University of Huddersfield | Date: 2015-02-13
An apparatus and method of analysis including at least one microscope means operable to characterize the surface of a sample in use, at least a first conduit to convey one or more solvents to the sample and a further conduit to convey at least part of the solution from the sample. At least one pump means delivers solvent to the sample and/or removes solution from the same.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2015 | Award Amount: 1.26M | Year: 2016
The management of large repositories of norms, and the semantic access and reasoning to these norms are key challenges in Legal Informatics. The MIREL project will create an international and inter-sectorial network to define a formal framework and to develop tools for MIning and REasoning with Legal texts, with the aim of translating these legal texts into formal representations that can be used for querying norms, compliance checking, and decision support. The development of the MIREL framework and tools will be guided by the needs of three industrial partners, and validated by industrial case studies. MIREL promotes mobility and staff exchange between SMEs to academies in order to create an inter-continental interdisciplinary consortium in Law and Artificial Intelligence areas including Natural Language Processing, Computational Ontologies, Argumentation, and Logic & Reasoning. MIREL addresses both conceptual challenges, such as the role of legal interpretation in mining and reasoning, and computational challenges, such as the handling of big legal data, and the complexity of regulatory compliance. It bridges the gap between the community working on legal ontologies and NLP parsers and the community working on reasoning methods and formal logic. Moreover, it is the first project of its kind to involve industrial partners in the future development of innovative products and services in legal reasoning and their deployment in the market. The European MIREL partners are key players in the communities of Deontic, AI & Law, and the Semantic Web, communities that have traditionally been strong in Europe. The MIREL consortium brings these scientists together with researchers with expertise traditionally lacking in Europe, such as norm and argument mining (Argentina, Japan and China), description logic for reasoning about legal ontologies (South Africa), natural language semantics of deontic modals (US), and the complexity analysis of regulatory compliance (Australia).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-2.1-2014 | Award Amount: 18.00M | Year: 2015
IN2RAIL is to set the foundations for a resilient, consistent, cost-efficient, high capacity European network by delivering important building blocks that unlock the innovation potential that exists in SHIFT2RAIL: innovative technologies will be explored and resulting concepts embedded in a systems framework where infrastructure, information management, maintenance techniques, energy, and engineering are integrated, optimised, shared and exploited. IN2RAIL will make advances towards SHIFT2RAIL objectives: enhancing the existing capacity fulfilling user demand; increasing the reliability delivering better and consistent quality of service; reducing the LCC increasing competitiveness of the EU rail system. To achieve the above, a holistic approach covering Smart Infrastructures, Intelligent Mobility Management (I2M)and Rail Power Supply and Energy Management will be applied. Smart Infrastructure addresses the fundamental design of critical assets - switches and crossings and tracks. It will research components capable of meeting future railway demands and will utilise modern technologies in the process. Risk and condition-based LEAN approaches to optimise RAMS and LCC in asset maintenance activities will be created to tackle the root causes of degradation. I2M researches automated, interoperable and inter-connected advanced traffic management systems; scalable and upgradable systems, utilising standardised products and interfaces, enabling easy migration from legacy systems; the wealth of data and information on assets and traffic status; information management systems adding the capability of nowcasting and forecasting of critical asset statuses. Rail Power Supply and Energy Management create solutions to improve the energy performance of the railway system. Research on new power systems characterised by reduced losses and capable of balancing energy demands, along with innovative energy management systems enabling accurate and precise estimates of energy flows.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: YOUNG-5a-2014 | Award Amount: 2.58M | Year: 2015
Existing research suggests that political participation and European orientation of young people depend on how they experience influence and involvement at local level. This reflects that individuals need the experience of self-efficacy to engage in wider communities. Research also reveals that only few young people engage in formalised participation (parties, trade unions, or youth councils) as these are not flexible enough for individualised concerns, biographies and life styles and they reflect patterns of social inequality. The project Spaces and Styles of Participation (PARTISPACE) starts from the assumption that all young people do participate while not all participation is recognised as such. The study asks for the different ways in which young people participate in decisions which concern them and, in general, the life of their communities. How do 15- and 30-year-olds engage with the public in formal, non-formal and informal settings and how is this supported or inhibited by local youth policies and youth work? The countries involved Bulgaria, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the UK secure contrasting contexts of young peoples growing up as well as differing orientations towards Europe. The design of PARTISPACE includes: National research literature reviews and policy analysis; Analysis of European Social Survey data on young peoples participatory orientations; Local case studies in one major city per country including expert interviews, focus groups discussions, city walks and biographical interviews with young people, ethnographic case studies of formal, non-formal, and informal participatory spaces. Activating and supporting participatory action research by young people themselves. The analysis relates local constellations with national and European patterns and discourses of youth participation. Findings are constantly discussed with representatives of the youth sector at local and European level.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: Shift2Rail-RIA | Phase: S2R-OC-IP5-02-2015 | Award Amount: 999.82K | Year: 2016
