University of Education, Winneba
Winneba, Ghana

The University of Education, Winneba is a University in Winneba, Central Region of Ghana. Its main aim is to train teachers for the education system of Ghana. The University of Education, Winneba is charged with the responsibility of teacher education and producing professional educators to spearhead a new national vision of education aimed at redirecting Ghana's efforts along the path of rapid economic and social development. The University of Education, Winneba is expected to play a leading role in Ghana's drive to produce scholars whose knowledge would be fully responsive to the realities and exigencies of contemporary Ghana. Wikipedia.

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Nkrumah J.,University of Education, Winneba
International Breastfeeding Journal | Year: 2017

Background: Maternal work has been identified as one of the factors that affect exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months of life. In Ghana, mothers engaged in the formal sector of employment are unable to exclusively breastfeed after maternity leave because facilities at their work places and conditions of work do not support exclusive breastfeeding. Even though maternal work and exclusive breastfeeding does not seem well matched, not all maternal work are incompatible with the practice of exclusive breastfeeding. This study seeks to identify the features of maternal work associated with exclusive breastfeeding in Effutu Municipal in the Central Region of Ghana. To achieve the above aim, I discuss the different types of maternal work, their characteristics, and how the work may influence exclusive breastfeeding. Methods: The study is a community based cross-sectional study involving 225 mother-infant pairs attending community based Child Welfare Clinics in Effutu Municipal, Ghana. Data were collected through face-to-face structured interviews and focus group discussions over a period of five months in 2015. Data on breastfeeding is based on the breastfeeding practice in the 24 h preceding the survey. Chi-square test is used to identify strength of association between the features of maternal work and exclusive breastfeeding practice. Results: The exclusive breastfeeding rate among mothers with infants between the ages of 0 - 5 months is 72%. The mean and median number of breastfeeds per day is 11 ± 2.7 and 13.5 respectively. A significant difference in exclusive breastfeeding was established between mothers in the formal (16%) and informal (84%) sectors of employment (p = 0.020). The study also established a significant difference in breastfeeding frequency between mothers in the formal (9%) and informal (91%) sectors of employment (p = 0.001). There was also a significant difference in breastfeeding frequency among respondents that go to work with their infant (64%) and those who do not go to work with their infant (36%) (p = 0.000). Conclusion: Interventions to promote exclusive breastfeeding should include the use of existing family structures, supportive cultural beliefs, and practices and promotion of an infant-friendly work environment. © 2017 The Author(s).

Adjei S.B.,University of Education, Winneba
Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma | Year: 2017

While social psychological theorizations have contributed to our understanding of why battered women continue to remain in abusive intimate relationships, its apparent exclusive focus on individual victims’ psychological orientation leaves little conceptual space for discovering the subtle ways by which social and cultural norms shape the stay/leave decisions of victims of spousal violence. Drawing upon discursive psychology, this study explores the sociocultural groundings of stay/leave decisions of battered women in Ghana. Semi-structured focus groups and personal interviews were conducted with 32 participants: 16 victims and 16 perpetrators from rural and urban Ghana. Discursive accounts of participants suggest that post-divorce social stigma, remarriage alternatives, and post-divorce child care, as well as privacy framing of marital abuse function in concert to influence battered women’s entrapment in violent marital relationships. The article argues that, rather than individual psychological orientation, the decision to stay in or leave abusive marital relationships in Ghana is socioculturally and structurally grounded. To understand the highly complex nature of spousal violence, one must always go beyond the person and his or her psychological orientations, and seek the origin of battered women’s entrapment also in the external conditions of life, and in the sociocultural and structural forms of human existence. © 2017 Taylor & Francis

Graham N.K.,Pentecost University College | Arthur Y.D.,University of Education, Winneba | Mensah D.P.,Combert Impression
TQM Journal | Year: 2014

Purpose - Most of the total quality management (TQM) programmes implemented in the printing industry fail to produce the intended benefit, because of the view that quality achievement is workers responsibility. The purpose of this paper is to examine the role management plays in the implementation of TQM programme in the Ghanaian printing firms. Design/methodology/approach - The study employed mixed method in gathering relevant data. A cross-sectional survey questionnaire was given to 145 managers of registered members of Ghana Printers and Paper Converters Association, Southern Sector to assess the role management plays in TQM programme. Key informant interview was conducted among ten randomly selected production managers of printing firms to complement the survey data. Findings - The study finds out that organizational performance (OP) is not significantly influenced by the level of commitment of top management in a printing organization. Rather OP is greatly influenced and determined by leadership styles of management and the quality policy which guides printing operations. Practical implications - The Ghanaian printing industry can ensure better OP by considering the kind of leadership style exhibited in the firm and develop quality policy to guides printing operations and activities. No matter the level of commitment of organizational resources, if it is not back by a good leadership style and a quality policy, TQM initiative will not yield the intended result. Originality/value - The study presents managerial issues and practices critical for successful TQM programme in the Ghanaian printing industry. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Kursah M.B.,University of Education, Winneba
International Journal of Applied Geospatial Research | Year: 2017

Increasing demand for water in Wapuli and its environ led to a proposal to construct a pipeline to link the town to an existing water plant. This paper developed a geospatial model incorporating multicriteria analysis involving technical factors such as slope, landcover, watercourses, distance to roads and soil types to determine a least-cost path for the pipeline. However, the first least-cost path passes through a tiny sacred grove near Moadani dam, necessitating the generation of a second least-cost path by considering sacred groves as constraint. The result showed that the least-cost path avoided steep slopes, and runs through relatively levelled grounds. This analysis showed the importance of cultural factors in route planning. It is recommended that in route planning attention be given to cultural factors much in the same way as the technical factors. Copyright © 2017, IGI Global.

