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Munich, Germany

Bundeswehr University Munich is one of only two federal research universities in Germany that both were founded in 1973 as part of the German Armed Forces . Originally called Hochschule der Bundeswehr München the institution was supposed to offer civilian academic education for military officers. Today, the university has an increasing number of civilian and international students. The academic year at the university is structured in trimesters and not the usual semesters, to offer intensive studies with more credit points per year. Very capable students can therefore achieve a Bachelor's and a Master's degree within less than four years, while this would usually require five years. Universität der Bundeswehr München has well-established scientific research and forms part of two excellence clusters of the German government's university excellence initiative. Bundeswehr University is one of only very few campus universities in Germany. Wikipedia.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PROTEC-1-2015 | Award Amount: 2.84M | Year: 2016

Orbital space is getting increasingly crowded and a few collision events could jeopardize activities in important orbits and cause significant damage to the infrastructure in space. As a preventive measure to be included in future S/C, TeSeR proposes a universal post mission disposal module to be carried into orbit by any S/C to ensure its proper disposal after ending its service lifetime, be it planned or unscheduled due to S/C failure. This module shall be independent of the S/C. Principal aims of TeSeR are to 1. develop a removal module beginning with the exploration of concepts, going for a functional design with the aim to manufacture and test an on-ground prototype module which demonstrates the main functions 2. perform a thorough qualitative and quantitative mission analysis of existing removal concepts 3. develop a ground breaking new semi-controlled removal concept based on a passive removal concept which ensures the deorbit of a large S/C (>1 t) into the Pacific Ocean without a propulsion system but with an accuracy of a fraction of one orbit 4. advance and manufacture removal subsystems prototypes, for controlled, semi-controlled and uncontrolled disposal, based on already existing technology with the focus on scalability and standardized implementation to the removal module via a common interface 5. analyse the feasibility and potential advantages of multi-purpose concepts of the module and its removal subsystems (e.g. shielding by deployable structures) 6. perform a market study and define a business case for TeSeR 7. use TeSeR as leverage to propose changes in legal aspects and advanced state of the art licensing standard for spacecraft including the improvement of international debris mitigation guidelines and standards.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2013.1-3. | Award Amount: 45.04M | Year: 2013

The ENOVAL project will provide the next step of engine technologies to achieve and surpass the ACARE 2020 goals on the way towards Flightpath 2050. ENOVAL completes the European 7th Framework Programme (FP7) roadmap of Level 2 aero engine projects. ENOVAL will focus on the low pressure system of ultra-high by-pass ratio propulsion systems (12 < BPR < 20) in conjunction with ultra high overall pressure ratio (50 < OPR < 70) to provide significant reductions in CO2 emissions in terms of fuel burn (-3% to -5%) and engine noise (-1.3 ENPdB). ENOVAL will focus on ducted geared and non-geared turbofan engines, which are amongst the best candidates for the next generation of short/medium range and long range commercial aircraft applications with an entry into service date of 2025 onward. The expected fan diameter increase of 20 to 35% (vs. year 2000 reference engine) is significant and can be accommodated within the limits of a conventional aircraft configuration. It is in line with the roadmap of the Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda for 2020 to have the technologies ready for Optimised conventional aircraft and engines using best fuel efficiency and noise control technologies, where UHBR propulsion systems are expressively named as a key technology. ENOVAL will be established in a consistent series of Level 2 projects in conjunction with LEMCOTEC for core engine technologies, E-BREAK for system technologies for enabling ultra high OPR engines, and OPENAIR for noise reduction technologies. Finally, ENOVAL will prepare the way towards maturing the technology and preparing industrialisation in coordination with past and existing aero-engine initiatives in Europe at FP7 and national levels.

