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Gavle, Sweden

Gävle University College is a university college located in Gävle, Sweden. It uses the name "University of Gävle" in English, although it is officially a 'University College'. The university was established in 1977 and is currently organized into three academies and nine departments.The university offers around 45 masters- and bachelors degrees and 800 courses in technology, social- and natural science and the humanities. The university's postgraduate education at the Ph.D level is through the KTH research school, a collaboration between the university and the Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm. Currently the KTH research school is directed by Professor Christer Sjostrom with several professorships specializing in different subjects including geographic information systems or GeoInformatics. In June 2010, the University of Gävle was granted the right to award a PhD degree in the area of "Built Environment" and in 2012 "Health in working life" The facilities of the campus consist of various buildings used by the Swedish infantry since 1909. The military stopped utilizing the buildings 1993 after which, in 1997, the university's new campus was inaugurated. In 2006 an addition was made to the campus in form of a new library. Wikipedia.

Wikstrom P.-A.,University of Gavle
Sustainable Development | Year: 2010

This paper explores the tensions exhibited within the use of sustainability in relation to organizational activities such as strategic management and measurement of performance. Three different sustainability approaches are identified. It is argued that these approaches are based on different standpoints, which may result in misunderstandings and ambiguity. For this reason it is suggested to differentiate between business for sustainability, sustainable organization and sustainable business. Recognition of different organizational stand-points and approaches to sustainability is one step towards more comprehensive studies on sustainability in relation to organizational issues. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.

Sorqvist P.,University of Gavle
Noise and Health | Year: 2010

The purpose of this paper was to review the current knowledge on individual differences in susceptibility to the effects of task-irrelevant sound on cognition. The literature indicates that at least two functionally different cognitive mechanisms underlie those differences; one is the efficiency by which people process the order between perceptually discrete sound events and the other is related to working memory capacity. The first mechanism seems to be involved only when disruption is a function of conflicting order processes, whereas the other mechanism is involved in a wider range of phenomena including those when attentional capture and conflicting semantic processes form the basis of disruption. Because of this, noise abatement interventions should first of all be directed towards people with low working memory capacity. Implications for theories of auditory distraction are discussed.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 4.09M | Year: 2014

Improving Childrens Auditory REhabilitation (iCARE) Communication through language is vital to develop and maintain everything around us. By 15 years of age, about 5 out of 1000 children suffer from a moderate, severe or profound hearing impairment that can potentially affect communication, learning, psychosocial development and academic achievement if not appropriately handled. The EU promotes the active inclusion and full participation of disabled people in society. However, full active inclusion in an oral society can only be achieved through cooperation and involvement across disciplines (language, psychology, audiology, engineering, special education,). It is therefore of fundamental importance to approach the inclusion of children with hearing impairment in an interdisciplinary manner, and to train future experts to adopt such principles in their research and practice. The objectives of improving Childrens Auditory REhabilitation (iCARE) are twofold: 1) to provide training create a new generation of researchers capable of exploiting the synergies between different disciplines to optimize spoken communication in children with hearing impairment, and 2) to combine research across disciplines to develop novel methods, training skills and procedures for improving auditory rehabilitation. iCARE is an international and interdisciplinary consortium from academia, industry and socio-economic agencies. The proposed training consortium is unique because the partners are specialized in a variety of disciplines, both technical and non-technical, all of utmost importance to the core issue: optimizing inclusion of children with hearing impairment in an oral society through evidence-based research. The consortium will provide comprehensive training of fellows to become communication experts, and enable the development of novel methods, tools and evaluation material that will suit the evolving needs of children with hearing impairment in a holistic manner.

Sanden B.A.,Chalmers University of Technology | Hillman K.M.,University of Gavle
Research Policy | Year: 2011

The relationship between technologies is a salient feature of the literature on technical change and terms like 'dominant design' and 'technology lock-in' are part of the standard vocabulary and put competition among technologies in focus. The aim of this paper is to provide an account of the wide range of interaction modes beyond competition that is prevalent in transition processes and to develop a conceptual framework to facilitate more detailed and nuanced descriptions of technology interaction. Besides competition, we identify five other basic modes of interaction: symbiosis, neutralism, parasitism, commensalism and amensalism. Further, we describe interaction as overlapping value chains. Defining a technology as a socio-technical system extending in material, organisational and conceptual dimensions allows for an even more detailed description of interaction. The conceptual framework is tested on and illustrated by a case study of interaction among alternative transport fuels in Sweden 1974-2004. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Serial short-term memory is impaired by background sound, at least when a sound element suddenly deviates from an otherwise repetitive sequence (the deviation effect) and when each sound element in the sequence differs from the preceding one (the changing-state effect). Two competing theories have been proposed to explain these effects: One suggests that both effects are caused by the same mechanism (i.e., attentional resources being depleted by the sound), and the other suggests that the deviation effect is caused by attentional capture and that the changingstate effect is caused by interference between order processes. The present investigation found that working memory capacity predicts susceptibility to the deviation effect, but not to the changing-state effect, both when speech items (Experiment 1) and when tones (Experiment 2) produce the disruption. These results suggest that the two effects are caused by different mechanisms and support the duplex-mechanism account of auditory distraction. © 2010 The Psychonomic Society, Inc.

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