Foggia, Italy
Foggia, Italy

University of Foggia located in Foggia, Italy. was founded in 1991 and was fully recognized in 1999. Although it has taken sometime for the university to receive its entitlement and acknowledgement, through that timestamp it has branched off from 5 Faculties to 6: Faculty of Economics, Faculty of Law, Faculty of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Medical and Surgical science, Faculty of the science Of agriculture, Food and Environment and the Faculty of Humanities. Literature, Culture Heritage, Education science. It has also been elected as the best university of southern Italy that was mention by the newspaper Il Sole 24 Ore. The Il Sole 24 Ore is a newspaper that has full ownership of the Italian employers' federation Wikipedia.

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: LCE-14-2015 | Award Amount: 1.99M | Year: 2016

uP_running project aims to set the path for the development of the bioenergy utilisation of agrarian pruning and plantation removal (APPR) wood obtained from vineyards, olive groves and fruit tree plantations. uP_running vocation is the abatement of the current immobilism of the value chain actors for the utilization of APPR woody biomass. For that purpose uP_running incorporates a set of straight actions aimed to reshape the sectors perception, to provide evidences of real success and replicable models to follow, as well as to promote the take-off for the utilisation of APPR biomass residues. An intense communication campaign will address the varied target audience with tailored messages and materials to raise the awareness. An impact on policy barriers and on the legal framework currently setting limits for the utilisation of APPR wood will be carried out through direct advocacy and lobbying work at national and EU level. Once the awareness is raised and the sector is released of hindering barriers, a snowball effect will be triggered through multiplicative and dissemination actions. First part of uP_running multiplicative strategy is to create a permanent capacity in Europe, by empowering national and regional agrarian associations, extension services and/or private consultants with capacities to give support for decision making to farmers, cooperatives and agro-industries owing the APPR residues. A call for entrepreneurship will put into operation the newly created capacities in 7 EU countries to promote the decision making of pioneer entrepreneurs. Setting up and running new APPR biomass value chains is the key for a self-replication and to further contribute to the development of the bio-economy in Europe. The actions will be initiated in a set of 4 demo countries (that together account for 50% of EU potential), replicated in 3 relevant EU countries, and extended through precursor actions to 7 additional EU countries.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: RUR-10-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2016

SKIN is an ambitious initiative of 20 partners in 14 countries in the area of Short Food Supply Chains (SFSCs). It intends to systematise and bring knowledge to practitioners, promote collaboration within a demand-driven innovation logic and provide inputs to policymaking through links to the EIP-AGRI. SKIN will build and animate a community of about 500 stakeholders, with the strategic objective of setting up, at the conclusion of the project, a European association permanently working for the improvement of SFSCs efficiency and for the benefit of stakeholders and growth in the sector. The community will be built and animated around the identification of good practices in short supply chains across Europe. Partners will scout, analyse and classify a significant number of cases in different countries. Best practices (at least 100) will be systematised, processed into highly usable formats (including video and page-flows) and made accessible to stakeholders via the web (following the EIP AGRI formats) and through the set-up of regional nodes, to allow a deeper penetration of existing knowledge into practice. The work on good practices will also allow identifying key issues (hindrances or opportunities) around SFSCs. Such issues will be the main themes of 6 innovation challenges workshops the purpose of which is to stimulate stakeholders to propose new ideas for innovation based research or innovation uptake. These will be supported in a coaching phase where consortium partners deliver guidance to stakeholders for the full development of those innovative ideas. SKIN puts significant efforts in dissemination, to reach as many stakeholders as possible, and exploitation, to plan post projects developments in the form of a permanent association that would give continuity to the activities launched with the project (community expansion, circulation of good practices, promotion of research based innovation and linkages with the EIP and policy making instances).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ISIB-03-2015 | Award Amount: 5.94M | Year: 2016

