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Rahman F.-U.,Hazara University | Rahman F.-U.,Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University | Perveen F.,Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University | Rauf T.,Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences | Year: 2015

The present study was conducted to explore the bats of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. During the present study 52 bats were collected through the mist nets from FR, Peshawar in District Peshawar and Mazdurabad and Ghanu Deri from District Mardan for a period of two years from July 2011 to May 2013. They were identified on the basis of morphological and cranial measurements. Mean (±SD) of the body mass (BM), head and body length (HBL), forearm length (FA) and wingspan (WS) were identified as 19.09±1.36mm, 65.29±2.20 mm, 68.71±1.05 mm and 197±9.7 mm, respectively.The tail is shorter than the forearm proportionally. While the skull is sagittal and measured ascondylocanine length (CCL) 18.61±0.21mm, greater skull length (GTL) 19.64±0.21 mm and Zygomatic breadth (ZB)12.13±0.15 mm.There were no significant (P<0.05) morphological and cranial variations among all the samples collected from the study area. On the basis of morphological and cranial measurements the species was identified as R. microphyllumfor the first time and after 27 years from the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. © 2015 Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum. All rights reserved. Source


Rahman F.-U.,Hazara University | Rahman F.-U.,Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University | Perveen F.,Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University | Rauf T.,Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences | Year: 2015

Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) are significantly important as seeds dispersal, pollinators and biological pest control agents. The present study was conducted to explore the diversity of bats in districts Charsadda, Kohat, Mardan, Nowshera and Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan from July 2011 to May 2013. During the present study 10 bat species belonging to 5 genera and 4 families were recorded. Bat species recorded were Pteropusgiganteus Brunnich with body mass (BM) 1121.9±38.9 gm; forearm length (FA) 174.10±1.7 mm; Hipposiderosfulvus Gray with BM: 8.67±0.98 g; FA: 42.0±0.1 mm; Pipistrellusceylonicus Kelaart BM: 8.90±0.99 g; HBL: 8.90±0.99 g: FA: 95.95±1.33 mm; Pipistrelluscoromandra Gray BM: 5.95±0.80; FA: 29.14±0.89 mm;Pipistrellus tenuisTemminck BM: 5.56±0.65 g; FA: 28.99±0.94 mm; Pipistrellusjavanicus Gray BM 7.6±0.5 mm; FA: 31.8±0.6 mm;RhinopomahardwickiiGray BM: 26.8±1.96 mm; FA: 54.18±0.86 mm; Rhinopomamicrophyllum Brunnich BM: 19.09±1.36 mm; FA: 68.71±1.05 mm; Scotophilusheathii Hors field BM: 36.60±3.80 g; FA: 61.9±1.4 mm; Scotophiluskuhlii Leech BM: 21.5±1.29 mm and FA: 53.77±1.53, respectively.This paper documented new information about bat fauna, their morphometry, habitats, conservation, threats and distribution map to the bats in Pakistan. Detail information about their status and biology may be needed. © 2015 Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum. All rights reserved. Source


Rahman F.U.,Hazara University | Rahman F.U.,Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University | Perveen F.,Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University | Rauf T.,Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences | Year: 2015

Present study on habitat characteristics of Rhinopoma hardwickii was conducted in Charsadda district Khyber Pakhtunkhwa for a period of two years extending from May 2011 to July 2013. A bat roost of R. hardwickii was observed in forest Plantation at Menawrai Baba Shrine (71°52’ 32.84’’ E 34° 09’ 12.39’’N), having more than 70 bats, where 5 pups and 3 lactating mothers were also present. Characteristically this roost was present in mulberry tree, Morus alba within a depth of half meter, at a height of 3 meter at breast height. This tree was about 7 meter long, with 1/2 meter diameter. This roost was located within the forest where various plant species including wild fig, Ficus palmate; white cedar, Melia azedarack; paper mulberry, Brousonetia papyrifera; black mulberry, Morus nigra; white mulberry, Morus alba; Indian jujube, Zizipus mauritania; blue gum, Eucalyptus globules; babul, acacia Arabica and commonly used as roosts by Pteropus giganteus at three sites. The black poplar, Populus nigra was the most abundant, while wild fig; Ficus palmate were the least abundant of all species. This paper will help in documenting new information regarding habitats and occurrence of R. hardwickiiin Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and will add new distribution map to the bats of Pakistan. Further study about their status and biology is needed. © 2015 Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum. All rights reserved. Source


Salim M.,University of HaripurKhyber Pakhtunkhwa | Mahmood-Ul-Hassan M.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad
Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences | Year: 2015

The Indian flying fox Pteropus giganteus (Brünnich, 1782) is Indomalayan in distribution. Present study documents its range extension towards west of the Indus in Pakistan. Five colonies of the Indian flying foxes were recorded in four districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) that form eastern boundary of Palaearctic region. The bats preferred to roost on Populusnigra (100%), Eucalyptus globulus (88.8%), Dalbergiasisso(76.0%) and Platanusorientalis(48.4%). Population size varied from June (n = 5478) to December (n = 912). © 2015 Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum. All rights reserved. Source

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