years ago by the territorial legislature on January 30, 1889, the university opened its doors in 1892 on October 3, with an initial class of 40 students. The first graduating class in 1896 contained two men and two women. It presently has an enrollment exceeding 12,000, with over 11,000 on the Moscow campus. The university offers 142 degree programs, from accountancy to wildlife resources, including bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and specialists' degrees. Certificates of completion are offered in 30 areas of study. At 25% and 53%, its 4 and 6 year graduation rates are the highest of any public university in Idaho, and it generates 74 percent of all research money in the state, with research expenditures of $100 million in 2010 alone.As a land-grant university and the primary research university in the state, UI has the largest campus in the state at 1,585 acres , located in the rolling hills of the Palouse region at an elevation of 2,600 feet above sea level. The school is home to the Idaho Vandals, who compete on the Division I FBS level. The land-grant institution for the state of Washington, WSU, is located eight miles west in Pullman and the two campuses educate a total of approximately 40,000 students. In addition to the main campus in Moscow, the UI has branch campuses in Coeur d'Alene, Boise, Twin Falls, and Idaho Falls. It also operates a research park in Post Falls and dozens of extension offices statewide. Wikipedia.

Johnson J.L.,University of Idaho
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research | Year: 2012

Members of the Hsp90 molecular chaperone family are found in the cytosol, ER, mitochondria and chloroplasts of eukaryotic cells, as well as in bacteria. These diverse family members cooperate with other proteins, such as the molecular chaperone Hsp70, to mediate protein folding, activation and assembly into multiprotein complexes. All examined Hsp90 homologs exhibit similar ATPase rates and undergo similar conformational changes. One of the key differences is that cytosolic Hsp90 interacts with a large number of cochaperones that regulate the ATPase activity of Hsp90 or have other functions, such as targeting clients to Hsp90. Diverse Hsp90 homologs appear to chaperone different types of client proteins. This difference may reflect either the pool of clients requiring Hsp90 function or the requirement for cochaperones to target clients to Hsp90. This review discusses known functions, similarities and differences between Hsp90 family members and how cochaperones are known to affect these functions. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Heat Shock Protein 90 (HSP90). © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Source

Abatzoglou J.T.,University of Idaho
International Journal of Climatology | Year: 2013

Landscape-scale ecological modelling has been hindered by suitable high-resolution surface meteorological datasets. To overcome these limitations, desirable spatial attributes of gridded climate data are combined with desirable temporal attributes of regional-scale reanalysis and daily gauge-based precipitation to derive a spatially and temporally complete, high-resolution (4-km) gridded dataset of surface meteorological variables required in ecological modelling for the contiguous United States from 1979 to 2010. Validation of the resulting gridded surface meteorological data, using an extensive network of automated weather stations across the western United States, showed skill comparable to that derived from interpolation using station observations, suggesting it can serve as suitable surrogate for landscape-scale ecological modelling across vast unmonitored areas of the United States. © 2011 Royal Meteorological Society. Source

Gao H.,China Agricultural University | Shreeve J.M.,University of Idaho
Chemical Reviews | Year: 2011

An energetic material is a compound or a mixture of compounds that, when subjected controllably to friction, impact, spark, or shock, undergoes rapid, heat-producing decomposition. Modification of azoles with either a mono- or multifunctional energy group builds molecules which may be transformed into salts through neutralization or quaterization reactions combined with subsequent metathesis. The enthalpies of formation of azoles are dependent on their ring structures. They can be adjusted by substitution of the hydrogen atoms with various energetic functional groups. Tetrazoles are an important core of energetic materials because of the practical and theoretical significance of these unique compounds and the diversity of their properties. Most tetrazolate salts are highly endothermic compounds. The reaction of 5-Nitroimino-tetrazoles which are five-membered aromatic heterocycles with a nitroimine functional group, with heterocyclic bases yield 5-nitroimino-1H-tetrazolate monohydrate salts. Source

Ay S.U.,University of Idaho
Digest of Technical Papers - IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference | Year: 2011

Recent advances in video sensor networks and implantable biomedical devices - e.g. retinal prostheses [1]-necessitate very low-voltage, low-leakage, and energy-efficient image sensors that preferably produce their own power from ambient sources. A natural energy source for an image sensor that produces video images from impinging "sufficient" amount of light energy is the light itself. This in mind, a CMOS image sensor that can both produce power from light and capture video images on same focal plane is developed. The CMOS energy harvesting and imaging (EHI) active pixel sensor (APS) is incorporated in a 54x50 array along with low-power supporting electronics. It is designed in a mature 0.5μm 2P3M CMOS process that has only high-Vt transistors. © 2011 IEEE. Source

Stenkamp D.L.,University of Idaho
Progress in Retinal and Eye Research | Year: 2011

The retinas of postembryonic teleost fish continue to grow for the lifetime of the fish. New retinal cells are added continuously at the retinal margin, by stem cells residing at the circumferential germinal zone. Some of these retinal cells differentiate as Müller glia with cell bodies that reside within the inner nuclear layer. These glia retain some stem cell properties in that they carry out asymmetric cell divisions and continuously generate a population of transit-amplifying cells - the rod photoreceptor lineage - that are committed to rod photoreceptor neurogenesis. These rod progenitors progress through a stereotyped sequence of changes in gene expression as they continue to divide and migrate to the outer nuclear layer. Now referred to as rod precursors, they undergo terminal mitoses and then differentiate as rods, which are inserted into the existing array of rod and cone photoreceptors. The rod lineage displays developmental plasticity, as rod precursors can respond to the loss of rods through increased proliferation, resulting in rod replacement. The stem cells of the rod lineage, Müller glia, respond to acute damage of other retinal cell types by increasing their rate of proliferation. In addition, the Müller glia in an acutely damaged retina dedifferentiate and become multipotent, generating new, functional neurons. This review focuses on the cells of the rod lineage and includes discussions of experiments over the last 30 years that led to their identification and characterization, and the discovery of the stem cells residing at the apex of the lineage. The plasticity of cells of the rod lineage, their relationships to cone progenitors, and the applications of this information for developing future treatments for human retinal disorders will also be discussed. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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