Goroka, Papua New Guinea
Goroka, Papua New Guinea

The University of Goroka is a university in the Eastern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea. It provides teaching in three faculties and in two schools . The university also runs a consulting arm, 'UniGor Consultancy Limited', with projects of nearly 7 million kina.The previous vice-chancellor, Dr. Michael Mel, was awarded a Prince Claus Award in 2006. The current vice chancellor is Dr. Gairo Onagi. The pro vice-chancellor of Academic and Innovation is Dr. Mel, and pro vice-chancellor of Development is Dr. James Yoko. Wikipedia.


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Moores A.,University of Technology, Sydney | Puawe P.,University of Goroka | Buasi N.,University of Papua New Guinea | West F.,University of Technology, Sydney | And 4 more authors.
Midwifery | Year: 2016

Background Papua New Guinea has a very high maternal mortality rate (773/100,000), low rates of supervised births and a critical shortage of skilled midwives. A midwifery education initiative commenced in 2012, funded by the Australian Government and led by the National Department of Health. One specific objective of the initiative was to improve the standard of clinical teaching and practice in four schools of midwifery. There were 394 midwives educated over the 4 year period (2012–2015) representing half of all midwives in Papua New Guinea. A study was undertaken to describe the educational programme, employment, practices and experiences of graduates who studied midwifery in 2012 and 2013 as part of the initiative. Objective the aim of this paper is to explore the education, employment and practice of newly graduated midwives in Papua New Guinea. Design a mixed methods descriptive study design was used. Surveys and focus groups were used to gather data. Ethical approval was granted by the relevant Human Research Ethics Committees. Setting and participants all midwifery graduates in 2012 and 2013 from the four midwifery schools in Papua New Guinea were included in the study and almost 80% were contacted. Findings nearly 90% of graduates were working as midwives, with an additional 3% working as midwifery or nursing educators. This study discovered that graduates exhibited increased skills acquisition and confidence, leadership in maternal and newborn care services and a marked improvement in the provision of respectful care to women. The graduates faced challenges to implement evidence based care with barriers including the lack of appropriate resources and differences of opinion with senior staff. Conclusions factors affecting the quality of midwifery education will need to be addressed if Papua New Guinea is to continue to improve the status of maternal and newborn health. Specifically, the length of the midwifery education, the quality of clinical practice and the exposure to rural and remote area practice need addressing in many contexts like Papua New Guinea. © 2016 The Authors


Taylor M.,University of The Sunshine Coast | Kambuou R.,National Agricultural Research Institute | Lyons G.H.,University of Adelaide | Hunter D.,Bioversity International | And 6 more authors.
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2015

Nutritionally-poor diets as a result of over-consumption of poor quality processed foods are one of the main contributing factors to the alarming level of noncommunicable diseases and the obesity pandemic observed today in the Pacific. National, regional and international health-related programmes have therefore targeted improving nutrition with the promotion of nutritionally rich local vegetables frequently a major programme activity. Indigenous vegetables not only provide nutritional benefits. Their resilience to climate extremes is increasingly being reported and the global interest in unique and healthy foods presents opportunities for market development, both locally and overseas. Despite significant promotional activities and a seeming awareness of their potential, indigenous vegetables remain neglected, with consumption relatively low, although differences exist across the Pacific. The lack of agronomic, morphological and nutritional information and limited availability of good quality planting material through seed systems are just two of several reasons given for the failure of indigenous vegetables to make the transition from subsistence crops of limited use to crops that are more researched, available, utilized and commercially competitive. This paper discusses case studies from within and outside of the Pacific to consider how much the lack of effective germplasm information and seed systems are real constraints in the development of indigenous vegetables, and the role of formal and informal approaches in their conservation and improvement. Further, the influence of social, cultural, sectoral and economic perceptions on developing appropriate agricultural support services is also considered.


PubMed | University of Papua New Guinea, University of Technology, Sydney, Papua New Guinea Nursing Council and University of Goroka
Type: | Journal: Midwifery | Year: 2016

Papua New Guinea has a very high maternal mortality rate (773/100,000), low rates of supervised births and a critical shortage of skilled midwives. A midwifery education initiative commenced in 2012, funded by the Australian Government and led by the National Department of Health. One specific objective of the initiative was to improve the standard of clinical teaching and practice in four schools of midwifery. There were 394 midwives educated over the 4 year period (2012-2015) representing half of all midwives in Papua New Guinea. A study was undertaken to describe the educational programme, employment, practices and experiences of graduates who studied midwifery in 2012 and 2013 as part of the initiative.the aim of this paper is to explore the education, employment and practice of newly graduated midwives in Papua New Guinea.a mixed methods descriptive study design was used. Surveys and focus groups were used to gather data. Ethical approval was granted by the relevant Human Research Ethics Committees.all midwifery graduates in 2012 and 2013 from the four midwifery schools in Papua New Guinea were included in the study and almost 80% were contacted.nearly 90% of graduates were working as midwives, with an additional 3% working as midwifery or nursing educators. This study discovered that graduates exhibited increased skills acquisition and confidence, leadership in maternal and newborn care services and a marked improvement in the provision of respectful care to women. The graduates faced challenges to implement evidence based care with barriers including the lack of appropriate resources and differences of opinion with senior staff.factors affecting the quality of midwifery education will need to be addressed if Papua New Guinea is to continue to improve the status of maternal and newborn health. Specifically, the length of the midwifery education, the quality of clinical practice and the exposure to rural and remote area practice need addressing in many contexts like Papua New Guinea.