Babel L.,University of Federal Defense Munich
Robotics and Autonomous Systems | Year: 2014

In this paper we present an algorithm to determine a shortest trajectory of a fixed-wing UAV in scenarios with no-fly areas. The innovative feature is that not only the kinematic and dynamic properties, but also the navigational capabilities of the air vehicle are taken into account. We consider a UAV with landmark-based visual navigation, a technique which can cope with long-term GPS outages. A navigation update is obtained by matching onboard images of selected landmarks with internally stored geo-referenced images. To achieve regular updates, a set of landmarks must be identified which are passed by the air vehicle in a proper sequence and with appropriate overflight directions. The algorithm is based on a discretization of the airspace by a specific network. Each path in the network corresponds to a trajectory which avoids the no-fly areas and respects the flight performance of the air vehicle. Full functionality of the navigation can be ensured by dynamically adapting the network to the environmental conditions. A shortest trajectory is then obtained by the application of standard network algorithms. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Riehm J.M.,University of Federal Defense Munich
PloS one | Year: 2012

Whole genome sequencing allowed the development of a number of high resolution sequence based typing tools for Yersinia (Y.) pestis. The application of these methods on isolates from most known foci worldwide and in particular from China and the Former Soviet Union has dramatically improved our understanding of the population structure of this species. In the current view, Y. pestis including the non or moderate human pathogen Y. pestis subspecies microtus emerged from Yersinia pseudotuberculosis about 2,600 to 28,600 years ago in central Asia. The majority of central Asia natural foci have been investigated. However these investigations included only few strains from Mongolia. Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Prokaryotic Repeats (CRISPR) analysis and Multiple-locus variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) analysis (MLVA) with 25 loci was performed on 100 Y. pestis strains, isolated from 37 sampling areas in Mongolia. The resulting data were compared with previously published data from more than 500 plague strains, 130 of which had also been previously genotyped by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis. The comparison revealed six main clusters including the three microtus biovars Ulegeica, Altaica, and Xilingolensis. The largest cluster comprises 78 isolates, with unique and new genotypes seen so far in Mongolia only. Typing of selected isolates by key SNPs was used to robustly assign the corresponding clusters to previously defined SNP branches. We show that Mongolia hosts the most recent microtus clade (Ulegeica). Interestingly no representatives of the ancestral Y. pestis subspecies pestis nodes previously identified in North-western China were identified in this study. This observation suggests that the subsequent evolution steps within Y. pestis pestis did not occur in Mongolia. Rather, Mongolia was most likely re-colonized by more recent clades coming back from China contemporary of the black death pandemic, or more recently in the past 600 years. Source

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: FCT-05-2014 | Award Amount: 5.45M | Year: 2015

The threat of synthetic drugs is one of the most significant current drug problems worldwide. Amphetamine-Type Stimulants (ATS) are the second most widely used drugs. Since 1990, ATS manufacturing has been reported from more than 70 countries worldwide and the figure keeps rising. In 2008, 80 % of the amphetamine production facilities dismantled worldwide were located in Europe (UNODC, 2010) (EMCCDA, 2011). Organised Crime Groups are involved in ATS large-scale production (Europol, 2007) (EMCDDA, 2009). Since 2011, the wide availability of pre-precursors (like APAAN) significantly lowered the price of the controlled precursor BMK and caused severe environmental problems, taking the problem to a greater dimension. The aim of this project is to design, develop and test a prototype of a system for legal recording, retrieving and monitoring operations of ATS and ATS precursor laboratories in urban areas. The sensor system will be installed within the sewage system and will track waste associated to ATS production. Criminal investigators and forensic specialists will use the system in case of: 1. initial general suspicion of ATS production in a certain area, for locating laboratories by monitoring the sewage system for long time periods; 2. strong suspicions that in a well confined area ATS is being produced, for collecting material for forensic analysis and potential use in court, and for aiding in the planning of LEA raid operations. The Mole prototype will contain the following features: a) miniaturized system for 200mm sewage pipes, b) robust housing taking into account sewage system environment, c) minimized power consumption, d) enhanced operation time supported by energy harvesting, e) high-specificity electro-chemical sensors, f) integrated micro-tanks for sample storage, and g) secure GSM and radio communications for remote monitoring. Analysis of privacy law, data protection and social acceptance will be carried on at different stages.

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