DYNAFREIGHT stands for Innovative technical solutions for improved train DYNAmics and operation of longer FREIGHt Trains. The project will provide inputs for the development of the next railway freight propulsion concepts within S2R. Two main areas will be addressed: 1. Freight running gear for locomotives: DYNAFREIGHT will design and develop the necessary concepts that will allow a locomotive freight bogie to reduce wheel and track wear, to have lower noise and lower LCC, by focusing on: Materials with freight vehicle applicability that allow a lighter bogie frame. Noise optimized wheelsets and absorbing structures to reduce running gear related noise. Passive and mechatronic systems for radial steering, improving running performances compared to conventional bogies. Reduction of wheel wear and damage, improved traction in curves and reduced resistance to motion in sharp curves will be achieved. Monitoring of the most maintenance cost-intensive bogie elements, reducing LCC and improving the reliability and availability of the locomotive. 2. Operation of long freight trains: following the outcomes of MARATHON, DYNAFREIGHT will prepare the path for regular operations of long freight trains: Defining functional, technical and homologation requirements for a radio remote controlled system. Proposing safety precautions in train configuration and brake application by simulating the longitudinal forces and the derailment risk of long freight trains. Identifying infrastructure adaptions for the operation of long freight trains. By the end of the project, the main achievements will be: Improved performances: traction, speed, running dynamics and wheel/rail efforts Reduced rail freight noise at the source Enhance capacity/traffic throughput with the operation of longer trains Reduced of operation and maintenance costs (reduce wheel and rail wear, smarter maintenance, etc.)
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: DRS-10-2015 | Award Amount: 2.37M | Year: 2016
ESPREssO aims at contributing to a new strategic vision to approach natural risk reduction and climate change adaptation, thereby opening new frontiers for research and policy making. From this perspective it wants also to be of support to the EC research and development and to the JRC Knowledge Centre on Disaster Risk Management. To achieve this goal, the project structure is built upon the central role of three main challenges to be addressed in order to propose ways to mitigate differences, to identify gaps, and to overcome the boundaries among different topics: 1 To propose ways to create more coherent national and European approaches on Disaster Risk Reduction, Climate Change Adaptation and resilience strengthening; 2.To enhance risk management capabilities by bridging the gap between science and legal/policy issues at local and national levels in six European countries; 3.To address the issue of efficient management of trans-boundary crises. Activities on the three ESPREssO challenges will be performed in all work-packages. The first 3 WPs are essentially dedicated to collection of information: on relevant stakeholders needs, perspectives and priorities (WP1), on the existing knowledge of legal, policy and science approach at the EU level and across identified countries (WP2), and development of hazard-specific scenarios as a basis for a Risk Management Simulation tool to elicit stakeholders (WP3). The other two WPs are dedicated to the analysis of information and the preparation of proposals: analysis of information and evaluation of the proposed strategies (WP4), and preparation and dissemination of guidelines (WP5). A comprehensive approach to the ESPREssO challenges requires a strong, multi-disciplinary group. The ESPREssO team is consequently formed by partners having a well-known expertise in legal and governance issues and natural risk management, socio-economic aspects and resilience, hard science, statistical approaches to multi-risk and resilience.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-8.1a-2014 | Award Amount: 4.19M | Year: 2015
WRIST will develop and demonstrate flexible and cost effective joining processes for rail products, and in particular for advanced bainitic rail steels, which have been developed to answer the increasing demands of increasing speed and growth of railways load. This will be delivered by the combined development of the joining processes itself, welding experiments, computational modelling, material and joint characterisation and testing, using laboratory tests and full-scale field testing in industrial or commercial test tracks. The project will offer a step change in the joint performance and reliability providing an extended in-service life for a range of rail materials, therefore resulting in a significant cost reduction in maintenance of the track, also freeing up more capacity for rail traffic. New variants of the aluminothermic and orbital friction welding processes will be developed, which will both reduce the width of the heat affected zone and minimise the loss of mechanical properties in the weld zone. These innovations will enable the use of bainitic rail steels which will deliver an increased reliability, a longer lifetime of the rails and welds combined with a reduction of the maintenance cost. The project addresses the specific call topics by: - Development and application of advanced joining technologies, able to join conventional and bainitic rail steels with a higher quality and reliability, to meet the more stringent infrastructure requirements imposed by increased speed and load, resulting in less maintenance and a longer track lifetime. - Reduction of maintenance cost and life cycle cost of the rail and welds, due to less repair welding associated with a higher weld quality and the longer track lifetime. - Increased availability of the track; less unforeseen maintenance. - Profit for users: less disruptions and a higher safety level. - Use of a more environmental friendly and energy efficient joining techniques.
Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Training Grant | Award Amount: 553.52K | Year: 2016
The University of Huddersfield (UoH) Doctoral Training Partnership (DTP) award will be allocated to projects in the area of materials research across two schools within the University - Computing & Engineering and Applied Sciences. Materials research is an area of growth and strategic importance for UoH and underpins multiple sectors in the Governments Industry Strategy including aerospace, nuclear, life sciences, oil & gas and construction. Areas of particular importance for UoH, with alignment to existing Engineering and Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC) programmes, include materials research associated with: photonics and metamaterials, catalysis, nuclear fission, graphene and carbon nanotechnology, materials for energy applications, manufacturing technologies and materials engineering. Further details of doctoral research opportunities will be made available online and will be found at: http://www.hud.ac.uk/researchdegrees/scholarships/ The first DTP cohort will commence in September 2016 and the timetable for decisions and allocation of funding is outlined below. The University of Huddersfield has established a Research Skills Development Programme (RSDP) which is designed to offer opportunities to develop the necessary skills to complete a research degree and to provide the full range of personal, professional and career development opportunities in a variety of formats to all research students. We enable students with the tools and knowledge to assist them in their personal, professional and career development : Explore all the aspects of being a researcher Identify your strengths Prioritise areas for professional development Write a plan, then monitor progress and success Have productive discussions with others, e.g. your supervisor, PI, careers advisor or other professional development provider Look for formal and informal development opportunities Prepare for one-to-one progress reviews, appraisals or career development conversations with your research manager or mentor. All research students are invited to attend the Postgraduate Researcher Welcome and Induction event which is designed to help new research students familiarise themselves with life as a postgraduate researcher at the University of Huddersfield, it is also an opportunity to meet with the Pro Vice-Chancellor for Research and Enterprise and the Dean of the Graduate School. Attendance at Induction is compulsory. Distribution of Funding It is proposed that the funding will be to provide between 6 - 12 studentships across two intakes of September 2016 and 2017 with a conversion of one studentship into a CASE award in Year 2 (Sept 2017). When allocating in Year 2 flexibility will be used if there is a surplus to provide vacation bursaries for outstanding undergraduate students planning to undertake research at the completion of their degree course. Outline Timetable The following is an outline timetable for the processing, advertising and acceptance of EPSRC studentships. Dec 2015 UoH EPSRC DTP Committee Panel convened to decide upon projects to go forward for September 2016 enrolment Jan 2016 Adverts placed on University website and FindaPhD.com and via various other channels End March 2016 Closing date for applications April 2016 UoH EPSRC DTP Committee Panel convened to look at applications and decide upon individual to invite for interview May 2016 Interviews and decision June 2016 Offers sent to successful candidates September 2016 First Cohort enrols - update Je-S and include in central induction RCUK funded studentship awareness session The above will then be repeated for the September 2017 cohort. Contact Details For further information regarding the DTP research opportunities at Huddersfield please contact Prof Liz Towns-Andrews (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 10.31M | Year: 2017
The vision of the Hub is to create ground-breaking embedded metrology and universal metrology informatics systems to be applied across the manufacturing value chain. This encompasses a paradigm shift in measurement technologies, embedded sensors/instrumentation and metrology solutions. A unified approach to creating new, scientifically-validated measurement technologies in manufacturing will lead to critical underpinning solutions to stimulate significant growth in the UKs productivity and facilitate future factories. Global manufacturing is evolving through disruptive technologies towards a goal of autonomous production, with manufacturing value-chains increasingly digitised. Future factories must be faster, more responsive and closer to customers as manufacturing is driven towards mass customisation of lower-cost products on demand. Metrology is crucial in underpinning quality, productivity and efficiency gains under these new manufacturing paradigms. The Advanced Metrology Hub brings together a multi-disciplinary team from Huddersfield with spokes at Loughborough, Bath and Sheffield universities, with fundamental support from NPL. Expertise in Engineering, Mathematics, Physics and Computer Science will address the grand challenges in advanced metrology and the Hubs vision through two key research themes and parallel platform activities: Theme I - Embedded Metrology will build sound technological foundations by bridging four formidable gaps in process- and component-embedded metrology. This covers: physical limits on the depth of field; high dynamic range measurement; real-time dynamic data acquisition in optical sensor/instruments; and robust, adaptive, scalable models for real-time