SIMRA seeks to advance understanding of social innovation (SI) and innovative governance in agriculture, forestry and rural development (RD), and how to boost them, particularly in marginalised rural areas across Europe, with a focus on the Mediterranean region (including non-EU) where there is limited evidence of outcomes and supporting conditions. These objectives will be achieved by: 1. Developing systematic frameworks: a) theoretical - for improved knowledge of the complexity of SIs and its dimensions, and its impact on unfolding territorial capital; b) operational - based on a trans-disciplinary coalition (researchers and practitioners) to advance understanding of preconditions and success factors (e.g. instruments, incentives etc.) for implementing/operationalizing SI. 2. Creating a categorisation of SIs which encompasses the specificities in terms of social priorities, relationships/collaborations etc. and serves as an instrument to explore reasons why regions with similar conditions display diverging paths and to turn diversity into strength. 3. Creating an integrated set of methods to evaluate SI and its impacts on economic, social, environmental, institutional and policy dimensions of territorial capital. 4. Co-constructed evaluation of SIs in case studies across the spatial variation of European rural areas, considering which components of territorial capital foster and, or mainstream RD. 5. Synthesis and dissemination of new or improved knowledge of SIs and novel governance mechanisms to promote social capital and institutional capacity building and inform effective options/solutions for shaping sustainable development trajectories. 6. Creating collaborative learning and networking opportunities and launching innovative actions at different/multiple scales, with continuous interactions among researchers, knowledge brokers and stakeholders to foster and mainstream SI, leaving a durable legacy.

Cassano T.,University of Foggia
Current Alzheimer research | Year: 2016

The aetiology of major neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) is still unknown, but increasing evidences suggest that glutamate and mitochondria are two prominent players in the oxidative stress (OS) process that underlie these illnesses. Although AD and PD have distinct pathological and clinical features, OS is a common mechanism contributing to neuronal damage. Glutamate is an important neurotransmitter in neurons and glial cells and is strongly dependent on calcium homeostasis and on mitochondrial function. In the present work we focused on glutamate- induced calcium signaling and its relation to the mitochondrial dysfunction with cell death processes. In addition, we have discussed how alterations in this pathway may lead or aggravate the neurodegenerative diseases. Finally, this review aims to stimulate further studies on this issue and thereby engage a new perspective regarding the design of possible therapeutic agents or the identification of biomarkers.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2011.2.4-01 | Award Amount: 4.04M | Year: 2012

This proposal aims to improve safety and quality of RTE fresh produce throughout the whole chain by developing new predictive and probabilistic models and decision-making tools, by exploring rapid and non-destructive methods for quality evaluation and prediction, and by experimenting novel technologies, in order to quantify and manage spoilage and pathogen microorganisms, minimize risks to consumers, and preserve quality. Objectives of the proposal will be reached through the realization of 9 WPs. WP1 will develop diagnostic kits to predict quality and safety of raw material and final product. WP2 will develop process control aids based on non-destructive and rapid evaluation. WP3 will develop decision support tools in very critical points of processing chain. WP4 will investigate innovative processes to improve quality and safety of fresh-cut products. Technological innovations will go through implementation and demonstration in WP5 and through an economic evaluation approach in WP6. Results will represent valuable information in order to re-visit and improve good practice procedures or, to define a more efficient management system for quality and safety (in WP7). Finally results will be disseminated to potential users in WP8, while WP9 will consist of the management of the consortium. The participants are 14, of 7 Countries including 6 SMEs, 2 public research Institutes and 6 Universities, assorted in terms of scientific and technological expertise. The presence of SME will ensure the exploitation of the results directly and indirectly. Potential impacts of the results of this project may be related to the increase of scientific evidences about safety and quality, expansion of consumer awareness, increase of the innovation capacity of the industry strengthening its competitiveness, provision of scientific evidences to the EC and other health authorities (also for campaigns for healthy nutrition), and a reference point to mass media.

BACKGROUND:: To test the hypothesis that in early, mild, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients with diffuse loss of aeration, the application of the open lung approach (OLA) would improve homogeneity in lung aeration and lung mechanics, without affecting hemodynamics. METHODS:: Patients were ventilated according to the ARDS Network protocol at baseline (pre-OLA). OLA consisted in a recruitment maneuver followed by a decremental positive end-expiratory pressure trial. Respiratory mechanics, gas exchange, electrical impedance tomography (EIT), cardiac index, and stroke volume variation were measured at baseline and 20 min after OLA implementation (post-OLA). Esophageal pressure was used for lung and chest wall elastance partitioning. The tomographic lung image obtained at the fifth intercostal space by EIT was divided in two ventral and two dorsal regions of interest (ROIventral and ROIDorsal). RESULTS:: Fifteen consecutive patients were studied. The OLA increased arterial oxygen partial pressure/inspired oxygen fraction from 216 ± 13 to 311 ± 19 mmHg (P < 0.001) and decreased elastance of the respiratory system from 29.4 ± 3 cm H2O/l to 23.6 ± 1.7 cm H2O/l (P < 0.01). The driving pressure (airway opening plateau pressure − total positive end-expiratory pressure) decreased from 17.9 ± 1.5 cm H2O pre-OLA to 15.4 ± 2.1 post-OLA (P < 0.05). The tidal volume fraction reaching the dorsal ROIs increased, and consequently the ROIVentral/Dorsal impedance tidal variation decreased from 2.01 ± 0.36 to 1.19 ± 0.1 (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS:: The OLA decreases the driving pressure and improves the oxygenation and lung mechanics in patients with early, mild, diffuse ARDS. EIT is useful to assess the impact of OLA on regional tidal volume distribution. © by 2015, the American Society of Anesthesiologists, Inc. Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Fineschi V.,University of Foggia
Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Year: 2010

