Fianarantsoa, Madagascar

University of Fianarantsoa
Fianarantsoa, Madagascar
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Luc R.J.,University of Fianarantsoa | Paul R.J.,University of Fianarantsoa | Mahatody T.,University of Fianarantsoa | Becheru A.,University of Craiova
2016 20th International Conference on System Theory, Control and Computing, ICSTCC 2016 - Joint Conference of SINTES 20, SACCS 16, SIMSIS 20 - Proceedings | Year: 2016

This paper treats the representation of the intentional aspect of the Praxème methodology in the elaborate lexicon extended language with a conceptual view, noted eLEL, facilitates automatic derivation into semantic aspect of this methodology. Because it is the terminology database, brings together the specific terms used by the enterprise, and has a UML metamodel, which enables to properly satisfy this derivation. In this case, the eLEL as the intentional aspect becomes the initial phase of Praxème. Therefore, our strategy is to use eLEL models to automatically derive the semantic aspect of Praxème. To do this, we will establish rules for deriving eLEL models of class diagrams and UML state machine. These rules are then translated into ATL code to obtain UML diagrams in XMI format. In turn, the UML diagrams in XMI format will be transformed to obtain the concrete UML diagrams. Then, the results of this derivation process are UML diagrams in Ecore and XMI format and concrete UML diagrams that are components of the semantic aspect of the Praxème methodology. In short, our method proposes the derivation of UML class diagram from natural language. Finally, we tested our approach on a case study by comparing it with two other approaches, different from our own. The results shows that our method is useful to stakeholders, as it can bring about a complete and exact software specification in a very short time. © 2016 IEEE.

Rakotomahenina H.,University of Fianarantsoa | Rajaonarison J.,University of Mahajanga | Wong L.,Monash Medical Center | Brun J.-L.,University Hospital Pellegrin
Minerva Ginecologica | Year: 2017

Uterine fibroids are the commonest benign tumor of the female genital tract. They affect a significant proportion of reproductive aged women and may cause excessive menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain or pressure, and adversely affect reproductive outcomes. However, many women remain asymptomatic. Fibroids are the first indication for hysterectomy, but myomectomy is the most suitable surgical option for women who desire preservation of their fertility potential. Only a selected group of women of childbearing age will benefit from a myomectomy, as the consequences of myomectomy on reproductive function have remained controversial. The purpose of this paper was to review the main surgical approaches for myomectomy, and discuss evidence-based indications for myomectomy in women with fibroids, especially with regards to its impact on fertility and reproductive outcomes. A critical review of the literature pertaining to the surgical approaches of myomectomy and the indications for myomectomy was performed, focusing on their impact on fertility and reproductive outcomes. Myomectomy is useful for the treatment of symptomatic fibroids and in selected women with infertility. Symptomatic submucosal fibroids are classically treated by hysteroscopic resection. Symptomatic intramural and subserosal fibroids may be treated by myomectomy, either by laparotomy or laparoscopy depending on their number and size. Prophylactic myomectomy is not recommended for preventing obstetrical complications or the risk of leiomyosarcoma. Although fibroids may have a negative effect on fertility, only the removal of submucosal fibroids has been consistently shown to improve spontaneous fertility or outcomes of assisted reproduction technology. © 2017 EDiZIONI MINERVA INERVAINERVA MEDiCA.

Granet G.,University of Auvergne | Randriamihaja M.H.,University of Auvergne | Randriamihaja M.H.,University of Fianarantsoa | Raniriharinosy K.,University of Fianarantsoa
Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision | Year: 2017

The problem of diffraction by slanted lamellar dielectric and metallic gratings in classical mounting is formulated as an eigenvalue eigenvector problem. The numerical solution is obtained by using the moment method with Legendre polynomials as expansion and test functions, which allows us to enforce in an exact manner the boundary conditions which determine the eigensolutions. Our method is successfully validated by comparison with other methods including in the case of highly slanted gratings. © 2017 Optical Society of America.

Tarehy B.E.,University of Fianarantsoa | Mahatody T.,University of Fianarantsoa | Razafindramintsa J.L.,University of Fianarantsoa | Razafimandimby J.P.,University of Fianarantsoa
2017 18th International Carpathian Control Conference, ICCC 2017 | Year: 2017

The article treats with the integration of an elaborate Lexicon Extended Language which is denoted all in the interconnected reuse process. The eLEL is a lexicon rich in information and allows to describe a software component such as: its identification, its notion, its behavior and its different characteristic. From this lexicon, we proposed a reused environment that included three processes, namely the component creation process, the component management process, and finally the component reuse process. The principle of this approach is the integration of eLEL in the process of creating a reusable component that will allow a high precision in the choice of reusable components. We compared our environment with two environments using an algorithm that provides reusability scores of components. To validate our strategy, we conducted a case study and evaluated the performance of the proposed approach. Thus, to evaluate performance, metrics are used to measure the accuracy of the proposed approach. Therefore, the results show that the proposed approach provides the best reusability score of components and enable to help the software engineers and the developers in search of the interrelated components adequate in short time. © 2017 IEEE.

