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Havana, Cuba

The University of Havana or UH is a university located in the Vedado district of Havana, Cuba. Founded in 1728, the University of Havana is the oldest university in Cuba, and one of the first to be founded in the Americas. Originally a religious institution, today the University of Havana has 15 faculties at its Havana campus and distance learning centers throughout Cuba. Wikipedia.

De Jesus Llibre Rodriguez J.,University of Habana
MEDICC Review | Year: 2013

ABSTRACT Dementia is a syndrome that has great repercussions for quality of life of patients and their families, as well as a high social cost. A [2009] systematic review of research evidence and consensus of expert opinions showed that 36 million people live with dementia worldwide, with 4.6 million new cases every year (similar to the global incidence of nonfatal stroke). The prevalence of dementia in older Cubans is high, with rates ranging from 6.4% to 10.2%, or about 130,000 persons (1.1% of the total population). This number is expected to rise to 260,000 by 2030. The age-standardized annual incidence of dementia is also high: 21 per 1000 population, with 28,750 new cases annually. Dementia is the leading cause of disability among older adults and is the main cause of dependency, financial burden and caregiver stress. In this review, we highlight the importance of epidemiological research to obtain greater knowledge of the disease, improve health services, promote actions for prevention and early diagnosis, and implement a national strategy to address dementia in the Cuban population, itself now immersed in two processes: accelerated demographic aging and epidemiologic transition. Source

The electrical conductivity behavior of the [(Pb 0.88Sm 0.08)(Ti 0.99Mn 0.01)O 3]/ polyetherketoneketone ceramic/polymer composite is studied in a wide temperature and frequency ranges around the glass transition of the polymer phase (T g). The universal relaxation law is applied to model the experimental response. The dc conductivity (σ dc) and the hopping frequency (ω H) follow an Arrhenius dependence. The activation energy values for σ dc are associated to oxygen migration. The contribution of the conductive processes to the dielectric relaxation is analyzed, considering the oxygen vacancies concentration in the ceramic phase. It is also considered the structural change around T g and its influence on the dielectric relaxation. © 2012 American Institute of Physics. Source

Iniguez L.,University of Habana
MEDICC Review | Year: 2013

This paper describes the evolution of basic indicators of health services, human resources, and infrastructure, starting with a general account of processes under way since the mid-1990s aimed at health sector recovery and focused on improving quality of service, system efficiency and effectiveness, while maintaining equity. Using this background, a description is provided of objectives and essential elements of transformations currently under way in the national health system, based on processes of reorganization, consolidation and regionalization of services. Finally, implications of territorial redistribution for health system reform are discussed, focusing on tensions between rationalization and equity in real or perceived access. Source

Cruz A.L.,University of Habana
Journal of Genetic Counseling | Year: 2013

This brief report provides an overview of the history and current status of genetic services in Cuba. In 1971, the University of Medical Sciences of Havana began to train doctors in medical genetics according to the medicine development plan in Cuba. With the aim of introducing genetic services to the population, two main issues were identified: the impact of neural tube defects as a cause of infantile mortality, and a founder effect resulting in a high frequency of sickle cell anemia, which increased the mortality rate and impacted the quality of peoples' lives. The impact of consanguinity is variable; it depends on the isolation of the population, with rates of 1 to 11% in different regions for first and second cousin marriages. From 1981, the services of medical genetics began to expand to the entire country, according to a government directive, and the need to design a program for the specialty became evident. From 1995 to 2000, two Masters-level programs were designed by professors of the Department of Medical Genetics, University of Medical Sciences of Havana, and authorized by the Ministry of Higher Education. One program in medical genetics was designed for physicians with other specialties, and the second program was designed to train professionals to become genetic counselors. The majority of graduates from the latter program are working at the primary level of healthcare © 2013 National Society of Genetic Counselors, Inc. Source

Fernandez-De-Cossio Diaz J.,University of Habana | Fernandez-De-Cossio J.,Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2012

We derive a new efficient algorithm for the computation of the isotopic peak center-mass distribution of a molecule. With the use of Fourier transform techniques, the algorithm accurately computes the total abundance and average mass of all the isotopic species with the same number of nucleons. We evaluate the performance of the method with 10 benchmark proteins and other molecules; results are compared with BRAIN, a recently reported polynomial method. The new algorithm is comparable to BRAIN in accuracy and superior in terms of speed and memory, particularly for large molecules. An implementation of the algorithm is available for download. © 2012 American Chemical Society. Source

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