Badajoz, Spain

University of Extremadura
Badajoz, Spain

University of Extremadura is a Spanish public university in Extremadura .It was founded in 1973 by Decree 991/1973, May 10 of the Ministry of Education and Science of Spain.Currently the University of Extremadura offers 64 Bachelor's Degrees and 32 Master's Degrees in many different fields of knowledge.Together with the University of Cantabria, Castilla-La Mancha, Balearic Islands, La Rioja, Navarra, Oviedo, Zaragoza and the Basque Country, form the Group G9 of Universities. Wikipedia.

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: KBBE.2013.1.2-01 | Award Amount: 8.01M | Year: 2014

Agroforestry is the practice of deliberately integrating woody vegetation (trees or shrubs) with crop and/or animal systems to benefit from the resulting ecological and economic interactions. AGFORWARD (AGroFORestry that Will Advance Rural Development) is a four-year project, developed by 23 organisations at the forefront of agroforestry research, practice and promotion in Europe, with the goal of promoting appropriate agroforestry practices that advance sustainable rural development. The project will i) increase our understanding of existing, and new extensive and intensive agroforestry systems in Europe; ii) identify, develop and demonstrate innovations to improve the ecosystem service benefits and viability of agroforestry systems in Europe using participatory research, iii) develop better adapted designs and practices for the different soil and climatic conditions of Europe, and iv) promote the wide adoption of sustainable agroforestry systems. Successful and sustainable agroforestry practices are best developed by farmers and land owners working in partnership with researchers, extension staff, and other rural businesses. AGFORWARD will facilitate 33 participative agroforestry research and development stakeholder groups to improve the resilience of i) existing agroforestry systems of high nature and cultural value such as the dehesa and montado; and ii) olive, traditional orchard, and other high value tree systems, and the sustainability of iii) arable and iv) livestock systems with the integration of trees. Using existing bio-economic models, AGFORWARD will evaluate and adapt the innovations to improve the delivery of positive ecosystem services and business profitability at farm- and landscape-scales across Europe. By using and developing existing European fora, such as the European Agroforestry Federation, AGFORWARD will implement an informative and effective promotion programme to benefit the European economy, environment and society.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 283.50K | Year: 2017

Within a context of growing urban population, advances in urban logistics operations and improved local authority planning, especially in the field of the urban freight transport, can alleviate the associated negative environmental and economic impacts occurring in cities. Several types of stakeholders are involved in such urban logistics management processes. Among them, freight carriers and shippers are interested in minimizing freight logistics costs in order to maximize their profits, while maintaining a competitive level of service to their customers. City administrators and residents are oriented towards a decrease in traffic congestion, social costs and environmental nuisances, even though they are often direct beneficiaries of high quality delivery services. This leads to a multitude of differing and possibly conflicting objectives that are involved in urban freight transport planning and decision making, yielding a high level of complexity. This provides a main motivation for the development of tools for helping decision makers to reach higher grades of efficiency. Despite growing academic interest, the extent to which freight transport is acknowledged and formally considered in local authority transport planning varies considerably from country to country, and on a more local level, between towns and cities. As a result, policy development with respect to urban freight and city logistics is characterised by a rather fragmented approach, with many city authorities finding it difficult to address the complex set of differing views of a large variety of stakeholders. The proposed project will be aimed at identifying local authority planning needs with regards to urban/city logistics activities and the necessary pre-requisites for inclusion of stakeholders in the process. Finally, the project will promote the knowledge transfer of methods and models through the conceptual development of a novel decision support tool (thanks to involved software houses).

Corraliza I.,University of Extremadura
Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience | Year: 2014

Although is well accepted that the central nervous system has an immune privilege protected by the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and maintained by the glia, it is also known that in homeostatic conditions, peripheral immune cells are able to penetrate to the deepest regions of brain without altering the structural integrity of the BBB. Nearly all neurological diseases, including degenerative, autoimmune or infectious ones, compromising brain functions, develop with a common pattern of inflammation in which macrophages and microglia activation have been regarded often as the bad guys. However, recognizing the huge heterogeneity of macrophage populations and also the different expression properties of microglia, there is increasing evidence of alternative conditions in which these cells, if primed and addressed in the correct direction, could be essential for reparative and regenerative functions. The main proposal of this review is to integrate studies about macrophage's biology at the brain borders where the ultimate challenge is to penetrate through the BBB and contribute to change or even stop the course of disease. Thanks to the efforts made in the last century, this special wall is currently recognized as a highly regulated cooperative structure, in which their components form neurovascular units. This new scenario prompted us to review the precise cross-talk between the mind and body modes of immune response. © 2014 Corraliza.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IRSES | Award Amount: 415.00K | Year: 2014