Granet G.,University Blaise Pascal | Granet G.,CNRS Pascal Institute | Andriamanampisoa L.B.,CNRS Pascal Institute | Andriamanampisoa L.B.,University of Fianarantsoa | And 5 more authors.
Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision | Year: 2010

We formulate the problem of diffraction by a one-dimensional lamellar grating as an eigenvalue problem in which adaptive spatial resolution is introduced thanks to a new coordinate system that takes into account the permittivity profile function. We use the moment method with triangle functions as expansion functions and pulses as test functions. Our method is successfully compared with the Fourier modal method and the frequency domain finite difference method. © 2010 Optical Society of America.

News Article | October 28, 2016

Two of Oakland Zoo’s Education staff are now in Madagascar as part of a three-year program developing conservation-based educational curriculum for grade school students in the country’s remote and impoverished villages. Daniel Flynn and Betty Vilallta of Oakland Zoo, along with representatives from Centre ValBio, Madagascar Ministry of Basic Education, Madagascar Ministry of Higher Education, University of Fianarantsoa, Stony Brook University in New York, and local Malagasy teachers and village leaders have teamed together to develop and launch a new educational curriculum aimed to inspire and empower young girls and boys in impoverished and remote villages of Madagascar. Centre ValBio, a conservation partner to Oakland Zoo dedicated to lemur research and conservation in Madagascar, approached the Zoo’s Education Department in 2015 about the program, and for the second year in a row the Zoo has sent two education specialist staff to be part of the “brain trust” tasked in developing and carrying out conservation-focused, locally relevant curriculum and education aids used in the new alternative method in teaching and learning, titled “My Rainforest, My World.” The project, funded by a three-year grant from Three Graces Foundation, is intended to help the children learn more effectively in science and to develop critical thinking skills - encouraging them to continue their education into middle school and beyond. Currently, the average age of girls and boys opting out of formal education in Madagascar is 4th grade and younger, with some as young as 13 marrying and starting families of their own. Since the program’s launch last year, the number of participating schools has doubled from ten to twenty. The schools are located in very rural farming communities, with little to no classroom resources, most of the program schools have no running water or electricity. Upon arriving in Madagascar, Oakland Zoo’s educators delivered 200 pounds of classroom supplies and $700 donated by Zoo staff, Bay Area schools and businesses to the participating schools. Oakland Zoo is also auctioning off a behind-the-scenes experience with lemurs, native to Madagascar, to raise much needed funds for the purchase of additional school supplies. In addition to developing curriculum and educational aids in collaboration with Centre ValBio, located in Southeastern Madagascar, the project hopes to expand the frontiers of knowledge while safeguarding biodiversity for future generations. A key component of the project involves recruiting and training student teacher interns to aid in the classrooms. These interns will help administer and teach the new curriculum in the schools under the direction and guidance of Centre ValBio and Oakland Zoo; and students will be taught hands-on science through the Zoo’s participatory educational models and theories which they can then use when they graduate. This effort marks the third hands-on collaboration between Oakland Zoo and Centre ValBio. Last year, zookeepers Margaret Rousser and Elizabeth Abram travelled to Madagascar to assist in the capture and data collection of the park’s Milne-Edward sifaka’s (lemurs, which are critically endangered). Oakland Zoo is thrilled to work on yet another project in Madagascar that directly benefits the local people and native wildlife. The Bay Area's award-winning Oakland Zoo is home to more than 660 native and exotic animals. The Zoo offers many educational programs and kid's activities perfect for science field trips, family day trips and exciting birthday parties. Oakland Zoo is dedicated to the humane treatment of animals and wildlife conservation onsite and worldwide; with 25¢ from each ticket donated to support conservation partners and programs around the world. The California Trail, a transformational project that more than doubles our size, opens in 2018, and will further our commitment to animal care, education, and conservation with a focus on this state’s remarkable native wildlife. Nestled in the Oakland Hills, in 500-acre Knowland Park, the Zoo is located at 9777 Golf Links Road, off Highway 580. The East Bay Zoological Society (Oakland Zoo) is a nonprofit 501(c)3 organization supported in part by members, contributions, the City of Oakland and the East Bay Regional Parks. For more information, go to: Centre ValBio was created by Professor Patricia Wright in 2003 to help both indigenous people and the international community better understand the value of conservation in Madagascar and around the world. CVB’s mission has three main objectives, which are: to promote world-class research in one of the world’s most biologically diverse and unique ecosystems; to encourage environmental conservation by developing ecologically sustainable economic development programs with local villages; to provide the local villagers with the knowledge and tools to improve their quality of life through projects focused on sanitation, diet, and education, and ultimately reduce poverty in the area.

