The University of Girona is located in the city of Girona, Catalonia, Spain.It was founded in 1991, and as of 2010 consists of several campus and buildings across Girona: Montilivi, Barri Vell, Centre, Mercadal and Parc Científic i Tecnològic. A sixth one, Campus de Ciències de la Salut, will be built in the near future. Since its founding, the university has had 4 presidents : Josep Maria Nadal i Farreras, from 1991 to 2002, Joan Batlle i Grabulosa from 2002 to 2005, Anna Maria Geli from 2005 to 2013, and Sergi Bonet since 2013 . Wikipedia.
Costas M.,University of Girona
Coordination Chemistry Reviews
Selective oxidation of saturated C-H bonds remains a challenge in modern chemistry. The inert nature of such bonds requires the use of highly reactive reagents, and this poses major challenges in terms of chemo, regio and stereoselectivity. Metalloporphyrins based in iron, manganese and ruthenium constitute a unique family of catalysts capable of generating these highly reactive, but at the same time highly selective oxidants, thus exquisitely mediating selective oxidations of C-H bonds. The mechanisms underlying these reactions are collected and discussed in the present work. Recent advances in the application of these catalysts in the oxidation of complex organic molecules are also reviewed. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Source
Enthaler S.,TU Berlin |
Company A.,TU Berlin |
Company A.,University of Girona
Chemical Society Reviews
The formation of oxygen-carbon bonds is one of the fundamental transformations in organic synthesis. In this regard the application of palladium-based catalysts has been extensively studied during recent years. Nowadays it is an established methodology and the success has been proven in manifold synthetic procedures. This tutorial review summarizes the advances on palladium-catalysed C-O bond formation, means hydroxylation and alkoxylation reactions. © 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source
Voityuk A.A.,University of Girona
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Electronic coupling is a key parameter that determines the rate of electron transfer reactions and electrical conductivity of molecular wires. To examine the performance of a two-state approach based on the orthogonal transformation of adiabatic states to diabatic states, we compare the effective donor-acceptor coupling VDA computed with three different approaches in model donor-bridge-acceptor (D-B-A) systems. It is found that VDA derived with the two-state method accounts properly for both the direct and superexchange interactions. The approach becomes, however, less accurate with the increasing energy difference of the donor and acceptor states. We suggest a simple diagnostic to identify the situation when the estimated coupling might be inaccurate and consider how to improve the performance of the two-state scheme in such a case. This journal is © 2012 the Owner Societies. Source
Brugada R.,University of Girona
There is clear evidence suggesting that genetics play a role in some cases of SCD and that genetic testing can irrefutably identify those individuals at risk for a disease, although the simple availability of genetic tests is not sufficient to guarantee any health benefits. Genetic results are complex and require unambiguous interpretation of their clinical implications. These results should be assessed initially in specialised centres with knowledge of their value and limitations. It is therefore necessary to develop a comprehensive model which will prioritise information and multidisciplinary communication, supported by at least three main pillars: 1. Better information, directed towards improving awareness of the disease in the community. 2. Improved access to medical care, organised around better communication pathways between specialists, primary care physicians and families. 3. Thorough diagnostic evaluation, including early genotyping, to improve the comprehensive clinical examination in SCD syndromes for rapid detection of individuals at risk. Source
University of Girona | Date: 2013-07-30
Methods and devices for quantitatively mapping urban time uses to land uses in an urban unit and methods and devices for classifying urban units are disclosed. In some aspects, for each activity an associated time to be spent for the activity in one urban unit is used to provide an activity allocation parameter to be used when planning a second urban unit. In other aspects, performance indicators compared to their respective activity allocation parameters are used to classify the urban units. In one example, urban units are classified as self-sufficient or non-self-sufficient based on activity allocation parameters.