Nowadays, we can observe a rapid transition of the knowledge society to the society of global competence, in which both the global economy and the education systems are undergoing changes. It is evident, that without an active implementation of innovative forms and methods of education, and above all, distance learning at all levels of education these objectives cannot be successfully achieved. At the same time we should identify an existing problem - the fact that e-learning methodology is not yet fully developed and specified, both within the EU and in Ukraine. Developing and implementation of the system designed to develop IT competences of contemporary specialist, in particularly the future teachers, current teacher, leadership, based on the systematic use of selected Internet technologies, such as some LCMS systems (as Moodle), Massive Open Online Courses, virtual classroom technology, social media, other selected Web 2.0 and Web 3.0. technology positively contributes to the development of skills in the area of IT and intercultural competences. The IRNet project aims to set up a thematic multidisciplinary joint exchange programme dedicated to research and development of new tools for advanced pedagogical science in the field of ICT instruments, distance learning and intercultural competences in EU (Poland, Netherlands, Spain, Portugal, Slovakia) and Third Countries (Australia, Russia, Ukraine. The programme will strenghteen existing collaboration and establish new scientific contacts through mutual secondments of researchers. The main objectives of the project are: exchange expertise and knowledge in the field of the innovative techniques of education between EU and Third Countries and suggest effective strategies of implementing new tools in their profession; analyze and evaluate social, economic, legal conditions, as well as methodologies and e-learning techniques being developed in the European and Third Countries involved.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP.2013.2.2-2 | Award Amount: 2.28M | Year: 2013

The application of rapid prototyping techniques has become a new trend in the fabrication of customized scaffolds for tissue regeneration or repair. The aim of the proposed project is to provide novel solutions for bottle-neck problems currently faced in establishing the corresponding processing chain, which encounter, among others, the extraction of essential geometry data of the damaged tissue from medical images, e.g. CT and MRI, with a resolution sufficient enough to guide CAD/CAM-based materials manufacturing processes; the establishment of a feasible interfaces between medical imaging, CAD and CAM; and the fabrication, by rapid prototyping techniques, i.e. selective laser sintering, 3D printing and robocasting, of customized scaffolds based on an innovative morphogenetically active bio-inorganic polymer, bio-silica, either alone or in combination with another bio-inorganic polymer, bio-polyP, as well as smart micro-units. Customization of both external geometry and internal cellular architecture, and of the material properties of the scaffolds will be achieved. The main focus is the development of novel osteogenic scaffolds which obviate the need of exogenously added growth factors/cytokines in bone tissue engineering. The scaffolds made of the bioactive bio-inorganic polymers or their composites with traditional bio-ceramics will fulfil both mechanical and physiological requirements for the intended biomedical applications. In addition, this project will provide a new strategy for 3D printing of bone-forming cells by exploiting the unique advantages of cell-encapsulating bio-silica alginate hydrogels. The multidisciplinary consortium proposing this project comprises internationally top-ranked researchers in Europe and in China and includes an already established Joint Lab between European and Chinese partners providing the necessary infrastructure and competence to realize a fast integration and a proof-of-concept within the proposed 3-year funding period.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MSCA-NIGHT-2014 | Award Amount: 345.04K | Year: 2014

The OurFuture: Researchers For a Better Future proposal consists in a two years proposal with different activities that are deeply related. The first activity consists of twelve main Events on the 26th September 2014 and 25th September 2015, organised by five universities, 3 public foundations, one scientific association, one autonomic government and a scientific installation around Spain as well as a Science Museum. A second activity consists on a Drawing Competition, which will be performed before and after the both events. Also special emphasis will be done on the 2.0 tools, using games and videos edited in the previous edition of European Researchers Night (ERN). These tools, together with the Drawing Competition, will be used to disseminate Friday Event Activities. The main objective of the project is to enhance the recognition of researchers and their role in society, showing that Researchers are among us. In general, all around the world the economic crisis causes an important decrease of budget for research and Researchers. This fact is particularly hard in Spain, where the decrease is about 40% in the past three year. Important economic cuts do not help to improve the image of Science and Scientist; on the other hand, they make people think that one can do with no Research and Researchers. It is necessary to show the society that With No Researchers there is No Future. For this purpose, Researcher will be participating in Researcher Night activities to show the importance of Scientists in the current economic context. On the other hand, the Communicative facet of researchers together with some hands-on experiments will be used to bring them closer to the large public enhancing public recognition of Researchers and their Work, as well as convincing young people to embark on scientific careers. It is important also to settle down between Researchers that non-communicated Research is no Research.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 324.00K | Year: 2017