control systems using sensor networks with different physical properties under time-discontinuous conditions. Theme II - Metrology Data analytics will create a smart knowledge system to unify metrology language, understanding, and usage between design, production and verification for geometrical products manufacturing; Establishment of data analytics systems to extract maximal information from measurement data going beyond state-of-the-art for optimisation of the manufacturing process to include system validation and product monitoring. Platform research activities will underpin the Hubs vision and core research programmes, stimulate new areas of research and support the progression of fundamental and early-stage research towards deployment and impact activities over the Hubs lifetime. In the early stage of the Hub, the core research programme will focus on four categories (Next generation of surface metrology; Metrology technologies and applications; In-process metrology and Machine-tool and large volume metrology) to meet UK industrys strategic agenda and facilitate their new products. The resulting pervasive embedding and integration of manufacturing metrology by the Hub will have far reaching implications for UK manufacturing as maximum improvements in product quality, minimization of waste/rework, and minimum lead-times will ultimately deliver direct productivity benefits and improved competitiveness. These benefits will be achieved by significantly reducing (by 50% to 75%) verification cost across a wide swathe of manufacture sectors (e.g. aerospace, automotive, electronics, energy, medical devices, optics, precision engineering) where the current cost of verification is high (up to 20% of total costs) and where product quality and performance is critical.
Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 3.55M | Year: 2015
The current MIAMI facility - which combines a transmission electron microscope (TEM) with an ion accelerator, enabling the observation at the nanoscale of radiation effects- has several major technological applications. In nuclear research: investigations into the behaviour of materials used in current and near-term nuclear fission reactors to understand how they will perform both within their intended lifetimes and also during deviations from normal conditions; for future fission (GenIV) and fusion (both magnetic and inertial confinement) reactors, the focus is shifted towards the development of novel materials systems capable of performing in these extreme environments; also the quest for materials solutions for the immobilisation of long-lived radioactive waste. For nanotechnology, advanced manufacturing, semiconductor processing and the modification of materials (properties, structures and surfaces), ion beams are an important tool and TEM with in situ irradiation is an ideal method to explore ion-solid interactions to develop new technologies and materials processing techniques. Finally the study of the effects of radiation exposure in extra-terrestrial environments, on communication satellites or even manned craft operating outside the Earths protective magnetic field, such as those heading to Mars. The construction of MIAMI-2 will firstly ensure that the capabilities of the original MIAMI facility are maintained for the forseeable future enabling the continued investigation of these materials. Secondly the enhanced capabilities of MIAMI-2 will allow for the investigation of a greater range of extreme environments in a much more detailed manner. Specifically, the proposed configuration of new TEM, will enable MIAMI-2 to access a higher level of information including the changes in composition, chemical bonding and electronic structure, as well as to capture microstructural changes at higher resolutions (both temporal and spatial). It will also permit the use of thicker (more bulk-like specimens) and permit radiation damage studies in reactive gaseous environments. This facility would become one of only two in the world with these capabilities, the other being in the USA at Sandia National Labs. This would ensure that the UK would maintain its position as one of the leaders in the field of radiation damage and lead to the next generation of advanced materials. The extreme environment range nano-mechanical and nano-tribology platform (E2N2) will be unique facility at a national and international level which will allow the measurement of material properties under in-service environments. The proposed instrument will include: indentation, scratch, impact, fretting and friction in the range of working loads from mN to tens of Newtons and in an extreme temperature range (-30 to 1000 C); measurements in vacuum, partial pressure, in-service, predefined and precisely monitored environment; in situ optical and AFM surface/indent observation/measuring system. The platform will generate data for a broad temperature range and on the nanoscale a combination which is not otherwise available. It brings together research activities at Huddersfield in Advanced Materials, Railway and Turbocharger Engineering, Precision Metrology, healthcare and archaeology. The instrument will be extensively used in development of new self-healing materials and coating multilayers with nanostructures for extreme environments such us high temperature protection, friction and erosion. The ability to measure under in-service environments will also permit research in recreational medicine and healthcare. The facility will ensure that the country remains a leader in the field of nano-mechanics and will provide essential data on advanced materials and thin films for transport, energy and healthcare.