Tawiah T.A.-Q.,University of Education, Winneba | Lea R.M.,Brunel University
Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology | Year: 2014

Image and video content analysis applications typically require functionalities such as object classification, detection and tracking, and activity recognition. Objects may undergo translation, rotation, and changes in scale due to perspective projection. Further, the appearance of objects and illumination conditions may change over time. Occasionally objects might also occlude one another in the scene making consistent classification, detection, and tracking a challenge. To reduce the effect of these limitations it is proposed to model objects in wavelets domain using silhouettes. The silhouette of an object is characterized using projected histograms of sixteen wavelet primitives extracted from a silhouette map of the scene. A classifier based on eigen decomposition of histogram of feature vectors combined with sparse coding prediction is presented. The model of a class is represented as over complete dictionary of sparse codes. For robustness multiple classifiers based on the same sparse code operate in parallel but at different scales. It is combined with spatial histogram classifier to realize a bank of multiple classifiers. The accuracy of the proposed classifier is compared with support vector machine and published state-of the-art results. Accuracy evaluation and real-time performance demonstrates competitive performance with the published stat-of-the-art results. © 2014 IEEE.

Abotsi A.K.,University of Education, Winneba
International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy | Year: 2016

Literature shows that power generation capacity in sub-Sahara Africa is lower than that of any other region in the world and capacity growth has also stagnated. Africa currently faces major electricity shortages with a number of power outages which has the tendency of rendering many firms less efficient in their production. This study therefore seeks to find the impact of power outages on production efficiency of firms in Africa. The source of data is the World Business Environment Survey conducted by the World Bank. The analysis deployed stochastic production frontier and a two-tail Tobit models. The finding shows that the number of power outages experienced in a typical month has a negative impact on the production efficiency of firms in Africa. This call for immense investment projects in new generation capacity in order to ameliorate the negative effect of power crisis on production process of firms in Africa. © 2016, Econjournals. All right reserved.

Danso H.,University of Education, Winneba
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering | Year: 2016

Compaction of blocks contributes significantly to the strength properties of compressed earth blocks. This paper investigates the influence of compacting rates on the properties of compressed earth blocks. Experiments were conducted to determine the density, compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, and erosion properties of compressed earth blocks produced with different rates of compacting speed. The study concludes that although the low rate of compaction achieved slightly better performance characteristics, there is no statistically significant difference between the soil blocks produced with low compacting rate and high compacting rate. The study demonstrates that there is not much influence on the properties of compressed earth blocks produced with low and high compacting rates. It was further found that there are strong linear correlations between the compressive strength test and density, and density and the erosion. However, a weak linear correlation was found between tensile strength and compressive strength, and tensile strength and density. © 2016 Humphrey Danso.

Caurie M.,University of Education, Winneba
International Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2012

The Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET) method for estimating specific surface areas of adsorbents that is widely applied in food science and engineering operations has been shown to be expressed in wrong dimensional units and this explains the wide discrepancy, of several orders of magnitude, often observed between specific water and N 2 surface areas of adsorbents when using the BET method. A method based on Caurie's unimolecular adsorption theory predicts the specific water and N 2 surface areas in the same units and in their correct order of magnitude which for cornstarch equals, respectively, 258.88 and 169.86 m 2 g -1 compared to BET estimates of 283.60 m 2 g -1 for water and only 0.73 m 2 g -1 for N 2. © 2012 The Author. International Journal of Food Science and Technology © 2012 Institute of Food Science and Technology.

Caurie M.,University of Education, Winneba
International Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2013

It has been pointed out that the Clausius-Clapeyron equation which is currently used to measure isosteric heat of adsorption in reality measures the latent heat of evaporation. The usual Clausius-Clapeyron plot that decays rapidly to low values at low Aws has been compared with a suggested alternative equation derived directly from an expanded form of Caurie's unimolecular adsorption equation. The plot of the proposed equation is higher than that of the Clausius-Clapeyron equation, and it has the shape of an inverse sigmoid isotherm. Two discontinuities in the proposed plots are stated to demarcate three energy levels corresponding to three states of bound water recognised to exist along sigmoid food isotherm plots. © 2012 Institute of Food Science and Technology.

Caurie M.,University of Education, Winneba
International Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2011

Parameters of Caurie's [International Journal of Food Science and Technology40 (2005) 283] unimolecular adsorption equation have been used to calculate total bound water to equal the square of the primary water capacity or m02 grams. Current freezing methods predict bound water up to nm0grams which leaves a fraction of the total bound water with limited freezing properties unaccounted for. From these studies three types of bound water have been identified at room temperature along a decreasing energy gradient. It has been shown that the stability of processed and blended foods will improve with formula modifications consistent with expansion of type II bound water molecules and processed foods will be more stable the smaller the fractional ratio of type III to type II bound water molecules. © 2011 The Author. International Journal of Food Science and Technology © 2011 Institute of Food Science and Technology.

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