The goal of the EOxposure project is to build tools to quantify the exposure of population and economic assets to multiple risks using novel information layers from current and future Earth Observation (EO) missions, as well as the growing sensor web on the ground. The project exploits the novel concept of the human EXPOSOME, i.e. the set of exposures to which an individual is subjected through its own existence. It includes the entire history of interactions with the environment, including air and water quality, food and exercises, as well as living habits and diseases that may spread. The cutting-edge fusion of this concept with EO and sensor data aims at measuring the human exposure to threats that are external to each individual, and quantify the interactions between human beings and the environment. By building geospatial information tools upon data coming from multiple sources, at different spatial and temporal scales, the EOxposure project aims at providing free public services, enabling citizens to understand the threats to which they are exposed, and decision makers to take more informed and effective actions against them. Specifically, EOxposure will focus on threats connected to housing conditions, disease spread, as well as security and health issues in urban and peri-urban areas, where population is concentrated. The new tools will build upon the consortium expertize on nutrition- and vector-borne disease models, urban heat monitoring and material characterization, satellite data processing, and geospatial data fusion, realizing interdisciplinary working groups dedicated to the above mentioned applications. To do so, EOxposure enrolls institutions from Europe and South America, merging expertises on exposure to risk in both developed and developing countries.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IRSES | Award Amount: 567.30K | Year: 2014

This joint exchange project aims to enhance understanding and share knowledge on strategies to build the resilience of farming systems to natural and man made impacts in dryland and drought situations, including climate change, through collaboration of joint research and capacity building activities between participating universities: the Centre for Agroecology and Food Security at Coventry University, UK (CU-UK), University of Extremadura, Spain (UEX-SP), University of Yucatan, Mexico (UY-MEX), University of Stellenbosch, South Africa (US-SA), and National Centre for Research and Development-Badia Research Programme, Jordan (BRP-JO). The objectives are: 1) To identify and build a body of knowledge on innovative agroecological strategies to mitigate threats of natural and man-made nature for drylands and drought; 2) To build a network of expertise on on agroecological innovations through workshops, conferences and other activities; 3) To provide opportunities for research on cutting-edge agroecological approaches in the natural and social sciences for postgraduate students. Over three years, thirty early stage researchers and ten experienced researchers will move between partner countries. A wider audience of host country researchers as well as industry experts will be involved in project seminars, lectures and conferences. Cooperation and exchanges between the different research centres across three continents will enable the testing of different agroecological practices and research and extension techniques in different contexts. These will enable the construction of common methodologies and approaches to address the challenges of face dry lands and drought which is especially necessary in the current scenario of global climate change.

Santos A.,University of Extremadura
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2012

The chemical potential of a hard-sphere fluid can be expressed in terms of the contact value of the radial distribution function of a solute particle with a diameter varying from zero to that of the solvent particles. Exploiting the explicit knowledge of such a contact value within the Percus-Yevick theory, and using standard thermodynamic relations, a hitherto unknown Percus-Yevick equation of state, p/ρk BT=-(9/η)ln (1-η)-(16-31η)/ 2(1-η) 2, is unveiled. This equation of state turns out to be better than the one obtained from the conventional virial route. Interpolations between the chemical-potential and compressibility routes are shown to be more accurate than the widely used Carnahan-Starling equation of state. The extension to polydisperse hard-sphere systems is also presented. © 2012 American Physical Society.

Estevez M.,University of Extremadura
Meat Science | Year: 2011

Protein oxidation (P-OX) is an innovative topic of increasing interest among meat researchers. Carbonylation is generally recognized as one of the most remarkable chemical modifications in oxidized proteins. In fact, the quantification of protein carbonyls by the dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) method is the most common procedure for assessing P-OX in meat systems. Numerous studies have investigated the occurrence of protein carbonylation right after slaughter and during subsequent processing and cold storage of meat. However, the significance of protein carbonylation in meat systems is still poorly understood. Beyond their role as markers of protein oxidation, specific protein carbonyls such as α-aminoadipic and γ-glutamic semialdehydes (AAS and GGS, respectively) are active compounds that may be implicated in several chemical reactions with relevant consequences on meat quality. The formation of protein carbonyls from particular amino acid side chains contribute to impair the conformation of myofibrillar proteins leading to denaturation and loss of functionality. Recent studies also highlight the potential impact of specific protein carbonyls in particular meat quality traits such as water-holding capacity (WHC), texture, flavor and its nutritional value. As a truly emerging topic, the results from current studies provide grounds from the development of further investigations. The present paper reviews the current knowledge on the mechanisms and consequences of protein carbonylation in meat systems and aims to encourage meat researchers to accomplish further investigations on this fascinating research topic. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

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