University of Gastronomic science is an international academic institution in Northern Italy. The campus is located in Bra, a city in the north-west region of Piedmont. It was founded in 2004 by Carlo Petrini, the founder of the Slow Food Movement, as the first university specifically devoted to study the inextricable links between food and cultures. Wikipedia.
Pieroni A.,University of Gastronomic Sciences |
Giusti M.E.,University of Florence |
Quave C.L.,University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Human Ecology | Year: 2011
An ethnobiological study concerning the medical ethnobotany and ethnozoology of two neighbouring communities of Serbians and Albanians living in the Pešter plateau (south-western Serbia) was conducted, the latter representing a diasporic community that immigrated to the area approximately three centuries ago. Sixty-two botanical taxa used in 129 plant-based remedies and 204 folk plant uses were recorded. In addition, 31 animal-derived remedies and 27 mineral or non-indigenous products were also documented. Approximately half of the recorded phytotherepeutical uses have been recorded for the first time in the ethnobotany of the Western Balkans and more than one-third of these uses have no correlation with Western evidence-based phytotherapy. Moreover, while both communities use approximately the same number of medicinal plants, two-thirds of the botanical taxa, but only one-third of plant folk medical uses are found in common among the two communities. These findings demonstrate that the two communities, although having lived in close proximity to each other during the past three centuries and in a relatively low biodiverse environment, have maintained or developed unique phytotherapeutical trajectories. The differences between the two folk medical biologies of these communities are reflective of the specific history of the Albanian diaspora, and of the complex processes of its cultural adaptation over the last three centuries. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source
Torri L.,University of Gastronomic Sciences |
Sinelli N.,University of Milan |
Limbo S.,University of Milan
Postharvest Biology and Technology | Year: 2010
The aim of this work was to investigate the applicability of a commercial electronic nose in monitoring freshness of minimally processed fruit (packaged pineapple slices) during storage. The pineapple samples were taken at the beginning of their commercial life and stored at three different temperatures (4-5, 7-8, and 15-16 °C) for 6-10 days. The measurements were performed by applying two analytical approaches using an electronic nose: a discontinuous method being a series of analyses on samples taken at various stages of storage, and a continuous method where the headspace around the fruit was automatically monitored by the electronic nose probe during the preservation of slices in a storage cell. The results obtained by the discontinuous approach showed that the electronic nose was able to discriminate between several samples and to monitor the changes in volatile compounds correlated with quality decay. The second derivative of the transition function, used to interpolate the PC1 score trend versus the storage time at each temperature, was calculated to estimate the stability time. Results revealed that fruit freshness was maintained for about 5 days at 5.3 °C, 3 days at 8.6 °C and 1 day at 15.8 °C. Moreover, from the time-temperature tolerance chart, a Q10 value of 4.48 was derived. These data were confirmed applying the continuous method: the fruit freshness was maintained for about 5 days at 4 °C, 2 days at 7.6 °C and 1 day at 16 °C. An interesting future development could be an application in-line of the continuous electronic nose method. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source
Pieroni A.,University of Gastronomic Sciences
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine | Year: 2016
Background: Traditional Environmental Knowledge (TEK) related to truffles represents an under-investigated area of research in ethnobiology. Nevertheless, truffles, in a few southern European areas, and notably in South Piedmont, represent a crucial component of the local economy and cultural heritage. Methods: Thirty-four white truffle (Tuber magnatum Pico) gatherers, locally known as trifulau, aged between 35 and 75 years and living in a few villages and small towns of the Langhe and Roero areas (South Piedmont, NW Italy), were interviewed in-depth during the years 2010-2014 regarding their ecological perceptions, truffle gathering techniques, and the socio-ecological changes that have occurred during the past several decades. Results: A very sophisticated ethnoecological knowledge of the trees, soils, and climatic conditions considered ideal for searching for and finding white truffles was recorded. Moreover, a very intimate connection between gatherers and their dogs plays a fundamental role in the success of the truffle search. However, according to the informants, this complex ethnoecological cobweb among men, truffles, dogs, and the environment has been heavily threatened in the past few decades by major changes: climate change, in which the summer has become a very hot and dry season; social changes, due to a more market-oriented attitude of younger gatherers; and especially environmental and macro-economic dynamics, which followed the remarkable expansion of viticulture in the study area. Conclusion: The TEK of white truffle gatherers indicates the urgent need for fostering sustainable gastronomy-centred initiatives, aimed at increasing the awareness of consumers and food entrepreneurs regarding the co-evolution that has inextricably linked locals, truffles, and their natural environment during the past three centuries. © 2016 Pieroni. Source
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2009-NIGHT | Award Amount: 112.52K | Year: 2009
No Researchers ? No Party ! expresses in its title the concept of the proposal: offer, on the 25th of September, to the public at large a unique event to better know researchers and their role, to interact and to party with them. The Re-party project is conceived as a catalyst of resources, ideas, energies and expertise as its structured on 3 key pillars: continuity, creativity, communicability (3C). These three key words characterize the findings of the 2008 impact assessment activities and summarize perfectly the areas where partners will focus their efforts. The consortium, with the support of a large number of local and regional stakeholders, will set up a festive programme to be performed in the 7 venues of the 2 involved regions: Piemonte and Aosta valley. The Re-Party project is thus impacting on the North West of Italy. More than 200 researchers have been mobilized in the 2 regions to brainstorm and to propose activities for the Night: Re-Party project will organize a mix of multidisciplinary experiments, games, entertainments, debates with music, sounds and light. Citizen will find activities in the streets and in open venues as well as and in labs, theatres, cafs, museums. Novelties for the 2009 Night are: a reinforced participation of SMEs, the contribution of Ispra JRC for the EU corner, a massive use of the social networks tools to reach the identified target audience (younger generations and students), the willing to assess the national impact and to open to EU partner regions and generally to go beyond the regional boundaries. Re-Party wants to plan an evening where all the involved parties, namely public and researchers, get together and discover each other under a different light!
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MSCA-NIGHT-2014 | Award Amount: 279.25K | Year: 2014
The Researchers Night has been for the eight past editions a regular appointment for researchers and for the different publics of science in Piedmont. The opportunity to organize two subsequent editions of the Night allows an active involvement of the stakeholders in the co-production of the event to increase their engagement and mutual awareness. Researchers, young people, citizens and, for the first time, industries will participate together to create a unique event. In addition, the 2015 edition will be the 10th anniversary of the Night in Piedmont and in Europe, a milestone to assess the impact of the event. The acronym TRACKS intends to represent the scientific method that researchers use in their work, the way that science and technology are making within society and the need for society to get involved into science and technology, the route that young people can take for their future and the track that policy makers and citizens can choose to address in an innovative and democratic way the challenges of our time, as pointed out by Horizon 2020. In terms of communication and impact, the novelty introduced in 2013 The human face of research will allow public and researchers to meet before and after the Night on the web and through the new media to represent the impact that the Night has had in its first 10 years on the society. For this reason we suggest to extend this project to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the event throughout the EU and we have the intention to cooperate with the EU Commission in such context. Needless to say, the best traditional activities of the previous editions will continue in all venues but especially the European Coffee corner for science, a very appealing space where the public can get in touch with researchers and learn about the European dimension of science. The Night in Piedmont will also be an opportunity to promote in 2014 an active participation in the International Year of Light 2015 and of course in the EXPO2015.