Cases of fatal anaphylactic shock during intradermal skin tests present immediate medico-legal problems. © 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Santeramo F.G.,University of Foggia
Food Reviews International | Year: 2015

During the past decades, there has been much debate on food security. A variety of indicators have been proposed in order to establish which countries are in need of improved food security status. The heterogeneity of existing indicators and the lack of consensus on how to compare and rank countries have motivated international organizations to build composite indexes to synthesize the information. The process of building composite indexes involves multiple choices that influence the outcome. This analysis aims at understanding how relevant and discretional may be the analyst’s choice of algorithms to compute composite indexes for food security. To this extent, we have computed several composite indexes for food security by using data provided by the Food and Agriculture Organization, which includes a large set of proxies for food security, as emerged from the Committee on World Food Security Round Table. We compare different methods to impute, homogenize, weight, and aggregate data, in order to compute composite indexes and show how relevant are the choices to be made. We show that normalization and weighting are not very crucial decisions, whereas special attention has to be paid in choosing the data imputation and aggregation methods. By commenting on the implications that different measurement choices may have in terms of global index, we show that the index construction decisions matter. © , Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

University of Foggia | Date: 2013-04-29

The method allows to obtain gluten detoxified flours suitable for the preparation of bakery products and pasta made from wheat. With the use of the method gluten proteins undergo structural changes that do not activate in patients suffering from celiac disease, the cascade of inflammatory cytokines. Such structural changes, in addition, do not affect the technical properties of the flours that form the dough, therefore allowing the preparation of detoxified products, similar in taste and appearance to those commonly used in Mediterranean diet and which are intended not only for the people who suffer from intolerance to gluten, but for the whole population. The widespread use of such detoxified products in large part of the population has the purpose, in a totally innovative way, to provoke the reduction of glutens effects in peoples health and therefore to the decrease in the incidence of celiac disease.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: REGPOT-2011-1 | Award Amount: 3.75M | Year: 2011

The project is aimed at developing the research potential of the University of Foggia (UFG); three parallel strategic pathways are planned: improving the research activities through an interdisciplinary approach (bonding by research integration inside UFG); consolidating a critical mass of researchers (bridging by recruitment outside UFG); expanding the research network through large and qualified scientific and non-scientific collaborations (linking through two-way secondment collaborations and institutional partnerships). Other, equally relevant, complementary actions are included: upgrading the R&D facilities; dissemination and promotional activities; research evaluation. One major strength of the proposal is its unusual, high level of integration between the two major drivers of scientific and technological innovation: research community and local stakeholders. The world energy economy is currently undergoing a critical period of transformation in technology, governance, social and economic values of energy. A new economics of energy is heralded by national and international negotiations and the assumption that economic growth can be supported largely by fossil fuels is fading rapidly. To face such challenges and exploit new opportunities it is imperative to develop novel, renewable sources of energy, be selected in dependence of cultural, social, economic and environmental conditions of the specific regions. Agro-energy is the topic addressed by the project: obtaining renewable energy through productive activities complementary to farming. The project aims at building up a methodology to reconcile energy production with the ecological harmony and the cultural heritage of the most relevant rural areas of Southern Europe. This project strives to work out models of sustainable dispersed bioenergy generation and proximal energy consumption. A passionate debate is raging around agro-energy. Someone maintains the position of fossil energy as more efficient than bioenergy and claims that producing feedstock for energy rather than food is a crime against humanity. In contrast, others support the ecological validity of agro-energy production. A trade-off can be found in order to secure a fully sustainable technological development which does not affects the cultural heritage, the territory and the landscape.

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