Baiio W.,University of Goroka | Ray W.C.,Texas State University
International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education | Year: 2011

In the spring of 2007, approximately 50 undergraduate introductory geography students in Papua New Guinea and the United States participated in a four-week international collaboration using the nationalism module available from the Association of American Geographers' Center for Global Geography Education. This paper reports on the challenges and rewards of students interactions and uses a core-periphery model to question the underlying assumptions of internationalization efforts in undergraduate geography education. Prior to the interaction, it was necessary to overcome technological obstacles related to the "digital divide". For instance, edits to the nationalism learning module allowed for student communication via fax and airmail, rather than the usual online discussion boards used for international interaction among core countries, where Internet-based technology is widely available. The most important challenges included time delays in student material exchanges and language barriers. The rewards of the project included content knowledge gains, students enthusiasm for international cooperation, the exchange of collaborative learning materials and broadened student perspectives as measured by pre- and post-tests. © 2011 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Quartermain A.,University of Goroka | Toiraena R.,University of Papua New Guinea | Kaison G.,University of Papua New Guinea | Fowate S.J.,Papua New Guinea Cocoa Coconut Institute
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2015

The Papua New Guinea University of Natural Resources and Environment is engaged in a study on selected traditional green leafy vegetables, with traditional defined as pre-colonial. These locally grown vegetables compete in the market place and in diets with a range of introduced species. Recorded information is scarce on the sources, genetic variation and nutritional values of the species prominent in local lowland markets or subsistence systems and is needed for assessment of their future roles in income generation, nutrition and the need for preservation as genetic resources. Market surveys revealed the three most common species to be aibika (Abelmoschus manihot), karakap (Solanum nigrum) and aupa (Amaranthus tricolor). Aibika is well known and studied in the Pacific and, hence, project work has been concentrated so far on aupa. The work has identified three cultivars based on stem colour. They compete well in the market with most sellers being female and themselves producers. Limited chemical analyses suggest that aupa is overall the most nutritious of the species studied. Subsequent work has considered seed germination, since aupa is not vegetatively propagated. Growth studies have shown varietal differences in branch formation but not in other growth parameters. The most recent work has compared the growth and yield of varieties planted out in the field as seedlings in comparison with the abundant and commercially grown Brassica chinensis. Differences in plant form between aupa varieties gave differences in final plant weight but the Brassica produced a greater weight of edible leaves and stem.


Beekman A.M.,Australian National University | Barrow R.A.,Australian National University | Barrow R.A.,University of Goroka
Journal of Organic Chemistry | Year: 2014

Boletopsins 7 (1), 11 (2), and 12 (3) are p-terphenyl dibenzofuran compounds, isolated from the Papua New Guinean medicinal mushroom Boletopsis sp. The first syntheses of these fungal metabolites are reported, allowing for an investigation of their antibiotic activity. The key steps include sequential Suzuki-Miyaura couplings to rapidly form the p-terphenyl backbone and an Ullmann ether synthesis on a formate ester to create the dibenzofuran moiety. Biological evaluation of the synthetic compounds and intermediates against a panel of bacterial nosocomial pathogens was performed. © 2014 American Chemical Society.


Subbiah K.,University of Goroka | Kannan S.,University of Goroka
Proceedings of the International Conference on Green Technology and Environmental Conservation, GTEC-2011 | Year: 2011

The eco-friendly management in the hotel industry is a practice of operating hotels through green technology. The hotel that uses the resources wisely; reduces the consumption of water and energy; produces minimum waste and recycles the waste; and has less impact on the environment is termed as a Green Hotel. The green hotels are aimed to save resources; reduce pollution and operating cost; increase profit margins; and support the Ecotourism. The ecotourism relies on unpolluted natural environment which in turn contributes for the country's economy. This paper focuses on the green technology to be practiced in hotel industry for the environmental sustainability. The implementation of energy and water conservation projects, zero waste approach and management of solid waste disposal are the key factors of the sustainable development. The primary energy technologies recommended for the hoteliers are the lighting systems; heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems (HVAC); variable speed drives; and energy management systems. To reduce the consumption of water the hoteliers should install low flow shower heads, sensor activated kitchen taps, and drainage barriers around pools; replace all toilets with ultra-flow toilets; switch from water cooled to air-cooled ice machines; use AAA rated front loading washing machines; and consider alternative sources of garden watering such as rainwater, treated grey water and cooling tower effluent. The hotel staff should be trained to collect the recyclable materials from the hotel waste stream through recycling program. The insitu composting and biomethanation are the best practices of managing the waste generated by the hotels. © 2011 IEEE.


Beekman A.M.,Australian National University | Wossa S.W.,Australian National University | Wossa S.W.,University of Goroka | Kevo O.,Kiovi Village | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Natural Products | Year: 2015

Here we report the discovery and synthesis of complex polybrominated p-terphenyl ethers isolated from a mushroom (Boletopsis sp.) used as a traditional medicine by the Kiovi people in the highlands of Papua New Guinea. Boletopsins 13 and 14 represent the first report of polybrominated fungal metabolites to be produced by a terrestrial fungus. The synthetic method employs 2,4,4,6-tetrabromo-2,5-cyclohexadienone to achieve selective polybromination of the extended aromatic system in a selective and sequential manner. (Chemical Equation Presented). © 2015 The American Chemical Society and American Society of Pharmacognosy.

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