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Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Germany

Grunig E.,University of Heidelberg | Lichtblau M.,University of Heidelberg | Ehlken N.,University of Heidelberg | Ghofrani H.A.,Justus Liebig University | And 15 more authors.
European Respiratory Journal | Year: 2012

The objective of this prospective study was to assess safety and efficacy of exercise training in a large cohort of patients with different forms and World Health Organization (WHO) functional classes of chronic pulmonary hypertension (PH). 183 patients with PH (pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), chronic thromboembolic PH and PH due to respiratory or left heart diseases received exercise training in hospital for 3 weeks and continued at home. Adverse events have been monitored during the in-hospital training programme. Efficacy parameters were evaluated at baseline, and after 3 and 15 weeks. After 3 and 15 weeks, patients significantly improved the distance walked in 6 min (6MWD) compared to baseline, scores of quality of life, WHO functional class, peak oxygen consumption, oxygen pulse, heart rate and systolic pulmonary artery pressure at rest and maximal workload. The improvement in 6MWD was similar in patients with different PH forms and functional classes. Even in severely affected patients (WHO functional class IV), exercise training was highly effective. Adverse events, such as respiratory infections, syncope or presyncope, occurred in 13% of patients. Exercise training in PH is an effective but not a completely harmless add-on therapy, even in severely diseased patients, and should be closely monitored. Copyright©ERS 2012. Source

Schlenk R.F.,University of Ulm | Taskesen E.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Van Norden Y.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Krauter J.,Hemostasis | And 21 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2013

The clinical value of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (autoHSCT) in the subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with double mutant CEBPA (CEBPAdm) has remained unsettled. Among 2983 patients analyzed for CEBPA mutational status (age 18-60 years) treated on 4 published Dutch-Belgian-Swiss Hemato-Oncology Cooperative Group (HOVON/SAKK) and 3 German-Austrian AML Study Group (AMLSG) protocols (2 published, 1 registered, clinicaltrials.gov NCT00151255), 124 had AML with CEBPAdm and achieved first complete remission (CR1). Evaluation of the clinical impact of alloHSCT and autoHSCT vs chemotherapy was performed by addressing time dependency in the statistical analyses. Thirty-two patients proceeded to alloHSCT from a matched related (MRD, n 5 29) or a matched unrelated donor (MUD, n 5 3), 20 to autoHSCT in CR1 and 72 received chemotherapy. Relapse-free survival was significantly superior in patients receiving an alloHSCT or autoHSCT in CR1 as compared with chemotherapy (P <.001), whereas overall survival was not different (P <.12). Forty-five patients relapsed. Of 42 patients treated with reinduction therapy, 35 achieved a second CR (83%) and most patients (n 5 33) received an alloHSCT MRD, n 5 11; MUD, n 5 19; haplo-identical donor, n 5 3). Survival of relapsed patients measured from date of relapse was 46% after 3 years. Adult AML patients with CEBPAdm benefit from alloHSCT and autoHSCT; relapsed patients still have a favorable outcome after reinduction followed by alloHSCT. © 2013 by The American Society of Hematology. Source

Fehm T.,University of Tubingen | Muller V.,University of Hamburg | Aktas B.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Janni W.,Heinrich Heine University Dusseldorf | And 13 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2010

There is a growing body of evidence that HER2 status can change during disease recurrence or progression in breast cancer patients. In this context, re-evaluation of HER2 status by assessment of HER2 expression on circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is a strategy with potential clinical application. The aim of this trial was to determine the HER2 status of CTCs in metastatic breast cancer patients comparing two CTC assays. A total of 254 patients with metastatic breast cancer from nine German university breast cancer centers were enrolled in this prospective study. HER2 status of CTCs was assessed using both the FDA-approved CellSearch® assay and AdnaTest BreastCancer™. Using the CellSearch assay, 122 of 245 (50%) patients had -5 CTCs, and HER2-positive CTCs were observed in 50 (41%) of these patients. Ninety of 229 (39%) patients were CTC positive using AdnaTest BreastCancer, and HER2 positivity rate was 47% (42 of 90). The rate of breast cancer patients with HER2-negative primary tumors but HER2-positive CTCs was 32% (25 of 78) and 49% (28 of 57) using the CellSearch assay and AdnaTest BreastCancer, respectively. Considering only those patients who had CTCs on both tests (n = 62), concordant results regarding HER2 positivity were obtained in 50% of the patients (31/62) (P = 0.96, κ = -0.006). HER2-positive CTCs can be detected in a relevant number of patients with HER2 negative primary tumors. Therefore, it will be mandatory to correlate the assay-dependent HER2 status of CTCs to the clinical response on HER2-targeted therapies. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Wick W.,University of Heidelberg | Wick W.,German Cancer Research Center | Wick W.,University of Tubingen | Platten M.,University of Heidelberg | And 22 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2012