Yu J.G.,Henan Polytechnic University | Ratolojanahary F.E.,University of Fianarantsoa | Lefebvre J.E.,University of Lille Nord de France | Lefebvre J.E.,University of Valenciennes and Hainaut‑Cambresis | Lefebvre J.E.,CNRS Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics and Nanotechnology
Composite Structures | Year: 2011

In this paper, a dynamic solution for the propagating viscoelastic waves in functionally graded material (FGM) plates subjected to stress-free conditions is presented in the context of the Kelvin-Voigt viscoelastic theory. The FGM plate is composed of two orthotropic materials. The material properties are assumed to vary in the thickness direction according to a known variation law. The three obtained wave equations are divided into two groups, which control viscoelastic Lamb-like wave and viscoelastic SH wave, respectively. They are solved respectively by the Legendre orthogonal polynomial series approach. The validity of the method is confirmed through a comparison with the Lamb wave solution of a pure elastic FGM plate and a comparison with the SH wave solution of a viscoelastic homogeneous plate. The dispersion curves and attenuation curves for the graded and homogeneous viscoelastic plates are calculated to highlight their differences. The viscous effect on dispersion curves is shown. The influences of gradient variations are illustrated. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

PubMed | Bordeaux University Hospital Center, University of Antananarivo and University of Fianarantsoa
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Medecine et sante tropicales | Year: 2015

The rarity of genital tuberculosis and the non-specificity of its manifestations lead to delayed diagnosis and the need to treat this disease at an advanced stage. We report two cases observed and treated at the Fianarantsoa Teaching Hospital: two young women (aged 22 and 33years) discovered during work-ups for primary infertility and secondary amenorrhea. The diagnosis was established by histological examination of granulomatous tissue with caseous necrosis, pathognomonic for tuberculous. Isolation of mycobacterium by inoculation on Lowenstein-Jensen medium and culture are not available in Fianarantsoa. Chemotherapy against tuberculosis is most often effective for the disease, but fertility is definitely compromised, even though in vitro fertilization is possible in some cases.

Julie Z.N.,University of Antananarivo | Arivelo R.Z.,University of Fianarantsoa | Hendriso R.D.,University of Antananarivo | Ramamonjisoa A.,University of Antananarivo | Andry R.,University of Antananarivo
African Health Sciences | Year: 2014

Introduction: The diagnosis of post streptococcal diseases is usually confirmed by immunological tests. Only the antistreptolysin O is usually prescribed by physician. This study aimed to describe the current practice of these requests in Antananarivo. Methods: It was a retrospective and descriptive study conducted at the Para clinic Unit of Immunology at the University Center Hospital of Antananarivo. We analyzed all requests during seven years, from January 2003 to December 2009. We looked at age, gender, and clinical symptoms which led to the request and the result for each request. Results: We retained 4143 requests for antistreptolysin O titration in our study. The mean age of the study participants was 32.9 years with 18.3% of participants being less than 15 years old. The main symptoms leading to the request of this analysis were rheumatologic (41%), followed by neurological (13.9%) and cardiologic symptoms (8.5%) and 19.4% were prescribed for various symptoms. Only 15% of all requests had a value more than 200 U/ml. Conclusion: Our study found that in most of requests, ASO titre levels were not significant.

Randriamihaja M.H.,CNRS Pascal Institute | Randriamihaja M.H.,University of Fianarantsoa | Granet G.,CNRS Pascal Institute | Edee K.,CNRS Pascal Institute | Raniriharinosy K.,University of Fianarantsoa
Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision | Year: 2016

An efficient numerical modal method for modeling a lamellar grating in conical mounting is presented. Within each region of the grating, the electromagnetic field is expanded onto Legendre polynomials, which allows us to enforce in an exact manner the boundary conditions that determine the eigensolutions. Our code is successfully validated by comparison with results obtained with the analytical modal method. © 2016 Optical Society of America.

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