Background: Radiotherapy is the standard care in elderly patients with malignant astrocytoma and the role of primary chemotherapy is poorly defined. We did a randomised trial to compare the efficacy and safety of dose-dense temozolomide alone versus radiotherapy alone in elderly patients with anaplastic astrocytoma or glioblastoma. Methods: Between May 15, 2005, and Nov 2, 2009, we enrolled patients with confirmed anaplastic astrocytoma or glioblastoma, age older than 65 years, and a Karnofsky performance score of 60 or higher. Patients were randomly assigned 100 mg/m2 temozolomide, given on days 1-7 of 1 week on, 1 week off cycles, or radiotherapy of 60·0 Gy, administered over 6-7 weeks in 30 fractions of 1·8-2·0 Gy. The primary endpoint was overall survival. We assessed non-inferiority with a 25% margin, analysed for all patients who received at least one dose of assigned treatment. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01502241. Findings: Of 584 patients screened, we enrolled 412. 373 patients (195 randomly allocated to the temozolomide group and 178 to the radiotherapy group) received at least one dose of treatment and were included in efficacy analyses. Median overall survival was 8·6 months (95% CI 7·3-10·2) in the temozolomide group versus 9·6 months (8·2-10·8) in the radiotherapy group (hazard ratio [HR] 1·09, 95% CI 0·84-1·42, pnon-inferiority=0·033). Median event-free survival (EFS) did not differ significantly between the temozolomide and radiotherapy groups (3·3 months [95% CI 3·2-4·1] vs 4·7 [4·2-5·2]; HR 1·15, 95% CI 0·92-1·43, pnon-inferiority=0·043). Tumour MGMT promoter methylation was seen in 73 (35%) of 209 patients tested. MGMT promoter methylation was associated with longer overall survival than was unmethylated status (11·9 months [95% CI 9·0 to not reached] vs 8·2 months [7·0-10·0]; HR 0·62, 95% CI 0·42-0·91, p=0·014). EFS was longer in patients with MGMT promoter methylation who received temozolomide than in those who underwent radiotherapy (8·4 months [95e% CI 5·5-11·7] vs 4·6 [4·2-5·0]), whereas the opposite was true for patients with no methylation of the MGMT promoter (3·3 months [3·0-3·5] vs 4·6 months [3·7-6·3]). The most frequent grade 3-4 intervention-related adverse events were neutropenia (16 patients in the temozolomide group vs two in the radiotherapy group), lymphocytopenia (46 vs one), thrombocytopenia (14 vs four), raised liver-enzyme concentrations (30 vs 16), infections (35 vs 23), and thromboembolic events (24 vs eight). Interpretation: Temozolomide alone is non-inferior to radiotherapy alone in the treatment of elderly patients with malignant astrocytoma. MGMT promoter methylation seems to be a useful biomarker for outcomes by treatment and could aid decision-making. Funding: Merck Sharp & Dohme. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Weide B.,University of Tubingen | Eigentler T.K.,University of Tubingen | Pflugfelder A.,University of Tubingen | Leiter U.,University of Tubingen | And 6 more authors.
Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy | Year: 2011

Systemic high-dose interleukin-2 (IL-2) treatment achieves long-term survival in a subset of advanced patients with melanoma. As we reported previously, intratumoral IL-2 induced complete local responses in more than 60% of melanoma patients. This study aimed to analyze the long-term outcome of 72 patients treated in two prior trials. Melanoma patients (49 stage III, 23 stage IV) with injectable metastases received intratumoral IL-2 injections thrice weekly at individually escalated doses (median duration, 6.5 weeks; median total IL-2 dose, 72 MIU; median number of injected metastases, 10). The observed 2-year overall survival rates were 95.5% for stage III patients with cutaneous metastases only (stage IIIB), 72% for those with combined cutaneous and lymph node involvement (stage IIIC), 66.7% for stage IV patients with disease limited to distant soft-tissue metastases (stage IV M1a), and 9.1% for those with visceral metastases (stage IV M1b and stage IV M1c). Thirty patients who reported recurrence of unresectable distant metastases subsequently received chemotherapy in the further course of disease and showed an overall response rate of 36.7% (16.7% complete responses, 20% partial responses). A high total dose of IL-2 and a dacarbazine/temozolomide-based chemotherapy regimen were variables correlated with a clinical response. In conclusion, patients with cutaneous metastasis without lymph node involvement in stage III and with soft-tissue metastasis without visceral involvement in stage IV showed unexpected favorable survival rates after intratumoral treatment with IL-2. Furthermore, the intratumoral IL-2 treatment seemed to be associated with increased complete and partial responses in subsequent chemotherapies. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source

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